It is generally agreed by archeologists that the Sumerian culture came into existence about 3500 BC. So, just as with our own history books, we can realistically deduce one of two conditions:
- the historical account written 1,400 years later was compiled from older eye witness accounts of the occurrence of the events reported,
- or that they are fabricated to impose a ruling elite’s world view on a subjugated population.
When skies above were not yet named
Nor earth below pronounced by name,
Apsu [primeval waters] the first one, their begetter
And maker Tiamat [chaotic foam] who bore them all,
Had mixed their waters [essence] together…
One of the intellectual components assessed during an evaluation of the presence and degree of mental illness is “abstract” thinking. When questioned “How did you get to the hospital?”, an individual with intact abstract thought processes will intuitively respond with insight on the focus on health problems, not transportation, and will answer accordingly: “I overdosed, I quit taking my medication, etc.” An individual with “concrete” thinking demonstrates lack of intellectual ability to compute unseen details and will answer in terms limited only to physical experience: “The ambulance, my wife drove me, etc.”
With this in mind, if we replace our basic concrete thinking, in this case, of an immense mass of water with the equally valid but higher order abstract concept of immensely powerful hydrologic energy of the movement of a raging ocean, we can recognize the reference to the Singularity.
Likewise, if we equate the Enuma Elish’s Tiamat / chaos with the activity of random chance collisions of atoms, molecules, proteins and DNA mutations, we can recognize the parallel with Evolution opposed to Design. And sure enough, extended periods of time are included in the Enuma Elish’s account.
When yet no gods were manifest,
Nor names pronounced, nor destinies decreed,
Then gods were born within them.
But while the Sumerian account vaguely mentions “naming”, note that it never credits a namer / owner / authority.
Ages increased…Then Anshar [sky] and Kishar [earth] were created…
Scientifically, this discredits this account. As detailed in the the post Time, the definition of time is deterioration, which cannot result in creation. A force stronger than chaos must impose order and stability.
Long were the days, then there came forth […]
Anu, their son, [Father of all the other gods]
The Enuma Elish reports the creation of mass in the form of slime, mud, sky and earth before Anu as god is created. As their son, he would be composed of mass, yet he creates what we would categorize as spirit beings, equivalent to the Hebrew sons of God.
The Enuma Elish is internally inconsistent, i.e a scientifically unreliable account.
The Enuma Elish is paralleled by Hindu scriptures which likewise fails to credit a namer.
the Vedas constitute the oldest scriptures of Hindu literature…believed to have been the result of direct revelation (Sruti)…Rigveda is considered to be the oldest and it declares the following:
“Who verily knows and who can declare it, whence it was born and whence comes this creation?
The Gods are latter than this world’s production. Who knows thence first it came into being?
He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it,
Whose eye control this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not.”
This reference makes it clear that…it is unclear whether creation occurred on God’s command or whether creation occurred as a consequence of a spontaneous phenomenon—leaving unanswered the question of whether God (or gods) themselves had any definite knowledge about creation…
The Enuma Elish parallels Genesis enough to provide detractors of the Bible with the claim that the Hebrews plagiarized the Sumerians while transferring credit to the Hebrew divinity. But the Hebrew scriptures clearly did not plagiarize what they alone state confidently – that a Supreme Pre-existent Being created the heavens and the earth with forethought and intent and objectives.
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1)
By not naming a Creator, the Enuma Elish and Hindu accounts do not detract from the Hebrew Scriptures, but rather externally validate what the Hebrew God claims exclusively as his power.
Creation is clearly the basis for trusting which hyper dimensional being holds supreme power.
Only the Hebrew Torah documents a specific individual and clearly describes his actions at the beginning and continuing throughout human history, with multiple means of validating the reports from a variety of scientific disciplines. Documentation of this power by eyewitnesses who saw first-hand what this sentient Being we call God did in the past is the only basis for believing what these same eyewitnesses say that he will do in the future.
Thus saith God the LORD / ha-El YHVH / the God Bringing Into Being, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein…I am the LORD / Ani YHVH: that is my name / attribute: and my glory will I not give to another. Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.“ (Isaiah 42:5-9)
Every statement in a religious creed – like “ye must be born again” – every theological belief – like the virgin birth – derives its credibility and legitimacy from the first statement that God created, sustains, and controls the universe.
What we find when we examine the Bible’s claims with an open mind not clouded by religious bias, is that its historical documents reliably – amongst themselves – and with validity – in agreement with other sources – report a scientifically coherent description of Creation.
