38) Trumpets Call To War

Key Precept: Trumpet blasts alert warriors to act according to the pattern of sounds.

Steps to Eternal Life: Respond correctly to the pattern of trumpet blasts.

“And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Make thee two trumpets of silver…for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the campsthe sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever…

  1. when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm.
    1. And when they shall blow with them [both], all the assembly shall assemble…
    2. And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee.
  2. When ye blow an alarm [the first time],
    1. then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward.
    2. When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey…
  3. if ye go to warthen ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.” (Numbers 10)

    Bugle calls are musical signals that announce scheduled and certain non-scheduled events on an Army installation.”  

A good biblical example of differentiating between the pattern of sounds blown on the trumpet is given when Yeshua leads God’s people against Jericho in the first battle to recover the Promised Land. See the post Sin City for details on Jericho.

“Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel…And YHVH said unto Joshua / Yeshua / YHVH’s Savior, See, I have given it into thine handAnd it came to pass…that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them. And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the rereward came after the ark…

So the ark of the Lord compassed the city, going about it once: and they came [back] into the camp…so they did six days.

And it came to pass on the seventh day…they compassed the city seven times. And…at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for YHVH hath given you the city. So the people shouted…with a great shout…the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city. And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.” (Joshua 6)

“Now all these…examples…are written for our admonition [we Gentile followers of Messiah / Christ who are grafted in to Israel]:, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.” (I Corinthians 10:11-12)

After their triumphal entry into Jerusalem, YHVH’s Savior’s disciples were fully expecting to see the great day of his wrath against the corrupt Jewish rulers.

This was in fact the original plan.

And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem…then sent Jesus two disciples…ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me. And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them. All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass…And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way. And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest…This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.

And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves. And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple; and he healed them.” (Matthew 21)

They were expecting Jesus to take over the kingdom of Israel at that time, with them sitting on twelve thrones as viceroys

“And when the [usurper] chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the son / prophesied heir of David; they were sore displeased, And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say?” 

“I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.” (Matthew 21:12-14, 23:34-36)

Jesus “taught daily in the temple” (Luke 19:47) in the days leading to his crucifixion, so he was very familiar with the details of the magnificent complex when “his disciples came to him for to shew him the buildings of the temple.” (Matthew 24:1) Clearly they were not familiarizing him with it, they were gloating over their new residence and wondering where each of them would be enthroned.

“And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” (Matthew 24:2)

This was not what they were expecting. 

The logical conclusion to this news that was that there would be a war for the kingdom, like the Maccabees had waged against vicious Antiochus Epiphenes, with a lot of righteous people being terrorized and martyred. What a bummer.

They didn’t want to throw cold water on the joyous expectant crowd, so they kept this bad news to themselves until they could balance it with something to sustain believers enduring the suffering to come – “Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;” (Titus 2:13)

The disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us…what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world / ultimate salvation from sin’s suffering and death?” (Matthew 24:3)

We need to pay close attention to his answer. 

“Take heed that no man deceive you.” (Matthew 24:4)

As YHVH’s Savior answered his disciple’s query, he only provided talking points. His scripturally literate Apostles could fill in the details from the scriptures describing tribulation and rescue:

  • Genesis, especially the prototypical days of Noah and Nimrod,
  • Exodus – Joshua battling giants,
  • history books from Judges through the Maccabees under oppression from foreign nations
  • the prophets from Enoch through John the Baptist preaching the name / way of salvation,

And they could read The Signs of the Times of current events under classical Rome. 

They were well aware of the details of the seven Seals and seven Trumpets with false Christs / Saviors promising to rescue their followers from the horrific events that follow each.

Excerpts from Isaiah 8-25

“the Lord spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying, Say ye not, A confederacy [with Egypt, with Assyria, with Babylon, with Persia, with Greece, with Rome, with the United nations of the world], to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy… [instead, as instructed in the law of Moses] Sanctify the LORD of hosts/ armies himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offenceto the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken. 

Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples. And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him. Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion…To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. 

And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness….the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts, which he hath determined against it…whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria / modern Turkey with its alliances: and how shall we escape? A grievous vision is declared unto me;

All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, see ye, when he lifteth up an ensign on the mountains; and when he bloweth a trumpet, hear ye….For afore the harvest…he shall both cut off…and take away and cut down…In that time shall the present be brought unto the LORD of hosts of a people scattered and peeled, and from a people terrible from their beginning hitherto [whichever nation allied with Israel then, inevitably, turned on her]…to the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, the mount Zion.

Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it. My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me:…For thus hath the LORD said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth...And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen…The burden of DumahThe burden upon Arabia….DedanimTema…Kedar shall fail…for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it…a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the LORD God of hosts in the valley of vision, Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield. And it shall come to pass, that thy choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.

And in that day did the LORD God of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth: And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die…Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the LORD God of hosts…And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant…and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations. He will swallow up death in victory; and the LORD God will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the Lord hath spoken it.

And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.

Only later, through his Apostle John, did Yeshua elaborate on his outline by providing details of these events. Why? Because of the scriptural illiteracy of the growing numbers of Gentile Christians.  

Seals 1-4: The Four Horsemen – nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. All these are the beginning of sorrows.

Seal 5: Martyrdom of true believers – Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake. 

That name / way is not Jew or Israel.  It is Jesus Christ – The Savior Endorsed by, Sent by, Anointed with the Holy Spirit of YHVH / Creator / Giver and Sustainer of Life.

“I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that

  • Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures…was buried,
  • and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:” (I Corinthians 15:1-4)

The way we know the true savior is through his match with the consistent biblical record of the

  1. creation of humanity in spiritual union with their creator and sustainer of life,
  2. selfish nature of humans inevitably leading to loss of relationship / connection therefore loss of sustained / everlasting life from the Giver of Life.
  3. prophecy and and fulfillment of YHVH’s / Creator’s Savior in HIS name / way of providing salvation through taking on human nature genetically, overcoming sin, and in that bodily state experiencing death for all humans with whom he shares the same DNA, thus maintaining God’s justice while mercifully affording forgiveness of sin by transferring the punishment for sin onto himself,
  4. thus allowing restoration of a connection with the giver and sustainer of life forever, under terms of a type of marriage covenant union requiring the assent of both parties. 

Sects of Judaism deny the unity of Jesus Christ with the Father, i.e. his deity. Christianized Pagans separate him from the Father through doctrines such as the trinity, as well as deny his identity as a human being. Since his unique combination of God in human flesh was proven by his resurrection from the dead, any doctrine eliminating either of those natures effectively denies both resurrection and the union of the rest of humanity with God as the means of salvation from sin and death.

“how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?…For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins…If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.” (I Corinthians 15:12-19)

Antichrists are identified by their denial of this accomplished plan of salvation by YHVH’s Promised Savior / Jesus Christ. 

“For many deceivers…confess not that Jesus Christ [the Creator’s Representative] is come in the flesh. This is…an antichrist.” (II John 1:6-8)

“Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.” (I John 2:18)

Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus / The Creator’s Son is the Christ [Promised Savior from death]? He is antichrist, that denieth the [true Creator] Father and the Son [the very image and likeness of the Father].” (I John 2:22)

“And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.” (I John 4:3)

“For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.” (II John 2:7)

Antichrists offer different plans of salvation from death ranging across the spectrum from putting the blame on someone else to denying anything is wrong to imposing impossible rules and penances for saving one’s self from the punishment for sin. 

Since the 7th century militant Islamic leaders are the primary alternate claimants to representing The One True God Who sent his prophet to save his people from their sins are . This has not changed in the 21st century.  Many Christian nations have been betraying biblical mandates and hating one another in power-seeking alliances with Islamic leaders. More on this below.

And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many Christians shall wax cold, hearts and minds and necks becoming hard as cold wax. Love for the word of God, for desperate people in need. Can we not recognize that the rapture doctrine is the height (that’s a pun) of love grown cold? Total abandonment, total self-love with no love lost even on family members left behind to face the worst horrors ever experienced by humanity. How cold hearted can you get? 

“But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.” (Matthew 24:13)

There are two ways to understand this statement.

    1. Only people who endure to the end are saved. This is taught as endurance being a requirement for salvation by Jews during the Great Tribulation, an entirely different means of salvation from the free gift by grace given to Gentile Christians. If you believe that, check out the posts Everything Old Is New Again and the three posts on the Splitting, Separating and Schizophrenic Church. Better yet, read Paul’s letters to Gentile Christians without Scofield’s notes.
      • “For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men.” (Titus 2:11) Does that exclude females? Why treat is as though it excludes Jews?
      • For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise [of the Seed of the Woman Savior from death] made of none effect…Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were… He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;” (Romans 4)
      •  If Jesus meant that people must endure to be saved, he would have simply stated “He that endures to the end shall be saved,” as in “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved.” There is a reason that extra bit “the same” was included.
    2. Absolutely people who endure to the end are saved. Providing assurance of salvation when in doubt.  This understanding is established by comparing the verbally simple but linguistically complex Greek words houtos, hauté, touto translated “same” here with variations in translation while maintaining the same concept.
        1. it serves to repeat the subject with emphasis:
          1.  Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For 1) they are not all Israel, 2) which are of Israel: (Romans 9:6)
        2. gives what follows special weight
          1. “Being confident of 1) THIS / same 2) very thing, [and that is] that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:” (Philippians 1:6)
        3. indeed, especially:
          1. “But 1) brother goeth to law with brother, and 2) THAT! (even more shocking) before the unbelievers.” (I Corinthians 6:6)

This should be a relief to Christians indoctrinated with the rapture teaching who find themselves in the midst of circumstances they never expected to experience. No, they didn’t get left behind. They are not doomed.

Seal 6: The land of Israel is attacked. 

“When ye [his disciples, foundation of the Church so that’s us Gentile believers as welltherefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) that has to be us believers, it’s not possible for unbelievers to understand the things of God

As detailed in the Seed of the Serpent, the abomination that causes the desolation of Israel is collaboration with ungodly powers. As detailed in The Fourth Kingdom, we can’t miss the pattern of history that every time Israel collaborates militarily with another nation – Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Greece, Rome – she is set up for betrayal by that nation. America has recently established an American military base in Israel. This is unmistakable proof of America’s identity as the Fourth Kingdom and notice of prophecy to be fulfilled.

Just as classical Rome declared and secured 1st century BC Israel’s independence, only to invade and destroy the nation, so  America likewise declared and secures 20th century Israel’s independence. America will likewise invade and destroy Israel when it is deemed to be in Ameria’s best interest. And what would that be? Alliance with Israel’s enemies, of course.

Whoso readeth let him understand that this same thing is not a good sign, it is a sign of certain devastation. Get out of Jerusalem. Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains because for whatever reason you are not going to be able to catch a flight out of Israel.

If history repeats itself, in a crisis the Jews will be refused visas to other countries, just as happened to the Jews in Germany in the 1930s, and has been happening to Christians defending themselves from Moslem forces for decades in war-torn Lebanon.

Historical Background to Current Events

In order to recognize the Fourth Empire in The War To End All Wars, we need to recap the last 2,000+ years of history. Fortunately for us homicide detectives, he is a serial murderer who has left his signature MO throughout the previous 2,000 years of history recorded in the Bible. Whoever leads the slaughter of the inhabitants of Jerusalem is the leader of the two-legged fourth beast.

The following account is an extremely abbreviated history, providing just the broad strokes of the invasion and occupation of Jerusalem.

  1. In the 1st century AD, Israel lost its independence and Jerusalem came under the Fourth Kingdom’s militaristic rule, based at that time in Rome, Italy, religiously pagan.
  2. From the 4th – 7th centuries, the capitol of the Roman Empire moved to the Eastern half of the Empire to better wage war against waves of invaders from the eastern steppes. This was labeled the Byzantine Empire because of a shift in culture, including religion change to a veneer of Christian while incorporating paganism.
  3. In the 7th century the Arab Empire incorporated the previous three empires – the Ancient Greek homeland of Anatolia, Persia/Iran and Babylon/Iraq under the rule of monotheistic Allah, challenging the Jew’s YHVH and Christian’s Trinity. Mohammed, the founder of Islam, called the Christian West the “Romans”, and called for jihad – imposition of Allah’s righteous rule over the earth through conquest. This about it. Is this any different than the US waging war to impose democracy? In any case, since the rise of Islam there has been perpetual warfare between the Christians and Moslems for control of Jerusalem, “The City Which Is Called By My Name / Way” of Salem / Peace. 

