18) Melchizedek Moses

~1452 BC – 1322 BC: Moses, Jacob’s great-great-grandson 

Key Precept: The establishment of the Levitical priesthood serving the nation of Israel does not do away with the higher echelon Melchizedekian priesthood serving the whole world. 

For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was…to Abraham [and] his seed…(Romans 4:13)

Most regrettably, by the time most Bible studies leave the book of Genesis and advance to Exodus, the whole concept of the Hebrew nation led by Melchizedek, the Promised Seed / Messiah / Christ has been forgotten in the focus on the nation of Israel.

Frustratingly, despite direct scriptural statements, mainstream Christianity treats Isaac, Jacob and Joseph as types of Christ / Messiah / the Promised Seed, and not as actual Christs / Promised Seeds in direct descent from the Adams in the order of Melchizedek in their own right. Don’t let the close focus theological conclusions of Paul’s arguments in the 1st century AD blur your awareness of the long range background proofs.

He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is The Promised One / Messiah / Christ…In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is…the children [including grand-, greatgrand-, in a line of descent] of God [are] the children of the promise…the seed. (Romans 9:7-8)

Following the posts on Melchizedek and Father Abraham, this study keeps the focus on the most ancient order – line of descent – of Melchizedek, God’s Priest-King of the Hebrew nation, Chosen Son of God who expressed the Father’s likeness and acts in the Father’s interests for the benefit of the whole world.

Joseph inherited this position at the age of 57 upon the death of his father, after training for 27 years as Prime Minister in the world-wide Gentile empire. We know the timeline because Scripture explicitly, and seemingly randomly, states that Joseph became Prime Minister at the age of 30, then gives us other data regarding Jacob’s death that we can apply to Joseph.

This numerical data is not random, and shouldn’t be overlooked. As in scientific research, or a mortgage application, numerical data answers questions, i.e. “reveals mysteries” about important activities like COVID resurgence or erratic employment. So let’s collect this subtle but highly significant background information as we track the Hebrew Melchizedek ruling from international Egypt back to the land formerly known as the land of the Hebrews but currently overrun by the Canaanites.

and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. and came into Egypt,

  • Jacob, and all his seed with him:
    • His sons, and his daughters, 1st generation
    • his sons’ sons and his sons’ daughters” 2nd generation

All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six; And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls [Ephraim and Manasseh]: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten  (70).” (Genesis 46:5-7, 26-27)

Note that the text makes a point that Jacob’s grandchildren, i.e. his 2nd generation, entered Egypt. It further makes the point that Joseph, from Jacob’s 1st generation, was still alive to see his own 3rd generation, i.e. Jacob’s 4th generation. Using 30 years as the age of reaching adulthood, therefore an approximate “generation“, we can calculate a rough estimate of 60 years for these two generations born in Egypt after the 2nd generation entered Egypt. I’ve rearranged the text slightly without changing the wording to create a database out of the narrative.

  1. “And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’s house: and Joseph lived 110 years. And Joseph saw
  2. Ephraim and Manasseh [born before Joseph was 37 yrs old]
  3. Ephraim’s children and Machir the son of Manasseh [born before Joseph was 67 yrs old 
  4. Ephraim’s children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh [born before Joseph was 97 years old]. (Genesis 50:22-23)

We can extrapolate from this that, in his role as Melchizedek, Joseph ministered to the adult Hebrew children of Israel through the third generation of his older brothers, i.e. the fourth generation of Jacob / Israel.

Another text lists the genealogies of the other sons of Israel, one of them being Levi.

  1. “the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years. And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations, 
  2. Gershon, Merari and Kohath [entered Egypt]: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years. And the sons of Kohath;
  3. Izhar, Hebron, Uzziel and Amram: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bare him
  4. Aaron and Moses[fourth generation of Jacob / Israel]. (Exodus 6)

Using our estimations, Moses would have been born during Joseph’s lifetime and would have heard all about it when Joseph, like his father before him, gave his dying declaration: 

“And Joseph said unto his brethren…God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence. So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old.” (Genesis 50:24-26)

There is a good reason why Jacob’s body was taken shortly after his death for burial in the promised land but Joseph’s burial could wait until the entire group left for good. Joseph knew that he was relaying the promise of occupying the promised land to the very generation to whom this promise applied. 

“And he (the LORD) said unto Abram,

  • Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs,
  • and shall serve them;
  • and they shall afflict them four hundred years;
  • And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge:
  • and afterward shall they come out with great substance…
  • in the fourth generation they shall come hither again” (Genesis 15:13-16) 

But wait a minute! If we calculate 60 years for the 3rd and 4th generations plus another 50 years for fourth generation Moses who was 80 years old when he led the children of Israel out of Egypt, we only get, at most, about 110 years between entering and leaving Egypt, and this text give 400 years of affliction. What’s the deal?

The problem comes from speed reading through the Bible without fact checking.

Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt for 430 years. This number also appears in Galatians 3:17.

But when you add up the genealogical record [which?] you only come up with about 190-215 years.

How can we resolve this seeming contradiction?…

Short Answer: The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years. There is nothing in the chronologies that indicates anything different.

Let’s look closely at the texts provided in the above answer to resolve a seeming contradiction.

  • Now the sojourning of the children of Israel,
  • who dwelt in Egypt,
  • was four hundred and thirty years.
  • And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. ” (Exodus 12:40-41)

Note that this passage states two separate sets of circumstances, reported as phrases separated by commas, that are improperly combined into one set of circumstances by the short analysis. Read closely – the sojourning of the children of Israel was 430 years. So-journ includes the root of the word “journ-ey” in our English translation, providing the sense of being on the move, temporary. Think gypsy lifestyle – traveler.

 “By faith Abraham…sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling  in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:” (Hebrews 11:8-9)

They also dwelt in Egypt for an unspecified period of time. This word denotes the completely opposite condition, that of being settled in place. This was well expressed when the children of Israel moved to Egypt.

“Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan…For to SOJOURN in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying… [in essence, No! No! Don’t wander seeking pasture!] in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to DWELL; in the land of Goshen let them DWELL…” (Genesis 47:4-6)

More significantly than residing in tents or caravans vs houses in cities, a sojourner is an alien without the rights of a citizen or member of society to protection when “afflicted”. The children of Israel were not afflicted in Egypt when they first came in “to dwell”, they had the highest law of the land looking out for their welfare. It was only later in Egypt, and previously in every other country where they “sojourned” including Haran and the land of Canaan, that they were afflicted.