When…the primeval Apsû [Singularity] who begat them,
Then were created…Lahmu [slime] and Lahamu [mud]…
- The Bible reports that matter was created by energy.
“…the Spirit of God moved [kinetic energy]…And God said [electromagnetic waves]…” (Gen 1)
This ancient revelation has only recently been confirmed by theoretical physicists. Einstein is famous for the equation “E=mc2 which established that the Singularity of energy (E/c2) can be converted into matter. Recently physicists have empirically demonstrated this.
2) The Bible reports that God made and maintains the “worlds” (note the plural, either a reference to sequential reconstructions of our current world as reported by other cultures such as the Hindus and Mayas, or a reference to a multiverse, see String Theory below) using radio waves from Light’s electromagnetic spectrum.
“God…Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son…by whom also he made the worlds…and upholding all things by the word of his power,” (Hebrews 1:1-3)
Currently physicists are exploring how resonance, a quality of sound, holds together everythingin the universe. Observation of the macro effect of sound vibrations on tiny particles of matter gives some insight into this micro subatomic physics phenomenon.
3) The Bible reports that seemingly solid substance is actually composed of invisible force fields.
“Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the [spoken] word [which we have above noted is a form of energy] of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (Hebrews 11:3)
String theory, often called the “theory of everything,” is a relatively young science that includes such unusual concepts as superstrings, branes, and extra dimensions. Scientists are hopeful that string theory will unlock one of the biggest mysteries of the universe…
String theory is a work in progress, so trying to pin down exactly what the science is, or what its fundamental elements are, can be kind of tricky. The key string theory features include:
All objects in our universe are composed of vibrating filaments (strings) and membranes (branes) of energy…
Several extra (usually unobservable) dimensions to the universe must exist…[Dark Matter?]
There are also possible…parallel universes…
scientists can use the fact that humanity exists as an explanation for certain physical properties of our universe.
Our universe could be “stuck” on a brane…
Recognizing that investigative science validates religious revelation confirms that reality / truth is not hidden from all but chosen initiates, neither does blind acceptance equate with faith in God.
The Bible explains physical science as well as invisible, spiritual, other-dimensional states of being, the past as well as the future. We are honest when we acknowledge that we can’t scientifically determine these states of being, we can only know whatever is communicated to us by someone who was there and capable himself of understanding the states of being – if he chooses to have a word with us. We rationally choose to put our faith in both honestly conducted science and God’s revelation when we honestly examine the evidence provided in both realms.
The opposite of faith is determined blindness against Super Being’s evident power and authority. The known world proves the existence, power and nature of God, in whom we then choose, or not, to place our faith for the unknowable and uncontrollable aspects of our own lives.
The Hebrew word for “called” is qara / קָרָא It covers a lot of applications for verbalizing, including bringing into existence a blessing or curse or even a living being. We can therefore understand that whenever the Hebrew God “calls” something by name, he imposes structure on energy.
The latest physics research support the ancient scriptures’ report that the worlds were spoken into existence.
Theoretical physics has followed through on Einstein’s search for a Unified Field Theory (UFT) of the four hypothetical forces (gravitational, electromagnetic, strong and weak nuclear), adding into it a search for an explanation of the structure of matter for a Theory of Everything (TOE), leading to String Theory.
- 1 Planck length of vibrating energy loosely envisioned as a “string”.
- The movement of the vibrating length traces width, and thus becomes 2D, like a drawing.
- Further vibration within other dimensions such as height and length makes the energy field assume the form of a quantum particle.
- Humans are four dimensional, therefore cannot accurately perceive the higher dimensions or time travel without the interjection of power from those dimensions. Imagine a three dimensional pyramid passing through a two dimensional world. The lower dimensional beings will not be able to perceive anything but a flat triangle gradually enlarging unless a higher dimensional being provides a two dimensional drawing representing three dimensions. The same conditions hold true for 4 dimensional beings perceiving any aspects of a 10 dimensional reality. Do you get where I’m going with this? UFOs.
- “The idea of hidden dimensionality of space can seem occult.”
- “Spacetime is a sea of roiling shapes, quantum foam.”
Among religious documents, only the biblical account of creation is written as a narrative, intended to be an historical account of actual events. Significantly, other ancient creation accounts are poetry, which may or not be fully realistic.
