Key Precept: How to know whose advice to follow to save yourself and loved ones from disaster.
15,000 scientists just signed the largest-ever warning about Earth’s destruction
On Nov 13,  the journal BioScience published the “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice”…The first warning was issued in 1992 when 1,700 members of the Union of Concerned Scientists argued that humans are “on a collision course with nature…”
humanity has “failed to make sufficient progress in generally solving foreseen environmental challenges, and alarmingly, most of them are getting far worse.”
The US professor warns that the climate crisis, the threat of nuclear war and rising authoritarianism mean the risk of human extinction has never been greater…
In When at Times the Mob Is Swayed: A Citizen’s Guide to Defending Our Republic, Burt Neuborne mostly focuses on how America’s constitutional foundation in 2019—an unrepresentative Congress, the Electoral College and a right-wing Supreme Court majority—is not positioned to withstand Trump’s extreme polarization and GOP power grabs…as many Holocaust survivors have said, few Germans or Europeans expected what unfolded in the years after Hitler amassed power…
In the article Is War Inevitable? by E. O. Wilson, he argues that, yes, it is.
Our bloody nature, it can now be argued in the context of modern biology, is ingrained because group-versus-group competition was a principal driving force…Each tribe knew with justification that if it was not armed and ready, its very existence was imperiled…Any excuse for a real war will do, so long as it is seen as necessary to protect the tribe…
Wars and genocide have been universal and eternal…Archaeological sites are strewn with the evidence of mass conflicts and burials of massacred people…At the present time, we are still fundamentally the same as our hunter-gatherer ancestors, but with more food and larger territories…The struggle to control vital resources continues globally, and it is growing worse.
William James, first among the Harvard faculty giants a century ago, wrote in “one of his most eloquent, utterly ageless essays…“History is a bath of blood…”
This fact challenges the myth of “the noble savage” envisioned as “living off the land by hunting and gathering what it had to offer…if there was not enough food in a group’s direct vicinity, it meant they had to move around and lead more nomadic lifestyles in order to sustain themselves.”
This vision of native peoples satisfied with the bare essentials, minding their own business is pure romanticism. The theory of evolution, developed in the same time period as the discovery of many indigenous peoples, is predicated on the observation of the “survival of the fittest”, and it is a fact that apes have inherently violent natures.
As the famous explorer Captain Cook discovered to his mortal chagrin, evidence supports the most ancient historical records that humanity has from the outset been murderers and thieves, with the strong oppressing the weak.
…it is obvious that the techniques of organized warfare had been developed and were ready for extensive application at the beginning of historic times as man crossed the boundary of the pre-historic world into civilization. The societies of the Tigris-Euphrates and Nile valleys were forged from the outset in war, and the skill of war was one of the most important distinguishing characteristics of the early civilizations.
And current civilization. Truces and surrenders only provide brief respites to gather armies and stockpile weapons. When the balance of power tips to one side, it all starts again. Every single great power has risen only to fall. Do we Americans really believe that our government is strong enough to override this inexorable course of history?
The human race does not ends in a win for mankind. Even the scattered survivors of an apocalypse will wipe each other out if left to their standard modus operandi. That is what makes The Walking Dead so horrifyingly true to life. The zombies aren’t the greatest threat. It’s the other survivors.
So megalomaniac leaders put their faith in alliances with non-human hyperdimensional beings.
Think about that for two seconds.
