Genetic studies have determined that all humans share a common male and female ancestor, informally calling them Adam and Eve.
Male ancestry is tracked, logically, through the male-specific Y chromosome (called Y-DNA). Geneticists have isolated distinct human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on sequential accumulation of mutations over time. The man with the original non-mutated DNA, informally known as Y-chromosomal Adam, is acknowledged by geneticists to be the male ancestor of all living humans.
This following genetic research on the male-only Y chromosome is based on the recognition that genetic variation is caused by mutations over time. This study provides a second scientific witness to the mitochondrial Eve study, validating the historical accuracy of the biblical account of one human / ha adam being the father of all humans today.
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is…defined by mutations in the…male-specific Y chromosome (called Y-DNA)…
The human Y-chromosome accumulates roughly two mutations per generation. Y-DNA haplogroups represent major branches of the Y-chromosome phylogenetic tree that share hundreds or even thousands of mutations unique to each haplogroup.[In Evolution-speak] The Y-chromosomal most recent common ancestor (informally known as…Adam) is the [male] from whom all currently living humans are descended. Y-chromosomal Adam…
The Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC) developed a system of naming major Y-DNA haplogroups with the capital letters A through T…
Haplogroups A & B are considered direct descendants of Y-chromosomal Adam, originating from 275,000 to 130,000 years ago. They continue to the present in Africa as the Khoisan populations in the southwest and Nilotic populations toward the northeast in the Nile Valley.
The claim that a current population exists that has remained stable, without any mutations, for 275,000 years directly contradicts
- the basic definition of Evolution as constantly occurring mutations,
- and their own study defining all the rest of the groups through constantly occurring mutations as preconditions of evolutionary development.
Look at the Khoisan portrait. This population is MOST evidently assigned the earliest date of modern human evolution based, not on the scientific data, but on the model’s demand that evolution occurred in Africa where chimpanzees, the “closest” species that “evolved” into human species are found. Ergo, the oldest humans must resemble apes.
Can we not recognize the fundamental bias and ongoing racism in Evolution? This is flagrantly exhibited in the study’s use of apes to determine the evolutionary stage of mankind.
The ancestral state of a Y-SNP marker is usually determined by comparison to a chimpanzee DNA sequence for the same marker (Underhill et al. 2000).
When we compare these claims to the facts we discover that this is not a scientific research study at all. This is marketing campaign for Evolution.
“There are very few pathogens that infect chimpanzees without infecting humans and very few pathogens that infect humans without infecting chimpanzees,“
This fact itself invalidates the assignment of human mutated genes to inheritance from evolutionary chimpanzee ancestors. Humans have developed
- the same mutations as chimpanzees within the same time frame
- because of the same exposure to the same mutagens.
Viruses as environmental mutagenic factors.
- Insertions of fragments of viral DNA into the host chromosomes are capable of changing the host DNA
- Our results and literature data lead to the conclusion that a significant share of hereditary defects in man might be caused by viruses.
This is because viruses – which are essentially small bits of DNA in a protein capsule – reproduce by highjacking the hosts’ DNA and enslaving it to manufacture the viral proteins instead of the hosts’ intended products. Some of the virus’ DNA often gets left behind.
We already know that 60 per cent of known infectious diseases in humans and 75 per cent of all emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic. Ebola, SARS, the Zika virus and bird flu all came to people by way of animals…
The report—produced in partnership with universities, research institutions, UN agencies and the secretariats of several multilateral environmental agreements— identifies key anthropo- genic [originating in humans] drivers for the emergence of zoonoses…
- increasing human demand for animal protein;
- unsustainable agricultural intensification;
- increased use and exploitation of wildlife;
- unsustainable utilization of natural resources accelerated by urbanization, land use change and extractive industries…
This defines the actions of historic people groups migrating into unsettled territories.
In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond outlines the theory of geographic determinism, the idea that the differences between societies and societal development arise primarily from geographical causes..
First, he shows that agricultural societies developed immunities to deadly diseases like smallpox. Constant proximity to domesticated animals, combined with increased population density, meant that new germs were constantly circulating in agricultural societies. As a result, these societies became resistant to many epidemics—those who couldn’t survive died off, while those with [infection-created genetic] immunities survived and passed on their [genetic] immunities to their offspring.
We know for certain that individuals and groups have traveled and migrated around the world. Known geographical dispersion, rather than supposition of unproven length of time for some groups but not others, gives us the credible explanation for the development of disparate Y-chromosome haploid groups.
