9) Provenance

The following excerp from Scientific Proof Is A Myth is not from a Creationism author, but from Forbes magazine.

You’ve heard of our greatest scientific theories: the theory of evolution, the Big Bang theory, the theory of gravity. You’ve also heard of the concept of a proof, and the claims that certain pieces of evidence prove the validities of these theories. Fossils, genetic inheritance, and DNA prove the theory of evolution. The Hubble expansion of the Universe, the evolution of stars, galaxies, and heavy elements, and the existence of the cosmic microwave background prove the Big Bang theory. And falling objects, GPS clocks, planetary motion, and the deflection of starlight prove the theory of gravity.

Except that’s a complete lie. While they provide very strong evidence for those theories, they aren’t proof. In fact, when it comes to science, proving anything is an impossibility.

Even in theoretical physics, the most mathematical of all the sciences, our “proofs” aren’t on entirely solid ground. If the assumptions we make  no longer apply…we’ll “prove” something that turns out not to be true. If someone tells you a scientific theory has been proven, you should ask what they mean by that. Normally, they mean “they’ve convinced themselves that this thing is true,”…

So don’t try to prove things; try to convince yourself…Every scientific theory will someday fail…the best ones succeed for the longest amounts of time and over the greatest ranges possible…it’s the most correct description of the physical world humanity has ever imagined.

Are you catching this? This writer is using the exact same arguments as religious leaders. “Don’t try to prove things.” Simply believe what you are told “on faith.

And there are major gaps even in what you are being told.

In the scientific universe matter came before mind. Mind is an accident of matter. How that happened is not even begun to be explained.

Science is being lumped with religious revelation as “a matter of belief for people of different faiths, who relied on their respective religious scriptures for unraveling the mysteries surrounding how the universe came into being.”

Without question, science is the latest religion, and scientists are the new gods.

Pay close attention to the opinion of Stephen Hawking, reputed to be a genius physicist and “one of the most important scientists and public intellectuals of our time, if not all time.”

Did you notice that, despite being both a genius and a scientist Stephen Hawking bases his conviction, not on trust in scientific evidence, but on belief? His choice of what to believe is made to resolve his emotional response to the concept of an afterlife.

As he states, he is grateful, i.e. relieved to conclude that there is no afterlife. This is understandable, since he spent his entire adult life struggling with a severely debilitating physical disease, experiencing, in essence, the misery of a disembodied soul as postulated to be the condition of the afterlife.

But is someone’s emotionally disturbed coping mechanism a viable basis on which to base belief directing your own life’s choices and your plans for your soul’s fate after death?

Religion has been a factor of the human experience from pre-historic to modern times…

There is no culture recorded in human history which has not practiced some form of religion…

Religion, then and now, concerns itself with the spiritual aspect of the human condition, gods and goddesses (or a single personal god or goddess), the creation of the world, a human being’s place in the world, life after death, eternity, and how to escape from suffering in this world or in the next.

Good writing starts with a thesis on which everything else in the account rests.

Science and religion agree that in the beginning the cosmos moved from a state of nothingness to the existence of matter. But science has very little to say about this mysterious transition, all of it highly speculative…

By contrast, there was remarkable unanimity among…the sacred texts of the world’s great religions.

In reality, the difference between Stephen Hawking or Richard Dawkins and the Creator is Evidence.

It is critically important to recognize that this Being we call the Creator does not expect us to believe anything he said just because someone said it. Even himself.

If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true…Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” (John 5:31-39)

This Creator provides unparalleled authentication of reliability within its records, validation by outside sources, and provenance of historical ownership by providing

1) consistent reports

2) in multiple documents

3) written by multiple authors

4) in diverse cultures

5) separated by geography

6) and thousands of years. 

Ancient religions in all cultures recount the actions of a Creator who brought material substance, life and time into existence.

Creation stories are commonly classified into a small number of basic groups, and many individual myths contain two or more elements of these themes. This small grouping is evidence that, although altered in time, most creation myths had their origin from an actual set of events or records.

1. Creation From Nothing. This idea involves the Creator “calling forth into being” the creation that came into existence totally as a result of His will… includes the Navajo and Mayan Creation stories…Genesis states six times “and God said…and so it was”…the Supreme Being is described as making the world by thinking it [into existence], by a word of command, by singing or by merely wishing it to be. The Wijot in northern California, for example, say…He simply thought, and there they were…”

2. Creation from Chaos…the producing of a structure from undifferentiated material…examples include the Greek, Chinese, Finnish, Indian, Japanese, and Egyptian creation myths…order was caused to occur as a result of some activity, force, or process.