What other reason would supermen have to ally themselves with mere humans other than to gain access to our resources for themselves? And after the more highly advanced civilization enslaves and plunders the less advanced civilization, what do they do?
tThe Rape of Africa was the invasion, occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers…(between 1881 and 1914). The 10 percent of Africa that was under formal European control in 1870 increased to almost 90 percent by 1914…
Technological advances facilitated European expansion overseas…Medical advances also played an important role…
the demand for raw materials, especially copper, cotton, rubber, palm oil, cocoa, diamonds, tea, and tin…
large native populations were also a source of military power; Britain and France used large numbers of British Indian and North African soldiers…
…From 1885 to 1908, many atrocities were perpetrated in the Congo Free State…laborers who failed to meet rubber collection quotas were often punished by having their hands cut off…up to 8 million of the estimated 16 million native inhabitants died between 1885 and 1908…depopulation had four main causes: “indiscriminate war”, starvation, reduction of births and diseases… It has been estimated that sleeping sickness and smallpox killed nearly half the population in the areas surrounding the lower Congo River…
A similar situation occurred in the neighbouring French Congo…brutal methods, along with the introduction of disease, resulted in the loss of up to 50 percent of the indigenous population…
to build the Suez Canal…sources estimate…that 120,000 workers died over the ten years of construction due to malnutrition, fatigue and disease, especially cholera…
Germany became the third-largest colonial power in Africa….Weltpolitik (world policy) was adopted by Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1890, with the aim of transforming Germany into a global power through aggressive expansion…which ultimately led to World War I.
The Second World War was the most destructive war in history. Estimates of the dead range as high as fifty-five million…millions of homeless and hungry men, women, and children wandered through city and countryside…
Yet the First World War, not the Second, was the single most important event in shaping the history of Europe during the twentieth century...For the First World War differed fundamentally from the wars that had preceded it…By 1914 war had become total, requiring the complete mobilization of civilians at home in support of the national war effort…With entire nations armed, Wilson commented on the eve of American entry into the war, “the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into every fiber of our national life…”
Modern technology had enabled the combatants to kill with unprecedented efficiency. Democratic nationalism had infused civilians and soldiers alike with the determination to fight until they had administered a crushing defeat.
The First World War shattered the hope that civilization in the West was making continuous progress toward a more rational and enlightened world…
Europeans came to the realization that they had not, after all, progressed very far from barbarism; the supposedly civilized men of the twentieth century had outdone in savagery the barbarians of all preceding ages.
Yet despite the underlying belief in Evolution with its dictum of Survival of the Fittest and the overriding knowledge of the history of the domination of the weak by the stronger, massive resources have been expended since the most ancient times accessing the more advanced denizens of the heavens via ziggurats and astronomical calculators up to modern day space probes and interstellar and nuclear research programs.
We can count on the powerful making alliances amongst themselves and discarding the rest of us once they’ve used up what they can get from us.
During the 19th-20th century European takeover of undeveloped nations:
conquests of territories were inevitably followed by public displays of the indigenous people for scientific and leisure purposes…”human zoos” could be found in Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, etc., with 200,000 to 300,000 visitors attending each exhibition.
In [1906 at the Bronx Zoo in New York City], Madison Grant, head of the New York Zoological Society…a scientific racist and eugenicist, placed [Pygmy] Ota Benga in a cage with an orangutan and labeled him “The Missing Link” in an attempt to illustrate Darwinism, and in particular that Africans like Ota Benga are closer to apes than were Europeans…
There is even a shockingly open declaration of the need to wipe out this dysfunctional world and start from scratch.
And how’s that going to turn out? “Destroy a weary universe”?! Does it really take the most brilliant scientist of our day to analyze that? Especially those who deny that our current universe was created? Hello?
The Higgs boson, sometimes referred to as the ‘god particle,’ much to the chagrin of scientists who prefer the official name, is a tiny particle that signals the existence of…an invisible energy field present throughout the universe that imbues other particles with mass…
a theoretical physicist at the CERN lab, where the Higgs boson was discovered, explained… an unlucky…change in energy, could trigger [destabilization of the universe]…
Here’s how Hawking describes this Higgs doomsday scenario…the universe could undergo catastrophic vacuum decay…at the speed of light. This could happen at any time and we wouldn’t see it coming.”
Is the following prayer your response to the intense anxiety this subject provokes?
