43) The Promised Land

God established an embassy on earth from which his appointed ambassadors could minister the Kingdom of Heaven on earth.

“Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name therefor all the earth is mine.“ (I Kings 11:36, Exodus 19:5)

As described in the post Sin City, this is none other than the entrance to the garden of Eden, currently flooded under the Mediterraen Sea.

“And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden…to keep /guard it.” (Genesis 2:8-15)

Then after the Adams ate the fruit of the knowledge of good and evil,

“the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden…and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep / guard the way of the tree of life.” (Genesis 3:22-24)

The gateway to the garden is where the Adams would have continued making the blood sacrifice for sin as taught by YHVH. And this activity would be the defining attribute / way / name of this place for all time, as described in the meaning of the name Jerusalem.

In a previous post we reviewed how the noun identifying a person, place, or thing is the conversion of the verb describing the actions associated with that entity. An analysis of the name ‘Jerusalem’ (where the English J is a Y in Hebrew), enlightens our understanding of the function of this city.

The forms ירה (yrh) and ירא (yr’) reflect an exchange of energy from a higher, dispensing level to a lower, receiving level. It appears that the form ירה (yrh) mostly describes the sending of the energy; either the exchange viewed from the perspective of the dispensing side, or else the shock-free absorption of the energy on the receiving side. The form ירא (yr’) appears to deal mostly with the receiving of the energy; the exchange viewed from the perspective of the receiving side, and that usually with the anticipation of intense alteration.

The general meaning of the graceful verb שלם (shalem) is that of wholeness, completeness or “unbrokenness” (and see for the opposite the verb רעע, ra’a)…

In the Hebrew language it’s quite simple to indicate not only a condition (like shalem), but also the means to get there (to “shalemize”). The usage of this shalemize form in Scriptures is quite revealing. Wholeness is achieved or restored most often by some kind of restitutory payment or covenant…shalem is used when vows are to be paid to the Most High, or when days of mourning are to be completed (Isaiah 60:20), and ties in directly to the Messiah and his salvific work (Joel 2:25).

The derivatives of this verb are:

  • The famous masculine noun שלום (shalom), meaning peace (Isaiah 32:17). Peace in the Bible doesn’t just indicate a warless state, but rather a state of completeness and harmony or rather un-dividedness. It also covers completeness (Jeremiah 13:19), prosperity (Genesis 43:27), health and safety (Psalm 38:4).
  • The masculine noun שלם (shelem) peace offering or a sacrifice for alliance or friendship (Amos 5:22, Exodus 24:5).
  • The denominative verb שלם (shalam), meaning to be in a covenant of peace (Job 22:21, Isaiah 42:19).

Peace and how to make it..

Peace — defined as the absence of conflict or discord — may be achieved in…such a level of understanding of irreconcilable elements that these can be…joined, in…a unified theory or system of definition. This process requires no censoring and demonstrates all elements to be most intimately related to the identity of the whole. The key-word of this process is relationship. That’s what this root means.

In Hebrew, peace-making means whole-making, and not warm-fuzzy-deny-your-concerns-and-stop-being-difficult-making. Hebrew peace-making requires the effortful acquisition of intimate knowledge of one’s opponent, and since in Hebrew love-making is pretty much the same as knowing someone (the verb ידע, yada’, means both to know and to have sex…the command to “love your enemy” (Matthew 5:44) has not a lick to do with placidly suffering abuse and trying to conjure up lofty feelings for the brute who’s mistreating you, and everything with studying your enemy until you know enough about him to either appreciate his motives (and behave in such a compatible way that he stops assaulting you) or else blow him out of the water by being superior.

When Jesus says, “blessed are the peace-makers” (Matthew 5:9), he does not refer to those people who insist we should all assume a state of blissful indifference, but rather those people who grab the bull by the horns and stare deep into his eyes and pick his brain with an axe. Making peace starts with making a relationship with your enemy, and it results in getting to know your enemy (which in turn makes the chance excellent that at some point your enemy will stop being your enemy).