The biblical book of Job is written as poetry, as well as the Psalms, providing for greater emotional expression. That does not mean they are necessarily imaginative in their depictions of creation. Validation of the reality of these accounts of creation is found through evidence from other sources. The same criteria needs to be applied to the Enuma Elish’s portrayal of creation.
The Enuma Elish is extremely vague about the origins of the gods, as it must in order to bypass the Creator / Namer’s authority. We can see the origins of what is supposedly “purely” scientific, but is in actuality an alternate religion, of evolution of life from a primordial chaos of atoms.
In fact, our word and concept of “chaos” is exactly, unchanged, the Greek name for Apsu. We can see the origins of the Big Bang theory in the Sumerian account.
Lahmu / slime and Lahamu / mud their names pronounced. [By whom?] As soon as they matured, were fully formed
Anshar / sky and Kisar / earth were born, sur-passing them
Anu their [sky’s and earth’s] first-born son rivalled his forefathers…
An / Anu belongs to the oldest generation of Mesopotamian gods and was originally the supreme deity of the Babylonian pantheon. Consequently, his major roles are as an authority figure, decision-maker and progenitor. In heaven he allots functions to other gods, and can increase their status at will…On earth he confers kingship, and his decisions are regarded as unalterable…An / And is sometimes credited with the creation of the universe itself…Of the three levels of heaven, he inhabited the highest…An / And frequently receives the epithet “father of the gods.” .
The Sumerian Anu is remarkably similar to the the Hebrew Ani / I Am.
It appears that the similarity between Anu and Ani is no coincidence.
Wichmann and Christiansen have analysed two thirds of the world’s languages…
Until now, linguists thought that word sound and meaning were completely unrelated.
“This has been the mainstay of linguistics since 1916, when the famous language theorist Ferdinand de Sassure wrote that a word’s sound and meaning were completely unrelated,” says Christiansen.
The new results directly contradict this.
“And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, Ani YHVH: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name YHVH was I not known to them.” (Exodus 6:2-6)
The link between I am and YHVH is found in its first occurrence, of over 6,000 occurrences, in the Bible.
“the LORD / YHVH God made the earth and the heavens” (Genesis 2:4)
In order for the LORD / YHVH to make anything, he had to existent prior to his creation. Therefore the name LORD / YHVH = I am, always existent, Eternal One.
And the Enuma Elish acknowledges this.
the one bringing into being, life-giver, giver of existence, creator…he who brings to pass…performer of his promises…the one who is: i.e. the absolute and unchangeable one…the existing, ever living, as self-consistent and unchangeable…he will approve himself (give evidence of being, assert his being.
Anu retained his essential character and high status throughout Mesopotamian history.
“Indeed, when other gods are elevated to a position of leadership, they are said to receive the anûtu, the “Anu-power”. For example, in Enuma Elis the gods express Marduk’s authority over them by declaring:” Your word is Anu!” (Tablet IV, lines 4-6). Later An / Anu came to share or cede these functions.
Our Western culture is more familiar with the Greek correlates to the Sumerian pantheon, where the first class of gods are, like the Sumerian, anthropomorphized forces or conditions like light (Aether) and matter like gaseous sky (Uranus), liquid sea (Pontus), solid earth (Gaia) and fire erupting from under the earth via volcanoes (Tartarus). The Greeks enhance our understanding of what the ancients report by describing Nyx, who parallels Tiamat, as “the goddess of Night”, i.e. the worlds of darkness.
The first true Greek personal deity, the equivalent of the Sumerian Anu, is Ur-anu-s. He begets the first rank of hyper dimensional beings, what we call angels, and what the Greeks called the Titans.
Despite the fact that he is the named ancestor of all the rest of the equivalent of the Sumerian gods, no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into classical times. The reason is obvious. Anu / Ur-anus / YHVH could not be destroyed, so he is simply ignored by his rebel sons who developed cults centered on themselves.
While it may seem a random distraction to learn about the ancient gods in this study, I suggest you bear in mind that these gods have been evoked throughout humanity’s history.
Ah, but you say you don’t believe in any gods at all. We humans are the most intelligent beings in the universe. In that case you are in serious trouble. “Scientists have been warning for decades that human actions are pushing life on our shared planet toward mass extinction.”
So mankind continues to hope that hyper dimensional beings from outer space, whether they are called gods or aliens, will save us from ourselves. It can’t hurt to learn what there is to know about them.
