In 2016 Lee Berger, Ph.D., a paleoanthropologists, was named one of the 100 Most Influential People by Time Magazine for leading the discovery and assemblage of Homo naledi, a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. The find of nearly 100 remains dating back as far back as 2.8 million years ago in a cave that was used for disposal was featured in the October issue of National Geographic.
Representing at least 15 individuals with most skeletal elements repeated multiple times, this is the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa…
The abundance of evidence from this assemblage supports our emerging understanding that the genus Homo encompassed a variety of evolutionary experiments (Antón et al., 2014), with diversity now evident for fossil Homo in each of the few intensively explored parts of Africa (Leakey et al., 2012)…H. naledi also highlights our ignorance about ancient Homo across the vast geographic span of the African continent. The tree of Homo-like hominins is far from complete: we have missed key transitional forms and lineages that [must have in order for Evolution to be true] persisted for hundreds of thousands of years.
Missing link term is frequently used now, mostly by journalists and in popular literature. Specialists understand perfectly that formation of Homo sapience species is a long process, and as evolution is continuous, it is obvious that there were MANY SPECIES between a modern human and our ancestral ape living about 10 mya. These species were slowly, one by one, discovered by anthropologists for the last 100 years. As a result we see not just a link, but a chain of intermediate species.
First, this insults the reader’s intelligence. “A specialist would understand perfectly…” A child can understand how the lack of connecting pieces between the parts renders the entirety nonfunctional.
Second, this is cultic, requiring the reader to accept the word of the “authority” without question.
Third, this is Newspeak, avoiding the very real issue of the failure of anthropology to discover the stages of change between species by replacing that fundamental claim of Evolution with an unquestionable but irrelevant scientific knowledge of the existence of similar species.
Fourth, there is no evidence that these extinct species represent a chain of development from one to another any more than the multitude of species currently in existence.
And to stop beating a dead horse, I will end by pointing out the gross deception of “we see not just a link, but a chain,” stated with the same flourish of a magician’s misdirection.
Findings are so numerous, that their amount now becomes a problem for anthropologists, as dealing with such a number of material is increasingly more difficult.
Meanwhile, new species of fossil hominids are found quite often.
When we fact check those statements we discover they are not newspeak. They are straight up bald faced lies.
From Wikipedia’s List of human evolution fossils:
there are thousands of fossils, mostly fragmentary, often consisting of single bones or isolated teeth with complete skulls and skeletons rare, [emphases added]…
I encourage you to watch Unsolved Mysteries if the significance of this statement is a mystery to you. Forensic investigators and anthropologists both require a complete skull to reconstruct the appearance and functionality of the head, and a complete set of skeletal bones to reconstruct the appearance and functionality of the body. As we proceed with this investigation we can determine which of the above reconstructions are based on fossil evidence and which are pure propaganda for Evolution.
The Oldest Hominins…a little-known species of dubious taxonomy…We only have a jaw bone and a tooth, and the researchers were only able to identify one physical feature, focussing on the roots of the teeth.
The early fossils shown are not considered ancestors to Homo sapiens…
This is indicated taxonomically by the absence of “Homo” in their names.
So half of the eight “ancestors” shown in the “chain of development” don’t belong there!
Bait and switch for the uninformed and gullible.
To be certain that all fossil evidence only for speculated human precursor species is included, I’ve cross-referenced the fossil list with Wikipedia’s Timeline of human evolution which organizes evolution by taxonomy.
Family: Hominidae: humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans’ ancestors 20–15 million years ago
No fossils. Of course not. Not even stone could survive intact for 20-15 million years through the grinding and shifting of earth tectonics and smashing by cosmic missiles. So right here Evolutionists are required to suspend scientific methodology for an unsubstantiated biased belief.
Subfamily: Homininae: Ancestors of humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas (the African apes) evolve 14–12 million years ago
Still no fossils.
Tribe: Hominini: Gorillas split off leaving humans and chimpanzees 10–8 million years ago
Still no fossils.