This is where Abel’s blood sacrifice was accepted over Cain’s vegan offering, for obvious reasons. Cain did not shalemize, engage in activities designed to achieve peace, undividedness-unity, alliance with God through respecting his ways. Or, notice, with his brother. Cain was either competing with his brother to be the favorite, or competing to be an equal with God directly. In any case, unity / peace with God requires unity / peace with his family.

“Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect.” (Genesis 4:3-5)

How did God show respect to one and not the other? Standard MO is fire from heaven, perhaps in this case from the guardian cherubim pointing their sword at the one chosen.

And Cain said unto the LORD…Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from

  • the face / פָנִי of the earth [in juxtaposition to heaven]; and from
  • thy face / פָנִי [oversight, protection] shall I be hid…every one that findeth me shall slay me. And Cain went out from
  • the presence / פָנִי / access to favor of the LORD. (Genesis 4:13-16)

The Hebrew word “paneh’ / פָנִי ” is translated into multiple English words in the same passage. This dictionary function allows us to grasp the abstract as well as literal meanings. The 2128 uses of of this word variously translated as “face, surface, countenance, presence, before me, in front of, under the oversight of, stand before” can be summed us as expressing a boundary to “this being”.

Throughout history there are multiple references, such as the following.

“the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem…the glory of the God of Israel was there, according to the vision that I saw in the plain...Then did the cherubims lift up their wings…and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.  (Ezekiel 8:3-4, 11:22)

It is logical to deduce from the activity that this is a hyper dimensional portal to heaven. This clues us in to the motivation by the abomination that taketh desolate (Matthew 24:15) from the sea of outer space to, “as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” (II Thessalonians 2:3-4) NASA, the Nazi light shows, even the ancient Indian Mahabarata havn’t got anything on what he’s going to show the world.

temple-of-light-768x575-1

Archaeological evidence makes Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world, placing the lowest level of habitation layers between 4500–3500 BCE, i.e. during Adam’s lifetime.

Historical evidence places the city about 2000 BC.

The first mention of Urusalim can be traced to Egyptian Execration Texts [formal magical curses placed on their enemies]. The Early Execration Texts…date to the late 20th and 19th centuries B.C… with the Later Execration Texts dating to the late 19th century B.C. In the earlier texts only a few cities are mentioned in this region of Canaan. Jerusalem, Ashkelon and Rehobin are the chief ones in Palestine. In the later texts, the two principal cities of the region are Shechem and Jerusalem…Indeed this is proof that the cities in the patriarchal narrative were in fact occupied and in existence during the Middle Bronze Age (ca 2000-1550 BC)

In God’s typical sleight of hand way, the Egyptian curses benefit their enemies. These texts support the biblical account that the city was called Jerusalem, the religious center of the Hebrews, during the time frame in which Abram entered the land of Canaan.

The Middle Kingdom Egyptian Execration Texts identify the city, in the Egyptian language, as Rusalimum. The root S-L-M that in the Hebrew name applies to “peace” can be twisted, to Shalim, the god of dusk [evening, works of darkness opposing the God of light] in the Canaanite religion.

The Egyptian execration texts also validates Noah’s curse on his grandson Canaan, who would have personally been subordinate to Shem as he ruled as Melchizedek from Jerusalem.

“And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.(Gen 9:24-26)

Shem then ruled as “Melchisedec, king of [Jeru]Salem, first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace.” (Hebrews 7:1-2)

Archaeological excavations indicate that by the 17th century BCE, following the death of Shem and during a lapse of any Hebrew force in the area, the Canaanites had taken control of “Rusalimum” and built massive walls (4 and 5 ton boulders, 26 feet high) on the eastern side of Jerusalem.

This photo of an existing village in Yemen gives a good idea of how the “castle of Zion” / Jerusalem would have looked in the Bronze Age, with a small population crowded together on the highest spot for protection.

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Contrary to the Canaanite’s stake in the city and surrounding supportive territory, the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.” (Genesis 15:19-21)

karl220x220Jerusalem has been fought over more than any other place. This makes sense since, unlike any other current nation’s capitol, it has been continuously inhabited. And throughout there has been continuous fighting over who will control Jerusalem 

“The Lord spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ minister, saying…arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them….which I sware unto their fathers to give them.

