20) What Is Death?

One of the challenges in defining death is in distinguishing it from life. The vague nature of the definitions of life and death work to the liar’s advantage. In the biblical account, the serpent is certainly a slippery salesman. He implies but doesn’t guarantee in writing. He uses the bait and switch technique. Does he mean the same thing as God when he talks about death?

“And the LORD God commanded the man, saying…in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.” (Genesis 2:15)

ye shall not surely die…ye shall be as gods.” (Genesis 3:5)

Does the human understand all that is involved when the serpent promises that they will be like the gods? In the context of their discussion, surely the human understood that their currently immortal bodies would remain immortal bodies like the gods, however…

“God…judgeth among the gods…I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. But ye shall die like men.” (Psalm 82)

Obviously we are going to have to share semantics regarding life and death with whomever we rely on for best case scenarios of a quality everlasting life or, at least, oblivion from all suffering.

It should not come as a surprise that, faced with the glaring evidence of physical death, Satan’s original lie that “thou shalt not surely die” – is perpetuated in his religions’ teaching of the immortality of the soul independent of the body.

According to the Sumerian belief…Man – as the work of the gods – had a soul, which after the death of the body, continued…

The existence of the soul in the afterlife…depended only on the splendor of the burial and sacrifices submitted by the family to the deity…Those with no heir eat bread like bricks…”

the ancient Egyptians believed in life after death,..It was important to prepare the dead bodies for eternal existence in joy and happiness…which was not the end of life but only a transition to another reality.

For many Egyptians, eternal life consisted of…the well-stocked tomb…

Hindus believe in an immortal soul which is reincarnated after death. According to Hinduism, people repeat a process of life, death, and rebirth in a cycle called samsara. If they live their life well, their karma improves and their station in the next life will be higher, and conversely lower if they live their life poorly. After many life times of perfecting its karma, the soul is freed from the cycle and lives in perpetual bliss. There is no place of eternal torment in Hinduism, although if a soul consistently lives very evil lives, it could work its way down to the very bottom of the cycle…

Ancestor worship is any religious practice that’s based on a belief that deceased family members continue to exist in some capacity. Often, that includes a belief that the spirits or souls of the deceased have an impact on the lives and luck of the living…

The Vodun religion found in West African nations like Ghana and is known as Voodoo elsewhere in the world…Vodun worshippers believe the souls of the dead walk among the living at certain times. One of those times is during a dance performed by hooded figures called Egunguns, or “living ghosts…”

One of the most famous ancestral worship rituals in the world is the Día de Los Muertos ceremony that takes place in Mexico…to connect with departed ancestors and family members…offering items to deceased ancestors will help the departed souls through the afterlife...leaving water on the altar can help quench the spirit’s thirst, and an offering of bread helps keep the spirit satiated…

In Chinese folk religion, a shi…literally translates to “corpse.” At a…worship event, a “personator” can dress up as the ancestor…consuming ritual offerings that relatives want to give to the departed. Large shi gatherings often take place as a type of family reunion…

one of the most long-lasting types of ancestral worship are megalithic tombs…to bury the newly departed alongside the long-dead, and to entomb valuable objects alongside the corpses, too. Many of the tombs found from ancient Europe were built to resemble houses, indicating that the people of that time imagined their ancestors living on after death.

The Buddhist holiday of Pchum Ben is also known as Ancestors Day or the Caring for the Dead Ritual… in Cambodia…For 15 days each year, families create offerings of food, which they bring to their local places of worship…to the Buddhist monks. The merit earned by making this donation to the monks is thought to transfer to departed ancestors in the spirit world…

the Celts believed the spirits of ancestors could walk among the living at will. To honor the ancestors and protect yourself from negative faery encounters, celebrants can offer food and drink to the ancestors and offer departed family members a seat at the feast.

The religion of Shinto revolves around gods or spirits known as kami…a type of entity believed to inhabit everything on earth…the ancestors are often thought to be a type of kami. There are many festivals and rites…presenting offerings to Shinto shrines in exchange for good results from the kami.