Protect me from knowing what I don’t need to know. Protect me from even knowing that there are things to know that I don’t know. Protect me from knowing that I decided not to know about the things that I decided not to know about. Amen.
How about overcoming fear, not with speculation, but with truth?
All you really need to know for the moment is that the universe is a lot more complicated than you might think, even if you start from a position of thinking it’s pretty damn complicated in the first place.
Or as Douglas Adams sums it up: “Don’t panic.”
I am proposing that you resolve your anxiety about the meaning of life, the universe, and everything by finding a solid basis for faith in the midst of a crisis.
Obviously most people put their faith in themselves, thinking they can figure out the truth intuitively, without need to gather and study any data about the subject at hand.
But can we trust ourselves, really?
The biggest crisis we face in this life is death, especially the question of where I’ll be and what I’ll be like after death. This isn’t a question I can really afford to ignore, neither can I trust my own limited experience on such a significant issue.
This is where we inevitably put our trust in a leader and his promises. We trust who we deem to be an authority on religion, philosophy, or science.
- Religion automatically posits the existence of God or gods as powerful spirit beings to whom humans can turn for help resolving super-human problems.
- Philosophy and science generally look for explanations and solutions in the observable four-dimensional world, which means leaving spiritual interventions out of the study.
This is fair, because maximizing consistency in the subjects under study is the only way that consistent predictions about future expectations can be made about cause-effect relationships. An example of this is a medical study on the benefit of taking a baby aspirin daily to prevent heart disease. It can’t include prayer to God for healing because of inconsistency in belief or use of prayer by the study subjects, not to mention unpredictability in God’s intervention.
The key difference between philosophy and science is how they arrive at their conclusions, AKA beliefs about the world.
In-duction is a process where in-dividual arguments and premises are used to develop a generalization or a conclusion that can be attributed to much more than the initial subjects. In this method, the conclusion may be validated or disproved by the preceding premises.
Philosophy – which includes psychology – starts by observing human behavior in specific instances and generalizes this to draw conclusions about human nature in the entire population. Due to the limited data used by philosophers for their theses, there is a high probability of a faulty conclusion. Most of all, while typically expressed as facts, philosophical conclusions are in reality only theories which may be disproved or overthrown by a paradigm shift.
- in 1952 the American Psychiatric Association published its first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-1), the definitive criteria for diagnosing behaviors as psychiatric illnesses. At that time it classifed “homosexuality” as a “sociopathic personality disturbance.”
- But in 1968 the second edition (DSM-2) reclassified homosexuality as a “sexual deviation.”
- This was in turn replaced in 1973’s DSM-III by a new category called “Ego Dystonic Homosexuality”, as a political compromise to homosexual social activists.
- In 1987 the DSM-IV completely removed homosexuality.
So in just 35 years the psychiatric community changed from pronouncing adult homosexuality to be a sociopathic condition to being a normal variant of sexual behavior. But we’re not settled on psychiatric “facts” yet.
- In 2000 the revised DSM-IV (TR) included children for the first time in homosexuality with a diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder in Children. As a disorder this was considered a illness to be treated by changing the patient’s thinking, behavior and emotions.
- In May 2013 the DSM-5 removed the GIDC diagnosis and replaced it with Gender Dysphoria. The difference is that dysphoria = unhappiness to be resolved by social support of the individual’s sense of self.
- “There is some controversy around the inclusion of gender dysphoria within the diagnostic manuals, as it may inadvertently pathologize gender variance through its inclusion in this manual.
- Minority stress is seen systemically through the chronic violence toward transgender and gender nonconforming individuals, high rates of homelessness, underemployment, and poor medical care for these individuals.
- the dysphoria is not the result of the individual’s gender identity itself.
While stated as a factual relationship of cause (discrimination) and effect (severe depression), the association of mental and social problems with society’s disapproval of this behavior is statistically a simple correlation. We find one occurring with the other. There is no proof that disapproval is the major reason for mental and social problems, simply a theory that that is the case. There is bias by the social scientists’ failure to engage in scientifically conducted research on other possible causes in a controlled study.