In 638 ce, Sophronius, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, peacefully surrendered the city and the welfare of the Christian community to the Second Caliph Omar bin Al- Khattab in person. In an age when conquest was often characterised by intolerance and violence towards a conquered community, the terms of surrender of Jerusalem, which is known as the Pact of Omar, were generous and humane: [This is a replay of Alexander the Great’s triumphal entrance into Jerusalem.]

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This is what the servant of God, Omar bin Al-Khattab, the Commander of the Faithful, has offered the people of Jerusalem: their security, granting them protection for their selves, their money, their churches, their children, their lowly and their innocent, and the remainder of their people. Their churches are not to be taken, nor are they to be destroyed, nor are they to be degraded or belittled, neither are their crosses or their money, and they are not to be forced to change their religion, nor is any one of them to be harmed. [We can’t miss that he is presenting himself as their Savior.]

Omar also ordered that the Al-Aqsa Mosque/Al-Haram Al-Sharif be built on the very place where the Prophet Muhammad had made the Night Journey (Al-Isra’ wal-Mi’raj)… 

In 1099 ce, Muslim Jerusalem fell to the European forces of the First Crusade. The devastation caused by the Crusaders is well documented. Meron Benvenisti writes that the Crusaders, drunk with victory, conducted a massacre in the city, such as has seldom been paralleled in the history of war. The troops ran amok through the streets of the city, stabbing everyone they encountered4 (Muslim, Jew and Orthodox Christian alike). The few thousand people remaining from a population which had numbered 40,000 were assembled near the gates and sold into slavery. The Crusaders controlled the city from 1099 to 1187 ce, proclaiming their Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.

In 1187 ce, Salah Al-Din Al-Ayyubi—known in the West as ‘Saladin’—recovered Jerusalem. In contrast to the Crusaders’ slaughter when they conquered Jerusalem, he granted amnesty and free passage to all common Catholics and to the defeated Christian army, as long as they were able to pay a paltry ransom for themselves. Salah Al-Din allowed the native Christians to remain and alowed Jews expelled from Jerusalem by the Crusaders to resettle in the city. Salah Al-Din also restored the rights of pilgrimage to several eastern Christian denominations whom the Crusaders considered heretics.

A change in religion from Pagan Classical Rome to Roman Catholic under Constantine to Eastern Orthodox after the Great Schism to Moslem didn’t change the identity of the Fourth Empire any more than changing demographics in the United States changes our essential identity as a nation. Based on Daniel, the essential identifier of the Fourth Empire is not religion, but politics – any nation that controls Jerusalem. 

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The Hashemites, or “Bani Hashem” are descendants of…the Prophet Ismail…the son of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham)….“Hashem”…was the great-grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad. The Hashemites are thus the direct descendants of the Prophet through his daughter Fatima and her husband Ali bin Abi Talib, who was also the Prophet’s paternal first cousin and the fourth caliph of Islam…

[W]hen the Islamic Prophet Muhammad died…a debate emerged about who should be his successor…

one group (which eventually became the Shiites) felt Muhammad’s successor should be someone in his bloodline, while the other (which became the Sunnis) felt a pious individual who would follow the Prophet’s customs was acceptable.

“The original schism between Islam’s two largest sects was not over religious doctrine. It was over political leadership…”  

Just like Christians and Jews.

The great majority — upwards of 85 to 90 percent — of the world’s more than 1.6 billion Muslims are Sunnis…from West Africa to Indonesia…

the Shiites are…in Iran, predominance in Iraq and sizable populations in Syria, Lebanon and Yemen.

Shiites are in general much poorer than Sunnis. Which perhaps explains why the Hashemite rulers of Jordan and Iraq, although descendants of Muhammad, chose to be Sunni, not Shiite.

A shallow, religion-oriented analysisdominates…Western thinking about most issues in the Middle East, ranging from Turkey’s transformation under President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to the rise of ISIS in Syria and Iraq…

New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman asserts that the “main issue in the Middle East is the 7th century struggle over who is the rightful heir to the Prophet Muhammad – Shiites or Sunnis…”

are Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon still fighting the same war going back to the early years of the faith? Is religion at the heart of their conflict? The short answer is no.

Religion only is a small part of a much bigger and complex geostrategic and political picture…

Iranian and Arab nationalisms are engaged in a regional rivalry – particularly in Syria and Iraq – where governance has collapsed…

It is time to stop for the West to stop its obsession with Islam and begin focusing on the political, institutional and geostrategic factors…

[E]ight major Crusades occurred between 1096 and 1291. The bloody, violent and often ruthless conflicts propelled the status of European Christians, making them major players in the fight for land in the Middle East.

The peaceful transition of power to the Ottomans[in 1516] was welcomed by Jerusalem’s dwellers…[Under the Savior] Suleiman the Magnificent…Jew, Christian and Muslim enjoyed freedom of religion and it was possible to find a synagogue, a church and a mosque on the same street. 

In 1700, Judah HeHasid led the largest organized group of Jewish immigrants to the Land of Israel in centuries…

Several changes with long-lasting effects on the city occurred in the mid-19th century: their implications can be felt today and lie at the root of the Israeli–Palestinian conflictover Jerusalem. The first of these was a trickle of Jewish immigrants from the Middle East and Eastern Europe. The first such immigrants were Orthodox Jews others were students, who came with their families to await the coming of the Messiah, adding new life to the local population. At the same time, European colonial powers began seeking toeholds in the city, hoping to expand their influence pending the imminent collapse of the Ottoman Empire. This was also an age of Christian religious revival, and many churches sent missionaries to proselytize among the Muslim and especially the Jewish populations, believing that this would speed the Second Coming of Christ…

The British Empire, the Western European iteration of the Fourth Kingdom at that time, defeated and scattered the Eastern Roman Empire’s iteration of the Ottoman Empire during WWI, taking Jerusalem back under Christianity, only Protestant this time.

General Sir Edmund Allenby, commander-in-chief of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, entered Jerusalem on foot out of respect.

gen._edmund_hynman_allenby2c_the_commander_of_british_forces_in_palestine_during_world_war_i2c_riding_his_horse_alongside_the_walls_of_the_old_city_of_j

Today, Access To Oil Is Drives Every Significant Western Involvement In The Middle East

Political Rivalry Drives Every Significant Middle Eastern Involvement In The West

The British Empire was at its height of world power, evident by its acquisition of the vast majority of the defeated Ottoman Empire after WWI. England, as well as America, had risen to wealth and power through locally discovered oil powering the Industrial Revolution

However, industry could not be sustained, let alone grown, by petroleum sources limited to those at home. England set out to explore for oil in her colonies abroad, finding exploitable oil fields in Persia / Iran in 1908 and evidence of possible fields along the Persian Gulf border of Arabia. And that’s when the story takes a sharp turn to the right. (That’s a pun in so many ways, but never mind.)Saudia Arabia

Beginning in 1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud had been fighting his way up the political ladder the old fashioned way, uniting regions of Arabia into a single state with his Ikhwan (Arabic for brothers), an Islamic religious militia. Made up of rough-living Bedouins dedicated to the purification and the unification of Islam, cosmopolitan Ottoman society was uprooted, and Wahhabi culture was imposed as compulsory social order. He was so successful in seizing control of much of the Arabian Peninsula that he was able to make a politically advantageous arrangement with the Ottoman Empire during WWI. He therefore did not support the British, but neither did he fight against them.

A rival chieftain, Hussein bin Ali, the sharif of Mecca and ruler of the state of Hejaz, used the opportunity to outbid Abdulaziz for regional power by making an alliance with the British. He recruited and led an Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire on the promise of being rewarded a kingdom stretching from Syria to Yemen on successful conclusion of WWI. 

However, as the first mechanized war, WWI had driven home the immense amounts of oil needed, and dramatically altered priorities from sourcing manpower to sourcing oil. Germany’s shortage of oil supplies led in part to their defeat in WWI. Britain’s policy of appeasing Nazi Germany’s expansionism in the 1930’s ended when Germany invaded Poland in 1939 to take control of the Bóbrka Field in Poland, the oldest functional industrial oil field in the world. 

Hussein could deliver manpower, but who could deliver oil?

Shortly after the war Abdulaziz Ibn Saud had met with a mining engineer who was convinced that much oil would be found throughout his territory. Just as they would do in the next decade while debating an alliance with Germany, the autocratic British monarchy practiced appeasement while Abdulaziz invaded and incorporated  Hussein’s Hejaz. The British recognized Abdul-Aziz’s independent realm with agreed-upon boundaries. When Abdulaziz’ powerful Ikhwan pressed him to continue their jihad into British-held Arab territory he established his political boundaries by massacring the troops who raised him to power.

In return, the British granted Abdulaziz Ibn Saud a kingdom within their Empire, thereby providing assurances of protection by the British. Contrary to the declared aims of establishing self-determination of the peoples freed from the Ottoman Empire’s control, Saudi Arabia was not set up as a democracy. Named after the ruling / owning family, Saudi Arabia possesses and controls Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam, rending the kingdom the highest religious status in the Moslem world.

When in 1938, after years of exploration, vast oil reserves were finally discovered, Middle Eastern political relations were altered forever. In 1940 the Industrial Revolution officially ended. The British Empire had secured the boundless petroleum resources in Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil producer controlling oil reserves second only to America’s.

America financially destroyed the British Empire during WWII, becoming the Western European leg of the Fourth Empire which gobbles up territory and stomps on whatever it can’t incorporate. It chose to incorporate Israel as an ally in 1948, and secures Jerusalem against Moslem incursion.

King Abdulaziz transferred his alliance to America as she was bleeding the British to near-death through the Lend Lease Act in WWII. In 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt met secretly with King Abduaziz and guaranteed protection of the Saudi regime in exchange for guaranteed supply of oil to the US.

Note – that is protection of the Saudi regime, not of the country, even against internal revolt by the people of the country. The agreement has survived seven Saudi kings and twelve US presidents. 

In 1962, seeking to shore up respectability and acceptance by the people after decades of Western friendships and decadence, the Saudi regime established the Muslim World League in Mecca to promote the spread of Islam. However, Islamic religious leaders are demanding much more – greater and more comprehensive implementation of Sharīʿah in Saudi society and breaking the monarchy’s ties with the West as happened under Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran.

Palestine: There is a solid geopolitical reason for Palestine’s centrality in Middle Eastern politics and wars. This is the result of Britain’s conflicting agreements with various persons of interest in WWI, and using the territory it won from the Ottomans to pay off those agreements. 

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      1. The 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916) divided the Middle East into British and French spheres of influence as spoils of war. This is, after all, standard practice to reimburse the costs of waging war, as well as a major impetus for waging war, and gave the winners total control of captured territory and its inhabitants. Whether or not they were labeled with the old-fashioned term “slave,” they nonetheless existed to serve the purposes of the conquerors. 
      2. The 1916-1918 Husayn-McMahon Correspondence with the King of Hijaz in the Arabian Peninsula agreed to grant independence to him / his kingdom after the war in payment as mercenaries for launching the Arab Revolt as allies against the Turks.
      3. The 1917 Balfour Declaration in which the British government promised the politically active world Zionists who were primarily in Russia and America, a “national home” in Palestine in exchange for activism in engaging their nations as England’s allies in WWI. Recall that at this time Russia was embroiled in a massive civil war and America was isolationist. 
      4. As part of the negotiations to end The Great Arab Revolt of 1916, which opposed British permission of a massive influx of Jews into their land, the British decreed that Custodianship of Jerusalem’s Islamic and Christian Holy Sites, passed on to the Hashemite family under H.M. Sharif Hussein bin Ali, the leader of the revolt, would remain. It remains until this day [2020).

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After WWI the League of Nations representing European powers’ interests duly granted Britain the pre-arranged Mandate for Palestine. 

Note, a mandate is authority granted by a constituency to act as its representative, so the mandates in themselves constituted a betrayal of promises for independence. Worse yet, the Palestinian mandate included not just the current inhabitants but “international society” as well, non-inhabitants. Under the terms of the mandate Britain openly facilitated political, administrative and economic conditions of an invasion and occupation of foreign overlords into mandate territories. This not only paid off the Zionists for support in WWI but also transferred the burden of reparations, for two thousand years of of European persecution culminating in the Holocaust, from Europeans to Palestinians.

American Christians need to rethink the automatic assumption that political alliance with the Jews is blessed by God. On the contrary. See Unsealing for the biblical record that every secular political alliance with the nation of Israel invariably leads to betrayal and the downfall of both Israel and the betraying nation.