According to an ancient Filippino religion, spirits called Anito…are the spirits of the ancestors, and they influence events in the lives of the living. The Paganito ceremony is a type of spiritual seance, in which a traditional shaman communicates with the Anito…also…acts of worship and sacrifice…to please the ancestral spirits.

The holiday of Chuseok is celebrated in both North and South Korea…specifically dedicated to thanking the ancestors for the plentiful harvest. A ritual called charye…laying out food and lighting incense for departed relatives.

In Wales, the first day of winter is known as Calan Gaeaf. It’s believed that on this date, the spirits of the ancestors can walk amongst the living. People in Wales traditionally avoid locations like churchyards, where the spirits are likely hanging out. The traditional way to…avoid a negative encounter with the spirits is by writing your name on a rock and placing it near a fire[Interesting.]

If you’re raising kids in a Pagan traditionAn ancestor altar cloth is something you can make any time of the yearConsider a Samhain cemetery visit to honor your family when the veil is thinnest…

And in Christianity:

An indulgence is the extra-sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due…in Purgatory… An essential element in indulgences is the application to one person of the satisfaction performed by others…

The multiplicity of world-wide beliefs and practices for ameliorating the soul’s suffering provides substantial evidence for humanity’s awareness that the soul can be miserable after death. Who wants unending suffering?

Faced with this prospect, many people fall back onto the fundamental coping mechanism – denial of religion under the sheltering umbrella of science.

But what does science reveal about death?

Science explains that physical death is encoded in our genes.  This can be correlated with the biblical report of the beginning of death. When the woman ate the fruit, some substance in the fruit triggered a mutation in the DNA or an epigenetic process where existing genes are turned on or off. As telomeres began breaking off, at the cellular level the body was no longer able to indefinitely maintain itself for respiration and metabolism of necessary substances. and the woman’s biological clock began ticking down to death.

But that takes time, and God’s warning was that death would occur immediately. What did he mean?

According to NASA,

Living things…have the ability to take in energy from the environment and transform it [to mass] for growth and reproduction. Organisms tend toward homeostasis: an equilibrium of…their internal environment. Living creatures respond, and their stimulation fosters a reaction…and in advanced forms, learning. Life is reproductive…

We can generalize NASA’s definition of life as “connection”:

  1. hyper dimensionally to the unending Singularity source of energy that creates mass.       
  2. physically to necessary resources of oxygen, water, food, etc.
  3. emotionally and intellectually in supportive relationships with others. 

The opposite state is the scientific definition of death of the body – disconnection:

  1. from the unending Singularity “in the day” the first humans ate the fruit,
  2. from the hyper dimensional energy processes by the mitochondria placed in each body at Creation and passed on to each human during reproduction in the future day of physical death,
  3. from the soul in the future day of death.

This condition was genetically passed down to all Adam’s descendants.

 “by man came death…in Adam all die” (I Corinthians 15:21-22)

Throughout the ages magicians and scientists practicing traditions like alchemy have been trying to create, maintain, and restart life. So far, success has been claimed by transferring DNA into a living cell to create a designer cell, or using stem cells to create an organism. However, these methods don’t create life. The cell into which the foreign DNA was substituted for the original DNA was already alive.  Science has been unable to spark life into a cell, let alone an organ or an entire organism, or to maintain life beyond a certain point.

According to the Bible, that’s because the energizing force, AKA spirit, comes from YHVH / Creator, and returns to God at death. The definitive biblical reference to the original man’s two-part process of becoming alive remains reliably consistent with his demise.

“And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” (Genesis 2:7)

“Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when…man goeth to his long [time-wise] home [enclosed residence].” (Ecclesiastes 12:5)Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” (Ecclesiastes 12:1-7)

A casual reading of this doctrinally fundamental passage may treat “man” as just the corpse in a casket. But that would be wrong.