3. Emergence Myths. In this category God creates the material ex-nihilo, and then forms or shapes it into useful forms. Humans and other parts of creation thus emerge from some other substances or preexisting material. Good examples include the formation of man from the dust of the earth…in ancient African creation myths…hold that “there was nothing before God created the world”…out of nothing, in the original act of creation, though now He may use existing materials to continue His creative activities…examples of emergence myths include Acoma, Hopi, Navajo, and most New World Creation myths in agricultural societies  The Navajo Aztecs, and pueblos all teach all life as well as the first man and woman were created from the earth by God or the gods..Many myths also teach creation through “the word” or the logos…The term “myth” is from the Greek word mythos “which means word in the sense of final authority.” In this category God or gods create through sounds.

4. Separation Myths…the “idea of the creation of heaven and earth by division is common to all ancient Near Eastern cosmogonies” and in myths the world over. One Polynesian myth teaches that darkness once rested upon the heaven and earth until the light and darkness were separated by God…

5. Creation From a Cosmic Egg…a “germ” or some raw material such as water or clay that God created or already existed, and out of which He formed humans, animals, plants, the earth or some other part of the universe. Examples include Indian, Phoenician, Egyptian, Orphic, Chinese, and other texts…the big bang hypothesis (called the “standard model” because of its wide acceptance) also postulates a “cosmic egg” from which the entire universe sprang.

6. The last major creation myth category is the Earth-Divider Myths or where a divine being divides the water by bringing the land up from the sea, permanently separating the two…

In addition, an “enormous number of creation myths….involve the sun, and the life-giving, regenerative properties of light…is almost universally identified with primarily creative forces. Everywhere the sun or light plays an important, if not a central role..” in creation.

The term light often refers not only to physical light, but also to knowledge and insight…The importance of light (knowledge and wisdom) is likewise reflected in virtually all…creation stories.

Archeological remains provide information about ancient religious beliefs. While examining these we must bear in mind that, as demonstrated in previous posts, archeological and anthropological dates prior to 5,000 BC are unprovable and arbitrarily assigned to conform to Evolution’s requirement of extreme lengths of time for Homo sapiens to develop. 

Göbekli Tepe, the oldest human-made sites of worship yet discovered, is a  monumental complex built on the top of a rocky mountaintop in current-day Turkey. The site’s original excavator, German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, described it as the “world’s first temple”: a sanctuary used by groups of travelers with few or no permanent inhabitants. After about 2,000 years it is inexplicably buried.

Close to Gobekli Tepe in Anatolia, the inhabitants of housing settlements of Catalhoyuk left behind numerous clay figurines and impressions of phallic, feminine, and hunting scenes. 

Here, as in Gobekli Tepe, there is no documentation, so the specifics of religious activities are unclear.  However, we can apply Occam’s razor logic to this unknowable situation to derive the likelihood of the same motivations for the religious activities made by later groups, rather than speculate on a completely different set of motivations for this early group. This provides a justifiable deduction that the figures indicate use of magic – access to hyper dimensional sources – to empower four dimensional virility, fertility, and provision of food. This is also supported by common sense, as the basic necessities of survival are food and a pack to support each other in procurement and defense.

This perspective is validated by Hinduism, considered by some to be the oldest existing religion still practiced today, Archaeologists have found bull and cow motifs, sacred to Hinduism, associated with an ancient civilization inhabiting the area near the Indus River, dating back to the same time.

This makes Hinduism our main witness in the search for ancient religious beliefs.

Hinduism is admittedly highly complex, with much diversity within itself. That internal diversity prevents Hinduism from being a reliable witness. However, comparison with other ancient religions allows the determination of validity of the accounts in comparative religions, and validity of shared concepts is an acceptable measure of truth in any investigation.

Think of the same process used in a court of law. Three witnesses may differ on details because of different circumstances surrounding their interaction with the prime suspect, but the main issue is the convergence of their testimony identifying the suspect as the perpetrator. See the post Prologue for the scientific methods used in this study.

When we eliminate all the embellishments added over over the centuries, we find that the earliest known fundamental religious concepts are that of:

  • an all-powerful immaterial pre-existent Being
  • expressed in four-dimensional constructs as a trinity,
  • who created other hyper-dimensional immortal beings, the material universe, and humans,
  • and provided mortal beings with a means of attaining immortality,
  • in a battle of good against evil.