If we are objective on this issue, we see that a massive social paradigm shift on sexuality has come about by accepting a minority social activists group’s self-benefiting demands after a couple of decades while rejecting millennia’s-long social leaders’ prohibitions with the interests of all of society in mind. On what basis do we place our trust that the outcome for our children’s future will be positive? On one’s own rejection of civil or religious authority? Certainly not on time-tested evidence.
Would you trust your child’s future to such unproven treatment in the medical field?
Philosophical conclusions are inevitably limited by the observations of human behavior available to the philosopher, and colored by the philosopher’s prejudice. Since philosophy often starts with the premise that there is no God, they aren’t trustworthy for determining best course of action for consideration of any life hereafter. And that’s not a rabid Christian speaking. That’s Norman Mailer.
…atheism is a cropless undertaking when it comes to philosophy…It is, after all, near to impossible for a philosopher to explore how we are here without entertaining some notion of what the prior force might have been. Cosmic speculation is asphyxiated if existence came into being ex nihilo [out of nothing]. In Sartre’s case–worse. Existence came into being without a clue to suggest whether we are here for good purpose, or there is no reason whatsoever for us.
That’s from Francis Bacon.
Bacon has been called the father of empiricism…Most importantly, he argued science could be achieved by use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves…the general idea of the importance and possibility of a sceptical methodology makes Bacon the father of the scientific method. This method was a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, the practical details of which are still central in debates about science and methodology.
In contrast to philosophy, science primarily studies material substance and uses de-duction to draw conclusions about reality. In the reverse process of in-ductive reasoning, deduction starts with general information to arrive at specific conclusions. The greater amount of data gives science greater credibility than philosophy…but that doesn’t mean greater accuracy.
As with philosophy, scientific conclusions are often presented or accepted as facts, but in fact science only derives generally accepted explanations about material reality. Even the cardinal fact-finder, the scientific method, is only applicable when direct observation is possible, and must be verified by repeated experiments.
When experimentation is not possible, science
- formulates a hypothesis, which by definition is a statement of the desired condition, then
- develops a theory via imagination,
- bolstered by assuming regularity and similarity to known conditions.
If just one assumption is wrong, then the conclusion is wrong.
Because life after death isn’t accessible for experimentation, the scientific method can’t give answers to the questions about its reality or condition, and can only speculate. Many scientific theories, such as evolution and the Big Bang, begin with a desired hypothesis that God does not exist, then invent a more-or-less plausible alternate explanation for currently observed reality. These provide welcome, but hazardous, shelters, for people looking for justification for their own rejection of a higher authority than themselves.
Science is most applicable to researching the material body, philosophy for understanding the behaviors directed by the personality / soul. Religion is different from both science and philosophy in that it can’t rely solely on direct observation, but must depend on revelation for truth about a hyper-dimensional spirit, to which one responds with trust in the revelator.
With that definition, it can be seen that any purportedly scientific or philosophical teachings involving aspects of human experience that are unknowable by direct observation are in fact religious teachings on which people base their faith on someone’s revelation, such as philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche‘s pronouncement that “God is dead” or scientist Richard Dawkin’s promotion of the theory of evolution.
Whaaat? In the same breath you preach a dogmatic trust in science books while admitting continuous errors in scientific claims? Why does anyone listen to you? Can you recognize the cult leader in this man?
Belief in evolution is…passionately defended by the scientific establishment, despite the lack of any observable scientific evidence for macroevolution (that is, evolution from one distinct kind of organism into another). This odd situation is briefly documented here by citing recent statements from leading evolutionists admitting their lack of proof…
And a-theism, no less than theism, is a religion! Even doctrinaire-atheistic evolutionist Richard Dawkins admits that atheism cannot be proved to be true.