The Bible consistently interchanges the terms man and soul. Reading the above passage as a reliable example of this concept requires us to acknowledge that the soul, as well as the corpse, is buried.

the Hebrew word translated as “soul,” nephesh, more rightly means “self,” in other words, the whole person…we don’t have a body so much as we are a body…

This is consistent with the biblical use of the term soul to define living persons as composite physical beings with distinct personalities, while acknowledging a distinction between the two.

“the light of Israel shall be for a fire…and it shall burn and devour…both soul and body:” (Isaiah 10:16-17)

“fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.” (Matthew 10:28)

The only Hebrew word traditionally translated “soul” (nephesh) in English language Bibles refers to a living, breathing [spirit empowered] conscious [neurologically connected] body [emphasis added], rather than to an immortal soul. In the New Testament, the Greek word traditionally translated “soul” (ψυχή) has substantially the same meaning as the Hebrew, without reference to an immortal soul. ‘Soul’ may refer to the whole person, the self: ‘three thousand souls’ were converted in Acts 2:41 (see Acts 3:23)

The traditional concept of an immaterial and immortal soul distinct from the body was not found in Judaism before the Babylonian exile, but developed as a result of interaction with Persian and Hellenistic philosophies.

The Hebrew concept of the enmeshment of the soul with the body was new to me when I encountered it while reviewing material for this post. My first thought was that, in fact, the Bible says that the soul leaves the body at death.

“as her soul was in departing, (for she died)” (Genesis 35:18)

Then I realized that I was fitting the statement that the soul departed into my existing paradigm of the soul separate from the body. The departure of the soul could just as well be understood as departure from life, particularly in light of the explanatory phrase “for she died”.

If we remain consistent with a scientific model that death is the opposite of life, and that life is not simply existence but energized interaction, then the unique human being / person / soul continues in existence just as much as the elements of the body even as it de-composes, or the energy of the spirit. The death of the soul is not annihilation but isolation – the inability to access necessary resources.

For the soul, that is the electrical activity in the brain.

And science explicitly supports this reasoning.

It is possible to define life in terms of consciousness. When consciousness ceases, a living organism can be said to have died. One…problem is in defining consciousness, which has many different definitions given by modern scientists, psychologists and philosophers…

Other definitions for death focus on the character of cessation of something. More specifically, death occurs when a living entity experiences irreversible cessation of all functioning….

“brain death” is viewed as…the most reasonable for distinguishing life from death…the brain is crucial in determining our identity or who we are as human beings.

Taken at face value, this scientific definition of who we are as human beings supports the biblical statement that the soul goes to ground with the body.

The Hebrew Bible speaks about Sheol (שאול)…the repository of the dead or the cessation of existence until the resurrection of the dead [body and soul].

Like the word soul, the term sheol is multi-faceted, referencing physical holes in the ground – graves that are dug for dead bodies, a deep pit that yawned opened during an earthquake – as well as a place for immaterial souls of dead bodies to sleep while awaiting resurrection, and the classic Christian idea of hell with torments for the wicked souls.

What we can pull from these variations on a theme is that, whether physical or immaterial like grounded electricity, the one attribute they all have in common is that they are underground.

Job, the most ancient author in the Bible, must have had access to many pre-flood documents now lost to us and known only from Moses’ compilation as the first chapters of Genesis. Job in his one epic poem talks about Sheol more than any other biblical writer, including Moses throughout five books of the Bible, and the psalmists in 150 psalms. This makes sense, since later writers build on previous writers’ theses so didn’t need to repeat. Job paints a grim picture of Sheol when he thinks he has been abandoned by God.

“he that goeth down to the grave / Sheol shall come up no more. He shall return no more to his house [euphemism for body as used elsewhere in the Bible], neither shall his place [poetic repetition of body] know him any more…sleep in the dust; and…not be.” (Job 7:9,21)

“My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart. If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darknessas for my hope, who shall see it? They [purposes, thoughts, hope, i.e. soul] shall go down to the bars [confinement] of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.” (Job 17:11-16)

His attitude is mirrored by the psalmist in the same dire circumstances.