  • From the [Sinai] wilderness [south]
  • and this Lebanon [Mountains, north]
  • even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites [west]
  • and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun [Mediterranean, east] shall be your coast.” (Joshua 1:1-6)

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OK, so this map is in German but the best I could find including the topography with the polities.
By following principles and practices of precedence, consistency, and patterns, this is none other than the land “east of Eden.” Not the garden itself but the land closest to that magical land.

This totally makes sense in light of Melchizedek’s territory.

“And the LORD God took ha Adam, and put him into the garden [east] of Eden to dress it and to keep it.” (Genesis 2:15)

This territory is bounded by the four rivers listed in Genesis 2: Gihon, Pison, Euphrates, and Hiddekel. For more detail see the post The Last Flood

meregionmapriverovertrace

Today we can’t find one river parting into four separate rivers within the Levant. This would be due to geographical features being altered by massive hydraulic and tectonic forces as the African and Arabian plates settled into each other.

Gihon is no longer a mighty river running down to and encompassing Ethiopia. A spring in Jerusalem is its last vestige.

When Pison lost its headwaters from Gihon it dried up. There is a river bed only discernible by satellite.

Euphrates and Hiddekel / Tigris are straightforward as they were not severe impacted by the rift between the African and Arabian plates.

Putting the puzzle pieces together, we see that at this early stage of history Nimrod was holding the fort at Hiddekel / Tigris. This eastern boundary of the Promised Land was effectively walled off by the high and wide Zagros Mountains, so father Cush, brothers Mizraim and Phut, and nephew Havilah were sent to check the westward flow of refugees around the Fertile Crescent trying to escape Nimrod, and Uncle Canaan seized the territory surrounding Jerusalem itself.

By the time Abram was sent to the land of Canaan, these fathers of nations had spawned hosts of monster terrorist nations.

The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites….nations greater and mightier than thou;” (Genesis 15:19-21, Deuteronomy 7:1)

Please don’t jump to the conclusion that biblical accounts of historic warfare justifies the current Israeli nation’s treatment of modern Palestinians therefore the Bible is nothing but propaganda for a racist imperial people and therefore can and should be rejected. The Hebrews and the Canaanites of the 2nd millenium B.C. are not the Israelis and the Palestinians of the 2nd millenium A.D.

7754_ygbhhi9g6yz8wwzqp2u7pbi7a_bigUnderstand that when Abram was sent into Canaan to back up Shem at Jerusalem it was like being sent into Mogadishu.

“For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.”

Understand that when Abram is told he will be made a the father of a great nation, this is the expectation of the promised Seed of the Woman, Deliver from the Seed of the Serpent, Nimrod at the moment.

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end…to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.” (Isaiah 9:5-7)

Understand that the land deal is simply an essential part of the package deal which includes all of the elements above as necessary conditions for retaking control of the original Garden of Eden with its hyper dimensional gateway to heaven. It is not an arbitrary gift to an exclusive people. It is not even a reward for good service. It is a base of operations for battle.

After Abram proved his righteousness by risking his life to “do the right thing” by rescuing his family member Lot from Nimrod’s latest military sweep through the area, he was justifiably on edge.

  • the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield (from retaliation by Nimrod), and thy exceeding great reward (reimbursing for the cost of the expedition since Abram refused payment from the Sodomites).
    • And Abram said, Lord God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless,
  • the word of the Lord came unto him, saying…Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them…So shall thy seed be.
    • And Abram believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.” (Genesis 15:1-6)

“the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth….because the LORD…

  • keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love / join affinity with him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations;
  • And repayeth them that hate him to their face, to destroy them.” (Genesis 15:18, Deuteronomy 7:6-10)

“In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates.” (Genesis 15:18)

What does God mean by “the river of Egypt”?

From Eschatology Today,

greater-israel-map4

Uhh, no. This map doesn’t show the boundaries of Israel established in the Bible.

The Bible is not a Chinese menu. Just pick whatever you want off it. It is more like a Chinese puzzle. Put the pieces together.