Think about it rationally. How would Americans respond to Russia facilitating an overwhelming transfer of Chinese into the greater part of America? We have on record the response of Americans to the influx of Hispanics. The Great Wall of Texas.

british_mandate_for_palestine_1922Jordan: Remember Hussein of Mecca? His son Abdullah was instrumental in the secret negotiations with the British that resulted in the Arab Revolt of 1916 and in the Allies’ recognition of his father Hussein as king of the Hejaz. Abdullah fully expected to succeed his father as king of the united Arab kingdom promised as reward for their support of the British against the Ottomans in WWI. However, as detailed above, the British abandoned Hussein to his rival Abdulaziz for the sake of oil. To placate Abdullah, he was offered as a consolation prize the majority of the territory of Palestine. This he accepted, as he was after all in no position to fight Abdullah for the Arabian Peninsula. It was at least the northern half of his requested Arabian kingdom.

In the copy of the Mandate used to substantiate Britain’s right to transfer authority over the region, all references to the Jewish National Home in Palestine were expressly deleted. Not only was this a major deception against the new Moslem rulers who were losing the holy city Jerusalem but also a big chunk – and the best chunk with the entire maritime border with the Mediterranean Ocean – of their expected territory, this saddled them with two utterly unexpected and undesirable problems – confronting Jewish irreconcilable enemies on their property and supporting a massive exodus of Palestinian refugees surging east against the tsunami of Jewish immigrants. The solution to the “Palestinian problem” made sense to the British on a map if all you looked at was square miles and not people. It was not a permanent solution to the Palestinians, the Arabs, or the Jews.

Imposing a  foreign autocrat over the indigenous inhabitants with a history and culture as different as Laban in Syria, Pharaoh in Egypt, and Ishmael in Arabia was guaranteed to cause conflict. How would the residents of the American Southwest feel about Washington granting their states to Mexico and overnight becoming subject to their laws and regulations? Perhaps Spanish only in their children’s schools, Catholicism as the State Religion? Do you have some idea of how Texans would react? Of course war broke out, and the British helped the foreign Hashemite monarchy quell the locals’ rebellions.

While governing the Holy Land from the end of the first world war until 1948, Britain completely transformed the political landscape of Palestine and set the stage for intractable conflict between rival political parties.

In November 1918, Palestine did not exist as a political entity. What became mandate Palestine was carved out of four districts of the Ottoman empire…approximately 10% of the population of the Holy Land were [indigenous] Jewish…

But by the end of British rule in May 1948 there had emerged a powerful Zionist movement. It had succeeded in forging the institutions for statehood and independence…

The text of the Declaration stipulated that the British government…would ‘facilitate’, the ‘establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’… no…consideration of how self-governing institutions for all of Palestine could be developed [in preparation for independence at the end of British rule. Think about the amount of time and training involved in preparing qualified political leaders and drawing up the Constitution of the United States of America in the 1700’s. How much more complex was society 200 years later in Palestine…]

those responsible for the administration of Palestine considered that the Palestinian Arab population could be managed by co-opting the Palestinian elite…

This practice had been working just fine for hundreds of years of colonial rule, until it stopped working.

The revolt in Palestine (1936–1939) was in many ways the decisive episode in the efforts of the Palestinian Arabs to resist the British mandate’s support for a Jewish national home in Palestine. At its conclusion in 1939, the Palestinian Arabs were exhausted by more than three years of British repression. Perhaps 5,000 had been killed and 15,000 to 20,000 wounded; 5,600 of their leaders and fighters were in British detention; and most of the rest were scattered outside the country or dead…more than 10 percent of the adult males were killed, wounded, or detained by the end of the revolt…

The negative publicity caused by the deteriorating situation in Palestine and the violence erupting on both sides made the mandate increasingly unpopular in Britain and was instrumental in the government’s announcement of its intention to terminate the mandate and [re]turn the Palestine question to the [newly formed] United Nations (UN). 

mandate_for_palestine_paul_new_clip_image003On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 181 (also known as the Partition Resolution) that would divide Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab statesThe Palestinian Arabs refused to recognize this arrangement, which they regarded as favorable to the Jews and unfair to the Arab population that would remain in Jewish territory under the partition… The goal of the Arabs was initially to block the Partition Resolution and to prevent the establishment of the Jewish state…

After Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948, [the day before the mandate ended] fighting intensified with…armies from Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Egypt…Saudi Arabia…fighting continued into 1949…Under separate agreements between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Lebanon, Transjordan, and Syria, these bordering nations agreed to formal armistice lines. Israel gained some territory formerly granted to Palestinian Arabs under the United Nations resolution in 1947. Egypt and Jordan retained control over the Gaza Strip and the West Bank respectively. These armistice lines held until 1967

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The population of Palestinians in the Palestinian territories of Israel amount to roughly 4 million persons divided roughly in half between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Their interests are primarily represented by Ḥamās which alternates between electoral participation or violence depending upon political circumstances.

In 1946 the British granted freedom to the The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan with a boundary at the east bank of the Jordan River, again, juggling conflicting promises. In 1948 at the Jericho Conference, after winning the first round of the Arab-Israeli war, Jordan paid itself back for war expenses by formally annexing the West Bank territory of the Jordan River. This further diminished the opportunity for Palestinian self determination.

the US accepted the resolutions of the Jericho Conference, and…viewed incorporation with Transjordan as the logical disposition of Arab Palestine. The United States subsequently extended de jure recognition to the Government of Transjordan and the Government of Israel on the same day, 31 January 1949…The major problems of concern to the United States were the establishment of peaceful and friendly relations between Israel and Jordan and the successful absorption into the polity and economy of Jordan of Arab Palestine, its inhabitants, and the bulk of the refugees now located there. 

Palestinian problem solved.

Wait…

The Arab League, formed in…1945 initially with…Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria condemned the Jericho Conference, and the Syrian press considered its resolution a violation of self-determination. Iraqi prime minister Nuri as-Said called upon King Abdullah to hold his moves towards annexation…

Notables from Ramallah and Jerusalem [on the West Bank] in particular were…unwilling to give up their claim to the whole of Palestine, and refused to endorse his policy of consolidating the partition.

The Transjordanian government gradually assumed the civil functions of the West Bank…In 1949 the Jordanian Nationality Law was amended to grant every Palestinian Jordanian citizenship. 

Citizenship on paper. What meaning does this citizenship have in actual life?

The Six-Day War was a brief but bloody conflict fought in June 1967Israel Defense Forces launched preemptive air strikes that crippled the air forces of Egypt and its allies. Israel then staged a successful ground offensive and seized [all Arab-assigned territories within its reach]- the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. The brief war…significantly altered the map of the Mideast and gave rise to lingering geopolitical friction.

Since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Palestinians have experienced several waves of exile and have spread into different host countries around the world…more than 700,000 Palestinian refugees of 1948, hundreds of thousands…displaced in the 1967 Six-Day War…In the decade following the 1967 war…an average of 21,000 Palestinians per year were forced out of Israeli-controlled areas. The pattern of Palestinian flight continued during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s…

The countries with the highest census of Palestinian exiles with no citizenship rights are:

  • Jordan 3,240,000
  • Israel 1,650,000
  • Syria 630,000
  • Chile 500,000 (largest Palestinian community outside the Middle East).
  • Lebanon 402,582
  • Saudi Arabia 280,245
  • Egypt 270,245
  • United States 255,000 
  • Honduras 250,000

The War of Attrition raged across the Suez Canal from 1968-70…Egypt sought to bleed Israel, thereby reducing Jerusalem’s territorial conquests and military superiority from the 1967 Six-Day War.

In 1970, some two-thirds of the Jordanian population was Palestinian. Palestinian militants took part in the War of Attrition against Israel…the PLO launched raids from Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon as well…King Hussein had…to balance his interests in preserving a peace with Israel against a restless and increasingly radicalized Palestinian population…

Jordanian army and Palestinian militias led by the PLO fought several bloody battles in the summer of 1970…On July 10, King Hussein signed an agreement with the PLO’s Yasser Arafat pledging support to the Palestinian cause and noninterference in Palestinian commando raids on Israel in exchange for a Palestinian pledge to support Jordanian sovereignty and remove most Palestinian militias from Amman, the Jordanian capital. The agreement proved hollow.

When King Hussein supported…Egypt’s…cease-fire in the war of attrition…PFLP leader George Habash promised that “we will turn the Middle East into a hell,” while [PLO’s] Arafat…vowed, before a cheering crowd of 25,000 in Amman on July 31, 1970, that “We will liberate our land…”

Between Sept. 6 and Sept. 9, Habash’s militants hijacked five planes… Rather than receiving the support of King Hussein, the Palestinian hijackers were surrounded by units of the Jordanian military…Arafat worked for the release of the hostages [but] also turned his PLO militants loose on the Jordanian monarchy. A bloodbath ensued.

Up to 15,000 Palestinian militants and civilians were killed; swaths of Palestinian towns and refugee camps, where the PLO had amassed weapons, were leveled. The PLO leadership was decimated, and between 50,000-100,000 people were left homeless. Arab regimes criticized Hussein for what they called “overkill.”

Before the war, Palestinians had run a state-within-a-state in Jordan, headquartered in Amman…

King Hussein ended the Palestinians’ reign.

On Sept. 25, 1970, Hussein and the PLO signed a ceasefire mediated by Arab nations…Arafat and the PLO were expelled from Jordan by early 1971. They went to Lebanon, where they proceeded to create a similar state-within-a-state, weaponizing a dozen Palestinian refugee camps around Beirut and in South Lebanon, and destabilizing the Lebanese government as they had the Jordanian government, as well as playing a leading role in two wars: the 1973 war between the Lebanese army and the PLO, and the 1975-1990 civil war, in which the PLO fought alongside leftist Muslim militias against Christian militias.

The PLO was expelled from Lebanon following Israel’s 1982 invasion…

The Palestinian Black September movement, a commando faction that broke away from the PLO, directed several terrorist plots to avenge Palestinians’ losses in Jordan, including hijackings, the assassination of Jordanian Prime Minister Wasif al-Tel in Cairo on Nov. 28, 1971, and, most notoriously, the murder of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics.

Israel, in turn, unleashed its own operation against Black September as Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir ordered the creation of a hit squad that fanned out in Europe and the Middle East and assassinated numerous Palestinian and Arab operatives. 

Put this in a time frame. Hitler’s Beer Hall Putsch in Munich occurred fifty years previously. 

Neo-Nazi activists aided the Palestinian terrorists who perpetrated the massacre of Israeli athletes during the Munich Olympics in 1972,the German weekly Der Spiegel reported on Sunday.

The report is based on a 2,000-page file compiled by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution, which was made public at the request of Der Spiegel.

Big surprise. So why didn’t Israeli hit squads go after Neo-Nazis? There are no good guys and bad guys. For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. There is none righteous, no not one. So why do American Christians ignore the fact that there are only allies with shifting alliances as purposes are served?

12bjewish-homeland-original-brit-mandateThe Arabs are not the only aggressors in the Middle East. Israel is primed and ready to fight, not just to defend current borders, but to expand those borders to the full extent possible.

We have to immediately deny all the…disinformation about UN Partition resolution 181, The only legal and enforceable document is the  Arab-Jewish Treaty on Jewish Homeland in Palestine and all its ratifications. All the countries (including former sovereign of this territory Turkey) ratified that document in various forms: from the Treaty of Versailles to the Anglo-American Convention.

Lebanon: Hezbollah is both a political party and militant group that first emerged as a militia in 1982 after the Israeli invasion of that country during Lebanon’s civil war. It coordinated its efforts closely with Iran, from which it acquired substantial logistical support. The civil war ended in 1990…enforced by Syrian forces, but political, economic and social chaos continues to reign supreme.

Egypt: Egypt was one of the first Middle Eastern states to gain independence, in 1922. This was arranged with puppet rulers who allowed British influence in the country to remain very strong, especially  continued control of the the Suez Canal. This rapid transit system to the Far East for economic reasons during peace and military superiority during war is a key feature of Egypt’s importance to the Western powers.the-suez-canal-shortens-the-sea-route-from-london-to-the-middle-east-and-africa-source

In 1952 the militant Muslim Brotherhood…backed Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser coup against England’s puppet monarchy and took economic and political control of the canal. When Britain and France invaded Egypt to take back control the USA succeeded in using political pressure to force them to pull out. This signaled the end of Britain’s imperial power and the rise of America’s in Egypt. At its height President Carter pressured President Anwar el-Sādāt into the 1979 peace treaty with Israel, for which President Sadat was assassinated in 1981.