How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine enemy be exalted over me? Consider and hear me, O LORD my God…lest I sleep the sleep of death…For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?” (Psalm 13:2-3, 6:4-5)

These biblical statements make it clear that the death of the soul is a form of sleep or unconsciousness – lack of communication or interaction with the environment – while the soul continues to exist. What happens to the soul after death might be described in reports of out of body experiences by individuals, ghostly apparitions, and the Bible’s report of Samuel’s reappearance after death during a seance.

“Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her…and he said, I pray thee, divine [“to be inspired – spirit breathed “[3]] unto me by the familiar spirit…Bring me up Samuel. And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice…and said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth…An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself. And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up?” (I Samuel 28:7-15)

940ennl-1_370xSamuel’s statement that he had been disquieted by the reconnection to the living world equates with being roused from a comfortable state of unconsciousness, comparable to that experienced every morning by a relaxed sleeper being jangled awake by an alarm.

The report on Samuel may support the commonly held belief that ghosts are disquieted departed souls, who, as described in Samuel’s seance, are empowered to become active with the living by other spirits.

The account of the beggar Lazarus and his stingy rich man provide insight into after-death conditions pre-empting the final judgment.

And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and [apparently carted off the next morning by the streetsweeper to the garbage dump outside town] was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom: the rich man also died, and [he, unlike the beggar] was buried; And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.” (Luke 16:20-25)

crying-newborn-babyLike a newborn just catapulted from the womb, a soul released from the body may be unable to identify his new environment. Nightmares of flaying in flight down a dark bottomless pit may presage this true condition. The soul can only be horrified by the lack of any orienting senses – touch, sight, sound, smell and taste.

timothy-ellisSleep is a consolation offered only to believers awaiting reconnection of the soul at the resurrection. Abraham’s bosom [the overhanging fold of the garment used as a pocket] describing a blessed state of intimacy and familiarity is conceivable only in science fiction portrayals of alternate realities. This pictures for us a newborn, who, just shot from his mother’s all-embracing and sustaining womb into a brutal environment, is returned to security by being tightly swaddled and held close to the familiar sound of a beating heart. So Father Abraham provides the ability to rest in peace.

Father Abraham represents the true connection to a deceased ancestor. As the designated Father of all who believe, he harbored the souls of believers from all time who put their trust in YHVH to save them from their sins’ consequence of death. In this way their souls, although consigned in Sheol with all the other souls, were able to rest in peace until released when YHVH’s Savior defeated death on all mankind’s behalf.

“When he [the Word] ascended up on high, he led captivity captive…descended first into the lower parts of the earth…” (Ephesians 4:8-9)

“Well that’s just what the Bible says.” It is interesting that so many concepts are shared across religions, but not this one. Could it be because the Bible is the only religious book telling this truth? It is the only account that offers this option.

Resurrection of the dead is the cardinal Christian [accurately, biblical] idea of life after death. It is rooted in the resurrection of Jesus / YHVH’s Promised Seed of the Woman, God has…begun…a process to be completed at the end of history, when Christ comes in glory to judge the living and the dead.

This distinguishes Christian [accurately, biblical] theology from other views that see life after death as something intrinsic to the human person. Resurrection of the dead, on the other hand, is about the discontinuity between life and life after death. The rupture of death is overcome only from God’s side by God’s action. So resurrection of the dead is not resuscitation, but a new creation analogous to the first creation…a new kind of life…

The expectation of a resurrected body also emphasizes the continuity of personality and the integrity of personhood…it is not some spiritual part of you that lives the new kind of life; it is you, embodied and recognizable to God as you. This contrasts to various views of a disembodied postmortem existence, such as immortality of the soul and reincarnation…

The raising of Jesus / YHVH’s Promised Seed of the Woman then is the primary theological template by which all things / other religions are measured… Because Jesus is raised we too will be raised with him. This is a far different idea than immortality of the soul. 

We know from experience that a human’s soul remains intact during a coma or other physically altered state of consciousness to resurface with the awakening of the body’s functional neurological system. So the Bible’s claim that human souls remain intact in some guarded holding place when the body dissipates into dust at least bears consideration and study in advance of death. This is a state of being that can’t be altered by the time it happens.