  1. In Genesis chapter 15 Abram was at most 85 years old when God established the western boundary as “the river of Egypt”. At this time “all the plain of Jordan was…even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.” (Genesis 13:10)

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The raining down of fire and brimstone doesn’t happen until Genesis chapter 19 when Abram was 99 years old.

As described in the post The Last Flood, the pyroclastic destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah left behind

  • meregionmapriverovertracea drop in floor of the valley to the deepest level on earth and
  • the reversal of flow of the Jordan River leading to
  • the creation of the Dead Sea with the reversal of flow of the Jordan River
  • providing evidence for the African and Arabian tectonic clash splitting Arabia and Africa as the northern-most section of the Great Rift Valley at this time
  • and immersing the Gihon River into the Red Sea.

Prior to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, then, the river boundary of Egypt would have been the Gihon, not the Nile. The current boundary of the Land Grant is now the Red Sea.

2.  At the time of the Land Grant to unnamed seed in chapter 13, Abram had no seed.

His first seed is Ishmael, whose mother was Egyptian.

And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife…I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her…

And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!” (Genesis 17)

Understand what Abraham is requesting when he uses the formulaic phrase “live before thee / in thy presence / as a prince of your kingdom.”

He is asking that his descent / dynasty be counted from Ishmael who would therefore be the heir of the land grand made 15 years earlier.

live-long-and-prosper-gif-10Many of the old Babylonian letters…include a greetings formula in which one or two deities are invoked and the hope is expressed that they will give long life to the recipient.

Abraham is clearly following the same formula, also used towards kings in expressing good wishes for the extension of their life / genetics / ongoing rule over the kingdom through their heirs. The contrary condition helps define this blessing. 

And God grants Abram’s request, while keeping his plans for Isaac.

Follow the pattern.

“And God said…as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation….

“And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria” (Genesis 17:18-20, 25:12)

Havilah has been determined to be the Arabian peninsula. Ancient Shur is at the northern end of the Red Sea on the Sinai Peninsula, where Ishmael’s mother fled when she was put out by Sarah, and where Ishmael probably grew up when he was put out when he was 13.

middle-east-wall-map-political_ct00798

The phrase “as thou goest toward Assyria” is without a doubt a geographical reference to natural boundaries. There are no rivers like the four that defined the Garden of Eden. No-one was drawing a straight line across a map. The natural boundary of “going toward” would be the travel route following necessary resources for water, food, and safety in numbers and civilization.

In other words, the Fertile Crescent over which successive empires spread, while bypassing the desert stronghold of Havilah / Arabia.

7220702euphrates-valley

What does that leave for Greater Israel?

“From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast.” (Joshua 1:4)

Using the above maps for natural geographical boundaries, I would suggest:

  • The western boundary is clearly the Mediterranean.
  • The eastern boundary clearly the Euphrates.
  • The southern boundary is “the wilderness” of Arabia, following its curved northern frontier to the Euphrates. This incorporates Palestine, of course, as well as Jordan, Syria, and most of Iraq.
  • The northern boundary seems to be traced simultaneously with the southern boundary from their western points on the Mediterranean- from the wilderness and this Lebanon. This name didn’t reference a political entity at that time, it definitely means the Lebanon Mountains. The question becomes what line is drawn from the northern border of the modern state of Lebanon east to the Euphrates? The answer is provided as “all the land of the Hittites,” or basically a big chunk of modern Turkey.

hittite-kingdom

Given that Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, most of Iraq, and half of Turkey is slated to be turned into an empire ruled by Israel, it’s understandable that there is outrage over the idea. Not to worry. It’s not going to happen until “that day”.