Brahma is the Hindu creator god, supreme in the triad of great Hindu gods. In the beginning, Brahma created gods, demons, humans and all living creatures upon the earth. When forces of evil, the demons, gain the ascendancy it is night, and when forces of goodness, the gods, rule, it is day.  

Brahma’s first female is Death, through whose actions the distinction between mortals and gods was preserved forever.

The gods feared that humans could become so powerful that they might challenge their reign, so Brahma appointed Shiva to rule over humanity as the destroyer and recreator of all things, i.e. Time. 

Then all creatures, including gods and animals, began to be attached to women.

Vishnu is the Preserver and guardian of humans. He protects the order of things (dharma) and he appears on earth in various incarnations (avatars) to fight demons and to maintain cosmic harmony.

Hindus believe that after the death of the body the soul receives a new body in order to continue living in this world. Depending on one’s karma – good or bad done in this world – your essential life can be reincarnated as not only humans, but also animals, insects, and plants. The goal is to be released from the reincarnation cycle and achieve Moksha, liberation from the cycle and return to be with Brahma.

~5000 BC The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC. We see that this approximate date is placed as far back in time as current dating technology responsibly allows. But we can accept that the Sumerian artifact traces back to the world’s first known civilization, demonstrating the extended history of religious belief.

3760 BC – 1700 BC Interestingly, the archeological dating of known historical human civilizations coincides with the ancient Hebrew calendar documented in the book of Genesis.

The first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) are collectively called…the Torah, or the Books of Moses.  Those last four books have many verses that attribute them directly to Moses.  But he’s not even mentioned anywhere in the book of Genesis.  Why is this?

…there’s considerable internal evidence, and some archaeological evidence, that Genesis was actually first written in sections, most likely on clay tablets, by a number of different men who were eye-witnesses to the actions described…and later Moses compiled these tablets into what we call the “book of Genesis…”

scholars and archaeologists have uncovered excellent proofs of the truth of the Bible’s historicity.

There have been complete libraries [of tens of thousands of clay tablets] uncovered…

the…many ancient clay tablets that had been dated to long before the time of Abraham…held the key to the original writings of…the Book of Genesis…

most of the old clay tablets had “colophon phrases” at the end; these named the writer or owner of the tablet; they had words to identify the subject, and often some sort of dating phrase…Many of these old records related to family histories and origins, which were evidently highly important to those ancient people…

the book of Genesis consists of a set of tablets, each of which was written by an actual eye-witness to the events described therein.  These tablets were finally compiled by Moses…

  Tablet   Starting Verse    Ending Verse    Owner or  Writer 
 1  Genesis 1:1  Genesis 2:4a   God “the LORD delivered unto [Moses] two tables of stone written with the finger of God;” (Deut 9:10)”
 2  Genesis 2:4b  Genesis 5:1a   Adam
 3  Genesis 5:1b  Genesis 6:9a   Noah
 4  Genesis 6:9b  Genesis 10:1a   Shem, Ham & Japheth
 5  Genesis 10:1b  Genesis 11:10a   Shem
 6  Genesis 11:10b  Genesis 11:27a   Terah
 7  Genesis 11:27b  Genesis 25:19a   Isaac
 8  Genesis 25:12  Genesis 25:18   Ishmael, through Isaac
 9  Genesis 25:19b  Genesis 37:2a   Jacob
 10  Genesis 36:1  Genesis 36:43   Esau, through Jacob
 11  Genesis 37:2b  Exodus 1:6   Jacob’s 12 sons

Exodus 1:6, “And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.”…added by Moses, after he inherited all the tablets, and…compiled all these tablets into one long record…during the 40-year wilderness experience…

Interestingly, there is an entire literary discipline devoted to discrediting every book in the Bible from Genesis to Revelation. This activity, along with banning or severely restricting ownership of a Bible by some autocratic governments, provides another form of external validation of the Bible’s powerful influence over mankind.

Higher criticism has compared and contrasted the Books of Moses with contemporary Sumerian documents like the Gilgamesh epic and the Code of Hammurabi to claim plagiarism by Moses. How does this hold up to scrutiny?

although almost every culture has a creation myth, most all are basically variations of the core theme of the creation story found in GenesisFreund concluded from a study of origin myths that, although they came from all over the world, nonetheless they all have “haunting similarities.” Good evidence exists that the source of all creation myths, or what Sproul calls primal myths, stem back to a common human experience or some actual historical event. If their origin was from a single early source, oral transmission, time and local cultural circumstances could have embellished or, at the least, modified them, sometimes greatly. [Emphasis added.]