Sleep, anesthesia and coma are other common unconscious states that can be examined for collateral evidence of the soul’s condition at death.

The unconscious is the vast sum of operations of the mind that take place below the level of conscious awareness. The conscious mind contains all the thoughts, feelings, cognitions, and memories we acknowledge, while the unconscious consists of deeper mental processes not readily available to the conscious mind.

Much learning, especially recognition of complex patterns, takes place outside of conscious awareness. Similarly, many of the elements that go into judgments and decision-making are processed outside of awareness. Intuition, too, is a product of unconscious mental operations, a set of assumptions swiftly assembled from cumulative knowledge and experience. Much of human motivation and interpersonal attraction also take shape beyond conscious awareness…

People use a range of defense mechanisms (such as repression) to avoid knowing what their unconscious motives and feelings are.

Freud (1915) emphasized the importance of the unconscious mind, and a primary assumption of Freudian theory is that the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect. Indeed, the goal of psychoanalysis is to reveal the use of such defense mechanisms and thus make the unconscious conscious.

In medicine especially in psychoanalysis, we talk a lot about the unconscious mind and the influences it exerts on our lives. As you may already know, our minds can be divided into the conscious and unconscious mind…

“I would say probably 99 percent of our lives is lived without immediate reflection upon a life principle. Rather, we just act…spontaneously…from being a kind of person…

A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.” Jesus Christ.

The heart as Jesus uses it…is not limited to the conscious mind alone but actually mostly the unconscious mind…It means “…the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavors.”

Linking the soul with the unconscious aspect of the mind – and unresponsive dead body – results in an elegant (scientifically concise and simple) explanation for how the soul

  • requires connection to the body through chemo-electric neurological activity for self-expression and interaction,
  • continues in an unconscious but intact state when the brain ceases to function.

Today, where a definition of the moment of death is required…It is presumed that an end of electrical activity indicates the end of consciousness. Suspension of consciousness must be permanent, and not transient, as occurs during certain sleep stages, and especially a coma…

Medical science admits a lack of knowledge, regarding the exact link between brain activity and the end of personhood.

the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1980...concluded that this approach [cessation of brain activity] to defining death sufficed in reaching a uniform definition nationwide. A multitude of reasons were presented to support this definition including: uniformity of standards in law for establishing death; consumption of a family’s fiscal resources for artificial life support; and legal establishment for equating brain death with death in order to proceed with organ donation…

A great deal of controversy has surrounded the definition of death… [emphasis added]

We can see that the consensus determination was made on practical considerations, not scientifically derived facts. So we’ll need to move beyond the applied science of medicine to the purely theoretical sciences.

Energy is the ability to do work…In the case of electrical energy, the force is electrical attraction or repulsion between charged particles. Electrical energy may be either potential energy or kinetic energy, but it’s usually encountered as potential energy, which is energy stored due to the relative positions of charged particles or electric fields[Emphasis added.] The movement of charged particles through a wire or other medium is called current or electricity…

Biological systems also use electrical energy. For example, hydrogen ions, electrons, or metal ions may be more concentrated on one side of a membrane than the other, setting up an electrical potential that can be used to transmit nerve impulses, move muscles, and transport materials.

And energy, even in biological systems, cannot be destroyed.


So, scientifically, whatever part of the soul that is composed of neurological chemo-electrical activity continues to exist after the shutdown of operations of the material body. All the active chemo-electrical energy converts to potential, i.e. inactive energy, with the ability to be reactivated.

Through logic, we must conclude that, scientifically:

  • if we accept that the personality, emotions, thoughts and memories comprising the soul are formed by electrochemical energy,
  • and that energy is never destroyed,
  • then the dematerialized electrical energy of the soul at death continues to exist in some form.

[W]here does electricity go after being used?

“electricity” is not a thing, more like a concept…You can have some specified amount of power, voltage, current, or other measurable properties, but not “electricity”…

To therefore answer your question, electricity doesn’t “go” anywhere since it’s not a thing or stuff that ever was anywhere in the first place…

The hybrid car electrical system provides an example.