Iran: The 1978 Iranian Revolution led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini provided a blueprint for political action against other governments that had betrayed authentic Islam and grown corrupt and authoritarian. The anti-West Islamic republic of Iran competed with pro-West Saudi Arabia at the international level for influence in the Middle East as the “solution” to the two failed secular ideologies, capitalism and communism, that had relegated religion to the periphery of government throughout the Islamic world. 

Mainstream opposition Islamic parties and organizations have demonstrated their power to mobilize voters and supporters through their welcome contrast to corrupt Westernized Christian influences in Islamic society through

  • social and charitable activism,
  • programs of good governance,
  • fight against government corruption,
  • struggle to moralize public life in entertainment and public behaviour ,
  • insisting on accountability for political authorities. 

Modern Iraq was created on paper in 1916 during a treaty between England and Imperial Russia, defining their respective sphere of influence and control in West Asia after the expected downfall of the Ottoman Empire. in 1920 it became a League of Nations mandate under British control with the name “State of Iraq”. Merging three Ottoman provinces into one country, Britain defined the territorial limits of Iraq based solely on land grabs with France under the Sykes-Picot Agreement. There was no accounting for the politics of the different ethnic and religious groups in the country, in particular those of the Kurds and the Assyrians to the north.

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During the British occupation, the Shi’ites, Kurds and urban-based nationalists fought for independence, resulting in the fateful policy of close cooperation with Iraq’s Sunni minority. Influenced by the heroic T. E. Lawrence whose close collaboration with the Hashemites’ war effort against the Turks is legendary, a Hashemite cousin to the King of Transjordan, a foreigner to all ethnic groups in Iraq, was proclaimed King as early as 1921, under British control, of course.

T.E. Lawrence remains one of the most iconic figures of the early 20th century…His wartime memoir, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, translated into more than a dozen languages, remains in print nearly a full century after its first publication. As Gen. Edmund Allenby, chief British commander in the Middle East during World War I, noted… “There is no other man I know,” he asserted, “who could have achieved what Lawrence did.”

Part of the enduring fascination has to do with the sheer improbability of…an unassuming young Briton who found himself the champion of a downtrodden people, thrust into events that changed the course of history. [Take heart, followers of Jesus Christ! See what one individual can do who perseveres and endures?] Added to this is the poignancy of his journey, so masterfully rendered in David Lean’s 1962 film, Lawrence of Arabia, of a man trapped by divided loyalties, torn between serving the empire whose uniform he wore and being true to those fighting and dying alongside him. It is this struggle that raises the Lawrence saga to the level of Shakespearean tragedy, as it ultimately ended badly for all concerned: for Lawrence, for the Arabs, for Britain, in the slow uncoiling of history, for the Western world at large. Loosely cloaked about the figure of T.E. Lawrence there lingers the wistful specter of what might have been if only he had been listened to. [Apply this idea to the true Savior Jesus Christ.]

The British resorted to military force when their interests were threatened. You guessed it. Oil

In 1927, huge oil fields were discovered…Exploration rights were granted to a front company named Iraqi Petroleum Company which was in reality a British oil company.

In 1932 Iraq achieved independence from British overrule.

When Ghazi succeeded to the throne in December 1933, he countered the British claim to Iraqi oil by claiming Iraqi sovereignty over neighboring Kuwait, which was still a British protectorate at that time and remained so until America took over in 1961. Kuwait’s value lies not only in oil but geographical location for trade and war strategy.

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We’ve heard Iraq claim Kuwait before. 

The king was killed in 1939 in a tragic auto accident caused by reckless driving when he collided with a tree. 

Haven’t we heard that before, too? No, wait. That death wasn’t from hitting a tree. That one was from hitting a pillar. Silly me thinking there’s a pattern here. Especially when the media reports that conspiracy theories have all been debunked by government investigations.

The British failure to take national considerations into account when cutting up the Middle East into huge pieces of pie for themselves burst into flames when the Kurds demanded self-determination.

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The Kurds are as big a problem in the Middle East as Israel and the Palestinians. There are just too many of them and they inhabit too much territory, making them a threatening presence to the countries across which their homeland stretches. They are the equivalent of the indigenous American Indians who the European immigrants (invaders?) chose to exterminate rather than allow to remain in their homeland. They represent a rebel force against the governments of Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran. 

The leader of the Kurd-inhabited territory of Iraq, leader Mustafa Barzani, led a rebellion against the central government in Baghdad. When his bid for autonomy failed, he, naturally, fled to a close-by enemy of Iraq for refuge. Unfortunately for his reputation with America, this was the Soviet Union just to the north.

Part of the reason the the Kurd’s bid for their own nation failed was that Egyptian President Nasser’s Pan-Arabism movement was sweeping the Arab World at this time. Pan-Arabism sought empowerment, like the “United” States of America did in 1776, through rejecting self-determination / states rights and using the standard core identity of religion, “one nation under God”, to bind together the largest mass of humans and natural resources possible. Rejecting America’s capitalist financial structure which was siphoning off much of the Arab world’s wealth in the form of oil, Pan Arabism instead modeled itself after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics formed by in the aftermath of World War II’s devastated lands. Just like America did when it recruited fellow Europeans to bolster its population and economic strength in the aftermath of the 19th century wars.

Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

But America did not feel kinship with Nasser’s adoption of the USSR’s socialist ideology, especially during the Cold War, and lent its support to opposing parties.

Challenging Nasser’s assertion of Arab leadership, Iraq signed the Baghdad Pact in 1956. This pact outdid Egypt in allying Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan…and the United Kingdom, which by now was America’s puppet.

the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958 was the first case of the actual merger of two previously-independent Arab countries. Hastily formed under President Nasser’s leadership but on the initiative of Syrian leaders who feared a takeover by communists or “reactionaries…” It lasted until 1961, when Syrian army officers carried out a coup d’état and withdrew from the union. 

Also in 1958, a Hashemite-led rival, the Arab Federation, was founded between Jordan and Iraq

In response, Nasser launched a smear campaign calling the Hashemite monarchies of Iraq and Jordan illegitimate children.

King Hussein of Jordan sneered back with a proposed expansion of the federation into a union of his Hāshimite monarchy with that of Iraq. He had long dreamed of incorporating Syria into his domain, as had been initially promised by the British to his grandfather. But Nasser had snatched it out from under him. His second choice was also next door – the small but extremely rich Kuwait, which due to its oil fields, was still under British rule. An invite to Kuwait to discuss changing sides brought the government of Iraq into direct conflict with the Western allies’ (read America’s) economic and military interests.

the-end-of-the-republic-the-beginning-of-the-empire-lOn July 14, 1958 military officers led by Qasim overthrew the Hashemite monarchy, rejected the Baghdad Pact, and proclaimed Iraq to be a republic.

We’ve heard that before. 

At the same time Qasim invited Mustafa Barzani to return to Iraq in return for his political support. When the politician reneged on his promise to grant freedom to his nation (haven’t we heard that before?), Barzani began what became known as the “First” Kurdish Iraqi War lasting from 1961 until 1970.

in-the-game-of-divide-and-conquer-we-are-merely-5563490Throughout the 1960s, the uprising escalated into a long war during which 80% of the Iraqi army was engaged in combat with the Kurds.

Any potential trouble-making against the West was certainly prevented by this standard military strategy.

Two later attempts of Pan-Arabism are represented by Muammar Gaddafi’s attempts to merge Libya, Egypt and Syria in the Federation of Arab Republics, which lasted from 1972 – 1977. 

The Ba’ath Party continues to espouses pan-Arabism and is organized in several countries. 

The Ba’athists are not a religious group. It is, like the American Religious Right, a political movement powered by stirring religious fervor in its supporters and promising to restore religious values to society… As you read the following, overlay “Baathism” with the words “Religious Right” 

Baathism, / Religious Right meaning “renaissance” or “resurrection”, is a secular ideology advocating the renaissance of Arab / America’s founders’ culture, values and society. It is based the principles of Arab / European Christian nationalism, pan-Arabism / Christian solidarity and Arab socialism / American capitalism. Baathists / Religious Right contend that socialism / capitalism is the only way to develop an Arab / any society which is free and united and promotes the creation and development of a unified Arab / allied with American state through the leadership of a revolutionary government / CIA backed regime changes.

In 1963 Iraqi leader Qasim was overthrown by a Ba’athist coup. The secretary general of the Iraqi Ba’ath Party, Ali Salih al-Sa’di, controlled the National Guard militia and organized a massacre of hundreds—if not thousands—of suspected communists and other dissidents following the coup. As occurred in Viet Nam by the American military at that same time, the Ba’athist Iraqi government carpet-bombed Kurdish villages with American-supplied munitions including 1,000 napalm bombs and 4,000 other bombs. Entire Kurdish villages and livestock were incinerated by napalm. American President Kennedy backed the decision. 

The war resulted in between 75,000 to 105,000 casualties when it ended in 1970. Subsequently the Ba’athist authorities took the opportunity to perform large-scale displacement and colonization projects in North Iraq, aiming to shift demographics and thus destabilize Kurdish power bases.

In 1980-1988 during the Iran–Iraq War Kurdish parties collaborated against Saddam Hussein who responded with the Kurdish genocide, with an estimated 50,000–200,000 casualties.

Only after the 2003 Iraq War, which ousted Ba’ath rule, was Iraqi Kurdistan was recognized as an independent state.

It is so embarrassing to contrast Christians’ attitude towards endurance in tribulation with the Kurds. Christians are the only group I know who think they should get a kingdom handed to them on a silver platter without lifting a finger themselves to make it happen.

The two Baathist / C35 CIA backed states which have existed (Iraq and Syria) prevented criticism of their ideology through authoritarian means of governance / murder and torture to coups and genocide. Baathist leaders include the former leader of Iraq, Saddam Hussein / supported by the CIA, and the current President of Syria, Bashar al-Assad. 

It is also embarrassing to be linked with the widespread corruption of American-allied Islamic governments.

While America declares its support for democracy and human rights…millions of people see American officials…support, prop up extremely corrupt, crumbling regimes in the Middle East, regimes that have no sympathy for any democratic notion…any kind of human rights for their own people.

But they see Americans appeasing…supporting them…So they view this as an act of hostility towards the people of these countries…If they pull the plug on their support of the Kuwaitis or the Saudis, they [Kuwaiti or Saudi regimes] won’t be able to survive for two years in power.

But then we [Americans] worry that we won’t be able to have the oil we need or that [our economic and wartime allies] Europe needs or Japan.

Some reformists were so disgusted they disconnected themselves from national politics in order to join transnational movements.

Al-Qaeda ‘the Base’, ‘the Foundation’, was founded in 1988 by Osama bin-Laden during the nine-year Soviet–Afghan War fought by insurgent groups (known collectively as the Afghan mujahideen) against the Communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and the Soviet Army throughout the 1980s. The conflict was a Cold War-era proxy war with the United States, naturally, backing any enemy of Russia, which means Al-Qaeda. Between 562,000 and 2,000,000 Afghans were killed and millions more fled the country as refugees, mostly to Pakistan and Iran. Between 6.5%–11.5% of Afghanistan’s population is estimated to have perished in the conflict and the war caused grave destruction to Afghanistan’s infrastructure.

The best description of Al-Qaeda was given by Osama bin Laden in a 2001 interview. As you read this, envision it as a template for God’s kingdom filled with his children. Does Christianity represent this to the world?

We are the children of an Islamic / Christian Nation, with Prophet Muhammad / Jesus Christ as its leader, our Lord is one … and all the true believers [mu’mineen] are brothers. So the situation isn’t like the West portrays it, that there is an ‘organization’ with a specific name (such as ‘al-Qa’idah’) and so on. That particular name is very old. It was born without any intention from us. Brother Abu Ubaida … created a military / spiritual base to train the young men to fight against the vicious, arrogant, brutal, terrorizing Soviet empire / spiritual wickedness in high places… So this place was called ‘The Base’ [‘Al-Qa’idah’], as in a training base, so this name grew and became. We aren’t separated from this nation. We are the children of a nation, and we are an inseparable part of it, and from those public demonstrations which spread from the far east, from the Philippines to Indonesia, to Malaysia, to India, to Pakistan, reaching Mauritania … and so we discuss the conscience of this nation.

Islamic Jihad: in the 1990’s in North Africa and South Asia…conflicts with government authorities led to bloody civil wars, as in Algeria between 1992 and 2002, resulting in the exile of many Islamist activists to Europe and the Americas and led many others to join such military fronts as the Afghan Jihad. Morocco and Indonesia formed Islamic political parties when authoritarian regimes—faced with serious socioeconomic crises and seeking to legitimize themselves in the eyes of the public—implemented limited political liberalization.