We would for this reason expect that the details of the extant creation myths would vary, but that the basic outline would be similar or, at the least, most of the stories would have common elements.

Occam’s razor logic supports this conclusion over the alternate hypothesis that these cultures independently derived their common religious beliefs. In addition to the extensive prevalence and incidence of Creation accounts, preserved accounts of a Creator establish a basis for trust by providing validity and reliability through:

  • consistent elements between disparate reporters
  • as well as scientific evidence by multiple disciplines
  • as well as hyperdimensional proof by hundreds of prophecies coming true over long passages of time.

there was remarkable unanimity among the initiate priests of the ancient world. Their secret teachings are encoded in the sacred texts of the world’s great religions…a secret history of creation is encoded in the most familiar of these texts, Genesis…

Genesis 1:26 [sic] is usually translated as ‘In the beginning God made heaven and earth’, but…The passage properly reads, ‘In the beginning the gods made heaven and earth’…

When we fact check that statement in the original Hebrew in which it was documented we find that, indeed, the word for God is plural.

“In the beginning God [e]ĕ·lō·h-îm [Hebrew im = English s for plurality] created / bā·rā. the heaven and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1)

But the alert investigator will also find that Mark Booth’s English translation of the original Hebrew bara as “made” instead of “created” as found in the authoritative King James Bible is not a reliable translation.

Reliability is demonstrated by internal consistency, and the reliability of the King James’ translation of bara as “created” can be determined in two ways.

The King James itself defines the word bara by using synonyms in other passages. In every case we find the common elements of

  1. a powerful being
  2. by himself independently of outside forces
  3. using his energy
  4. to create something never before experienced.

These can be abstract concepts as well as concrete objects.

  1. Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O LORD, let my Lord, I pray thee…pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance. And he said, Behold, I make a covenantI will do marvels, such as have not been done / bara in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee.” (Exodus 34:8-10)
    1. In this context the LORD / YHVH / Eternal One / Creator is creating the nation of Israel.
  2. “And Moses said, Hereby ye shall know that the LORD hath sent me to do all these works; for I have not done them of mine own mind. If these men die the common death of all men…then the LORD hath not sent me. But if the LORD make / bara a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up…and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the LORD….And the earth opened her mouth…and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation.” (Numbers 16:28-33)
    1. In this context the LORD is creating a new proof of Moses’ authenticity as his spokesman.
  3. “Why hast thou given me but one lot and one portion to inherit, And Joshua answered them…thencut down / bara for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants…Thou art a great people, and hast great power…thou shalt cut it down / bara…for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.” (Joshua 17 15-18)
    1. In this context “cut down” is the abstract “create a territory for yourself” versus “being given a territory”. The post Days of Thunder examines this exact scenario in which forces of destruction must be eliminated before creative forces can be productive. 
  4. “Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORDAnd the priest’s custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest’s servant came…and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest…[or] I will take it by force. Wherefore…men abhorred the offering of the LordNow Eli…heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation…And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD…Wherefore…honourest thy sons above me, to make  / bara yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?” (I Samuel 2:12-17, 4:20-27)
    1. In this context, the priests are using their religious authority and power to create abstract wealth for themselves, in addition to very material fat cells. “he [Eli] was heavy.” (I Samuel 4:18)

We can reliably deduce from these examples of the Hebrew word bara that Genesis chapter 1 is reporting that a hyper dimensional being containing within itself all energy used its energy to form material substance not previously in existence.

In scientific terminology: The Singularity Banged.

Another Hebrew word, asa, is defined in the King James as “made” i.e. “formed from existing material.” Again, this definition is reliably determined by comparison with other statements in the same document.

    1. “And God made / asa the firmament.” (Genesis 1:7)
    2. “And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding / asa  seed, and the fruit tree yielding / asa fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.” (Genesis 1:11)
    3. “And God made / asa  two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: and [he made/ asa] the stars also. (Genesis 1:16)

This analysis of the distinction between “created by transforming energy” and “made from existing material” is substantiated within the Hebrew creation text. Once God created the first animals, he made additional animals. We could contemplate this as first creating animal DNA then reformulating it in the making of different animals.