Subtribe: Hominina: Genii Homo (homo) and Pan (chimpanzees) diverge 8–4 million years ago
Genus: Graecopithecus is based on a tooth found in Greece in 1944 and a jawbone found in Bulgaria in 1951. In 2017 an international team of paleontologists asserted the find was the oldest common ancestor of the ape and the human and proved that contrary to popular opinion among paleontologists this proved that human evolved outside of, then moved to, Africa. These claims have been disputed. To put it mildly.
Sergio Almécija…at George Washington University, says it is important to bear in mind that “Single characters are not reliable to make big evolutionary [claims].”
(Genus) Australopithecus 3 million years ago.
Australopithecus afarensis is one of the longest-lived and best-known early human species—paleoanthropologists have uncovered remains from more than 300 individuals!
In 1974, the world was stunned by the discovery of “Lucy,” the partial skeleton of a human ancestor that walked upright—and still spent time in the trees—3.2 million years ago...
The (in)conclusions drawn from Lucy’s extremely limited sample of bones are obviously unfounded.
Lucy’s incomplete skeleton does not justify the reconstruction drawings of the skull, shoulder blades, breastbone, spine, determination of height…Put the pieces together for yourself. And “the exceedingly well-preserved skeleton AL 288-1 (“Lucy“)” is called “the most significant” of all the specimens.
Compare just the V-shape of the fossil bone and the squaring of her lower jaw in the fictional imaging. Her facial features and expression are totally imaginary and propagandist of a link between chimps and humans.
There’s much more of a link between Lucy and her namesake Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds / LSD hallucinogenics than ancestry of modern functional brains.
Anthropologists have made much of the fact that adult members of Lucy’s species—Australopithecus afarensis—had skulls 20% larger than a chimpanzee’s. Researchers have long debated what this meant for their brain power…
This is because skull size is not indicative of brain power, brain size is, and that is not dependent on skull size but skull shape. While gorillas have larger skulls than humans, humans have a lot more room in their skulls to fit their brains. On average, humans have about 1325 cubic centimeters of space for the brain inside the skull. Gorillas, on the other hand, only have about 500 cc’s. The reduced space is due to the differences in the shape of the skull.
an international team of paleoanthropologists used a synchrotron…to take super–high-resolution images of…the inside of the skull, where the brain leaves an imprint…
“the brain imprint of A. afarensis is completely apelike,” says paleoanthropologist Philipp Gunz of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Gunz spent 7 years doing the 3D reconstruction of the skull of Dikika and six other adult and juvenile members of the species…
…evolutionary neuroscientist Chet Sherwood of George Washington University cautions that because the study is based on skulls of only two juveniles and five adults, “one needs to be cautious.”
Let me see if I have this right. When fragments of a single skeleton are found it is hailed as proof of early evolving humans. When seven full skulls of the same species prove that this is just one of about 20 extinct ape species, evolutionists caution against jumping to a conclusion.
And there’s more.
“[T]he classification of Australopithecus species is in disarray. It is unclear how ANY Australopithecus species relate to each other.
When Australopithecus afarensis was described, i.e. officially designated a unique species, there was by no means universal acceptance in the anthropological community. Considerable debate of the validity of this species followed and continues.
The following points, though terse, are brain numbing. It is suggested that the reader scan the bolded words to catch the gist – total uncertainty due to lack of evidence.
- In 1979, A. afarensis was proposed as the last common ancestor between Homo / humans and Paranthropus / chimpanzees by Johanson and White, supplanting A. africanus in this role.
- In 1980, the Laetoli and Hadar specimens of A. aferensi were proposed reclassified to be different, respectively A. africanus afarensis and A. afr. aethiopicus, by South African palaeoanthropologist Phillip V. Tobias
- In 1996, a 3.6 million year old jaw from Koro Toro, Chad, originally classified as A. afarensis was split off into a new species as A. bahrelghazali.