Of course we can’t prove that there isn’t a God.
Therefore, they must believe it, and that makes it a religion…
Eminent scientific philosopher and ardent Darwinian atheist Michael Ruse has even acknowledged that evolution is their religion!
Evolution is promoted by its practitioners as more than mere science. Evolution is promulgated as an ideology, a secular religion — a full-fledged alternative to Christianity, with meaning and morality . . . . Evolution is a religion. This was true of evolution in the beginning, and it is true of evolution still today…
They must believe in evolution, therefore, in spite of all the evidence, not because of it. And speaking of deceptions, note the following remarkable statement.
We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, . . . in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated commitment to materialism. . . . we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counterintuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.
The author of this frank statement is Richard Lewontin of Harvard. Since evolution is not a laboratory science, there is no way to test its validity, so all sorts of justso stories are contrived to adorn the textbooks. But that doesn’t make them true! An evolutionist reviewing a recent book by another (but more critical) evolutionist, says:
We cannot identify ancestors or “missing links,” and we cannot devise testable theories to explain how particular episodes of evolution came about. Gee is adamant that all the popular stories about how the first amphibians conquered the dry land, how the birds developed wings and feathers for flying, how the dinosaurs went extinct, and how humans evolved from apes are just products of our imagination, driven by prejudices and preconceptions.
A fascinatingly honest admission by a physicist indicates the passionate commitment of establishment scientists to naturalism. Speaking of the trust students naturally place in their highly educated college professors, he says:
And I use that trust to effectively brainwash them. . . . our teaching methods are primarily those of propaganda. We appeal — without demonstration — to evidence that supports our position. We only introduce arguments and evidence that supports the currently accepted theories and omit or gloss over any evidence to the contrary…
The leading evolutionist is generally considered to be Sir Julian Huxley, primary architect of modern neo-Darwinism. Huxley called evolution a “religion without revelation” and wrote a book with that title (2nd edition, 1957). In a later book…he argued passionately that we must change “our pattern of religious thought from a God-centered to an evolution-centered pattern…” “The God hypothesis . . . is becoming an intellectual and moral burden on our thought…we must construct something to take its place…”
the reader is reminded again that all quotations in the article are from doctrinaire evolutionists…The evolutionists themselves, to all intents and purposes, have shown that evolutionism is not science, but religious faith in atheism.
According to evolutionists themselves, they offer an alternative faith to Christianity. Makes sense. But evolution is the religion that demands blind faith and trust in the revelator and belief DESPITE EVIDENCE to the contrary. Such as Richard Dawkin’s claim that books about evolution present overwhelming quantities of mutually buttressed evidence. I’m sorry, but what a liar.
There is one book has never – ever – been proven to be wrong about anything it has reported in the course of human history for over 6,000 years. Oh, it has constantly been claimed to wrong, but never proven to be wrong. And the way to escape destruction and even death is its theme.
“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw. Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand. I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book…And I turned to see…one like unto the Son of man…And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death. Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;“ (Revelation 1)
“And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea [outer space], and the things which are therein [aliens, explained in the next post], that there should be time no longer: But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth…And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.” (Revelation 10)
What makes the Bible unique among all other religious – or philosophical or science -books is the proof it gives to back up its assertions.
“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.
- For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
- Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
- Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And…changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.” (Romans 1:18-25)
Of all religious leaders, Yahweh’s Consecrated Savior – delegated before time began – alone proved, by his own resurrection, to have the power to fulfill his “exceeding great and precious promises: that…ye might be partakers of the divine nature” reported by contemporary “eyewitnesses of his majesty.”
“For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that
- The Chosen or Sent One / Messiah / Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
- And that he was buried,
- and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:
- And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. And last of all he was seen of me also…” (I Cor 15:3-8)
There is good reason why, according to Guinness World Records, “Although it is impossible to obtain exact figures, there is little doubt that the Bible is the world’s best-selling and most widely distributed book. A survey by the Bible Society concluded that around 2.5 billion copies were printed between 1815 and 1975, but more recent estimates put the number at more than 5 billion.” And that’s not even taking into consideration the fact that the first section of this book, commonly called the Torah, has been in continuous circulation for about 3,500 years. So there is something special about this book.