- A parallel timeline of genetic mutations occurring simultaneously in all the groups.
- Differentiation by geographical features of altitude, percentage and type of water sources, soil conditions, environmental climate factors of temperature and degree of exposure to the sun’s radiation; ecological availability of foods and exposure to toxic plants and microbes.
- Microbial infection transmitted by the different species of animals in the different locations.
This theory is confirmed by the National Institutes of Health.
Population migration, not time, is the cause of mutations creating distinct population groups.
Due to population migration distinct lineages of MDT are associated with major global groups including African, European, Native American/Asian, & Oceanic/Aboriginal Australian.
The most accurate map of the world – used on the United Nations flag – contrasts sharply with the inaccurate juxtaposition of the continents shown on the commonly used maps. The accurate map reveals the shorter distances needed for cross-oceanic travel as well as overland.
Could the ongoing use of an inaccurate map be part of an ongoing pattern of indoctrination to prevent education? That’s not a conspiracy theory. That is a thoughtful consideration of a pattern of government mind control existing throughout all human history in dominant religion, culture and science. Our era is not exempt. But getting back to the main point.
Since the beginning of time, viruses have been inserting their genetic material into the genomes of their hosts, tricking the cell’s machinery into making more virus. Today, our genomes are riddled with these interlopers…but many now just sit there, unable to generate additional copies of themselves. That’s because our bodies have a group of proteins that have mutated this DNA…
[Researchers] focused only on changes along stretches of DNA with the APOBEC3G protein’s favorite sequence targets…found about 37,000 mutations occurring in 10,000 clusters in the chimp and human genomes that they think were caused by these proteins…
Typically, a newborn is expected to have 70 new mutations in its genome, but just one of these proteins “can introduce potentially thousands [of them]” in close proximity and in one generation…
And that’s a lot of new material.
This fact invalidates the assignment of an extremely low rate of mutations to allow calculations of a very long age of the undeniable Ancestor of All Humanity to fit with the Evolutionary model.
The burning question of “Who was Cain’s wife?” with the scoffing deduction that “she had to be his sister which is contrary to Mosaic law therefore the Bible is inconsistent therefore unreliable” turns out to be a non-issue.
Improved understanding of science proves the reliability of the ancient biblical text. The prohibition against reproducing with close relatives was put into place thousands of years after genetic mutations increased the likelihood of passing on defective genetic expression to offspring.
According to genetic studies, at one time in the past humanity experienced a “population bottleneck…a sharp reduction in the size of a population due to environmental events such as…flood.”
“[M]ost Eurasian men (living outside Africa)…can be traced back to four ancestors…
According to the Bible, after a world-wide flood approximately 4,500 years ago, only four men were available to repopulate the entire earth with humanity.
- “Noah was…perfect in his generations [his genes had not been corrupted]. And Noah begat three sons,
- Ham, and
- Japheth.” (Genesis 6:9-10)
The investigators deny the validity of the historical biblical account, which is much too recent in time for the Evolutionary model. However, the studies’
- internal unreliability
- and external invalidation by scientific knowledge
disproves their Evolutionary model and establishes the unscientific nature of their claims.
For instance, the Y-haploid study ranks the Y Haplogroups from
- “possible time of origin” beginning at ~275,000 years ago,
- a “possible place of origin” in Africa taking 200,000 years before emigration to a neighboring area,.
- and tens of thousands of years again before emigration to the next nearest landmass
Can anyone take this seriously?!
