How do reconcile the upholding of God’s promise that Adam would continue to be Melchizedeck Priest-King of Righteousness and Peace forever with the record of his death?
Adam lived on in his generations / genetics transferred first to the Woman, and between the two clones all of Adam’s genes were passed down to his all his offspring.
“This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him…and called their name Adam…And Adam…begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth…And Seth…began Enos…” (Genesis 5)
Adam’s dominion over the earth continues through his dynasty, which can be tracked back to God himself, the founder of the Kingdom of Heaven and Earth.
This is another expression of humans – unlike angels – being made in the likeness of God. We exist both individually and collectively through our children. Once made, we maintain our own existence infinitely while also splitting off part of ourselves – through our DNA – to make other beings in our image and likeness who are both us and distinct from us.
This continuity is expressed in the proclamation “The king is dead. Long live the king!”
In the manner of kings’ lists across times and cultures, Genesis 5 records the preflood lineage of Melchizedek Priest-Kings anointed to protect God’s people.
- “And Priest-King Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth…and he died.
- And his heir Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat made his heir Enos…
- And Lamech…begat a son / made his heir: And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed…
- And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (Genesis 5)
Since the long lifespans of these individuals overlapped, not every appointed heir may have actually inherited the kingship. Details of some of the men who did assume responsibilities when the current king either died or became too old and infirm are given in the apocryphal book of Jasher.
“And Cainan [Adam’s great-grandson] grew up and he was forty years old, and he became wise and had knowledge and skill in all wisdom, and he reigned over all the sons of men, and he led the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge; for Cainan was a very wise man and had understanding in all wisdom, and with his wisdom he ruled over spirits and demons; And Cainan knew by his wisdom that God would destroy the sons of men for having sinned upon earth, and that the Lord would in the latter days bring upon them the waters of the flood. And in those days Cainan wrote upon tablets of stone, what was to take place in time to come, and he put them in his treasures. And Cainan reigned over the whole earth, and he turned some of the sons of men to the service of God.” (Jasher 2:11-14)
“And Enoch [Cainan’s great-grandson] lived sixty-five years and he begat Methuselah; and Enoch walked with God after having begot Methuselah, and he served the Lord, and despised the evil ways of men. And the soul of Enoch was wrapped up in the instruction of the Lord, in knowledge and in understanding; and he wisely retired from the sons of men, and secreted himself from them for many days…And all the kings of the sons of men, both first and last, together with their princes and judges, came to Enoch when they heard of his wisdom, and they bowed down to him, and they also required of Enoch to reign over them, to which he consented. And they assembled in all, one hundred and thirty kings and princes, and they made Enoch king over them and they were all under his power and command. And Enoch taught them wisdom, knowledge, and the ways of the Lord; and he made peace amongst them, and peace was throughout the earth during the life of Enoch. And Enoch reigned over the sons of men two hundred and forty-three years, and he did justice and righteousness with all his people, and he led them in the ways of the Lord...And it was in the fifty-sixth year of the life of Lamech when Adam died; [do the math – every generation was present and accounted for except Noah] nine hundred and thirty years old was he at his death, and his two sons, with Enoch and Methuselah his son, buried him with great pomp, as at the burial of kings, in the cave which God had told him. And in that place all the sons of men made a great mourning and weeping on account of Adam; it has therefore become a custom among the sons of men to this day. And Adam died because he ate of the tree of knowledge; he and his children after him, as the Lord God had spoken…all the sons of men were greatly afraid of Enoch, and they feared to approach him on account of the Godlike awe that was seated upon his countenance; therefore no man could look at him, fearing he might be punished and die…And the day came when Enoch went forth and they all assembled and came to him, and Enoch spoke to them the words of the Lord and he taught them wisdom and knowledge, and they bowed down before him and they said, May the king live! May the king live! (Jasher 3:1-22)
“And all the days that Enoch lived upon earth, were three hundred and sixty-five years. And when Enoch had ascended into heaven, all the kings of the earth rose and took Methuselah his son and anointed him, and they caused him to reign over them in the place of his father. And Methuselah acted uprightly in the sight of God, as his father Enoch had taught him, and he likewise during the whole of his life taught the sons of men wisdom, knowledge and the fear of God..But in the latter days of Methuselah, the sons of men turned from the Lord, they corrupted the earth, they robbed and plundered each other, and they rebelled against God and they transgressed, and they corrupted their ways, and would not hearken to the voice of Methuselah, but rebelled against him.” (Jasher 4:1-4)
Adam and his heirs’ role as Melchizedek is validated by the Sumerians, whose origins predate the Flood.
The highest tier of Sumerian gods consists of
- the god of heaven – Anu / Ani , YHVH
- the god of the underworld – Enki / Lucifer
- and the god of the earth – Enlil / Adam.
Without question Enlil, with An [Ani , YHVH] and Enki [Lucifer], form the supreme Mesopotamian triad of deities…Enlil’s prominence and power can be seen in his titles and epithets: “The Great Mountain” [Zion, Jerusalem]…”King of all the lands”…”Father of the black headed people”…[consistent with DNA analysis of the most ancient peoples tracing back to Adam.] Moreover, Enlil’s position as a supreme deity was abstracted to the concept of ellilūtu, “Enlilship”, a term applied to others, both human and heavenly, who held paramount authority…
in the Akkadian Anzu myth Enlil holds the tablet of destinies, the possessor of which commands the world...It is Enlil who grants kingship to the rulers of Mespotamia…Enlil’s command is said to be unalterable, once he had made a decision, there was no way of changing it…Enlil was a provider, and as such he was declared the “Lord of abundance”…However, Enlil could also take such plenty away and devastate the land, e.g., in The Lament for Urim, he is said to have “brought the storm of abundance away”, to have “annihilated the land, silenced the city“…
Some Sumerian myths narrate how other gods visited Enlil to give him the “first-fruit offerings”…This should be interpreted as a gesture of deference and acknowledgement of Enlil’s highest authority.