And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field unto his flock, And said unto them, I see your father’s countenance, that it is not toward me as before;…And ye know that with all my power I have served your father. And your father hath deceived me, and changed my wages ten times…And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto him…Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money…And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian, in that…he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over the river, and set his face toward the mount Gilead [high ground in anticipation of a battle for his life and slavery for his wives and children]. 

And it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob was fled. And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him…and they overtook himand Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead. [Battle formation.] And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done…thou hast now done foolishly in so doing. It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt. (Genesis 31)

Shake off your casual assumptions of what Laban’s “hurt” could be! He owned Jacob and his family. They were escaped slaves! Laban could make examples of them with utter impunity, like the infamous Simon Legree in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s incendiary novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This character represented all the evils of slavery in the American South, and strengthened the resolve of Abolitionists to go to war if necessary to end slavery.  And don’t you see that’s exactly what Jacob was willing to do. 

Legree can torture and murder his slaves. He can refuse to let them practice their religion. He can keep them half-starved. He can buy fifteen-year-old Emmeline and use her as a sex slave…it did happen to Cassy…

Stowe wants her reader to feel alarmed at even the possibility that someone like Legree could rule men, women, and children with impunity…Stowe’s 19th century reader may be asking, “Well, how bad could slavery possibly be?” Simon Legree is the answer. In other words, unbelievably, horrifyingly bad…

After God delivers Jacob from that battle, he has to face yet another.

“And Jacob sent messengers before him…saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; I have sojourned with Laban

Thy servant Jacob saith…I have sent…that I may find grace in thy sight…a present…200 she goats, and 20 he goats, 200 ewes, and 20 rams, 30 milch camels with their colts, 40 kine, and 10 bulls, 20 she asses, and 10 foal…it is a present sent unto my lord Esau…” (Genesis 32)

Jacob was rightly groveling as he asked permission to sojourn with Esau. As long as Isaac was alive, which he was at this time, Jacob had no claim to the inheritance he had stolen from Esau. He was indeed a thief, and by the lawlessness of the day – “Might makes Right” – just cited by Laban, Esau was entitled to retribution through the power of his men.

And did you really think God approved of the way Jacob went about obtaining possession of the land, regardless of God’s intention for him to have it in the end? The ends don’t justify the means in God’s book. There were consequences, and Jacob’s hardships were brought on by his own actions, requiring God’s chastening to transform him into the likeness of The Promised Seed / Messiah / Christ.

And don’t let cultural incompetence mislead you into thinking that Jacob‘s “present” was for ”making up after a fight”, like a husband with flowers. In a political context, a present from one leader to another is an acknowledgement of the other’s higher authority, like bowing and kissing, and the right to impose tribute on subjugated peoples, or customs duty on travelers seeking to profit from enterprises within their territory.

In the following text, Herodotus of Halicarnassus [the Father of History] tells us how Darius organized the Persian empire in tax districts or satrapies. The reliefs of Persepolis show how the subject people mentioned below bring their tribute…

A few peoples upon whom no regular tax was imposed made a contribution in the form of gifts; the Nubians, for instance, on the Egyptian border […] Every second year these two nations brought – and still bring to-day about two quarts of unrefined gold, two hundred logs of ebony, and twenty elephant tusks…Lastly, the Arabs brought a thousand talents – about twenty-five and a half tons – of frankincense every year. This, then, was the revenue which the king received over and above what was produced by regular taxation.

The Book of Jasher, which if not accepted as 100% spiritually accurate, at least has historical cultural relevance. This gives credible accounts of battles between the children of Israel and the inhabitants of the land of Canaan, supporting the prediction of years of affliction to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. This actually is a good thing in that God’s people draw closer to him when we are desperate, and there’s no better witness of God’s ability to save than eyewitness examples.

Jashub king of Tapnach...sent to all the kings of the Amorites that surrounded Shechem and Tapnach, saying, Go up with me and assist me, and we will smite Jacob the Hebrew and all his sons, and destroy them from the earth, for thus did he do to the city of Shechem, and do you not know of it? And the seven kings of the Amorites assembled with all their armies, about ten thousand men with drawn swords, and they came to fight against the sons of Jacob; 

And Jacob exclaimed against Simeon and Levi, saying, What is this act that you did?…And Judah answered his father, saying, Was it for naught my brothers Simeon and Levi killed all the inhabitants of Shechem? Surely it was because Shechem had humbled our sister, and transgressed the command of our God to Noah and his children, for Shechem took our sister away by force, and committed adultery with her…

And Judah said unto Simeon and Levi, and unto all his brothers, Strengthen yourselves and be sons of valor, for the Lord our God is with us, do not fear them. Stand forth each man, girt with his weapons of war, his bow and his sword, and we will go and fight against these uncircumcised men; the Lord is our God, He will save us…

[You do realize that Judah had his grandfather Abraham’s example to follow, and thaJudah’s descendant David, as do millions of schoolboys for thousands of years, shaped his character and  behavior on heroic stories like these.]

And all the kings of the Amorites came…to consult with their counsellors what was to be done with the sons of Jacob, for they were still afraid of them, saying, Behold, two of them slew the whole of the city of Shechem. And the Lord heard the prayers of Isaac and Jacob, and he filled the hearts of all these kings’ advisers with great fear and terror that they unanimously exclaimed…Surely you know that their God is exceedingly fond of them, and has done mighty things for them, such as have not been done from days of old, and amongst all the gods of nations, there is none can do like unto his mighty deeds…

Surely he delivered their father Abraham, the Hebrew, from the hand of Nimrod, and from the hand of all his people who had many times sought to slay him…

And…behold, we ourselves saw with our eyes that Esau, the brother of Jacob, came to him with four hundred men, with the intention of slaying him, for he called to mind that he had taken away from him his father’s blessing…and who delivered him from his hands but his God in whom he trusted? he delivered him from the hand of his brother and also from the hands of his enemies, and surely he again will protect them… 

Surely you know and understand that you do not come to fight with them, but you come to war with their God who made choice of them, and you have therefore all come this day to be destroyed.

And when the kings of the Amorites heard all the words of their advisers, their hearts were filled with terror, and they were afraid of the sons of Jacob and would not fight against them.

Back to the future. Rather than substantiating the short analysis’ misreading of Exodus 12:41, the Galatians passage firmly places the start date of the 430 years back to Abram, not the entering of Jacob’s family into Egypt.

Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made [one of which was granting possession of the land inhabited by the Canaanites in Abraham’s day.]And this I say, that 

  • the covenant / commitment / promise, that was confirmed [to Abram] before of God in Christ [the Promised Seed]
  • the law [to Moses], which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect…God gave it to Abraham by promise.” (Galatians 3:16-18)

Getting the timeline straight between the children of Israel entering and leaving Egypt is actually key to unlocking a mystery about the Exodus.


Because the Exodus happened to Abram’s Hebrew nation ruled by Melchizedek, NOT Israel’s nation under the Mosaic law. That was not established until after the Exodus.

“And the LORD said unto Moses…Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning…And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness. (Hebrews 7:14-16)

Jacob is only the most well known founder of an Abrahamic nation. His family was very small in his lifetime, consisting of only 70 direct descendants at the time this nation entered Egypt. There was no politically recognized nation of Israel until over a hundred years after Jacob died when it was constituted under Moses at Mount Sinai.

In the meantime, Jacob and his descendants continued to be identified with Abraham’s multinational Hebrew people.

And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar…an Egyptian, bought himAnd his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand. [Obviously the LORD is known as the God of the Hebrews to this Egyptian.]And it came to pass after these things, that his master’s wife…called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; ” (Gen 39:1-14)


“And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river [Moses’ mom probably put him in the river during the optimal time to catch the eye of a powerful maternal ally – during a religious ritual such as those in India]…she saw the ark among the flags…when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said,

  • This is one of the Hebrews’ children.
  • Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women…
  • when Moses was grown…he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.” (Exodus 2:5-11)

We need to keep Jacob’s Hebrew national background in view as the story line narrows its focus from the whole world at the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11 to Abraham’s seed from Genesis 12 onward, without altering its theme and main plot which is to restore spiritual life and dominion over the earth to people from ALL nations of mankind.


Abraham’s Hebrew nation, like America, was a haven for the peoples seeking freedom from oppression and want. While Abraham and his small household lived out this promise on a small scale, it exploded on the world scene about 400 years later during the Exodus of the Hebrew people from the oppressive Egyptian Empire. 

“The Exodus has reverberated through world history”, and is such a significant biblical event, perhaps second only to creation, that it is as vehemently denied by Bible critics as creation itself. 

There is no question that belief in the Exodus requires faith in the God and “his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds…upholding all things by the word of his power” (Letter to the Hebrews 1:1-3) including controlling the triggering, timing and intensity of what could very likely have been a cascade of natural events comprising the plagues on Egypt.

I put to you that it requires more of what is called faith, but is actually uninformed biased opinion, to believe in god-less speculations than the written record providing hermeneutical verification of the claims made.

For the persons who are at the least willing to consider the biblical narrative, the point I would like to drive home in this post is that the Exodus occurred to Hebrews, NOT Jews or Israelites.

Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.” (Exodus 9:1, also verse 13, and 10:3)

The LORD God reiterates himself as the God of Abraham even as the nation of Israel was coalescing into existence.

“Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses…the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.” (Exodus 4:5, also verse 6, verse 15, verse16)

The text plainly states that the children of Israel did not become identified as a unique people / nation ruled by God until after the establishment of the Mosaic Covenant with God on Mount Sinai.

And Moses and the priests the Levites spake unto all Israel, saying, Take heed, and hearken, O Israel; this day thou art become the people of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt therefore

  1. obey the voice of the LORD thy God,
  2. and do his commandments and his statutes” (Deuteronomy 27:9-10)

Why should the idea that the Exodus occurred to Hebrews rather than the nation of Israel be shocking? Why do we minimize the role of the earlier Godly Hebrew nation in founding the later nation of Israel?

The Hebrew people are the source of a unique but vital contribution to our Western heritageit is the treasure of sacred literature which constitutes the Hebrew legacy.  The tradition of a monotheistic religion upon which Christianity would build and out of which the modern world would emerge, has arguably served as the wellspring of Western civilization.

Monotheism (the belief that God is one) set the Hebrews apart from the other ancient Near Eastern civilizations. Their monotheism contributed to their understanding of nature as a creation of the transcendent, sovereign, and just God, who made ethical demands of human beings based on His own moral rectitude…The Hebrew belief that each individual was equal before the law became a fundamental notion in Western culture, establishing for the first time the greater worth of the human person over physical property.

In fact, it is only as heirs of Abraham the Hebrew, I.e. as people who walk in the faith of Abraham the Hebrew and his works proving his faith, that the nation of Israel has any claim to occupation of the land promised to Abraham the Hebrew. 

“After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram…Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.” (Genesis 15:1-7)

and thou shalt be a father of many nations

  1. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
  2. And I will give unto thee, and to thy [chosen, not all] seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised…it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you…And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people / nation of Israel; he hath broken my covenant [of land ownership, not salvation].” (Genesis 17:4-14)

faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness…when he was… in uncircumcision…that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.” (Roman 4:9-12)

Historically and hermeneutical the preponderance of evidence for the multinational genetics of the Hebrew nation at the time of the Exodus is that it increased from a total of just 70 direct descendants from Jacob to 603,550 warriors in just two generations after entering Egypt.

“And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai…in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: So were all those that were numbered…603,550  (Numbers 1)

And don’t forget to count the women, children and infirm. “Based on historical data, the adult population in a typical polity in the Middle Ages could support one fighting man for every 15 adults maximum.“ In terms of proportion of number of fighting men per extended family, this is realistic. So multiplying 600,000 x 15 we calculate a census of 9 million people.

Now do you see why the numerical data is so important?

But wait! This says the children of Israel, families, fathers. 

Pay attention to the numbers! Follow the chronology.

During the Passover and three months into the Exodus the group was a mixed bag of nationalities who, for personal benefit, had fled the Egyptian empire led by its powerless gods and joined the Hebrew nation led by its unique God YHVH. Two years later there was a nation of Israel. We need to track what happened in between, starting at three months into the Exodus at Mount Sinai when God addresses the multi-ethnic Hebrew nation within which is contained the genetically and spiritually related nation of Israel.

The Exodus from Egypt was simply one of many common occurrences of people trusting in YHVH to make a way for them to become free from cruel tyranny. Recall from the prior post that the same thing happened during Shem’s exodus from Nimrod’s forced labor at the Tower of Babel. This also happened during Abram’s exodus from the Mesopotamian empire. In both cases various ethnicities within an oppressive empire renounced their allegiance to their source of daily bread and joined the Hebrew nation

Why did a multitude of people from other nations have the faith to do so? Because they heard, and believed in, the marvelous exploits God worked on behalf of his people. In the time of the Egyptian Exodus the amazing rescues of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph were still remembered and recounted.