And God created / bā·rā great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind…And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply…And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. And God made / asa the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.” (Genesis 1:21-25)

Tao Te King, the teachings of Lao-Tzu, describes Tao in these words: “The Tao that can be trodden is not the enduring and unchanging Tao. The name that can be named is not the enduring and unchanging name

In the grand beginning (of all things) there was nothing in all the vacancy of space; there was nothing that could be named. It was in this state that there arose the first existence; the first existence, but still without bodily shape…”

It is clear that according to the Bible that the heavens and the earth are the creation of God

the Qur’an states:

“Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no God but He, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is guardian over everything.”

“He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a thing, He only says to it ‘Be’ and it is.”

~2000 BC

Zoroastrianism is one of the oldest religions still in existence. Zoroaster is thought to have been born in what is now northeastern Iran or southwestern Afghanistan. Like Moses and Mohammed, his culture’s religion was likely polytheistic, one of the early forms of Hinduism.  Like Moses and Mohammed, Zoroaster had a divine vision of a supreme being and began teaching followers to worship a single god called Ahura Mazda.

There is strong internal evidence for dating the biblical book of Job to this time frame. This account, like that of the Sumerian, assumes common knowledge of a Creator God who created the universe in perfect ecology, as well as humans and angels/gods “like” him with free will. This results in beings who choose opposition to higher powers, destruction of creation and the Creator’s reassertion of his highest power by restoration, most of all, of humans into relationship with him. This theme is found in virtually all subsequent religions.

1700–1100 BC

The oldest of the Hindu Vedas (scriptures), the Rig Veda was composed. This is consistent with the dates of the earliest religious scriptures from other civilizations. 

1400 BC

Moses compiles and documents the same basic history of creation and introduction of death as the other religious documents. God’s direct instructions for achieving a harmonious relationship with him, other humans, and all creation is simple. Choose life.

  1. Choose the light, the Singularity, over the dark, the Destroyer.
  2. Identify with the Creator in his actions which can be reduced to “don’t be selfish and greedy.”
  3. When a relationship with the ultimate Good is broken, unlike with immortals it can be restored by a way provided by the Singularity – humans’ desire to return to relationship and faith in redemption by God through his acceptance of the substitution of another’s death for one’s own.
  4. Resurrection to immortality in the World to Come – a new heaven and a new earth following the implosion of this irreversibly degrading universe – is achieved by being united with the Singularity as proven by following the way of the Creator and Lord of the Universe.

Moses is considered one of the most important religious leaders in world history. He is claimed by the monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Bahai as a prophet of God.

1351 BC

Pharoah Akhenaten heads the earliest recorded monotheistic religion in Ancient Egypt.

1250–600 BC

The Upanishads (Vedic texts) were composed, containing the earliest emergence of some of the central religious concepts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

1200 BC

The Olmecs built the earliest pyramids and temples in Central America.

1000 BC a later possible date for the start of Zoroastrianism in Persia.

Zoroastrianism shares its monotheism, messianism, judgment after death, heaven and hell, and free will with Judaism, Christianity, Islamand the Baháʼí Faith. If this date is correct, the comparable doctrine and practices are highly suggestive that Zoroaster / Zarathustra learned his theology from existing writings like Job’s, and travelers through Persia from the Levant, where Judaism had become world-renown  under King David and King Solomon. If an earlier date for Zoroaster is correct, then a Zoroastrian may be instead the source for Job’s knowledge of God, perhaps even being the young but wise Eli-hu / He is my God in Job’s account.

c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BC

Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, teaches that souls do not exist. Existence in this world is considered a suffering experience, reimposed through reincarnation of the body. The goal of Buddhism is to escape the cycle of rebirth by reaching Nirvana, “Buddhists do not believe in any kind of deity or god, although there are supernatural figures who can help or hinder people on the path towards enlightenment.” 

As a psychiatric provider devoted to reversing patients’ emotional states of depression and anxiety and cognitive states of psychosis, this just sounds to me like such a dark view of life with a diagnosable psychiatric condition of nihilism.

At this same period of time Confucius founded the similarly atheistic but completely opposite cheerful view of existence: Confucianism in China. “The philosophy is based on the belief that human beings are essentially good, that they engage in immoral behavior through lack of a strong moral standard, and that adherence to an ethical code, and rituals which encourage it, enabled one to live a productive and tranquil life of peace which would translate to a strong, ethical, and prosperous state.”

It is estimated that 0.1% of the world’s population follows Confucianism. Perhaps it is due to widespread experience that human beings are not essentially good? This concept explored below.

c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD
The life of Jesus of Nazareth, the central figure of Christianity. Jesus Christ himself based his claims on the ancient writings.

The authors of the New Testament, the basis for Christianity, validated everything they wrote about Jesus Christ by referencing the Old Testament writings.