Hybrids…create their own power for battery recharging through a process known as regenerative braking (regen mode)…capturing the vehicle’s momentum (kinetic energy) and turning it into [stored or potential energy]…the onboard battery…this charged battery…in turn powers the vehicle’s electric traction motor…

From this we can induce a corollary biological regenerative system in which the electrical energy of the brain is likewise conserved as potential energy when the body shuts down, on hand and available to resume function in the neurological system when restarted in the future.

In February 2011, a much-anticipated school trip went disastrously wrong for a group of Danish students. The dragon boat carrying the pupils across Præstø Fjord capsized, plunging the passengers into the icy water below. By the time paramedics got there two hours later, seven of the students’ hearts had stopped and they were pronounced dead at the scene. [Emphases added.]

But once the teenagers arrived at the hospital in Copenhagen, doctors made a last-ditch attempt to revive them, even though the group had been technically ‘dead’ for two hours. The medics knew that when you’re that cold (one student’s temperature had dropped to 17.5 degrees Celsius), there’s still a chance of resuscitation. Using cardiopulmonary bypass – a procedure that uses a machine to take over the functioning of the heart and lungs – medics very slowly warmed the victims’ blood by one degree every ten minutes. Six hours after the incident, all seven teenagers had come back to life.

This scientific exemplar supports the biblical report that the potential energy of the soul stays with the body after bodily functions stop, even following it into the ground.

“God speaketh…He keepeth back his soul from the pit….his soul draweth near unto the gravehe is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pitHe will deliver his soul from going into the pitbring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light [energy, spirit] of the living.” (Job 33:14-30)

But won’t the electrical energy simply dissipate, when it goes into the ground?


Electrical Grounding is the process of removing excess charge on an object by transferring electrical charges…

When a charged object has proper grounding, the excess charge is balanced by the transfer of electrical charges between the charged object and a ground, which provides a return path for a charge to safely travel from an object to the earth.

ground is an infinite reservoir of electrical charges; the ground is capable of transferring electrons to or receiving electrons from a charged object in order to neutralize that object through a neutral wire.

So simply being in contact with the ground only transfers excess electrons, after which the soul is neutralized.

Just as batteries by themselves do nothing, the stable potential electrical energy of the soul is not transferred into the ground, air, or anywhere without an appropriate apparatus designed to carry the soul’s specific biochemical electrical current.

[W]e need more than just a continuous path (i.e. a circuit) before a continuous flow of charge [electrical energy] will occur: we also need some means to push these charge carriers around the circuit…With electrons, this force is…produced by an imbalance of electric charge…

This potential energy, stored in the form of an electric charge imbalance and capable of provoking charge carriers to flow through a conductor, can be expressed as a term called voltage…

Defined in the context of static electricity, voltage is the measure of work required to move a unit charge from one location to another, against the force which tries to keep electric charges balanced. In the context of electrical power sources, voltage is the amount of potential energy available (work to be done) per unit charge, to move charges through a conductor…it is always referenced between two points…

[A] continuous, uniform flow of charge through the circuit is called a current. So long as the voltage source keeps “pushing…”

In contrast to the scientifically verifiable explanation of the disposition of the electrically-based soul after the cessation of bodily function, the article Death is Not the End of Our Life Force Energy on the Gaia website teaches that:

The Life Force Energy of the person leaves the body first and then the body, which cannot continue without it expires…

What truly matters is that the essence of any person does not die. Instead, incarnations are completed and the soul, Higher Self, spirit, or whatever you wish to call it, move on. This is not just an exercise in semantics, nothing really does die, because everything is made up of energy, which cannot be destroyed; only transformed and transmuted into something else.

What Gaia has failed to mention is that transformation and transmutation require the input of outside force by an agent.

Energy can be transferred from one object to another by doing work. To do work requires that an agent exert a force on an object over a distance. When work is done, energy is transferred from the agent to the object,

On what basis, for what reason, in exchange for what, would that outside agent agree to work on humans’ behalf? Ancient religions reporting personal experiences with hyper dimensional beings have the answer.