Even more compelling were the current eyewitness accounts of Moses surviving unscathed from confrontation after confrontation with Pharoah – and preaching – and God proving that he would protect the people who served him by obeying his word.

“Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.

  • He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses:
  • And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field…(Exodus 9:19-23) 

“And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether...the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people. And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die...Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house.

It is vitally important that we sidebar here to ascertain understanding of an ancient cultural practice that is taken for granted in this passage. “House” in this context includes both concrete meaning of “safe house” and abstract meaning of all the people who were under the head man’s authority, therefore protection. I.e., not just family members, but servants as well.

  • “when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house[indicative of others not born in his own house therefore not as trustworthy, good example being Theon Greyjoy] (Genesis 14:14)
  • Abram said…I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascusone born in my house is mine heir.” (Genesis 15:2-3)
  • “Pharaoh said unto Joseph…Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou…I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:39-41)
  • And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh…and his servants.” (Genesis 45:16)
  • Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah. But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man’s wife. But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, LORD, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation?…Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears…For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech.” (Genesis 20)
  • And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother…saying…I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants…Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him…” (Genesis 32:, 35:2)
  • “Esau cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him…And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house [a substantial number of servants required to herd all the animals], and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches [in cattle and consequently herdsmen] were more than that they might dwell together (Genesis 32:6, 36:6-7)
  • Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me…thou, and thy children, and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and thy household…And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house [two different groups], which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; And the men are shepherds [obviously lots of them, not just Jacob’s immediate family] (Genesis 45:9-11, 46:31-32)
  • Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob…And [making a distinction between servants] all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled [with their households including servants.] (Exodus 1:1-7)

Of significance to this study, a man’s household included not only permanent servants but temporary guests who by custom came under the protection of the head of the house.

  • “when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair…and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house…And Pharaoh called Abram and said…Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife [in his harem, but he didn’t, she was simply a guest]..” (Genesis 12:14-19
  • “And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and…Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and…he pressed upon them greatly; and they…entered into his house; and…the men of the city…called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, And said…unto these men do nothing; for therefore [for my protection] came they under the shadow of my roof.” (Genesis 19:1-8

As in America today, there were aliens from all the nations of the world in Egypt as well as the indigenous and naturalized Egyptians and the descendants of Jacob. Some were brought as slaves, some were immigrants like the children of Israel escaping hardships, some conducting political or trade business as usual. These people all experienced the plagues.

Imagine you are one of them, and have just heard the breaking news on the pandemic – the next plague will be the death of the first-born in every family in Egypt. By now you’ve seen enough to believe that the Hebrew God means what he says and does it. You are desperate to save the life of your son, your grandsons, your nephews, your neighbors, and like Lot, rush around begging family and friends to seek shelter with the Hebrew God’s people who have been given a way of escape.

On the dreaded night of doom you crowd into the house of a Hebrew acquaintance with so many other people the door can hardly be closed, but closed it must be, and thank goodness, because the smell of blood on the door is sickening. Between the panic, the heat and the crush of sweaty bodies you are about to heave your guts but your host – speaking in a mix of of a foreign language and broken Egyptian, urgently presses upon you the absolute necessity of eating the unfamiliar and unappetizing food, and you are not about to go against whatever ritual he says is necessary. Hour after hour passes in what becomes almost unbearable, you think you’ll pass out, not that it would make a difference the crowd around you will hold you up if that should happen. To be frank, you need to use the bathroom badly but you’re not going outside even if you could make your way through the crowd. And just when you think you’ve lost it and hear yourself screaming you realize that piercing shriek is coming from next door, follow seconds later by another, and another, until the whole world is a cacophony of horror. Frantically you begin screaming your son’s name, of course you can’t see him and you will claw people out of your way if you have to, when suddenly you see his white face and wide eyes. He’s alive! And that’s all that matters.

And from that point on you are sticking with them Hebrews.

In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai….And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house[hold] of Jacob, and tell [a separate entity] the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself [both the children of Israel and the larger group of unrelated household members].” (Exodus 19:3-4)

Who is the household of Jacob who was brought unto the God of the whole world? The servants of the children of Israel? Hardly. The Hebrews had become slaves in Egypt, remember. The household of Jacob the Hebrew included their non-Israelite house guests who joined them in accepting YHVH’s word for salvation in the Passover.

Moses is never called Melchizedek, but his function as Priest-King leader of the Hebrew nation representing God to the whole world defines his position in this order.

The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth between the cherubims; let the earth be moved. The LORD is great in Zion; and he is high above all the peopleMoses…among his priests…” (Psalm 99:1-6)

Melchisedec, king…priest of the most high God…blessed him that had the promises. And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better… (Hebrews 7)

  • Moses [as High Priest] commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob…
  • And he was king in Jeshurun…
  • of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one…They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands;“ (Deuteronomy 33:1-11)

the LORD…said…Aaron the Levite thy brother…shall be thy spokesman unto the people…and thou shalt be to him instead of God.” (Exodus 4:14-16)

“every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God…And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God as was Aaron. 

So also The Promised Seed / Messiah / Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou are my Son, today have I begotten thee…Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. (Hebrews 5:1-2)

Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock…to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire…And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight

By me kings reign, and princes decree justice…I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me…I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment.” (Proverbs 8:15-21)

And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I

he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham the Hebrew, the God of Isaac the Hebrew, and the God of Jacob the Hebrew. I have surely seen the affliction of my Hebrew people which are in Egypt…And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel one of Abraham’s many nations in the Hebrew federation with a unique promise of inheriting the land described above is come unto me: 

Come now therefore, and I will send theethat thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.

And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?

And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee as my representative / embassador / vicar / priest: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.

he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him? That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name?…The Spirit of the Lord caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name.” (Isaiah 63:11-14)

If Christianity acknowledges that

There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ...For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:” (Ephesians 4:4-13)

and if it is true that

the children of God by faith in The Promised Savior / Christ Jesus…have put on Christ” (Galatians 3:26-27)

then the following passage applies as much to Moses as it does to Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Yes, in this particular passage the writer is applying this to Jesus Christ in contrast to the Levitical priests, but that doesn’t mean he is the only person to whom this statement applies. 