Simplifying front page news by setting modern day Israel on a pedestal – regardless of their utter lack of adherence to God’s Covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob – and blackballing the Palestinians, Arabs, Egyptians, Assyrians, etc., does not fit with the biblical record, nor a Christianity supposedly based on “For God so loved the world…”

Abram’s rescue of the cities of the plain from the four kings provides one example of Abram living up to his responsibility to bless all nations, even enemies, by preserving, protecting and defending, and leads us into the concept of the need for a geographical base of operations to do so. 

just under thirty years, after becoming king over all the tribes of Israel, David succeeded in transforming a small kingdom in the central highlands of Judaea into a major empire stretching from the border of Egypt to the lowlands of Mesopotamia. In other words, he brought into being the totality of the Melchizedekian father / leader of many nations promised to Abraham, centered between the anchors Egypt to the south and Assyria to the East.

fertile-crescent

  1. He started with capturing Jerusalem from the Canaanite Jebusites and establishing the capital of Isra-el / Prince of God where God chose to put his name forever, henceforth called the City of David. Do you see the unification between YHVH and King David? This is essential for unification of territories creating the empire promised to Abraham’s Chosen Seed.
  2. Secured the northern border of Greater Israel in the Lebanon Mountains when he made an alliance – covenanting under YHVH only – with the coastal Phoenician king Hiram of Tyre.
  3. Completely subjugated the Philistines and took control of the southern coastal plain cities of Gaza, Gath, Ashkelon, Ashdod and Ekron
  4. Subjugated the Syrians and placed garrisons to maintain the peace
  5. Secured the eastern border of his territory at the Euphrates.
  6. Accepted homage and tribute from Hamath in Hittite territory, had Hittites in both military and commercial branches of government. Later trade with the Hittites in horses / i.e. weapons is a clear indication of a positive relationship more in keeping with an alliance like that with Tyre and Egypt rather than military subjugation with enforced tribute.
  7. Subjugated the border raiders, like the Scots, including Moab, Ammonites, Amalekites, Edomites (from II Samuel 8)

Neither Assyria nor Egypt is an enemy nor a tribute territory to Israel. Why would they be? King David’s enforcement of security, like Roman roads, brought trade and prosperity to the entire region.

Solomon followed through and expanded on this system without expanding his territory.

And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which he placed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem [stockpiling the most destructive weapons of of the day]

And the king made silver and gold at Jerusalem as plenteous as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the vale for abundance [through trade]

And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king’s merchants received the linen yarn at a price. And they fetched up, and brought forth out of Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so brought they out horses for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, by their means.” (II Chronicles 1)

I won’t take time in this post to dissect every concept packed into Isaiah’s prophecies, but for the purposes of this post just catch this one – the future return to Jerusalem as the original worship center for all people with faith in YHVH’s savior from all time, not just the nation of Israel.

IN THAT DAY shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar [memorial] at the border thereof to the LORD. And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour [as he is famous for doing for the Hebrews]And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it…

IN THAT DAY shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve [in context – the LORD] with the Assyrians.

IN THAT DAY shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:

Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed be [in effect, all the nations of the world]

IN THAT DAY shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks. Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth [Shem’s multi-ethnic Hebrew nation] may enter in

IN THAT DAY…the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.” (Isaiah 26-27)

“Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen:

  • that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he:
  • before me there was no God formed [Creator and life-giver in all its dimensions], neither shall there be after me [Antichrist false life-giver].
  • I, even I, am the LORD / YHVH;. and beside me there is no savior.
  • I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, WHEN THERE WAS NO STRANGE GOD AMONG YOU [who could claim credit] THEREFORE YE ARE MY WITNESSES, saith the LORD, THAT I [only] AM GOD. 

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Yea, before the day was I am he / Creator; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let / prevent it?

  • Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. I am the Lord, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.
  • Thus saith the LORD, which maketh a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty waters; Which bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as tow…
  • Behold, I will do a new thing; now it shall spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert…to give drink to my people, my chosen…

This people have I formed for myself;

THEY SHALL SHEW FORTH MY PRAISE.

Praise for what? Salvation from sin and death! Certainly not bragging that “Na na nana na! God gave US this land!”

Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen: Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.

 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring: And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.

  1. One shall say, I am the LORD‘s; [Hebrews of old and new covenants from many nationalities]
  2. and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; [Old Covenant Israelites]
  3. and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel. [Messianic Jews] (Isaiah 43-44)

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