The life of Prophet Muhammad of Islam. Following his death, his teachings were written down by his followers, as was the case with Jesus’ teachings.
Moslems believe that at death the soul goes to the Angel of Death to wait for Judgment Day when their actions during their time on Earth will be judged to determine whether they go to Jannat, paradise, or Jahannam, Hell. The Moslem’s Holy Book, the Koran, openly pulls this and many other teachings from the writings that Jews call the Torah and Christians call the Old Testament.


Kojiki, the oldest Shinto text, was written. “Shinto is polytheistic and revolves around the kami, supernatural entities believed to inhabit all things. The link between the kami and the natural world has led to Shinto being considered animistic and pantheistic.” 

The Sikh faith, a monotheistic religion, is established in India by Guru Nanak, who taught that one must honor God by honoring others and the Earth, God’s creation. The three core pillars of Sikhism can be recognized as equivalent to Moses’ compilation of ancient Hebrew teachings.
  • Vaṇḍ Chakkō: Sharing with others, helping those in need, as well as participating as part of a community. A spirit of giving, sharing, and caring for one another is central to Sikhism.
  • Kirat Karō: Earning/making a living honestly, without exploitation or fraud, and speaking the truth at all times.
  • Naam Japna: Meditating on God’s name to live a life of decency and humility.

Sikhs see the temporary distractions of the material world as an illusion, or Māyā. The five qualities of ego, anger, greed, attachment and lust are known as the Five Thieves that rob a person of their ability to realize their oneness with God and creation. Sikhs work to counteract the temptations of these qualities through the Sikh values of service, equality, and seeking justice for all.

Sikhs believe that one’s form on Earth is only a temporary vessel for the eternal soul. Thus, the death of the physical body is a natural part of the life cycle, while the soul remains. Sikhs believe in reincarnation, meaning death is not an end, but merely the progression of the soul on its journey toward God.


The Báb (1819–1850), considered a herald like John the Baptist, taught that God would soon send a prophet in the same way of Jesus or Muhammad. Baháʼu’lláh (1817–1892) who in 1863 claimed to be that prophet, taught that religion is revealed in an orderly and progressive way by Manifestations of God, who are the founders of major world religions throughout history. Baháʼís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. The Baháʼí Faith stresses the unity of all people, explicitly rejecting racism and nationalism. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes. Letters written by Baháʼu’lláh to various people, including some heads of state, have been collected and assembled into a canon of Baháʼí scripture.

The most well-known of the ancient religious documents is The Holy Bible. Its writings have been preserved for thousands of years. Its teachings are accepted throughout all cultures world-wide. It remains the best-selling book of all time with an estimated 5 billion copies sold. 

The next-best seller is Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, lagging far behind at only 1.1 billion copies, with sales strongly boosted by required purchases among a huge population of Communist Chinese.

The third ranked is the Quran at 800 million copies, which, as noted above, is based on the Bible, with cultural adaptations, primarily the preeminence of the Arabs over the Jews.

The fourth and ninth best selling books are by Tolkien – The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit, based on ancient religious beliefs. The fifth is The Little Prince by Saint-Exupery, a spiritualist story about the importance of looking beneath the surface to find the real truth and most importantly, the true meaning of life.

Clearly, humans are drawn to spirituality.

Given the ancient date of the writing of the Bible, its influence on other religions as well as the prevalence of the Bible world-wide in disparate cultures, this analysis will frequently refer to its documents as authoritative on spiritual / hyper-dimensional matters.

Please note that this is NOT a not-so-subtle attempt to convert anyone to Christianity. These references are made for the purposes of demonstrating historical beliefs long predating Christianity as it evolved from the first century AD. I use the King James version of the Bible for the ancient languages scholarship of the translators in the early 17th century. This reflection far more accurately the thoughts and intents of the original writers in contrast to modern translators which intentionally promote meanings familiar and acceptable to an entirely different culture.

The fundamental concept in all religions that acknowledge a hyper dimensional aspect to life is that, by its very nature, life energy is incapable of beginning or ceasing existence. We are composed of this hyper dimension, only some of which temporarily took shape as what is perceived as matter. 

Any consideration of accessing power beyond our personal four dimensional space-time must involve acceptance of the existence of a hyper dimensional system. And, I would logically assert, vice versa. Any acceptance of hyper dimensionality must involve acceptance that life energy was implanted, is not destroyed, but continues to exist in some way after the end of this material body’s existence in four dimensional space-time.

The ultimate “May the Force be with you.”

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