44) The Space Race Is The Arms Race

Creating a timeline of significant events is helpful for determining where we’re at today.

In 1898 a Russian schoolteacher, Konstantin Tsiolkovsy (1857-1935 proposedExploration of the Universe with Rocket Propelled Vehicles…Tsiolkovsy has been called the Father of Modern Astronautics…

[In 1926] American Robert H. Goddard (1882-19450…achieved the first successful flight…the rocket flew for only two and a half seconds, climbed 12.5 meters, and landed 56 meters away…Goddard…has been called the Father of Modern Rocketry.

German V2 DiagramIn 1923 Herman Oberth (1894-1989)…and other German engineers and scientists assembled…the most advanced rocket of its time…under the direction of Wernher von BraunOberth has been called the Father of Space Flight. The V-2 rocket…was able to lob a one-tone warhead 50 miles high and hundreds of miles down range…that could devastate entire city blocks.

Both the United States and the Soviet Union realized the potential of the rocket as a military weapon…

Of course they realized the potential. Germany was in process of winning WWII with its V2 rocket hurtling down from above.

He who occupies the high ground…will fight to advantage.” -Sun Tzu, Chinese military strategist and philosopher, 544 BC-496 BC.

Originally written in the 5th century BC, Art of War has since become hugely influential on Eastern and Western military tactics…Being up high means your enemy must fight against both you and gravity, which is a disadvantage.

1946 – WWII Nazi rocket science seized as spoils of war by winners Russia and the US  permits the existing concept of a space-based telescope to be studied for practical implementation.

1956 – President Eisenhower initiated the secret Corona satellite reconnaissance program managed jointly by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the US Air Force (USAF), as a concerted response to several significant Soviet advances in space technologies…

In 1957 the Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial satellite, orbiting Earth at a height ranging from 200 km to 950 km atop a modified Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). Sputnik launched the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race with new political, military, technological, and scientific developments.

1958 – the DoD transferred the Corona program to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the same agency responsible for helping create DARPANET- the forerunner of the Internet…The primary goal of the programwas to…assess how rapidly the Soviet Union was producing long-range bombers and ballistic missiles and where they were being deployed, and to take photos over the Sino-Soviet bloc…The goal of the program was not revealed to the public at the time; it was presented as a program…to test satellite subsystems and investigate the communication and environmental aspects of placing humans in space…In all, 38 Discoverer satellites were launched by February 1962, although the satellite reconnaissance program continued until 1972 as the CORONA project. The program documents were declassified in 1995.”

Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States, running from 1958 through 1963. An early highlight of the Space Race, its goal was to put a man into Earth orbit and return him safely, ideally before the Soviet Union. Taken over from the US Air Force by the newly created civilian space agency NASA, it conducted 20 uncrewed developmental flights (some using animals), and six successful flights by astronauts. The program, which took its name from Roman mythology, cost $2.38 billion (adjusted for inflation).[1][n 2] The astronauts were collectively known as the “Mercury Seven“, and each spacecraft was given a name ending with a “7” by its pilot.

o-earth-from-space-5701959 – The United States created the secret National Reconnaissance Office / NRO in the U.S. Department of Defense, funded through the National Intelligence Program (NIP) and the Military Intelligence Program (MIP), to design, build, launch, and maintain America’s intelligence satellites. The existence of NRO and its mission were not declassified until 1992. 

1961 – Russian Cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin reached 187 miles in altitude and completed a single orbit around the Earth. A month later American astronaut Alan Shepard  was rocketed skyward but only to 116 miles and plummeted right back to earth.

1961 – In his farewell address, President Eisenhower, unable to slow the arms race, warned of the dangers posed by the growing influence of the “military-industrial complex.

1962 In February John Glen became the first American to orbit around the earth, completing 3 orbits in 5 hours. In August cosmonaut Gherman Titov made 17 orbits and spent more than 25 hours in space.

1962 – The first communications satellite, Syncom II, is used for U.S. military communications.

1963 – Director of CIA created the Panel for Future Satellite Reconnaissance Operations, to be briefed on the various technologies that people in the optics field – that would be telescopes of course – believed could have a major impact on the development of reconnaissance satellites. 

1963 – 1971 – GAMBIT 1, GAMBIT 3 and the HEXAGON system satellites became America’s eyes in space. The declassification of GAMBIT and HEXAGON was announced on 9/17/2011. I think we can all agree that this was announced more to America’s enemies during the response to 9/11/2011 than to the American public. But one does have to wonder, how did a terrorist attack get past all the intel received by all the intelligence agencies staffed by the U.S?