And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec Shem there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.” (Hebrews 7:15-17)

“The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I the function of Melchizedek was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was… For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the LORD. (Proverbs 8)

There are just too many connected verses using different words to express various aspects of Melchizedek Priest-King of the Most High God’s salvation through regaining righteousness that it is difficult to lay them out in orderly fashion. Or to convince anyone who is not ready to accept a new idea. It’s like the classic story of three men laying hold of just one part of an elephant and arguing amongst themselves that the others got it wrong. You have to spend time exploring the entirety of the identity.

So let’s move on to more obvious and unarguable evidence of Moses’ position within the Hebrew and the Israelite nations.

Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house[hold] of Jacob, and tell [a separate entity] the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. 

Now therefore,

  • if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant
  • then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people:

for all the earth is mine:

And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. (Exodus 19:3-6)

Now, don’t hastily jump to the conclusion that “the children of Israel” in this context is referring to the political nation of Israel. Take your time, read carefully and most importantly keep the history in accurate chronological order. For example, did you pay attention to the big IF at the beginning of what is an OFFER to BECOME a special nation? It hasn’t happened yet. The passage clearly states that God is addressing the household of Israel. He is addressing multi-ethnic Hebrews.

Even Judaism itself acknowledges that the original offer at Mount Sinai was to all the nationalities, not just the children of Israel.

The message of the Torah is for all mankind. Before giving the Torah to Israel, God offered it to the other nations, but they refused it.

Read on in Exodus 19. The passage describes how God does not arbitrarily impose service on anyone. His plan develops as he interacts with people who willingly work with him.

And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And…the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever…Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow…And let the priests also, which come near to the Lord, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.“ (Exodus 19)

Are you catching the significance of “the priests”? If not, allow me to direct your attention to the fact that the Levitical priesthood doesn’t get established until 8 chapters later.

“…it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of IsraelAaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel…minister unto me in the priest’s office...” (Exodus 27:21-28:1)

Hermeneutically, there is no getting around the fact that God offered favored nation status to the multinational Hebrew nation headed by its Melchizedekian priesthood.

Back up to the beginning of Moses’ career. When he has to flee the country to escape Pharaoh’s vengeance, he doesn’t just wander among strangers. Like Jacob who fled to his relative Laban when Esau was out to kill him, Moses sensibly heads to family to find a safe haven. In Jacob’s case, Laban was a pagan who caused him more trouble. Moses appears to have looked for a savior more wisely, within one of Abraham the Hebrew’s “many nations.”

“again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. And she bare him…Midian.” (Genesis 25:1-6)

“Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian…the priest of MidianReuel…gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.” (Exodus 2:16-21)

As we learn more about this priest of Midian we discover he is a Melchizedekian priest.

Reuel means Friend of God. Sound familiar?

“Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings?…I the LORD, the first, and with the last…Abraham my friend. (Isa 41:2-10)

Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you...the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you…I have chosen you, and ordained you…” (John 15:14-16)

Like Laban over Jacob, Reuel had complete authority over Moses as his son-in-law living in his household. This was simply standard practice. But what should really pique our interest is how much authority he continued to have over Moses after he was leading 9 million people camped out at Mount Sinai. I’m not going to sidetrack from the main topic other than to mention in passing that it is not inconceivable that he is the interim high priest in the order of Melchizedek during Moses’ hiatus from society.

When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt;

  • Then Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back, And her two sons…Gershom…And Eliezer…And…came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:
  • And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; 
  • And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
    • And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.“ (Hebrews 7:7)
  • And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ father in law before God.
  • And when Moses’ father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?…The thing that thou doest is not good…Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with theeprovide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge…So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said.“ (Exodus 18)
    • Jethro instructed Moses in such a godly way as to transform him from an impetuous brawler, then a potential cult leader, to a world political and religious leader whose fame, respect and influence endures through millennia even among unbelievers
    • “Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.” (Matthew 11:28-29)
    • Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.” (Numbers 12:3).

Once we recognize that Reuel Jethro is an Hebrew Melchizedekian priest, we should better understand his influence over not just Moses but also the many Canaanite Kenites who chose to join Israel, and consequently experienced God’s blessing instead of cursing. The Kenites are associated with the Midianites to such an extent that one must wonder if the Kenites completely merged with the Midianites. And with the Kenites we see the preeminence of free will over predestination. Despite the preponderance of evidence for judgment against the Canaanite nations, individuals within these nations demonstrate the international scope of God’s ideal kingdom, and the opportunity for anyone who sincerely repents of their sinful human nature to experience spiritual rebirth and eternal life.

Moving on in Exodus chapter 19 where God descends on Mount Sinai in the presence of the Melchizedekian priests and the Hebrew people and interacts with them all directly, as priests, exactly as he had offered.

And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount.”

So far so good. Things going according to God’s plan.

The LORD…rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for themYea, he loved / united with the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.” (Deuteronomy 33:1-3)

And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. (Exodus 19)

It must have appeared like the whole mountain was ready to blow like a massive volcano, and sure enough, the reaction for pure terror.

  • Behold, the LORD our God hath shewed us his glory and his greatness,
  • and we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire:
  • we have seen this day that God doth talk with man, and he liveth. And yet…
  • Now therefore why should we die? for this great fire will consume us: if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any more, then we shall die. 

(Sigh) Notice how their reaction is completely the opposite of Moses’ when he first met God on this same mountain.

Plan B.

the Lord thy God hath chosen him Aaron out of all thy tribes, to stand to minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons for ever…

And Moses was thenceforth out of action? Of course not. So in what capacity did he continue functioning when Aaron became the Levitical High Priest? Some unique role God made up on the spur of the moment? No! God’s plan predates time!

Christianity and Judaism fail to recognize the interconnected relationship of the Melchizedekian and Levitical priesthoods under Moses and their shared authority and permanence within Israel. Notice how God treats them as a team.

    1. These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt
    2. These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt…
    3. these are that Moses and Aaron. (Exodus 6)

Can’t you hear the pride in God’s voice as he announces his sons’ achievements? Like the iconic Jewish mother’s invariable mention in any context of “My son, the doctor…”

Interesting that God is so proud of these two Levites when you remember that, on his deathbed, Jacob did not bless, but rather cursed Levi and his family, the Levites, just like Noah had cursed Canaan and his family, the Canaanites. Bear in mind that the “Levites” is fundamentally a family name, like our own ”the Woodwards,” etc. Don’t make it anachronistically a priestly designation in early contexts. 