I encourage you to give this book a fair hearing. Put aside what other people have said about it and find out for yourself. Ignore the patently hypocritical politicization of religion and determine if there is a reality to a relationship with a powerful, just but merciful and loving hyper-dimensional Being.
The posts in this blog provide a fair and balanced assessment of the Bible’s portrayal of God’s involvement in human history, using the same procedures used in scientific research and literary and legal hermeneutics to assess the reliability and validity of the claims made.
As a medical professional, I have applied rigorous research methods to my own evaluation of the claims of the Bible.
Word ‘Research’ is comprised of two words = Re+Search. It means to search again. So research means a systematic investigation or activity to gain new knowledge of the already existing facts…
It is responsible for bringing to light new knowledge. It is also responsible for correcting the present mistakes, removing existing misconceptions and adding new learning to the existing fund of knowledge…
Characteristics of Research…
- directed toward the solution of a problem…
- In this blog, the problem is determining if there is life after death, and what, if anything, can be done to guarantee it.
- emphasizes the development of generalizations principles, or theories that will be helpful in predicting future occurrences.
- In this blog, that apply to all humanity.
- based upon observable experience or empirical evidences.
- involves gathering new data from primary or first-hand sources or using existing data for a new purpose.
- characterized by carefully designed procedures that apply rigorous analysis.
- strives to be objective and logical, applying every possible test to validate the procedures employed the data collected and the conclusions reached.
There are varieties of ways through which topics are researched. Based on the nature of the topic being researched in this blog, the following types of research are employed.
Qualitative Research: doesn’t involve measurements or numbers but instead characteristics of human perception and behavior.
- Inductive analysis is a major part of qualitative observational research because…questions evolve during the research process. The researcher can form any hypothesis through the answers and work backwards to prove or disprove it or even build on it.
- Naturalism or naturalistic inquiry…focuses on how people react or behave when they are put in a real life situation…hinges on the reality that things in general are coherent, consistent and predictable.
- Context sensitivity – The researcher…should not negate an opinion or thought on the basis of a personal bias.
Basic/ Fundamental /pure or Theoretical Research: Its utility is universal.
Longitudinal Research Examples…are historical…and genetic research.
Philosophical Research: focusing on the vision of others, that would be God’s vision in the Bible.
Case-Study Research: deals with unusual events like resurrection from the dead.
And if the idea of being that objective about studying the Bible wigs you out, wait until you discover the process required to effectively carry out research. This blog has followed this process.
(i) Formulating the Research Problem – Is there continued existence of the self after material death, and do I have any control over what happens?
(ii) Extensive Literature Survey – of various answers to this question.
(iii) Developing the Research Hypothesis – There is hyper-dimensional life after four-dimensional death and the Bible documents how to access it.
(iv) Preparing the Research Design – Qualitative observations of God’s involvement with humanity as documented in the Bible.
(v) Determining the Research Design – Compare and contrast the statements made about God for reliability – consistency throughout the account – and validity – supporting evidence external to the account.
(vi) Collecting the Research Data – Read through the Bible systematically to develop a coherent record of God’s involvement with humanity.
(vii) Execution of the Project – Compare and contrast internal statements against 1) themselves and 2) external evidence.
(viii) Analysis of Data – Statements that are consistent within the Bible establish reliability, statements that are consistent with known data outside the Bible establish validity.
(ix) Hypothesis Testing – If the Bible is shown to be reliable and valid, the hypothesis is determined to be true.
(x) Generalization and Interpretation – The Bible is a trustworthy document for using as a guide to life.
(xi) Preparing of the Report or Presentation of the Result – In my case, this blog.