Various analysts match the Sumerian gods differently with the other cultures’ gods because there is no Rosetta Stone to define their relationships for us. However, since the Hebrew religion is claimed to be a derivative of the Sumerian we can’t be faulted for using the Bible to define significant matches.
And there, the consistency / reliability found in the Bible is one evidence of its claim to be the source of truth, while the confusion found in the host of alternate explanations should be an obvious indication of lack of truth, and even deliberate deception by those forwarding their own agenda – self empowerment by exploitation of others.
The Bible’s thesis is that God created the material universe and everything in it. Every single element in the rest of the story, which builds systematically from The Beginning in Genesis through The End in Revelation, rests on this fundamental premise.
This premise is famously opposed by scientists.
In the scientific universe matter came before mind. Mind is an accident of matter…
We have almost no evidence to go on when we decide what we believe happened at the beginning of time, but the choice we make has massive implications for our understanding of the way the world works.
Stephen Hawking, reputed to be a genius physicist and “one of the most important scientists and public intellectuals of our time, if not all time bases his conviction, not on scientific evidence, but on belief. His choice of what to believe is made to resolve his emotional response to the concept of an afterlife.
It is understandable that he is grateful to conclude that there is no afterlife, since he spent his entire adult life struggling with a severely debilitating physical disease. But is someone’s emotionally disturbed coping mechanism a viable basis on which to base belief directing our life’s choices, and faith in our soul’s fate after death?
The Secret History of the World, by Mark Booth offers the opposite proposition to a matter-based existence.
If you believe that matter came before mind, you have to explain how a chance coming together of chemicals creates consciousness, which is difficult. If, on the other hand, you believe that matter is precipitated by a cosmic mind, you have the equally difficult problem of explaining how, of providing a working model.
What is consciousness?
The basic definition of consciousness…”characterized by the experience of perceptions, thoughts, feelings, awareness of the external world, and…self-awareness,” according to the Oxford Dictionary of Psychology.
Scientists simply don’t…know where it comes from, or what it’s made of…
we can’t exhaustively say other organisms, and even inanimate objects, don’t have consciousness. Humans relate to animals and can imagine, say, dogs and cats have some amount of consciousness because we see their facial expressions and how they appear to make decisions. But just because we don’t “relate to” rocks, the ocean, or the night sky, that isn’t the same as proving those things don’t have consciousness.
This is where a philosophical stance called panpsychism comes into play…
“This claims consciousness is inherent in even the tiniest pieces of matter — an idea that suggests the fundamental building blocks of reality have conscious experience. Crucially, it implies consciousness could be found throughout the universe…”
One of the leading minds in physics, 2020 Nobel laureate and black hole pioneer Roger Penrose, has written extensively about quantum mechanics as a suspected vehicle of consciousness.
For thousands of years the Bible has been reporting that consciousness is found throughout the universe.
“the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now...waiting for…the redemption.” (Romans 8:22-23)
The Bible explains physical science as well as invisible, spiritual, other-dimensional states of being, the past as well as the future. We are honest when we acknowledge that we can’t scientifically determine these states of being, we can only know whatever is communicated to us by someone who was there and capable himself of understanding the states of being – if he chooses to have a word with us.
Science validates the Bible. It confirms that reality / truth is not hidden, God has revealed it to establish our faith.
“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.” (Psalm 19:1-3)
The Secret History of the World provides a convenient spiritual resource for contemporary Westerners steeped in Christianity to explore other options besides the biblical account of creation.
in the beginning there were no objects in space…
Since there was noTHING when something first happened, it is safe to say this first happening must have been quite different from the sorts of events we regularly account for in terms of the laws of physics.
Might it make sense to say this first happening could have been in some ways more like a mental event than a physical event?