According to various ideas about the afterlife, the essential aspect of the individual that lives on after death may be some partial element, or the entire soul or spirit, of an individual, which carries with it and may confer personal identity…Belief in an afterlife is in contrast to the belief in oblivion after death

The afterlife played an important role in Ancient Egyptian religion, and its belief system is one of the earliest known in recorded history. When the body died, parts of its soul known as ka (body double) and the ba (personality) would go to the Kingdom of the Dead. While the soul dwelt in the Fields of Aaru, Osiris demanded work as restitution for the protection he provided…

The Sumerian afterlife was a dark, dreary cavern located deep below the groundwhere inhabitants were believed to continue “a shadowy version of life on earth”…All souls went to the same afterlife, and a person’s actions during life had no effect on how the person would be treated in the world to come.

The souls in Kur were believed to eat nothing but dry dust, and family members of the deceased would ritually pour libations into the dead person’s grave through a clay pipe, thereby allowing the dead to drink. Nonetheless, there are assumptions according to which treasures in wealthy graves had been intended as offerings for Utu and the Anunnaki, so that the deceased would receive special favors in the underworld. During the Third Dynasty of Ur, it was believed that a person’s treatment in the afterlife depended on how he or she was buried;  those that had been given sumptuous burials would be treated well,  but those who had been given poor burials would fare poorly, and were believed to haunt the living.

Even these accounts describe only perpetuation of a dreary existence. The only escape from a fate which in many ways is worse than death as oblivion is rescue by a force more powerful than death. That can only be the same force that imposed structure on chaotic energy. And that is exactly what the Bible, and only the Bible, offers.

After Job rallies from his suicidal state of mind he perfectly describes redemption from death to free the captives of death by resurrection.

If a man / soul die, shall he live again? [Yes] all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come [Resurrection of the soul]. Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands.”  (Job 14:14-15)

“I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins [nervous system with literal fibers penetrating throughout the body to control the members of the body, like a horse’s reins] be consumed within me.” (Job 19:25-27)

we know that if our earthly house [for the soul] of this tabernacle [temporary dwelling] were dissolved / decomposed, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavenswe that are in this tabernacle do groan…that mortality might be swallowed up of life…we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord…We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present / connected with the Lord.” (II Corinthians 5)

Following the appointed leader’s disconnection from the Creator-Sustainer’s power all creation was subjected to decay, corruption and death. But in the equal and opposite reaction – following the appointed leader’s reconnection to the Creator restores eternal life, not just to the individual but to the entire system.

the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God…Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now...waiting for the…redemption of our body.” (Romans 8:19-24)

This understanding also leads to the logical conclusion that animals’ expression of self – as pet owners can assure you – is a manifestation of their souls, which after death must also continue to exist in suspended animation. And that as part of creation they will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into immortality.


flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I shew you a mystery; We [human sons of God] shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” (I Corinthians 15:51-52)

them also which sleep in YHVH’s Savior / Jesus will God bring with him [from heaven]...For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the [new bodies of the] dead in Christ shall rise [from earth] first [into which the souls will connect]: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.” (I Thessalonians 4:13-17)

The purpose of resurrection is to restore the original connection and function of humanity.

“The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him…there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: Likewise…unto the seventh…In the resurrection…whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife. 

And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God? He is not the God of the dead / disconnected, but the God of the living / connected: ye therefore do greatly err…The Lord our God is one Lord.” (Mark 12:23-29)

We can take “The Lord our God is one Lord” at face in the context in which it was stated. In the resurrection / recreation back to the perfect original state there will be no woman + seven men + God. There will only be one Being with unity in diversity having dominion over the earth.

“And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand yearsThis is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power” (Revelation 20:4-6)

There is a tragic prediction as well.

“But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished…(Revelation 20:5)

 “for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.” (John 5:28-29)

“And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it…And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works…This is the second death.” (Revelation 20)

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