Hermes was also the inventor of language, an interpreter, a liar and a trickster. As Socrates noted, words have the power to reveal or conceal and can deliver messages in an ambiguous way. The Greek view of language as consisting of signs that could lead to truth or to falsehood was the essence of Hermes, who was said to relish the uneasiness of those who received the messages he delivered.
The term exegesis is interchangeable with hermeneutics.
exegesis may include the study of the historical and cultural backgrounds of the author, text, and original audience. Other analyses include…grammatical and syntactical features in the text itself.
One of the early examples, and one of the larger corpora of text commentaries from the ancient world, comes from Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq) in the first millennium BCE. Containing over 860 manuscripts…these commentaries explore numerous types of texts, including literary works (such as the Babylonian Epic of Creation), medical treatises, magical texts, ancient dictionaries, and law collections (the Code of Hammurabi)…
They shed light on what the concerns of the Mesopotamian literate elite were when they read some of the most widely studied texts in the Mesopotamian intellectual tradition, a perspective that is important for “seeing things their way.”…
the Protestant Reformation brought about a renewed interest in the interpretation of the Bible…back to the texts themselves. Martin Luther and John Calvin emphasized scriptura sui ipsius interpres (scripture interprets itself).
Eight rules of determining truth by applied hermeneutics.
- Definition – Define terms as they will be used in your research.
- The definition of science according to the Science Council:
- Evidence is collected
- Experiments and/or observations MUST be made
- Then a process that fails to gather evidence and conduct experiments and/or make observations can’t be science.
- The definition of science according to the Science Council:
- Usage – Foreign words, idioms, and slang (Short LANGuage) can confuse the meanings of words.
- cool, hot, wicked, cookies, mouse
- “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day”…(Revelation 1:10) Does John mean Sunday or the Day of the Lord?
- Context – The big picture. The truth, the WHOLE truth, and NOTHING BUT the truth. Matthew 16:24 “If any man will come after me, let him…
deny himself, and take up his cross and follow me.”
- Background – We can’t just read the Bible and interpret it from our way of life. Historical and cultural settings must be understood.
- Logic – Building complex arguments from simple statements to prove something is true.
- Critical thinking uses logic to separate truth from falsehood and reasonable from unreasonable beliefs.
- Studying and judging for yourself “Is this true?” Don’t believe something just because a respected person said it.
- Break Complex information down into smaller pieces of simpler information. If one small piece is wrong, the whole thing is wrong.
- Uncover the source and recognize hidden agendas and bias. Is it to sell you something or use you? Especially in social media.
- Precedence – Once the evidence for a case has been examined and a decision made, this judgment covers subsequent similar cases.
- Unity – Any document must be understood as a unified message, and any part of the message must be consistent with the rest of it.
- Old Testament: “And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth.” Genesis 6:7
- New Testament: For God so loved the world…John 3:16
- Hermeneutical analysis requires searching for an explanation that brings consistency between destruction of mankind on one hand and love of mankind on the other.
- “There were giants in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown….and the earth was filled with violence…And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth. Make thee an ark…”(Genesis 6)
Believe me, the Bible becomes way more interesting when you set aside the boring memories of Sunday rituals and stories dumbed down to grade school level.
- Inference – Using observable facts and logical reasoning to prove non-observable truth. We can’t see God, but there is enough scientific evidence in the observable facts of an amazingly complex physical world to infer the existence of a Creator/Sustainer God who owns & controls it all.
The Bible claims to teach us how to become fully alive, and survive all forces of destruction – even death. I encourage you to explore the Bible with an open mind. What have you got to lose?
Oh, yeah. Freedom to make your own rules. Control over what you can do in life.
Seriously, how old are you? Do you really believe you have control over your life now? And do you seriously believe that you will have any control in a crisis?
Who are you trusting to save you and your loved ones? The politicians and scientists? The unknown aliens with their own agenda?