The idea of mental events generating physical effects may at first seem counter-intuitive, but in fact it’s something we experience all the time. For example, what happens when I’m struck by an idea…is that a pulse jumps a synapse in my brain, something like an electrical current burns down a nerve in my arm and my hand moves…
In the beginning an impulse must have come from somewhere…In this history we shall see how for many of the world’s most brilliant individuals the birth of the universe, the mysterious transition from no-matter to matter has been explained…as the mind of God…
From the priests of the Egyptian temples to today’s secret societies…this model [of explaining how matter comes from mind] has always been conceived of as a series of thoughts emanating from the cosmic mind. Pure mind to begin with, these thought-emanations…, energy…became gas, then liquid and finally solids…
These emanations have also always been thought of as in some sense…intelligent…
The reality of everyday experience is that thoughts are quite routinely introduced…The ancients understood this ‘somewhere else’ as being some-one else, the someone being a god, an angel or a spirit…emanations from the great cosmic mind – Thought-Beings in other words. What I am asking you to consider now is that these great Thought-Beings expressed themselves through people. If today we naturally think of people thinking, in ancient times they thought of Thoughts peopling…
For example, Alexander the Great or Napoleon were vehicles for a great spirit…No one could oppose them and they succeeded in everything they did – until the spirit left them…
In this history gods and spirits control the material world and exercise power over it. We will see too, how sometimes disembodied beings break through, unbidden…commerce with the spirits was always considered highly dangerous…
And here the mystery religions with multiple competing gods and imaginary exploits cannot retrofit the Bible with its proof of a Creator.
“that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead.” (Romans 1:19-20)
The problem with that is that “Actual scientific research is never conclusive but simply opens more lines of inquiry.” That’s not a religious quote. That’s from famously ultra liberal UC Berkeley.
Everyone puts their faith in something. Most of us, by default, put our faith in ourselves by refusing to explore the options. This is not wise. We should rationally put our faith in a source after examining the evidence provided by that source and determining it to be trust-worthy.
Faith is not accepting a religious dogma where we are rewarded for blindly accepting what we don’t understand. Faith is not the opposite of reason. It is the end result of reason. Faith is rationally acting on a reported unknown future after determining the credibility of the source through their previous reports of the known past.
The opposite of faith is determined blindness against evident proof. The known world proves the existence, power and nature of God, in whom we then choose, or not, to place our faith for the unknowable and uncontrollable aspects of our own lives.
The pervasiveness of the ancient view of the firmament does indicate a common source, which all do claim to be divine revelation, validating the biblical account.
You shouldn’t. Not only because North America apparently shrunk in just one year without anyone on earth noticing, but because science spokesman Neil DeGrasse Tyson says the earth is not a sphere after all.
This new shape takes into allowance a wider circumference in the southern hemisphere following an onslaught of evidence opposing the sphere-shaped earth.
Are you putting your trust in a secret branch of government that “proves” its case for a globe earth that rotates around a stationary sun with contradictory “photographic“ “evidence” that couldn’t hold up in a court of law for child support payments?
The same scientific principle that is used to establish the model of our solar system also disproves it.
…a fully developed helio [sun] centric model was developed by Aristarchus of Samos in the 3rd century BC, [but] these ideas were not successful in replacing the view of a static…Earth, and from the 2nd century AD the predominant model, which would be inherited by medieval astronomy, was the geo [earth] centric model described in Ptolemy‘s Almagest.
The Ptolemaic system was a sophisticated astronomical system that managed to calculate the positions for the planets to a fair degree of accuracy. Ptolemy himself, in his Almagest, points out that any model for describing the motions of the planets / [astronomical bodies] is merely a mathematical device, and since there is no actual way to know which is true, the simplest model that gets the right numbers should be used.
Galileo himself, the 17th century astronomer famous for popularizing heliocentricity, also discounted heliocentrity when he articulated Relativity.
Galileo reasoned that if a ship [think earth] moved uniformly on the sea [upperspace with the sun, moon and stars], a sailor could not distinguish between the situations either the ship [earth] is in motion and the sea [upper space] is at rest or the ship [earth] is at rest and the sea [upper space] is in motion. In Galileo’s view- the only motion that is measurable is the relative motion between the ship and the sea; hence the term “Relativity” was manifested first ever.
The first step is to clarify what we mean by motion. Using Cartesian co-ordinate system in three dimensions, we can characterize any location by three co-ordinates of that space point. When we say that something is moving, what we mean is that its position relative to something else is changing. That is all motion is relative. In each case a frame of reference is part of the description of the motion.
In other words, the claims that the earth moves and the sun stands still is just a mental frame of reference placing the observer at the sun. It becomes obvious that heliocentricity is a spiritual frame of reference honoring the sun god, while geocentricity honors the Son of God who was given this world as a home base from which to rule all creation.
It is scientifically equally valid to claim that the earth stands still and the sun, moon and stars move around the earth from a frame of reference standing on the earth. Einstein would later further develop this concept in his massive theories of General and Special Relativity in his effort to try to understand the nature of the material universe.
Are you more certain than Einstein that you already know everything you need to know about the universe?