The Taliban, meaning “students”, are made up of former Afghan mujahedeen, who fought the invading Soviet forces in the 1980s…Following the end of the Russian-Afghan War, the Taliban emerged in 1994 as one of the prominent factions in the Afghan Civil War, establishing the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in 1996. After 9/11, the Americans invaded Afghanistan in December 2001, and the Taliban regrouped as an insurgency movement to fight the American-backed Karzai administration and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in the War in Afghanistan.

In August 2021, two weeks before the U.S. was set to complete its troop withdrawal after a costly two-decade war, the Taliban blitzed across the country, forcing an undignified and embarrassing retreat. The insurgents stormed across the country, capturing all major cities in a matter of days, as Afghan security forces trained and equipped by the U.S. and its allies melted away, the Western-backed government that has run the country for 20 years collapsed, and the President fled the country.

WHY DID THE AFGHAN SECURITY FORCES COLLAPSE?

The short answer? Corruption.

The U.S. and its NATO allies spent billions of dollars over two decades to train and equip Afghan security forces. But the Western-backed government was rife with corruption. Commanders exaggerated the number of soldiers to siphon off resources, and troops in the field often lacked ammunition, supplies or even food…As the Taliban rapidly advanced in recent days entire units surrendered after brief battles, and Kabul and some nearby provinces fell without a fight.

levantmapISIL or ISIS (depending on the translation) – the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – was created in 1999 as the latest iteration of Pan-Arabism against Western interference into Islamic operations. It introduced itself by pledging allegiance to Al-Qaeda and participating in the Iraqi insurgency following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces. In 2014, the group proclaimed itself a worldwide caliphate by which it claimed religious, political, and military authority over all Muslims worldwide, changing its name to Islamic State

The United States-led international coalition intervened against ISIL in Syria and Iraq in 2014, with an airstrike campaign, followed by a smaller-scale Russian intervention exclusively in Syria with airstrikes and cruise missile attacks.

But in 2015, ISIL was estimated to have an annual budget of more than US $1 billion and more than 30,000 fighters. They were conducting ground attacks on both government forces and opposition factions, held an area extending from western Iraq to eastern Syria ,and ruled over an estimated eight to twelve million people on whom it enforced its interpretation of sharia law. ISIL is believed to be operational in 18 countries, including Afghanistan and Pakistan. I

There is widespread hatred, for good reason, of The Great Satan America when even Christians disregard basic human decency.

Emigration of Muslims from the Middle East and South Asia throughout the host of 20th century Islamic conflicts. In short order this produced large Muslim communities in the United States, Canada, and the countries of western Europe, creating a polarization of Moslems across the world. While Islam was becoming politicized and imposed on society in the East, Western Muslims were struggling to practice their religion in a non-Muslim society. In the first decade of the 21st century, Western Muslims were still not fully integrated into their societies, and many suffered various forms of discrimination. Controversies as the banning of the veil in public schools in France and the publication in Denmark of cartoons caricaturing the Islamic faith (and particularly the Prophet Muhammad) became instantly global, challenging the modes of regulation of Islam not only in Muslim but non-Muslim countries as well. Western Moslems began questioning whether full participation in Western culture and political life was even possible, let alone desirable.

It was in this context of the Western degradation of Islam that 9/11 occurred, creating a world divided in a war between Muslims and “Crusaders and Zionists.” The U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Iraq War in 2003, and the protracted inability of the international community to solve the conflict between the Palestinians and Israel only served to strongly reinforce this belief.

In this context, one must seriously consider the possibility that the Bush administration staged the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and the Pennsylvania airplane crash to justify a “defensive” rather than “first strike” position against what was becoming a more and more powerful and feared Islamic civilization, no longer discrete individual nations, beating the war drums announcing their intention of taking over the world.

The 33 Strategies of War includes in the Taking Offensive section: “Don’t trust people’s words. They will find moral justifications for their amoral behaviors.”

The Iraq War from 2003 to 2011 began with the invasion of Iraq by the United States–led Western coalition under false pretenses. The Bush administration claimed that Iraq had a weapons of mass destruction (WMD) program, and that Iraq posed a threat to the United States and its allies. No stockpiles of WMDs or an active WMD program were ever found. Some US officials falsely accused Saddam of harbouring and supporting the terrorist group al-Qaeda which was blamed for 9/11. In 2004, the 9/11 Commission said there was no evidence of an operational relationship between the Saddam Hussein regime and al-Qaeda. The rationale for war faced heavy criticism both domestically and internationally. Kofi Annan called the invasion illegal, under international law it violated the UN Charter. The Chilcot Report, a British inquiry into its decision to go to war published in 2016 concluded that peaceful alternatives to war had not been exhausted, that the United Kingdom and the United States had undermined the authority of the United Nations Security Council, that the process of identifying the legal basis was “far from satisfactory”, and that the war was unnecessary.

stirthepotIraq held multi-party elections in 2005…The al-Maliki government enacted policies that alienated the country’s previously dominant Sunni minority and worsened sectarian tensions, changing the invasion to an occupation.

The Iraq War caused at least one hundred thousand civilian deaths, as well as tens of thousands of military deaths, the majority of which occurred as a result of the insurgency and civil conflicts between 2004 and 2007. Subsequently, the War in Iraq of 2013 to 2017, which is considered a domino effect of the invasion and occupation, caused at least 155,000 deaths, in addition to the displacement more than 3.3 million people within the country.

In 2011, coincident with America’s exit from Iraq, The Arab Spring erupted as a series of pro-democracy uprisings  enveloping several largely Muslim countries, including Tunisia, Morocco, Syria, Libya, Egypt and Bahrain… The political and social impact of these popular uprisings remains significant today, years after many of them ended. Many of these protests tore down regimes, leading to instability that ended with violent civil wars.

I supported the Iraq War in 2003 because I believed the Bush administration’s case that Iraq was again actively seeking to acquire nuclear weapons…

Yet the goal in 2003 was bigger than denuclearization. Iraq’s Saddam Hussein was both oppressing his own subjects and menacing his neighbors. By replacing Saddam’s regime with a more humane and peaceful successor, the U.S. could set the Arab Middle East on a path to a better future—contributing to America’s own security after 9/11.

Inside the Bush administration, we thought we were ready to remake Iraq for the better—but we were not. We were ignorant, arrogant, and unprepared, and we unleashed human suffering that did no good for anyone: not for Americans, not for Iraqis, not for the region. Almost two decades later, the damage to America’s standing in the world from the Iraq War has still not been repaired, let alone that war’s economic and human costs to the United States and the Middle East.

The ignominious retreats from Iraq and Afghanistan should be evidence enough that United States has passed its zenith and is on a free-fall from world power. The opportunity to seize power is tantalizing for many players. In the rush by America’s enemies to grab what they can, WWIII is inevitable. 

Who will dare lead the face off against American claims to world power? Dare? There are zealot-led armies begging to be let off the chain. To date it seems that the only thing that has kept any one of them from rising to the top of the food chain is the incessant internecine warfare America has managed to keep in play.

In spite of a surfeit of suspects, the culprits are plain to see for those who know history.

The Roman Emperors waged bloody wars of succession, so from a biblical perspective the Cold War and Arms Race and Space Race should all be viewed as competition between the Western and Eastern branches of the European Leg of the Roman Empire.

Follow the pattern of the downfall of “God’s people” who corrupt themselves by alliances with pagan nations. As detailed in the post The Fourth Kingdom, today that is not only the nation of Israel allied with America, but America which with malice and forethought took over the Western branch of the European Roman Empire from England during WWII. Whoever Christian America placed their trust in and put their money on for a defense league will conquer her. 

That is not the United Nations, which is essentially an extension of America. It is not NATO or the EEC. England paid America to be her ally in World War II through the Lend-Lease Act and Germany transferred massive military assets to America after the war in exchange for reconstruction of her economy.

That leaves Russia as the only other major ally in WWII, allowed to retain seized booty in both territory and military scientific assets like rocket science, just like America, for its participation in the Allied forces against the Axis powers. Immediately following the close of WWII America turned on Russia in the Cold War using Communism’s atheism as a religious justification to overthrow the Eastern branch of the Roman Empire and attain total supremacy. And if I sound utterly unpatriotic, think. Seriously, how does total supremacy ever turn out for the population? Totalitarianism under any label of type of government is oppression. 

If God means it when he says “Judgment begins at the house of God”, America is poised to be overthrown in war because America’s corrupt Christianity has rotted her innards. And the signs point to Russia, the only other rival to the European leg of the Roman Empire. Remember, both legs survive until the Rock smashes them both, as well as all three previous nations of Greece / Anatolia, Persia / Iran and Babylon / Iraq.

The historical accumulation of titles of the Ottoman ruler includes Padishah (Emperor) of Iraq / Babylon, Persia / Iran, Greece / Turkey, and a host of other known states, as well as Caesar of Rome (Kayser-i Rûm) of much of Eastern Europe. The Ottoman Empire reached to the Balkans, and with Istanbul as its capital and control of lands around the Mediterranean Basin, was at the centre of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries until its dismantling after WWI. 

Turkey is the legal successor to the Ottoman Empire. A revolution by the Young Turks in 1908 turned the Empire into a constitutional monarchy…a coup d’état in 1913 created a one party regime which allied the Empire with Germany against the British incursions into Ottoman territory. After being reduced to a small homeland in the Anatolian heartland by the British and French division of spoils after the war, the Turkish War of Independence against the occupying Allies was a rare success. Led by Mustafa Kemal who gave himself the name / way Atatürk / Father pf the Turks, the Republic of Turkey abolished the Ottoman monarchy but not the dreams of restoring the Empire.

“in terms of its sphere of influence, Turkey is a Middle Eastern, Balkans, Caucasian, Central Asian, Caspian, Mediterranean, Gulf, and Black Sea country all at the same time…

Whereas the historical literature about Turkey emphasizes the country commitment to the West since the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal, later known as “Atatürk” (Father of the Turks), little is written about the country relations with Arab and Muslim countries…Hence, in the 90th year of existence as a republic in the Middle East any scientific analysis of Turkey with its impressive examples of political, economic, cultural as well as societal development should also spotlight its relations with the countries it formerly shared one single empire with…

After having secured its Western borders by signing the Balkans Pact with Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia on 9 February 1934, Turkey…signed a pact with Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq in 1937…

[In the 1950’s] Turkey initiated an assertive foreign policy in the region and to a certain extent achieved renewed importance in the Arab and Islamic world…

the first Islamic country to recognize the Jewish state of Israel on 18 March 1949, less than one year after Israel’s official proclamation of independence on 14 May 1948, Turkey changeful relations with Israel peaked in a trilateral security alliance [with monarchal Iran as the third member] in 1958. Israel and Turkey are considered as two main democracies and Western-oriented states in the Middle East which are often said to have shared common values and common interests in regard to their regional antagonists throughout history…

whenever Israel was in direct confrontation with Arab states and whenever Israel was directly humiliating Palestinians, Turkey was on the side of the Palestinians. Likewise, whenever Arab countries were intimidating Turkish concerns, Turkey returned to Israel’s side…

Combined with rational decisions of realpolitik (closeness with the US because of financial necessities, NATO-membership to counter communist influence, and close ties with European organizations to fulfil the Kemalist state ideology of Westernization alike modernization)…a Turkish “Ostpolitik” started to become part of a newer Turkish ideology. Turkey relations with countries which were formerly part of the Ottoman Empire and which were now part of the Islamic world were no more avoided or discreet…

In 2002 Recep Tayyip Erdoǧanformed a pragmatic Islamist government that successfully cultivated diplomatic relations with Western powers. 

Having gained America’s confidence, Turkey is now openly edging its way into the place vacated by the United States in the Middle East. Turkey is cozying up to its Muslim neighbors to the east with a desire to re-establish the influence and power lost by the Turkey-based (that’s a really bad homonym I know) Ottoman Empire not that long ago. 

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Turkey, which has strong historical and ethnic ties in Afghanistan…has developed close intelligence ties with some Taliban-linked militia. Turkey is also an ally of neighbouring Pakistan, from whose religious seminaries the Taliban first emerged.

When in August 2021, ISIL killed 13 American military personnel and at least 169 Afghan civilians during the U.S. evacuation of Kabul:

…as chaos gripped Kabul airport…which Turkish troops have guarded for six years [Turkish] President Erdogan said he viewed messages from Taliban leaders with “cautious optimism”….“Turkey is ready to lend all kinds of support for Afghanistan’s unity…”

Prof Ahmet Kasim Han, an expert on Afghan relations…says further ties in Afghanistan allow President Erdogan to “broaden the chessboard” of his foreign policy and play to his AK Party’s support base.