- The skull KNM-ER 1470 (now H. rudolfensis) was at first dated to 2.9 million years ago. When this cast doubt on the ancestral position of both A. afarensis or A. africanus, it was re-dated to about 2 million years ago.
- A. afarensis split into “H. antiquus” and a subspecies of A. africanus is proposed by palaeoartist Walter Ferguson.
- In 2003 reinstating the genus “Praeanthropus” over the species A. afarensis, Sahelanthropus, A. anamensis, A. bahrelghazali, and A. garhi was proposed by Spanish writer Camilo José Cela Conde and evolutionary biologist Francisco J. Ayala Its validity is debated.
- In 2004 “Homo hadar” was proposed to be split off from its original classification, when a newly discovered foot was apparently more humanlike than that of Lucy. However, the 3.2 million year old partial skull AL 333–45 would remain as the holotype, according to Danish biologist Bjarne Westergaard and geologist Niels Bonde.
- In 2011, Lucy was split into a new species in a new genus as “Afaranthropus antiquus” per agreement between Bonde and Ferguson.
- The 2013 discovery of Homo specimen LD 350-1, dated older than almost all other Australopithecus species from the Afar Region, threw several Australopithecus species out of the running as the ancestor to Homo, potentially affirming A. afarensis‘ ancestral position.
- .A. afarensis is argued to have been too specialised to have been a human ancestor due to resemblance in jaw anatomy to the robust australopithecines,
- In 2015, some 3.5–3.3 million year old jaw specimens from the Afar Region were classified as a new species as A. deyiremeda. Since this is the same time and place where A. afarensis fossils are located, this calls into question the accuracy of the designation of those fossils.
- In 2016 Wood and Boyle stated there was “low confidence” that A. afarensis, A. bahrelghazali and A. deyiremeda are distinct species, with Kenyanthropus platyops perhaps being indistinct from the latter two.
From a scientific point of view, there is simply not enough evidence in the fossil record with far too much disagreement among the anthropologists for a layperson to place their trust in A. afarensis fossils as proof of human evolution.
Nor is there justification for automatically imposing sequencing over simultaneous existence of extinct species.
Moving on to the next set of fossils.
Australopithecus garhi fossils consist of the holotype specimen of a partial skull and skull fragments, a complete mandible, a humerus, an adult ulna, a partial skeleton consisting of a mostly complete left femur, right humerus, radius, and ulna, and a partial fibula, foot, and jawbone.
However, only the complete mandible can be conclusively attributed to A. garhi.
A. garhi was originally considered a direct ancestor to the human line, but is now thought to have been an offshoot of the ape line.
Strike that one off the list.
If you’re struggling to hold on to the wealth of fossil detail for the origins of the human species let me summarize it for you.
There aren’t any fossils for the origins of the human species.
“The early fossils shown are not considered ancestors to Homo sapiens.“
The genus Australopithecus is considered to be a grade taxon, whose members are united by their similar physiology rather than close genetic relations with each other. While it is considered the ancestor of Homo, Kenyanthropus, and Paranthropus, it is NOT consisting of a common ancestor to all of its descendants.
I’ve been reading and re-reading the above paragraph and it still doesn’t make sense to me. But as a psychiatric nurse practitioner I’m used to people talking in circles so can get to the heart of the matter – obfuscating to hide an uncomfortable truth.
Fossil evidence for the human species begins with the human species.
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
The placement of Homo naledi in the evolutionary tree of the genus Homo is currently unresolved…Further comparative research is needed in order to learn more about how Homo naledi was related to Homo erectus and other species of the genus Homo…
Were the individuals found in the Dinaledi and Lesedi chambers deliberately placed there? If so, was Homo naledi itself or another species responsible for this activity?
No kidding. Based on our current knowledge of the way the elites of this world exploit the rest of the world we should expect that the Dinaledi and Lesedi chambers were mass graves for victims of the ruling class
The current elite continues to cover up crimes against humanity and all living creatures.
There’s your missing link from the past to the present.