Chronological development of haplogroups
|Haplogroup||Possible time of origin||Possible place of origin||Possible MRCA|
|A00||235,900 or 275,000 years ago||Africa||235,900 years ago|
|BT||130,700 years ago||Africa||88,000 years ago|
|CT||88,000 or 101-100,000 years ago||Africa||68,500 years ago|
|E||65,200, 69,000, or 73,000 years ago||East Africa or Asia||53,100 years ago|
|F||65,900 years ago||Eurasia||48,800 years ago|
|G||48,500 years ago||Middle East||26,200 years ago|
|IJ||47,200 years ago||Middle East||42,900 years ago|
|K||47,200 years ago||Asia||45,400 years ago|
|P||45,400 years ago||Asia||31,900 years ago|
|J||42,900 years ago||Middle East||31,600 years ago|
|I||42,900 years ago||Europe||27,500 years ago|
|E-M215 (E1b1b)||42,300 years ago||East Africa||34,800 years ago|
|E-V38 (E1b1a)||42,300 years ago||East Africa||40,100 years ago|
|N||36,800 years ago||Asia||22,100 years ago|
|E1b1b-M35||34,800 years ago||East Africa||24,100 years ago|
|R||31,900 years ago||Asia||28,200 years ago|
|J-M267 (J1)||31,600 years ago||Middle East||18,500 years ago|
|J-M172 (J2)||31,600 years ago||Middle East||27,800 years ago|
|R-M173 (R1)||28,200 years ago||Asia||22,800 years ago|
|I-M253 (I1)||27,500 years ago||Europe||4,600 years ago|
|I-M438 (I2)||27,500 years ago||Europe||21,800 years ago|
|R-M420 (R1a)||22,800 years ago||Eurasia||18,300 years ago|
|R-M343 (R1b)||22,800 years ago||Eurasia||20,400 years ago|
|I2-L460 (I2a)||21,800 years ago||Europe||21,100 years ago|
|I2a-P37||21,100 years ago||Europe||18,500 years ago|
|E1b1b-M78||19,800 years ago||Northeast Africa||13,400 years ago|
|I2a-M423||18,500 years ago||Europe||13,500 years ago|
|I2a-M223||17,400 years ago||Europe||12,100 years ago|
|N1c-M178||14,200 years ago||Asia||11,900 years ago|
|R1a-M17||14,100 years ago||Eastern Europe||8,500 years ago|
|R1b-M269||13,300 years ago||Eastern Europe||6,400 years ago|
|E1b1b-V12||11,800 years ago||North Africa||9,900 years ago|
|E-U175 (E1b1a8)||9,200 years ago||East Africa||8,500 years ago|
|E1b1b-V13||8,100 years ago||Southern Europe||4,800 years ago|
|E-M191 (E1b1a7)||7,400 years ago||East Africa||6,400 years ago|
|E-U174 (E1b1a-U174)||6,400 years ago||East Africa||5,300 years ago|
|R1b-L151||5,800 years ago||Eastern Europe||4,800 years ago|
|R1a-Z280||5,000 years ago||Eastern Europe||4,600 years ago|
|R1a-M458||4,700 years ago||Eastern Europe||4,700 years ago|
Beside the overt racism granting Europeans the highest development and survival on the evolutionary scale, the most informative element of the time chart should be glaringly obvious, and it’s not even the pervasive use of the modifier “possible”.
It is the fundamental irrationality of the Evolutionary model.
- claiming these groups formed by continuous minimal incremental mutations over long periods of time,
- and at the same time asserting a gap of upwards of hundreds of thousands of years during which no mutations occurred between the origination of a set of mutations and their presence in the “most recent common ancestor” / MRCA,
- NOR any mutations during the time between the MRCA and their descendants currently living who are carrying those mutations
- so the total span of time between each group’s genetic stability is enormous
- while during this same time mutations were ongoing and forming other haplogroups.
Just a couple of examples:
- Haplogroup C possibly originated 100,000 years ago in Africa currently found – in the exact same condition but far from each other in Asia, Oceania, and North America.
- where they were exposed to diverse environmentally exclusive gene-altering viruses and other mutagens.
- Haplogroup D possibly originated 70,000 years ago in Africa currently found in Tibet, Nigeria, and the Middle East.
- How did members of this group manage to live among other groups in the populous Fertile Crescent (get the pun?) for 70,000 years without other people’s genetics jumping into their gene pool?
This also highlights the elitists’ fundamental racism, despite masses of scientific evidence to the contrary.
At the turn of the century elitists used Darwin’s newly developed idea of evolution to claim that this Negroid division of the human race was not, after all, a division of the human race, but subhuman on the evolutionary scale. “Scientists” from the most highly respected universities and the prestigious Smithsonian Institute ruled that dark-skinned peoples were on par with animals so did not qualify for “We, the People” rights.
This allowed proponents of racism – now “scientifically” supported by “evolution” as “race hygiene” to argue passionately for extermination of dark-skinned peoples as a natural part of human evolution’s highest race – blond, blue-eyed Nordic peoples. Sound familiar?
The Nazis’ 1940’s genocidal policies were rooted in Darwinism and established by American “scientists” at the turn of the century.
Further discoveries from the human genome and its expression in the population as a whole has brought about the insight that Skin Color is Not Race.
