Noah’s grandson Canaan was still alive when Abram entered the land on which Canaan had staked his claim and his name, like William Penn’s “Penn-sylvania”.
This is the western leg of the fertile crescent, coastline of the Mediterranean maritime territory, as much a geopolitical imperative as marine access is in our day. No wonder he snatched it up right away, quite likely as an early empire-expanding strategy under his nephew Nimrod when the whole world was under his control.
According to non-biblical scholars, the Bible is a major source of information about the Canaanites, whose existence, for at least a thousand years before the Exodus, is acknowledged to be a reality.
The Canaanites were people who lived in the land of Canaan, an area which according to ancient texts may have included parts of modern-day Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.
Much of what scholars know about the Canaanites comes from records left by the people they came into contact with. Some of the most detailed surviving records come from the site of Amarna, in Egypt, and from the Hebrew Bible…”Canaan was not made up of a single ‘ethnic’ group but consisted of a population whose diversity may be hinted at by the great variety of burial customs and cultic structures” wrote Ann Killebrew, an archaeology professor at Penn State University.
The list in Genesis 10:6-19 gives us the name of the genetic Canaanites and Genesis 14-15 gives us names of some of the other nations in the land that Noah’s grandson Canaan claimed. The biblical account of Canaan’s claim stretching from coastal western Syria to the boarder of Egypt is well documented by archeologists and ancient historians, especially their maritime rivals the Japhethites / Europeans. It is by their Greek name of Phoenicians that they are best known.
Canaan’s first born and crown jewel, is not named as such among the seven nations but as Canaan’s scion he is not only included in the broad category of “Canaanite”, but is the ultimate representative of a Canaanite.
Sidon is considered the seat of the Phoenician, i.e. Canaanite, civilization in that most of the trading ships which spread Phoenician cedarwood, goods, culture, and colonies were launched from this city’s port. An artist’s rendition from historic descriptions and archeological finds gives us a sense of what Sidon’s heyday was like. This, as well as the Phoenician port colony of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa is reminiscent of the description of Atlantis. This is likely a deliberate identification with their glorious Old World civilization, just as Washington D.C. was intentionally designed to identify with our Roman heritage.
Artifacts manufactured at Sidon have been found throughout Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome and even Britain. Through its trade, Sidon was the most powerful city-state of ancient Phoenicia. One of its primary trade goods came from mollusks in that part of the Mediterranean from which were manufactured the purple dye which was so rare and expensive that the color purple became synonymous with royalty.
In addition, glass manufacture was conducted on such a vast scale that the very invention of glass has often been attributed to Sidon.
An alternate view of history would be that Sidon re-introduced the production of glass from records carried through the flood by Ham.
There is evidence that Sidon was inhabited as long ago as 4000 B.C., i.e. the dawn of biblical human history, with evidence of historical continuity from about the time of the flood. That the locations of these cities were known to the post-flood peoples is evidenced by ancient documents such as the following.
I captured the cities of Tarbaṣu and Yaballu…I destroyed those cities, together with cities in their environs, making them like the tells after the Deluge. –Assyrian King Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 BCE)
No doubt Sidon was guided by his antediluvian grandfather Ham to exploit a known source of self-empowerment by settling at a pre-flood site. This emerges as a pattern with the rest of Canaan’s sons as well as immigrants from other families.
The city flourished as part of a loose confederacy of city-states spread along the coast of the land of Canaan...with each city operating as a sovereign state ruled over by a king…This brought Sidon into competition with…the city of Tyre. In the 10th century BCE, the balance of power shifted to Tyre primarily due to the leadership of…Hiram. Tyre forged trade agreements with the newly minted kingdom of Israel-Judah and her king David. This agreement made Tyre wealthy and Sidon, trying to compete, entered into their own pacts with the kingdom of Israel [which split from David’s clan Judah after Solomon] including the marriage of the Sidonian princess Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal, to King Ahab (a story famous from the Bible). Jezebel’s insistence on maintaining her own religion was an affront [ahh, more like civil war, promoting serial murder as her religion did, see I Kings 18 and I Kings 21]..and Ahah’s rule was ended by a coup…and with it, Sidonian trade agreements with Israel. [To say the least…]
The Sidonian Jezebel is a portrait of why God said to destroy the Canaanites and their culture from among his people.
“And [Israel’s king] Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him…he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him…in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a grove…there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself [ahh! that profit motive from trade with Sidon] to work wickedness in the sight of the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up. And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all things as did the Amorites, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.” (I Kings 16:30-33, 21:24-26)
This woman was so notorious in Jewish culture, carried through the Bible into Christian culture, that thousands of years later “Jezebel” remains a permanent legacy, whether deliberately bestowed by hopeful parents or applied as an outraged synonym for a powerful-through-cunning woman.
“thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols [which incorporates the evil spirit into the eater]. And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. And I will kill her children.” (Rev 2:20-26)
Jezebel was spelled “Isabel” ,even in English, prior to the addition of the letter J to the English alphabet in 1633, Note, this did not happen until after the 1611 King James Version of the Bible.
As we read the sanitized biblical version of what was occurring under the original Jezebel, bear in mind the unspeakable horror which Elijah faced and masses of God’s people were suffering.
“Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them…And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life…into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life.”
And the LORD grants him his request! We should recognize this as indicating that Elijah, one of the greatest prophets ever, really and truly was at the end of his mental, emotional and physical capacities from the interminable danger-fraught circumstances under which he had been barely surviving.
“And the LORD said unto him…Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room...” (I Kings 19:14)
Sidon suffered the depredations of a succession of conquerors. By the beginning of the 19th Century, Sidon had sunk into obscurity.
The Battle of Sidon (13–15 June 1941) was part of the Australian 7th Division’s five-week-long campaign fought between the Allies and Vichy French [controlled by Germany] forces in Syria and Lebanon.
The United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon was created by the Security Council in March 1978 to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and security and assist the Lebanese Government in restoring its effective authority in the area. Following the July/August 2006 crisis, the Council enhanced the Force and extended its mandate.
The Battle of Sidon (2-6 July 1991) fought between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Lebanese Government was the final battle of the Lebanese Civil War. The Lebanese Government hoped that defeating the PLO would convince Israel to end its occupation of Southern Lebanon, which the Israeli government justified by its need for a buffer against PLO incursions.
Israel has breached Lebanese airspace, waters, and borders continuously and almost daily in violation of Lebanon’s sovereignty and United Nations Security Council Resolutions 425 and 1701. The UN has continuously protested.
Higher criticism of the Bible, which is grounded in denial of any supernatural input, treated the lack of archeological evidence of the Hittites as proof that the Bible was just a book of myths. This position was disproved when in 1876 when archeological discoveries uncovered the existence of powerful nation based in present-day Turkey. If you look at the map you’ll see that this nation had plenty of space to retreat back into hiding.
Like his brother Sidon, Heth also re-occupied a notable pre-flood site. Hattusha was a vast fortress-city with soaring citadels and elaborate temples, originally founded by the Hatti before the flood ~ 2500 BCE.
Even more significant than
- the timing of Hattusha’s construction,
- its primarily defensive form and function and
- its remote location high in the almost inaccessible mountains of Turkey
are the similarities between Hattushan, Babylonian, Egyptian and even South American religious iconography found in Gobekli tepe, the most ancient and mysterious temple site so far discovered.
These unquestionably point to a recent and commonly shared antediluvian culture. Restoration of this massive antediluvian complex may have been on Heth’s to-do list in order to seize international spiritual control.
When we recall that “sacred” celestial marriages produced genocidal hybrid angel-humans-animals capable of wiping out the entire human race, we understand that the Hittite’s religious revival was for the purpose of returning the world to the pre-flood state of alien desecration and destruction.
The Hittites were going for Alien Resurrection.
The powerful Hittite Empire expanded south and challenged Egypt for world dominance.
Excavations at Hattusha have unearthed international treaties with neighboring city-states, among which are some indicating that the Hittites were likely involved in a very real, very early Bronze Age Trojan War.
The clever strategy of getting through the walls via an image – get it? an idol – of a horse makes perfect sense once awareness of the practice of horse worship is added our accumulating data. The Trojans couldn’t refuse to host one of their gods.
Horse worship is a pagan practice that existed in Europe in the Iron Age and perhaps the [earlier] Bronze Age. The horse was seen as divine, as a sacred animal associated with a particular deity, or as a totem animal impersonating the king or warrior.
Tacitus (Germania) mentions the use of white horses for divination by the Germanic tribes…
There is some reason to believe that Poseidon, like other water [outer space is a sea, remember] gods, was originally conceived under the form of a horse…
This seems related to the archaic myth by which Poseidon once pursued Demeter; She spurned his advances, turning herself into a mare so that she could hide in a herd of horses; he saw through the deception and became a stallion and captured her. Their child was a horse, Arion, which was capable of human speech.
Myth, or account of the pre-flood hybridization program including centaurs?
This bears some resemblance to the Norse mythology reference to the gender-changing Loki having turned himself into a mare and given birth to Sleipnir, “the greatest of all horses”.
A Hittite was among King David’s great men.
“And afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.” (Genesis 10:18)