“And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days…Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations…for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.“ (Genesis 49:1-7)

Levi, with his brother Simeon, had slaughtered or enslaved an entire city-state with which Jacob was in a rare peaceful relationship, over one man’s culturally ignorant behavior. Today their behavior would be diagnosed as “Intermittent explosive disorder“. Since this condition periodically and unpredictably causes major problems not just for the individual but everyone associated with the individual, Jacob’s response was the right thing to do. Heaven only knows what could happen if a whole band of Levites geared up! (Hint, hint – inspire a crazy revolution against an evil empire!)

Sure enough, we find that Moses inherited IED.

Both Moses and Aaron messed up big time, but they DID something. So many “believers” take pride in their lack of doing things like smoking, drinking, sex. I think you’ll find that God can cope with sinners. The rare PARTNER WITH HIM IN DOING is what captures his attention. And – good news for people like me – we find that God can put any personal flaw to his good use when it is put under his control.

“And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount [forty days without food like Jesus so normally would have died], the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man [belittling his status as being in God’s stead] that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him[They had no faith in the benevolence and life-giving power of his God. and the ability of YHVH to defeat the forces of evil unquestionably surrounding this war council. Not to say that they didn’t believe in the existence of YHVH, they just wanted to be on the winning side.]

And…after he had made it a [singular] molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods [plural, one idol packed with multiple spirit beings], O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD[Attempting a peace treaty between the believers in the gods of Egypt and the believers in YHVH.]coexist_sticker

And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play [orgiastic behavior].


And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves / joined themselves with hyperdimensionals; [read Seed of the Serpent if you don’t get the diagnostic meaning of “corrupt”] They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt… [Put some life into God’s verbatim report! He is outraged and spitting it out! You can best believe Moses was mirroring God’s response when he stormed down the mountain.]

And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing…Moses’ anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. [Destroyed the covenant between these people and YHVH before they were completely wiped out under the terms of the covenant.] And when Moses saw that the people were naked [unprotected from any source of danger]; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:) Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD‘s side? let him come unto me. ” (Exodus 32)

Only the Levites – Moses’ tribe – stood up for their leader. Against 11 other tribes and who knows how many millions of heathen taggers-on.


And all the sons of Levi [Moses’ tribe] gathered themselves together unto him. And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. For Moses had said, Consecrate / set apart yourselves today to the LORD.” (Exodus 32)

I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.” (Letter by Jude, verse 5)

Note how the LORD identifies himself as one with Moses through shared responsibility for a people as, in an oxymoronic way, they toss responsibility back and forth like parents of misbehaving children – “your” children. Reminds me of the time my ex called me after our son unintentionally hosted a New Year’s Eve party at his dad’s house. With his dad’s permission he had invited three buddies over to Ethernet their laptops together to play strategy war games, but word got around his high school classmates that his house was the only one in town that year without a parent present. As with Aaron, things just got completely out of his control. By the time his dad got home from his partying at 12:15 am the house was packed and well…the police officer’s words were written into the yearbook. “Please step outside. The air in your house is jamming my breathalyzer.” I’m pleased to report my son tested negative, but to the point – it took a lot of negotiation to moderate his father’s initial rage and planned retribution for the party damage to his house.

“And the LORD said unto Mosesthy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves…Now therefore, let me alone

  • that my wrath may wax hot against them
  • and that I may consume them

And Moses…said, LORD 

  • why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people 
  • which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?… 

And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.“

During this same seminal Exodus incident, note how Levi’s “fierce anger scattered in Israel” is turned from a curse to a blessing when Levi’s descendants join themselves to the LORD. YHVH’s initial offer of priesthood status to the entire group was rescinded and granted to the Levites because they chose to represent him.

The priests the Levites, and all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of the Lord made by fire, and his inheritance…the LORD is their inheritance, as he hath said unto them.” Deuteronomy 18:1-2)

This brings up the point that, just like our modern individual states are subsets of the United States of America with laws applicable only to them but subject to federal regulations, tribes, like the Levites, can have laws that apply only to them while being primarily subject to the regulations governing all Israel.

Likewise the nation of Israel can have laws that apply only to them while remaining subject to the larger Hebrew nation led by Melchizedek. Although treated as such thousands of years later, “Hebrew” is not the equivalent of “Israelite” or “Jew”. Israel was constituted as a subset of the Hebrew nation.

Each serves a different purpose with a different population, as explained in Hebrews 7-8.

  • Purpose
    • Levitical: “under it the people received the law”
    • Melchizedekian: able also to save them that come unto God by him”
  • Population
    • Levitical: “the house of Israel and the house of Judah”
    • Melchizedekian:  “them to the uttermost parts of the earth  i.e. the whole world
  • Time frame
    • Levitical: “the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law…Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.”
    • Melchizedekian: “he ever liveth to make intercession for them.This “everlasting life” did not start with Jesus Christ’s resurrection. It existed before there was time, was breathed into Adam, and carried through the Chosen Seed in an unbroken line of descent prior to YHVH’s Promised Seed’s ultimate atonement and resurrection

Clearly the Levitical priesthood does not cover every function of the Priest-King Melchizedek, primarily and essentially, that of salvation from sin and death. There is no religious system, including the Mosaic law, that provides a means for sinful man to satisfy a holy God’s standard of righteousness through ritual and legalism. The Jewish apostle to the Gentiles, Saul / Paul, hammers home this fundamental spiritual truth by referencing the Old Covenant writings.

We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of The Promised Seed Savior / Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.” (Galatians 2:15-16)

“We have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written,

  • There is none righteous, no, not one:
  • There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
  • They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable;
  • there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (Psalm 14:1-4)
  • Their throat is an open sepulchre;
  • with their tongues they have used deceit; (Psalm 10:7
  • the poison of asps is under their lips: (Psalm 140:3)
  • Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
  • Their feet are swift to shed blood:
  • Destruction and misery are in their ways: (Isaiah 59:7)
  • And the way of peace have they not known: (Psalm 35:1)
  • There is no fear of God before their eyes.

Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped [particularly the self-righteous Jews], and all the world [including the self-righteous Jews] may become guilty before God.

Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified [including the Jews] in his sight:” (Romans 3:9-20)

For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in ALL things which are written in the book of the law to do them. But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith (Habakkuk 2:4). And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. (Deuteronomy 30:16) and Romans 10:5)  (Galatians 3:10-12)

Christ / the Promised Seed hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written,  Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ / Yahweh’s Promised Savior that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, (Gen 12:7) And to thy seed, which is The Promised Seed /  Christ.