The genes which are responsible for most of the variation between human populations in complexion have been identified…About half a dozen genes of large effect can explain 90% of…variance. Some of the genes, such as SLC24A5, are so ancestrally informative that…you can ascertain ancestry in mixed populations simply by inspecting its frequency [within the population]. With that said, I recently reread an “old” paper from the ancient days before human pigmentation was elucidated with any depth, that is, 2004… Implications of correlations between skin color and genetic ancestry for biomedical research.
A quick summary of the research: it studied three groups of people known to have a mix of ancestry to see if skin color was a reliable predictor of ancestry, i.e. does lighter skin match, or correlate, with more European ancestry and darker skin with more African? It turns out, it does not.
As you can see the correlation is relatively weak between ancestry and complexion in the Mexican and Mexican American sample. It is stronger among Puerto Ricans. And modest among the African groups...The reason is that only a small subset of genes control the variation which we use to classify people as members of a particular population…Puerto Rico is a small island, and has been subject to a lot of immigration from Spain in the 20th century. Correlation between skin color and European ancestry probably has to do with a great deal of recent admixture.
In order to align with the Evolutionary model, advances in knowledge of genetic mutations, currently available in our COVID-obsessed era, have not been applied to the human Y-chromosome haplogroups genetic analyses.
Adam is estimated to have lived roughly 236,000 years ago based on the calculation that the human Y-chromosome accumulates roughly two mutations per generation.
In reality, “Every time human DNA is passed from one generation to the next it accumulates 100–200 new mutations, according to a DNA-sequencing analysis of the Y chromosome…”
When we change the biased and outright deceptive factor of 1-2 mutations per generation to the scientifically known 100-200 mutations per generation, we arrive at the calculation of only 2,000 -4,000 years since the Most Common Ancestor. This is consistent with the time of Noah’s flood, and marks Noah, only “the seventh from Adam” who was “perfect in his generations” i.e. genetic ancestry, as carrying the original human’s created genetics.
A fumbling attempt to counter this longitudinal research data is made by the unscientifically wild guesswork of “But the mutation rate might be somewhat different on other chromosomes, points out Adam Eyre-Walker, an evolutionary biologist.”
As an evolutionary biologist he knows that is not “might be” but “in fact.”
Female ancestry is tracked through female-specific mitochondrial DNA. But it doesn’t help the evolutionary case.
[W]hile nuclear DNA is inherited from both parents and recombines with every generation, mitochondrial DNA is inherited solely from your mother and can remain unchanged for hundreds of thousands of years. As such, mitochondrial DNA (also known as the “mitogenome”) is a key tool for tracking genetic history.
one of the oldest DNA lineages on Earth [is] a collection of genes called L0, which is passed down maternally through mitochondria and has survived remarkably unchanged in some populations…
all living people are believed to descend on their maternal line from the woman who first carried the sequence…
Today, the L0 lineage is found most commonly in the Khoisan people, two indigenous groups living in southern Africa.
Wow. I’m pretty sure this is not what C.S. Lewis had in mind when he wrote about “daughter of Eve” in his very British The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe, but there we have it.
WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT THE KHOISAN, SOUTH AFRICA’S FIRST PEOPLE
Archeologists have uncovered artwork and implements believed to be among the oldest in the world…
have some of the most incredible knowledge and insights into wild animals and the environment that they inhabit…ability to extract nutrients from seemingly inconspicuous plants and survive in generally arid or inhospitable environments…comprehensive knowledge about the medicinal values of plants, and they use natural items to cure hundreds of ailments without modern medicine…
This certainly demonstrates the perpetuation of an ancient way of life while isolated from other people groups unable or unwilling to maintain existence in such a minimalist environment. One could even call it biblical.
“For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.” (I Timothy 6:7-9)
They were much more widespread than today, their modern distribution being due to their decimation in the course of the Bantu expansion…
about 1,000 years after their displacement by the Bantu…population dropped after the Khoi were exposed to smallpox from Europeans…
colonial expansion…led to the Khoijhou losing their land and livestock as well as dramatic change in the social, economic and political development…
In Botswana, many of the indigenous San people have been forcibly relocated from their land to reservations…Their lands lie in the middle of the world’s richest diamond field.
Today we are witnessing the end of the Khoisan people.
The more-or-less pristine condition of the Khoisan mitochondrial DNA over hundreds of thousands of years is scientifically explained by
- early isolation from the rest of the world’s population,
- stable environment over the course of their history
- and reduced exposure to viruses in southern Africa’s hot, dry climate.