“They consider Turkey as a country with a manifest destiny – an exceptional position within the Muslim world… based on Turkey’s…Ottoman heritage as the seat of the caliphate.”

The Turkish proposal to secure and operate the Kabul airport is influenced by…fraying U.S.-Turkish relations…Turkey has found itself sidelined and its political sensitivities ignored…

A greater Turkish role in Afghanistan would also allow [capitol city] Ankara to…become the most important foreign military actor in Afghanistan and a key political patron of the traditional leaders of country’s Turkic minorities, thus furthering its geopolitical and economic linkages with the largely Turkic nations in Central Asia.

Fundamentalist Muslims have good reason to line up with Turkey to clear the Western nations / The Romans out of their land.

As the Syrian Civil War created vast ungoverned spaces after its March 2011 initiation, some of the Syrian jihadists who had joined ISIS in Iraq returned to Syria. They returned partly because they were originally Syrians and had family and clan connections in Syria. The other reason was because the Syrian town of al-Dabiq [just below Syria’s northern border with Turkey] is the site of a prophecy, allegedly by the Prophet Mo- hammed, that the final battle between Islam and the “Romans” (literally the Christian West) would begin at al-Dabiq. ISIS propaganda often featured al- Dabiq.

There is a dark side to Turkey’s ambitions.

The Kurds are the largest ethnic minority in Turkey…between 15% and 20% of the population…primarily concentrated in the east and southeast of the country, within the region viewed by Kurds as Turkish Kurdistan…

Massacres…have periodically been committed against the Kurds since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923…During the Kurdish–Turkish conflict, food embargoes were placed on Kurdish villages and towns…many instances of Kurds being forcibly expelled from their villages…Many villages were reportedly set on fire or destroyed…political parties that represented Kurdish interests were banned.

Iran—formerly an ally with Turkey and Iraq – became one of Israel’s main security threats in the region after regime change following the Islamic Revolution of 1979. This fact shows that even though former allies worked closely together, they can dramatically drift apart when once-shared concerns diverge or fundamentally change…

By 2015, aid to anti-Assad forces became the most expensive US covert action program in history, topping 1 billion USD. However, some of the funds and arms wound up in the hands of violent extremists, while some of the troops with the units funded by the United States defected to other groups, taking their arms with them. After the rise of ISIS in June 2014, more US aid went to groups professing to be anti-ISIS, but some of these groups had violent jihadi orientations…

As the conflict inside Syria was radicalized, more regional actors were taking part in the war. What has made Syria a turning point for the regional policy of Turkey, Iran, Israel, and Iraq?

  • Assad [Syria] received support from Iran and Hezbollah
  • triggering pacts between Israel and Arab countries who had mutual interests in curbing Iranian influence in the eastern Mediterranean
  • ad Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries increased their support for Sunni opposition groups,
  • which fueled Iran’s and Hezbollah’s increased support to Assad.
  • triggering Turkey to fund extreme jihadi groups affiliated with al-Qaeda-linked organizations, because they were anti-Assad and anti-Kurds.
  • triggering Russia to support Assad
  • triggering concerns that Russia will establish a broader base of influence in the Middle East

Rodríguez: What are the reasons for this to be a turning point in international politics?

Sorenson: The internationalization of the Syrian conflict raised real doubts about the validity of the previous international order [with America reigning supreme]….Great-power rivalry was increasing…but the Syrian Civil War gave Russia new opportunities, as Russia has positive, if tenuous relations, with Iran, most Arab states, Turkey, and Israel. Russia has no domestic barriers to expansion beyond its laggard economy [which, as with Germany for WWII, is not a barrier but an impetus to war] while the American public is tiring of two long wars that have cost close to 2 trillion USD just in direct costs…

Trump’s exit from Syria represent [s] a game-changer in the US geopolitics…

The United States has rested its security on forward presence and forward engagement since World War II. So…decision to withdraw American forces from Syria…was seen widely as a signal that the United States under Trump was withdrawing from its larger global role. The US Syrian withdrawal came as Trump questioned Ameri- can alliances in both the Pacific and NATO…appeared to downplay the European threat posed by Russia under [Pres. Vladimir] Putin….talked openly about withdrawing residual American forces from Afghanistan and Iraq. Israel and other American friends in the region interpreted the American withdrawal as both a retreat from a region and abandonment of a[n]…ally…

After Trump’s exit, Turkey has entered again in the war scene with virulence.

We can expect to see Turkey reintegrate Iran, Iraq into an alliance – oh, wait – Turkey already did that in the Baghdad Pact of 1955.

And a Jerusalem Post headline in March 2021 reads “Iran, Russia and Turkey Signal Growing Alliance“.

For many years, Ankara would say one thing to Moscow and Tehran about partnership while telling Washington’s Iran hawks that it was “against Russia and Iran…” 

However, the reality was that Turkey was always working closely with Russia and Iran…

This is the long-term goal of Turkey in finding an accommodation with states in the region and bringing together its alliance with Iran and Russia to legitimize its continued occupation of parts of Syria and bases in Iraq.

The Real Outcome of the Iraq War:  US and Iranian Strategic Competition in Iraq” which is available on the CSIS web site at: http://csis.org/files/publication/120308_Combined_Iraq_Chapter.pdf

Since the 2003 war, both the US and Iran have competed to shape the structure of Post-Saddam Iraq’s politics, governance, economics, and security.

the US invasion now seems to be a de facto grand strategic failure in terms of its cost in dollars and blood, its post-conflict strategic outcome, and the value the US could have obtained from different uses of its political, military, and economic resources. The US went to war for the wrong reasons – focusing on threats from weapons of mass destruction and Iraqi-government sponsored terrorism that did not exist. It had no meaningful plan for either stability operations or nation building. It let Iraq slide into a half decade of civil war, and failed to build an effective democracy and base for Iraq’s economic development. The US failed to establish anything like the strategic partnership it sought.

Iran has very different goals from the US. It seeks to ensure that Iraq does not…reemerge as a threat to Iran. It seeks to rid the country of American influence – particularly of American military personnel – to the greatest extent possible. Iran has aggressively used its networks, patronage, economic ties, religious ties, aid money, and military support to various factions in Iraq to achieve these goals…

Iran seems likely to be the de facto winner of the US invasion of Iraq. It now enjoys deep ties in a neighboring country with which it once fought a fierce and bloody eight-year war. Iran has a great deal of cultural, military, and economic resources available to influence Iraq. 

This US-Iranian competition will not only have a major impact on Iraq, but the far broader range of US and Iranian competition in the Arab world – especially the Southern Gulf, in Turkey, and in dealing with Iran’s efforts to create an area of influence that includes Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon and which poses a major challenge to Israel…

For more than two decades, the United States has seen the politics of the Middle East as a tug of war between moderation and radicalism—Arabs against Iran. But for the four years of Donald Trump’s presidency, it was blind to different, more profound fissures growing among the region’s three non-Arab powers: Iran, Israel, and Turkey.

For the quarter century after the Suez crisis of 1956, Iran, Israel, and Turkey joined forces to strike a balance against the Arab world with U.S. help. But Arab states have been sliding deeper into paralysis and chaos since the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, followed by the failed Arab Spring, leading to new fault lines. Indeed, the competition most likely to shape the Middle East is no longer between Arab states and Israel or Sunnis and Shiites—but among the three non-Arab rivals…

Iran’s pursuit of a nuclear capability and its use of clients and proxies to influence the Arab world and attack U.S. interests and Israel are now familiar. What is new is Turkey’s emergence as an unpredictable disrupter of stability across a much larger region. No longer envisioning a future in the West, Turkey is now more decidedly embracing its Islamic past, looking past lines and borders drawn a century ago. Its claim to the influence it had in the onetime domains of the Ottoman Empire can no longer be dismissed as rhetoric. Turkish ambition is now a force to be reckoned with.

For example, Turkey now occupies parts of Syria, has influence in Iraq, and is pushing back against Iran’s influence in both Damascus and Baghdad. Turkey has increased military operations against Kurds in Iraq and accused Iran of giving refuge to Turkey’s Kurdish nemesis, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).

Turkey has inserted itself in Libya’s civil war and most recently intervened decisively in the dispute in the Caucasus between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. Officials in Ankara are also eyeing expanded roles in the Horn of Africa, and in Lebanon, while Arab rulers worry about Turkish support for the Muslim Brotherhood and its claim to have a say in Arab politics.

In the section above on the Four Horsemen we saw how the Jews have always been betrayed by the empires with whom they made alliances for protection. This doesn’t change in the future.

Where are the majority of the world’s Jews currently located? In America.

Who does Israel depends upon for safety? America.

This too shall pass when an Israeli alliance is no longer beneficial. Say, when a Turkish  alliance is more beneficial. Review America’s abandonment of Christians at Smyrna for a preview of this possibility.

Asa Jennings was a failed small-town Methodist minister from upstate New York working for the YMCA in Smyrna, Turkey, in 1922, when he saved a quarter of a million Christians from perishing in a brutal final chapter of the Armenian Genocide.

“A private individual, a guy without portfolio, who held a minor position in the YMCA, came forward and put together this astonishing rescue…”

Smyrna, known today as Izmir, had been a cosmopolitan port under Greek rule…But after Turkish armed forces defeated the Greeks in September 1922, they began a religious cleansing, with executions and arrests sparking mob violence, rape, and pillage.

In a frantic effort to escape, hundreds of thousands of terrified Christians fled to the quay along the harbor in hopes of finding safe passage. The Turks responded by lighting the city on fire. “A half a million people, packed into a narrow strip of pavement, maybe a mile and a half, two miles long, as a giant fire comes at them, basically pushing them into the sea…”

Jennings, a short, mild-mannered fellow with back problems, had managed to get his family on a ship out with other Americans, but he stayed behind in an effort to help several thousand refugees in safe houses along the quay. Horrified by what he saw, he first bribed an Italian ship captain to spirit away the people from the safe houses. Then he hatched an even bigger plan, securing a flotilla of empty Greek merchant ships to save thousands more… 

beyond protecting its own citizens, the US government, with growing commercial ties to Turkey [and hopes for buffer against Russia to the north], was unwilling to get involved…America’s top officer in the region, Admiral Mark Bristol, played tennis outside Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) as Smyrna burned.

You can’t seriously believe that the American government acts on a biblical promise to be blessed for blessing Israel. The bottom line is always about money and power.

The Balfour Declaration (“Balfour’s promise” in Arabic) was a public pledge by Britain in 1917 declaring its aim to establish “a national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine…included in the terms of the British Mandate for Palestine after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.

The question of why the Balfour Declaration was issued has been a subject of debate for decades…

In mainstream academia, however, there are a set of reasons over which there is a general consensus:

  • Control over Palestine was a strategic imperial interest to keep Egypt and the Suez Canal within Britain’s sphere of influence 
  • Britain had to side with the Zionists to rally support among Jews in the United States and Russia, hoping they could encourage their governments to stay in the war until victory…

While Britain is generally held responsible for the Balfour Declaration, it is important to note that the statement would not have been made without prior approval…[from] President Wilson…Arthur Balfour confirming that Wilson was “extremely favourable to the movement”. 

Israel has long drawn its legitimacy among Jewish communities around the world by presenting itself as a safe haven for the Jewish people that can protect them from hostility and genocide…

But this moral justification has always had one gaping weakness: The Palestinians and the injustice, displacement and death they have had to suffer so that European Jews would feel safe. Early liberal Zionism sought to erase the existence of Palestinians and their suffering, propagating the myth that Palestine was “a land without a people for a people without a land”.

But as Palestinians resisted erasure, colonisation and occupation and their identity, culture and activism grew stronger and more visible to the rest of the world, the liberal Zionists had to seek another solution…the idea of a Palestinian state and…the “peace process”…

But the only thing the Oslo Accords did was create an illusion, a fake optimism that Palestinian rights will be heeded and that a Palestinian state is possible…Oslo became a sedative for the conscience of the pro-Palestinian movement and a convenient cover for the colonial face of Israel.

This cover has now been finally lifted, as the Trump administration has said and done publicly what successive US administrations had said and done only behind the scenes. The Israeli political elite never intended for a Palestinian state to be created; the goal has always been full control and colonisation of historic Palestine. And that cannot be ever achieved without the gruesome massacre, subjugation and expulsion of Palestinians.

Why is the US unequivocal in its support for Israel?