The Sumerian King List has interesting similarities to the Genesis 5 King List, but also significant differences. The most apparent is the lengths of time of each reign in the Sumerian list.
However, this does not mean the Sumerian list is a complete myth. Someone more knowledgeable than me has analyzed the two numerical lists and concluded that it is possible to make the two lists match. Think of it like equivalents between the metric and the American measuring systems. In this case it is the difference between measuring in units of 60 – like minutes in a hour and circles – and measuring in units of 10 like our currency.
I wouldn’t try to understand exactly what is being explained, simply take away the information that the Sumerian King List does have historical value for validating both the Genesis account and the extraordinarily long lives of the pre-flood kings.
When the kingdom durations of the antediluvian section are expressed in an early sexagesimal numerical system, all durations except two are expressed as multiples of 602. A simple tally of the ciphers used yields six 10×602 signs, six 602 signs and six 60 signs.
The lives of the biblical patriarchs, however, have a precision of one year. If Adam and Noah are not included (as in the King List), and the lives of the patriarchs are similarly rounded to two digits, the sum of the lives has six 103 signs, six 102 signs and six 10 signs. In addition, if the number representing the sum of the ages was wrongly assumed as having been written in the sexagesimal system, the two totals become numerically equivalent.
It is suggested that the Sumerian scribe that composed the original antediluvian list had available a document (possibly a clay tablet) containing numerical information on the ages of eight of the patriarchs similar to that of the Genesis record and that he mistakenly interpreted it as being written in the sexagesimal system.
That the two documents are numerically related is strong evidence for the historicity of the book of Genesis. The fact that the Sumerian account shows up as a numerically rounded, incomplete version of the Genesis description, lacking the latter’s moral and spiritual depth, is a strong argument for the accuracy, superiority, and primacy of the biblical record. In addition, the parallels between the Sumerian and biblical antediluvian data open up the possibility of establishing chronological correlations between the rest of the Kings List and the book of Genesis.
As the above analysis states, there are “chronological correlations”, but I would not equate the two lists. The most telling clue is the constant change of the capitol of the king in contrast to Melchizedek who reigns from “Jerusalem, which I have chosen…I put my name for ever.” (II Chronicles 33:7)
As described in the post Sin City, the sequence of cities is a detailed description of what the Bible summarizes – perpetual warfare between power-hungry rivals to the Kingdom of God.
The following is the translation by Jacobsen 4 of his critical edition of the Sumerian text of the antediluvian section of the King List together with a few selected lines of the postdiluvian section for comparison (see the [online] text following for explanation of the italics, bold and underlining):
When the kingship was lowered from heaven
Note that the Sumerian rival to the biblical version acknowledged that the true power of a king came from heaven, both before and after the Flood. It’s just that the Sumerians worshipped the rival to the Singularity.
“The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD‘s: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.” (Psalm 115:16)
the kingship was in Eridu(g).
(In) Eridu(g) [correlates with early city] A-lulim(ak) / correlates with Cain (became) king
and reigned 28,800 years;
Alalgar / correlates with non-violent inheritance of throne by Cain’s heir] reigned 36,000 years.
reigned its 64,800 years.
I drop (the topic) Eridu(g);
its kingship to Bad-tibira(k)
When Mesopotamian polities went to war, the successful party…carried off royal family members, deportees, and precious goods and treasures…the gods of the losing king or polity…
Ancient Near Eastern gods were represented on earth by cult images…gods were seen as protectors of the city in which they lived, and their departure meant that the city was left vulnerable to invasion and conquest. By removing the cultic statues, conquering kings were symbolically stripping the city of its divine protection, thus placing the city instead under their new hegemony or facilitating its destruction. Assyrian royal inscriptions also describe individual enemy kings who face defeat as being abandoned by their gods…
(In) Bad-tibira(k) En-men-lu-Anna(k)
reigned 43,200 years;
reigned 28,800 years;
divine Dumu-zi(d), a shepherd, reigned 36,000 years.
reigned its 108,000 years.
I drop (the topic) Bad-tibira(k);
its kingship to Larak was carried.
(In) Larak En-sipa(d)-zi(d)-Anna(k)
reigned its 28,800 years.
reigned its 28,800 years.
I drop (the topic) Larak;
its kingship to Sippar was carried.
(In) Sippar En-men-dur-Anna(k)
became king and reigned 21,000 years.
reigned its 21,000 years.
I drop (the topic) Sippar;
its kingship to Shuruppak was carried.
(In) Shuruppak Ubar-Tutu(k)
became king and reigned 18,600 years.
reigned its 18,600 years.
5 cities were they;
reigned their 241,200 years.
The Flood swept thereover.
After the Flood had swept thereover,
when the kingship was lowered from heaven
the kingship was in Kish.
[end of the antediluvian section]
In Kish Ga … ur(?) [from a biblical world view this could be Noah, the most authoritative and trusted leader in this scary new world guiding the growing population
45 and reigned 1,200 years;
Aka, [missing lines possibly first mention of post-flood organized warfare correlating with Sargon / Arphaxad]
reigned 625 years.
Kish was smitten with weapons; [
its kingship to E-Anna(k)
In E-Anna(k) / Uruk
Mes-kiag- gasher / [Gilgamesh / Nimrod]
son of Utu, became high priest
and king and reigned 324 years.
I drop the topic Sumerian King List.