And this I say, that the covenant [of Abraham], that was confirmed before of God in The Promised Seed / Christ, the law [of Moses], which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise [to Abraham] of none effect. (Galatians 3:10-17)

The citizens in the new nation of Israel constituted at Mount Sinai were not saved by engaging in Levitical religious rites. They and the other Hebrews gathered at Mount Sinai were saved under the Melchizedekian faith in the Promised Seed Savior, like their forefathers, by believing and proving their faith in their actions. They were saved like modern Christians, by believing on the Lord Yhvh’s promised savior, acting on their profession of faith through the Passover, and becoming united as one body / corporation with the savior in baptism signifying death to the old life and resurrection to new.

I admit that modern baptism has degenerated into a ritual of joining a denomination, with sprinkling vs dunking and infant vs age of reason distinguishing between the rival factions. Maybe you’ll grasp the parallel between Paul’s explanation of baptism into Christ and the ancient Hebrews crossing the Red Sea with Moses more readily with Antichrist Caesar’s famous crossing of the Rubicon.


Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the COMMON [not different systems for Jews and Gentiles, Old and New Covenants, dispensations, etc.] salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend / fight! for the faith which was ONCE [not multiple times] delivered / dispensed unto the saints. (Jude 1:3)

  1. BELIEVING that God’s Word is true past, present and future, driving
  2. PUBLIC ACTIONS as a witness / mediator to lead others to salvation through

the righteousness which is of faith speaketh…the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth (public action) the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed [to identify with God].” (Romans 10:6-11)

“God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said…I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt…

  • And I am come down to deliver themBelieving required
  • Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh… Public action required
  • that THOU mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt...Identity merged with God required

And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name [secret powers]? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses,

  • Past truth, evidence on which to base belief: I Am That I AmThus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I Am / Eternal All Powerful i.e. Creator hath sent me unto you…the LORD God of your fathersthis is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. [Do you get that? ALL generations since Adam to the end of the world.]…AND I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob…And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.
  • Present truth, reason / need for belief: And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.
  • Future promise to be believed: Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will…redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments…ye shall know that I am the LORD your God…I am the LORD.” (Exodus 3:6-15, 6:2-8))

So, even as the current Melchizedekian priests waived their responsibilities, Moses clarified that the work of the Melchizedekian King-Priest would be ongoing.

The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me Melchizedek Moses…and I God will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command himAnd it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.“ (Deuteronomy 18)

Christianity treats this promise as applying exclusively to Jesus Christ with Old Testament “types”. OK, so at least equating Moses with YHVH’s Savior identifies Moses as being as much a Melchizedek as Yeshua Messiah / Jesus Christ.

But scripture also clearly states that this promise of subsequent Melchizedekian Priest-Kings was actualized by real people who mattered in the order of Melchizedek holding the fort until King Jesus took it over.

“Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, that the LORD spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ minister, saying,..As I was with Moses, so I will be with thee…

Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people…And they answered Joshua, saying, All that thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou sendest us, we will go. According as we hearkened unto Moses in all things, so will we hearken unto thee: only the LORD thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses.  Whosoever he be that doth rebel against thy commandment, and will not hearken unto thy words in all that thou commandest him, he shall be put to death: only be strong and of a good courage.” (Joshua 1)

“Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD…And Samuel said unto Saul…thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected thee from being king over Israel. (I Samuel 15)

“In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah came this word from the LORD, saying…Stand in the court of the LORD‘s house, and speak unto all the cities of Judah, which come to worship in the Lord‘s house, all the words that I command thee to speak unto them; diminish not a word…And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD; If ye will not hearken to me, to walk in my law, which I have set before you, To hearken to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent unto you, both rising up early, and sending them, but ye have not hearkened; Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth…when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all that the LORD had commanded him to speak unto all the people, that the priests and the prophets and all the people took him, saying, Thou shalt surely die.” (Jeremiah 26:1-8)

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.  For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.” (Matthew 23:29-39)

On the other hand, note what happens to the people who hearkened to Jesus-like-Moses’ words. They are entrusted with the exact same Melchizedekian priestly function to the whole world that Moses offered the Hebrews at Mount Sinai.

to the strangers [aliens, non-Jews] scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia…

  • ye are a chosen generation,
  • a royal priesthood,
  • an holy nation,
  • a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light; 

Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of Godamong the Gentiles: that…they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.” (I Peter 1:2, 2:9-12)

The following exhortation was written by one of the Pharisees who did see Jesus again after, as promised, accepting him as coming in the name of the Lord, i.e. speaking with equal God-empowered authority as Moses. Paul’s letter to the 1st century AD Gentile Ephesians applies equally to Moses speaking to the mixed multitude gathered at Mount Sinai in the 2nd millennium.

  • he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love
  • predestinated us unto the adoption of children by YHVH’s Promised Savior / Jesus Christ to himself
  • made known unto us the mystery of his will
  • That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in The Promised Seed / Christ,
  • ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh

  • aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world

  • But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of The Promised Seed / Christ

  • For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us

  • Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God

  • For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles…he made known unto me the mystery

  • That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel

  • And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ

  • To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the congregation of believers including those following Moses at mount Sinai / church the manifold wisdom of God

  • According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord

  • Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,

The letter to the Ephesian church in Asia is what caused this church base and all its satellite churches to reject Paul’s leadership and doctrine. By now you should recognize what is meant by “household of God, fellowheirs, family.” Promotion from irresponsibility to leadership positions. And like the people at Mount Sinai, they didn’t want to take on all that entailed – following Abraham into a suicide mission to rescue a family member and their enemy in the process no less, or being sent into a gang’s base of operations to check on a family member.

Like the vast majority of Christians today, they wanted to spend their time enjoying themselves, careless of others‘ needs, unwilling to give up time and money. Or perhaps it’s not a conscious choice. Maybe we just don’t understand that God expects his “children” to grow up and work with him. Perhaps it’s a lack of leadership among the masses.

So at this point let’s not assume we understand exactly what was the immense burden that Moses and Paul were asking their followers to undertake. Let’s check it out.

Sometimes I think Sunday School is one of the worst experiences we can give our children. The dumbed down and sanitized “stories” can become permanently corrupted and lose their impact when the kids grow up into adults. What image comes to your mind when you think of the Israelites wandering in the wilderness for forty years? I’m betting it’s not this.