With Israel attacking Gaza for a second week, United States President Joe Biden and his administration are sticking to a long-established script in Washington, expressing unequivocal support for Israel and its “legitimate right to defend itself” from Hamas rocket attacks…

Former US President Harry Truman was the first world leader to recognise Israel when it was created in 1948… right after World War II, when the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union was taking shape.

The Middle East, with its oil reserves and strategic waterways (think the Suez Canal) was a key battleground for superpower hegemonic influence. The US was taking over from severely weakened European powers as the primary western power broker in the Middle East…

It is a tragic betrayal of faith that Christians have wholeheartedly supported secular Israel’s dependence on America rather than supported Messianic Judaism.

But the one thing we can all depend on America to do is to bail, or fail, in the near future. 

Turkey is becoming a superpower

 

“Turkey has realised the greatest natural gas discovery in its history,” Erdogan was reported by Turkish and global mass media saying, stressing that this would help the country become a game-changer in relation to the energy market….

[Islamist] Erdogan told his nation that this gas find is a gift from God…”My Lord has opened the door to unprecedented wealth for us,” he said.

In fact, energy experts believe these gas reserves…usher in Turkey’s independence in this field…

READ: ‘We will not let anybody harm Turkey’s interests’

Writing in Foreign Policy, Allison Meikem noted that Turkey’s expansionist foreign policy came to a head in 2020.

“This year, Turkey’s military was more active around the world than it has been in decades, or perhaps ever. From Libya to Nagorno-Karabakh, the Turkish leader has used armed force to advance Turkey’s objectives.” Meikem argued.

“But Erdoğan’s real impact on geopolitics…will come in the form of the 21st century pan-Islamism that he has finessed through soft power. The religious revivalism…has filled a void in the larger Muslim world…

Simply, it is clear that Turkey has realised…their neo-Ottoman ambitions. Whether it is the ongoing growth of Turkey-Pakistani relations, to Turkey’s expansion throughout the Caucuses and involvement in civil wars throughout the region…

Will they become the next regional superpower?

Turkish Army Places 1st in New Ranking of Mideast Military Strength  

The popular ranking site Global Firepower, which orders the strength of 139 countries according to their military prowess, recently published its updated ranking of military might in the Middle East for 2021. Judging based on “values related to manpower, equipment, natural resources, finances and geography,” the site claims to present each country’s “potential war-making capability” when “fought by conventional means.”

The Middle East ranking follows its placement of the Turkish army first with Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Israel, as the region’s top military powers. 

The military strength of the United Arab Emirates, ranked sixth in the region, is on the rise, while No. 7 Iraq and No. 8 Syria – formerly prominent military powers in the region – continue their decline following years of crippling inner-country conflicts. Lebanon is last on the list at No. 15…

The Turkish Armed Forces are the only NATO members in the ranking, a fact that adds to their strength. The Turkish army is second in size in the NATO alliance, with the US being the largest. “They have a very large land force, on a global level,” Ben-Dor says of the Turkish army.

Notably, as part of its membership in NATO, Turkey…hosts nuclear bombs in its territory…

Saudi Arabia’s spending in 2019 on defense was topped globally only by the US and China, and reached a total of $78.4 billion. With such a massive budget, it is no surprise that the country is ranked fourth in the region…

The top three of the global ranking, in order, are the United States, Russia and China….Israel rounds out the top 20.

Now we have the players sorted out…

God announces his impending attack with trumpet calls for his people to join him in battle! To me! To me! The goal in this battle is to survive everlasting death. Mortal death is just a flesh wound! 

Seal 7 = Trumpets 1 – 7: Trumpets call God’s people to spiritual warfare.

The Seven Trumpets Call Believers to Rally Behind Their Leader

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The seven trumpet calls in Revelation are calling to war, but not yet attacking. Follow the pattern of the battle of Jericho, a stronghold of pure evil. God’s servants blow trumpets for 6 days / eras without taking action. It is not until the last trumpet is blown that God’s servants follow him into attacking the enemy. In the meantime, you can believe the defenders  are using their weapons against their enemy.

Notice as you read the following events that, in contrast to the statement that the angel with the censor cast fire into the earth, there is no statement that anyone in heaven causes the actions following each of the trumpet blasts. Instead, “there followed”…

We can parallel the events following each trumpet blast with the events at Jericho following each day’s trumpet blast. Although these are not documented in the book of Joshua, they are well known features of siege warfare.

The Canaanites lining the walls of Jericho would have stockpiled stones, arrows, garbage, excrement, boiling oil, fire and anything else that could cause damage to hurl at the attackers. They would have shouted insults, imprecations, curses and dares at them as well as enticed them to come over to the apparent safe side. Any other besieging army would be calling for a parley, spreading propaganda, building war machines, cutting down the surrounding orchards.  

True believers in the Savior of the Bible keep the faith of the Bible. They aren’t intimidated into falling away to the enemy, and are not thrown off balance, unlike nominal Christians making alliances with politicians

“And after these things [6th seal catastrophe] I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree…(Revelation 7:1)

While many of us believe the earth is flattish and not a round ball, I don’t know anyone who thinks it is square. It’s a manner of speaking – all four cardinal directions by which even in our current day the winds are named.

We tend to assume that every reference to “angel” refers to one of God’s servants, but this is not so. Case in point – the angel of the bottomless pit.

Daniel has introduced four winds of heaven, but don’t let’s jump to the conclusion that these are the same.

“Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another. The first was like a lion…second, like to a bear…another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl…a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth.” (Daniel 7)

Daniel informs us that these four winds / spirit beings are God’s ministers by the account of two of them being Gabiel and Michael who strive with two of the four evil beasts.

In contrast, the four angels in Revelation are on earth, party to the catastrophe of the 6th seal and therefore members of the adversary’s army. God’s army is not yet attacking.

Wind is caused by the uneven temperatures of sections of the atmosphere. In addition to a nuclear bomb’s shock wave that can level skyscrapers and the searing blast of heat that can vaporize material, the heat wave sets mighty winds in motion. A momentary vacuum results from the outward rush of all air, followed by a reactive inward rush creating a vast firestorm exceeding the most powerful hurricane winds.

Jack London was on site as a newspaper journalist to describe the winds that followed the 1906 San Francisco great fire, caused when thousands of gas appliances were upturned by a massive earthquake. At the time, San Francisco was the 9th largest city in the United States.

Smoke Billowing over San Francisco after 1906 Earthquake

The earthquake shook down in San Francisco hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of walls and chimneys. But the conflagration that followed burned up hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of property. Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed…

Within an hour after the earthquake shock the smoke of San Francisco’s burning was a lurid tower visible a hundred miles away. And for three days and nights this lurid tower swayed in the sky, reddening the sun, darkening the day, and filling the land with smoke…

At nine o’clock Wednesday evening I walked down through the very heart of the city. I walked through miles and miles of magnificent buildings and towering skyscrapers. Here was no fire. All was in perfect order. The police patrolled the streets. Every building had its watchman at the door. And yet it was doomed, all of it…

At one o’clock in the morning I walked down through the same section…A rain of ashes was falling…The district had been absolutely abandoned…Half a dozen blocks away it was burning on both sides. The street was a wall of flame… 

I watched the vast conflagration from out on the bay. It was dead calm. Not a flicker of wind stirred. Yet from every side wind was pouring in upon the city. East, west, north, and south, strong winds were blowing upon the doomed city. The heated air rising made an enormous suck. Thus did the fire of itself build its own colossal chimney through the atmosphere. Day and night this dead calm continued, and yet, near to the flames, the wind was often half a gale, so mighty was the suck.

Whatever the catastrophe – armaments, volcanoes, earthquakes, asteroids – it will become evident that winds are active in each disaster.

“And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.” 

Once the last seal is loosed, the scroll falls open and the words of the book are no longer hidden. The time of the end is now. If there was “coming to pass” with the seals being lifted and replaced and another chance given, there is no longer. Once these words are spoken into existence there is no turning back, only The End.

It seems the multitude of reveling beings in heaven are rendered speechless at the discovery of the horrors to come. And that the Lamb is reluctant to speak into action those horrors.

From Revelation 8.

“The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.”

“Hail” is more descriptive of an uncountable number of projectiles “raining” down from the sky than the composition of frozen water. “A hail of bullets” has often used to describe a battle scenario, although much larger long-range missiles are more likely in our day. This is consistent with the description of accompanying fire from the rockets propelling the missiles and/or impact and blood spray from missiles.

palestine

Decades of the Arms Race has resulted in stockpiles of satellite-based and intercontinental ballistics missiles that fit this description, especially America’s Star Wars program. Notice, Star Wars is a defensive system, supporting the hypothesis that, as judgment begins at the house of God, America, not Russia or China, experiences the first strike (sixth seal event).

Thirty-three years ago [this was published April 2021] the Star Wars program was easily the most elaborate and complex defense system ever conceived.

“I call upon the scientific community in our country, those who gave us nuclear weapons, to turn their great talents now to the cause of mankind and world peace, to give us the means of rendering these nuclear weapons impotent and obsolete,” President Ronald Reagan said on March 23, 1983. The speech announced the creation of a new missile defense called the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), which quickly became known as Star Wars.

It envisaged a vast network of laser-armed satellites, air-based missiles, and ground-based interceptors missiles and electromagnetic railguns. These would be used to intercept incoming nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles from the Soviet Union and other enemies, all coordinated through advanced sensors linked to supercomputers, and protect the United States from direct nuclear attack. By being able to neutralize at least most of the incoming nuclear warheads, the U.S. hoped to show the Soviet Union that any potential nuclear confrontation was hopeless…

A look at President Reagan’s Star Wars program, 33 years later
Graphic of how SDI would work.

 

The skepticism towards the program was intense from the beginning. Besides the clear violations of the ABM treaty such a system would represent, it would also extend the arms race even deeper into space.

Swarms of hunter-killer satellites and space-based lasers would be a frightening new frontier, and the Soviet Union would almost certainly try to respond in kind. The projected costs of the system ran into the hundreds of billions of dollars, and the inevitable cost overruns would balloon the Star Wars program to a huge percentage of the U.S. military budget. In the event of an a nuclear attack, unproven technology would have be coordinated on an unprecedented scale and work perfectly the first time. The hurdles involved were well-nigh insurmountable. Nevertheless, by 1987 more than $3 billion was being appropriated annually by Congress to start developing the technology, roughly $6.5 billion in today’s dollars…

The simple fact was that the program was never going to be feasible against as many weapons as an opponent like the Soviet Union could put into play. By 1986 the Soviets had over 40,000 nuclear warheads stockpiled, including nearly a thousand ICBM’s with up to 10 warheads a piece that could shower and overwhelm any target within 30 minutes of launch. Soviet submarines armed with nuclear missiles could get close enough to U.S. coasts that their payloads could strike hundreds of targets faster than any conceivable system could detect and intercept them. Even if SDI could stop 90 percent of the Soviet’s warheads, the 10 percent that made it through would leave the United States in radioactive ruin.

Though scaled back, development on weapons envisaged in Star Wars continued throughout the 1990s. Its legacy can be seen in today’s Missile Defense Agency. The MDA has cost more than $100 billion since 2002, and the test results of its missile interceptors have been decidedly mixed.

But we can be certain of one thing. It will be used.

The “third part” of trees and “all” green grass does not need to refer to the entire earth to be an accurate statement reporting damage only against the field of attack. When Gideon requested that “all the earth” be dry, he included only the vicinity of the event.

The fact that enough trees are destroyed to be significant is a clue to the location of the counter-attack, and therefore the identity of the initiator of the first strike in WWIII. I don’t envision a massive counter-strike being launched against Amazonia, Canada, the Congo, or Southeast Asian Islands. Russia it is.

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The loss of so many trees is also significant for the environment.

More than 60,000 types of trees cover 31% of the planet, but we’re losing tree coverage at an alarming rate. In tropics regions alone, more than 30 soccer fields worth of trees were lost each minute of 2019 due to deforestation for the sake of agriculture…

Trees play a key role in combating climate change because they absorb carbon from the atmosphere. Trees actually provide us humans with the air we breathe, while removing harmful greenhouse gas emissions from the environment. Over the course of a year, one mature tree can release 260 pounds of oxygen and can sequester more than 48 pounds of carbon dioxide through the process of photosynthesis. 

More than just that, trees improve water quality and reduce soil erosion as well. Trees act as buffers for extreme weather events…Tree leaves also prevent harsh wind and rain from eroding the soil, while tree roots hold soil in place. 

The loss of “all green grass” is of primary significance for food supplies in grains as a primary food source as well as livestock for meat and dairy products. 

“And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea:

  • and the third part of the sea became blood;
  • And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died;
  • and the third part of the ships were destroyed.