1963 – 1969 – “The U.S. Air Force’s MOL [Manned Orbiting Laboratory] programspent $1.56 billion…“Is the MOL a laboratory?” reads one of the newly released [declassified] documents. “Or is it an operational reconnaissance spacecraft? (Or a bomber?)” Even today, aspects of the MOL initiative remain secret with a superpowerful camera system…the historical documents suggest numerous other jobs were on the MOL docket, including the use of side-looking radar, the evaluation of electronic intelligence-gathering gear and the assembly and servicing of large structures in space…“negation missiles”…the inspection of satellites, and the encapsulation and recovery of enemy spacecraft…using rocket-propelled net devices.

Visible image - Click to enlarge1964 – First geo-stationary communication satellite (GOES), Syncom 3, used by weather satellites. These provide continuous visible images of the same area on Earth 24 hours a day by hovering over a single point above the Earth reportedly at an altitude of about 322,000 miles, i.e. 1/10 of the distance to the moon.

This is well beyond the Van Allen Belts’ most intense area of radiation, between about 9,000-12,000 miles above Earth’s surface.

How did the first satellites make it through? Or didn’t it?

1968 – The most tenacious anti-war movement in U.S. history forces an end to U.S. combat operations against Communist forces in Vietnam and a suspension of the draft. The National Academy of Sciences publishes “Scientific [clearly as opposed to Military] Uses of the Large Space Telescope.”

1969 – The KH-10 DORIAN, a massive reconnaissance camera being developed for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory was terminated after accumulating costs of $8 billion in today’s dollars, with still more funding and years of development before operation. Six mirrors up to 8 feet across were mothballed. 

Or were they?

Why would any intelligent person unquestionably believe a government known for lying to the public, specifically during this era?

Rather than shout down conspiracy theorists, we should be grateful for those who question if the most powerful government in history is being honest.

Remember Woodward and Bernstein in the same era? No?

On June 18, 1972, a Washington Post front page story reported the previous day’s break-in at the Democratic National Committee’s office in the Watergate complex in Washington, DC….The White House dismissed the crime as a “third-rate burglary,” and much of the nation’s media soon dropped interest in what some jokingly referred to as “the Watergate caper.” But two of the reporters who worked on that first Washington Post story, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, continued tracking down sources and pursuing leads on what became the biggest story of twentieth-century American politics…[leading to] Nixon’s resignation on August 9, 1974

In 1971 the USSR sent their first space station, Salyut 1 to 138 miles above earth. This was followed by seven more “space” stations.

In 1973 NASA set Skylab 275 miles above earth, using the same Saturn rocket famed for carrying men to the moon and back. After 24 weeks its orbit decayed, and it disintegrated in the atmosphere on July 11, 1979.

From 1981 – 2011 twenty-four successful “space” shuttle round trips accomplished “space” exploration up to a maximum of 390 miles above earth.

In 2000 the International Space Station was set in place at 200-250 miles above earth as a research laboratory on “space” issues.The Hubble Telescope which can reportedly view 10-15 billion light-years away is maintained at an altitude of 350 miles above earth.

This is because the Van Allen Belts start at 400 miles above earth as an impenetrable barrier between outer space and earth.

The Fastest Spacecraft Ever…Launched by NASA in 2006…set New Horizons barreling off into the solar system with an impressive heliocentric speed of almost 45 km/s or 100,000 miles per hour.

Or did it? How did it get through the Van Allen Belts? Or is this a cover for the military purpose and the real location of this speeding bullet?

For decades, the nuclear balance between the U.S. and Russia has depended on neither side having the capability to launch a successful first strike…

last summer’s [2021] Chinese hypersonic weapons test…sent a missile around the world at more than five times the speed of sound [760 mph x 5 ~ 4,000 mph.

“They launched a long-range missile,” Hyten told CBS News.  “It went around the world, dropped off a hypersonic glide vehicle that glided all the way back to China, that impacted a target in China.”

China’s round-the-world hypersonic test…on July 27…has been compared to the moment in 1957…when Moscow launched the Sputnik satellite…catching the U.S. by surprise.  

Or at least the U.S. public. Once again establishing a war cry, no questions asked.

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