“As it were” clues us in that this is a simile, not an actual mountain or volcano. Doubtless John had no experience with what he was seeing and had to fall back on known images to provide some idea of it.

The Normandy Invasion of WWII provides some historical background for understanding what John is describing.

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Codenamed Operation Overlord, the battle began on June 6, 1944, also known as D-Day, when some 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history…The Normandy landings have been called the beginning of the end of war in Europe…

more than 5,000 ships and landing craft carrying troops and supplies left England for the trip across the Channel to France, while more than 11,000 aircraft were mobilized to provide air cover and support for the invasion…

more than 4,000 Allied troops lost their lives in the D-Day invasion, with thousands more wounded or missing.

McCorkle landed on Omaha Beach at about 6:30 on the morning of June 6, 1944.

“As we were getting off the landing craft, men all around me were falling and screaming; blood had turned the water red,” he recalled. “Somehow — I am convinced with the help of God — I got onto the beach…”

Many of his friends were killed or wounded in the first 15 minutes or so.

The Germans had many mortars in action behind the sand dunes and were lobbing shells, killing and wounding many.

“The gunfire and shelling were so heavy that it took us about one hour to reach the base of the sand dune which gave us some protection from machine gun and rifle fire,” he said. “After I reached the base of the dune and looked back, it was shocking to see the dead and the wounded on the beach…When we regrouped at the road, we had 15 men missing out of the original 30 who landed.” 

D-Day is always the story of brave men struggling across beaches and then fighting their way inland. Another story, however, was unfolding at sea. At least 200 ships and landing craft sank off the beaches…

Operation Neptune…would bombard the Normandy coast from several miles off shore…while overhead, waves of Allied aircraft headed for Normandy to pulverize what Adolf Hitler called the Atlantic Wall, “impregnable against every enemy.”

Allied strategists believed the wall’s fortifications could be destroyed by naval bombardment and aerial bombings. A briefing officer in England, describing the expected results, said, “Every grain of sand will be turned over twice before the first wave hits the beach.” But…aircraft had dropped their bombs far beyond the beaches because clouds obscured targets…

“Up to within a few hundred yards of the water’s edge,” says an official history, “there was every reason to hope that the enemy shore defenses might have been neutralized. Then, many of the leading craft began to come under fire from automatic weapons and artillery, which increased in volume as they approached touchdown.”

The Neptune plan had to be changed. Destroyers were ordered to risk grounding by steaming close to shore and firing their 5-inch guns as supporting fire for the men on the beach…

By 1957, salvagers had harvested 25,000 tons of Neptune metal off a stretch of D-Day beach from Omaha to Sword, the easternmost invasion beach. 

A major part of the Allies strategy was to limit German resistance to the landing.

In the months and weeks before D-Day, the Allies carried out a massive deception operation intended to make the Germans think the main invasion target was Pas-de-Calais (the narrowest point between Britain and France) rather than Normandy. In addition, they led the Germans to believe that Norway and other locations were also potential invasion targets. Many tactics were used to carry out the deception, including fake equipment; a phantom army commanded by George Patton and supposedly based in England, across from Pas-de-Calais; double agents; and fraudulent radio transmissions…

At first, Hitler, believing the invasion was a feint designed to distract the Germans from a coming attack north of the Seine River, refused to release nearby divisions to join the counterattack. Reinforcements had to be called from further afield, causing delays. He also hesitated in calling for armored divisions to help in the defense. Moreover, the Germans were hampered by effective Allied air support, which took out many key bridges and forced the Germans to take long detours.

Would the Allies have been victorious on D-Day if Germany had known they were coming, and had all their military might launched against them?

During Desert Storm when 1/3 of America’s fleet was in the Persian Gulf, a massive combined strike from Iraq could have sunk it into the sea. This consideration continues to fit with the foundational concept of America on the defensive against an Eastern coalition, literally. 

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The Trump administration’s long-term shipbuilding plan, required by Congress, projects spending $167 billion over five years to boost the Navy’s fleet as it confronts a rising China in the Pacific…

“Since taking office, President Trump has promised to increase the size of our naval fleet to 355 battle ships, re-establish the United States as the global power at sea to continue to secure our country while making it more prosperous…road map for achieving maritime supremacyand sending a strong message to our adversaries like China…

The plan relies on a national defense budget topline of $759 billion in fiscal 2022, adjusted for inflation in the future years…derived in part by moving $30 billion from…the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan and the Middle East…

The new plan “is a terrible idea, because the Navy won’t have the money to pay for sustainment and manning of the additional ships,” said Bryan Clark, a naval programs analyst at the Hudson Institute.

And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

The Great Himalayan Watershed (GHW) encompasses most of Asia’s rivers — today around 45 per cent of the world’s population depends on the watershed. This location targets Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the wealthy Southeast Asian Moslems, and economically powerful China, all of whom represent American enemies.

A “great star from heaven” describes either an InterContinental Ballistics Missile or a satellite-based missile armed with a weaponized water-born agent of mass destruction. An air-borne agent can literally blow back onto the sender via the prevailing winds. 

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The pattern I’m picking up is strike and counter-strike, standard war games, expecting that both sides are prepared to return fire. So in the scenario I’m proposing – based on current world news – it’s America’s turn to hit the ball back into the opponents’ court.

karman-line

Despite the popular belief that space is peaceful, the military has always played a role in its exploration. The first rocket to breach the 100-kilometer-high Karman Line, which defines the beginning of outer space, was a German military V2 fired in 1944. The first satellite, Sputnik, soared into orbit [ranging from 200 km to 950 kmatop a modified Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in 1957.

NASA, founded one year later, established America’s space program as strictly civilian. Still…military…officers piloted most Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft, which its [military] rockets boosted into space. Behind the scenes, the Pentagon planned its own secret space missions, coordinated by an agency later renamed DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).

Yet space remained free of actual weapons during the Cold War.

If you accept that at face value then you must confess that you put your faith in politics and the media or that you simply bury your head in the sand. Some statements are simply beyond belief.

For starters, in the setting of the Space Race, Is there any suspicion that there were Cold War politics considerations to establish the Karman Line where it is to set the bar high enough that the Soviets’ Sputnik “failed” to reach “space”?

In this paper I revisit proposed definitions of the boundary between the Earth’s atmosphere and outer space…from historical, physical and technological viewpoints and propose 80 km as a more appropriate boundary than the currently popular 100 km Von Kármán line…

The argument about where the atmosphere ends and space begins predates the launch of the first Sputnik…boundaries ranging from 30 km to 1.5 million km have been suggested…

Although the subject has not been much addressed in the physics literature, there is an extensive law/policy literature on the subject…COPUOS has wrestled with the issue continuously since 1966 without a conclusion. COPUOS, the Committee on Peaceful Uses Of Outer Space, was established in 1959 and is the UN body dealing with astronautics. 

Goedhart lists almost 30 different proposals from the 1951–1962 period for an altitude boundary ranging from 20 to 400 km; most values are in the 75–100 km range. A number of these authors suggest that the large variations with time of atmospheric properties make it futile to locate a true boundary of space based on physical arguments. In this paper I will argue the contrary: there is a moderately-well-defined boundary of space, it coincides with the Karman line as originally defined, and that line is close to 80 km, not 100 km…

my main interest here is to define a boundary of space for the use of historians of spaceflight…

In recent decades the 100 km Karman line has gained ascendancy as the most commonly used boundary, notably for the Ansari X-Prize won by the Spaceship One team.

The ‘official’ status of the von Karman line, such as it is, comes from the undated paper ‘100 km Altitude Boundary For Astronautics’ on the web site of the Astronautics Records Commission (ICARE) of the Fdration Aronautique Internationale (FAI), which certifies world records for aeronautics and astronautics. It is unfortunate that discussion in this official document in the section ‘demonstration of usefulness of Karman line’ appears to be poorly researched:

In the early 1960s the U.S. X-15 Aircraft was flown up to 108 km. In that part of the flight it was really a free falling rocket, with no aerodynamic control possible. In fact, it was considered an astronautical flight, and the pilot got, as a consequence, his astronautical wings, i.e. the recognition of being an astronaut.

This is not incorrect, but the USAF considered all X-15 flights above 80 km as astronautical flights and gave those pilots astronaut wings. So this paragraph would argue for 80 km, not 100 km. The first non-NASA pilot to be awarded astronaut wings…flew to 95 km on 1962 Jul 17. If a limit of 100 km instead of 80 km is used, White, Robert Rushworth, Jack McKay, Bill Dana and Mike Adams lose their space traveler status (Joe Engle keeps his because he later flew on Shuttle, and Joe Walker passed the Karman line on his X-15 flights).

In the past few years, even lower values have been proposed. The prominent astrophysicist Alan Stern has argued (personal communication) for balloon altitudes in the 30–35 km range as being ‘space’ or ‘near space’; Stern is involved in the World View high-altitude-balloon near-space tourism venture…

The true outer edge to the Earth’s atmosphere, or a reasonable candidate for it, is the magnetic shock front with the solar wind…One can also consider the gravitational boundary of the Earth-Moon system with respect to the Sun, conventionally chosen to be the 1.5-million-km radius…these boundaries may be used to distinguish space in the Earth-Moon system from interplanetary space…

On the basis of these physical, technological and historical arguments, I therefore suggest that a value of 80 km is a more suitable choice to use as the canonical lower ‘edge of space’ in circumstances where such a dividing line between atmosphere and space is desired.

The Kármán line is widely considered the “edge of space,” but it’s really an inner edge. Earth’s atmosphere continues far beyond.

As detailed in the post The Beginning, an investigation into Hubble’s historical context, technological capabilities and imaginative productions is far more indicative of military use under a cloak of scientific inquiry. After what has come to light about our government’s undercover operations during the Cold War that shouldn’t seem like a far-fetched idea.

A member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers, Dr. John Jacob Nutter reveals...the many and varied types of covert action-subsidies, graymail, propaganda, psychological and economic warfare, military support, paramilitary operations, coups d’etat, and assassinations-and provides detailed examples of success and failure undertaken in the name of “national security.”

Unusual and exclusive, The CIA’s Black Ops is a courageous and unprecedented declassification of foreign exploits and domestic secrets, covering clandestine activities from the birth of special operations to today’s underground actions–many operations so covert that government officials don’t know (or don’t want to know) they are taking place.

Today…“The space environment has become increasingly congested, competitive and contested,” Frank Rose, a senior fellow for security and strategy at the Brookings Institution and former assistant secretary of state for arms control, explained to Congress in March 2019…

The X-37B is a reusable space plane operated by the U.S. Air Force. Image: NASA/MSFC

From the start, the military rationale for space weapons was to control the high ground and shoot down enemies. Such an attack, generals and politicians argued, would be impossible to stop…

The U.S. military dreams of “space superiority” or “counter-space dominance.” Judging by their own publications and statements, Russian and Chinese strategists clearly share such reveries. Nascent space powers like India and North Korea may do so as well. Yet technology advantages often prove fleeting. After all, the U.S. military once had an exclusive hold on atomic weapons, jet aircraft, ICBMs, semiconductors, cyberwarfare, and artificial intelligence. It may still lead in those fields, but it is clearly no longer alone…

efforts to keep space a weapons-free zone dates back to the Outer Space Treaty of 1967. Among other things, it prohibited weapons of mass destruction and the establishment of military bases in space…

Yet today’s international climate seems less welcoming for intensive diplomatic negotiations and new international treaties. Some organizations, such as the Stimson Center and the Union of Concerned Scientists, have drafted codes of conduct and proposals for spacefaring nations to avoid space conflict. Even if nations adopt them, they do not carry the same force as a binding treaty.

As the technologies of space warfare continue to become ever more sophisticated, the Earth seems trapped in a slow spiral of escalation toward open conflict in space. In some ways, it seems like a rerun of the Cold War, but with more players and less predictability. In this realm of move and countermove, India’s recent antisatellite exercise is merely the latest symptom.

And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

This cascade of events leading to the end of the world as we know it is not just prophecy by fanatical religious fundamentalists, it is a prediction by top scientists.

A snowball effect is how it rolls in the book A Path Where No Man Thought: Nuclear Winter and the End of the Arms Race by eminently popular atheist scientist Carl Sagan and Richard Turco. Published in 1990, it continues to be defended as a real and present danger by scientists. 

Recently updated geopolitical assessments have led scientists to warn that, one way or another, human misbehavior is bringing our world to an end.

for I have heard from the LORD God of hosts a consumption /utterly consumed, devastation, even determined upon the whole earth. ” (Isaiah 28:14-22)

 

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