Most refugee camps do not have sufficient food to provide to their populations… The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recommends that each refugee receive more than 2,100 calories per day, but often camps fall short of this standard…caloric intake is further reduced as refugees tend to sell food rations for other non-food goods. Moreover, it is not only the quantity of food that is insufficient. The lack of food variety, fruits, and vegetables causes many refugees to suffer from deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals, which can lead to a variety of diseases…

The UNHCR estimates that more than half of the refugee camps in the world are unable to provide the recommended daily water minimum of 20 liters of water per person per day.(9) …lack of clean water is correlated with the presence of diseases such as diarrhea and cholera…

The provision of adequate sanitation services is crucial to prevent communicable diseases and epidemics…still 30% of refugee camps do not have adequate waste disposal services or latrines…(16)

Housing in refugee camps is often overcrowded…poorly ventilated, overcrowded, and have no chimney…Malaria poses a huge threat…where refugees live en masse in close quarters, without window screens or solid doors…infecting 200 million every year.(24)…Poor housing also is correlated with an increased presence of rodents, which causes an increased incidence of Lassa fever in West African countries.(29)

Life in the overcrowded migrant camps on Greek islands “has dramatically worsened” in the past year, with thousands of refugees fighting to meet their most basic needs, Europe’s top human rights official warned on Thursday.

“It is an explosive situation,” the official, Dunja Mijatovic, the human rights commissioner of the Council of Europe, said after going to several camps. For many people in the camps, she said, “this has become a struggle for survival.”

The Greek Parliament was expected to adopt a bill later Thursday aimed at easing crowding in the camps. But that plan could simply substitute one set of problems for another, Ms. Mijatovic suggested.

Are we Americans so insulated from the world at war that we don’t immediately grasp that the top priority for the nine million refugees Moses led out of Egypt is a system of government?

The acclaimed historians Will and Ariel Durant begin their massive multivolume account of human history with this concept in Volume One, Chapter One, paragraph one of The Story of Civilization.

CIVILIZATION is social order…Four elements constitute it: economic provision, political organization, moral traditions, and the pursuit of knowledge and the arts. It begins where chaos and insecurity end. For when fear is overcome, curiosity and constructiveness are free, and man passes by natural impulse towards the understanding and embellishment of life…

Certain factors condition civilization, and may encourage or impede it. First, geological conditions…Rain is necessary; for water is the medium of life, more important even than the light of the sun…If the soil is fertile in food or minerals, if rivers offer an easy avenue of exchange, if the coast-line is indented with natural harbors for a commercial fleet, if, above all, a nation lies on the highroad of the world’s trade… then geography… smiles upon civilization, and nourishes it.  

The Promised Land, as described in the next, eponymous post, was such a land. Highly desired by all the early nations who fought each other for possession, it was given to YHVH’s people as long as they used it for his purposes of redeeming the world.

Economic conditions are more important...if it remains in the hunting stage, if it depends for its existence upon the precarious fortunes of the chase, it will never quite pass from barbarism to civilization…The first form of culture is agriculture. It is when man settles down to till the soil and lay up provisions for the uncertain future that he finds time and reason to be civilized. Within that little circle of security— a reliable supply of water and food— he builds…he invents productive tools, and domesticates the dog, the ass, the pig, at last himself. He learns to work with regularity and order, maintains a longer tenure of life, and transmits more completely than before the mental and moral heritage of his race…

These physical and biological conditions are only prerequisites to civilization; they do not constitute or generate it…There must be political order, even if it be so near to chaos as in Renaissance Florence or Rome; men must feel, by and large, that they need not look for death or taxes at every turn. There must be some unity of language to serve as a medium of mental exchange. Through church, or family, or school, or otherwise, there must be a unifying moral code, some rules of the game of life acknowledged even by those who violate them, and giving to conduct some order and regularity, some direction and stimulus. Perhaps there must also be some unity of basic belief, some faith, supernatural or utopian, that lifts morality from calculation to devotion, and gives life nobility and significance despite our mortal brevity. And finally there must be education [Emphases added.] — some technique, however primitive, for the transmission of culture. Whether through imitation, initiation or instruction, whether through father or mother, teacher or priest, the lore and heritage of the tribe— its language and knowledge, its morals and manners, its technology and arts— must be handed down to the young, as the very instrument through which they are turned from animals into men.

The disappearance of these conditions— sometimes of even one of them —may destroy a civilization…

We find all the requisites of civilization included with the establishment of YHVH’s nation of Israel: political law and order for safety from danger within and without, Hebrew language unifying the mixed multitude that joined the Hebrew exodus from Egypt and steadily amalgamated into Israel, as per YHVH’s plan to reunite the nations of the world under his rule, a moral code, and education for the perpetuation of YHVH’s civilization in an interdependent web of society under YHVH’s leadership.

“And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death. And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them. Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.

Moses commanded us a law / constitution, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob. And he was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the tribes of Israel were gathered together…

And this is the blessing of Judah: and he said, Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his hands be sufficient for him; and be thou an help to him from his enemies…

And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah…for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law…

And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath, And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon, And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills, And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and for the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren…they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.

And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents…for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand.

And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad: he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head. And he provided the first part for himself, because there, in a portion of the lawgiver, was he seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel…

There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky. The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them. Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.” (Deuteronomy 33)

As much as irreligious people like to fault the laws of Moses, objectively speaking the Mosaic Covenant provides well for the quality of life of its subjects with redistribution of wealth via   ~22% income tax, one day out of seven free from labor as opposed to the Egyptian one day out of ten, as well as one year out of seven, and periodic elimination of debt.

At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called the LORD‘s release.” (Deuteronomy 15:1-2)

“ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family…if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour’s hand…According to the multitude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it…Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God. (Leviticus 25:10-17)

The presumption here is not that loans are made to exploit commercial opportunity, but rather to avert disaster. Indeed the Mosaic law encourages such lending: 7 If there is a poor man among your brothers in any of the towns of the land that the LORD your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted or tightfisted toward your poor brother. 8 Rather be openhanded and freely lend him what he needs. (Deut. 15: 7-8, NIV)

Thus in regulating intra-community debt, the Mosaic tradition imposes a structure of obligation that constrains the lender as much as the borrower. Debt, indentured servitude, and the alienation of land are viewed as the result of misfortune, with the result that creditors acquire an obligation not only to lend but also to remit debts periodically in the interest of justice…the obligations of the strong towards the weak…have been a central feature of Jewish belief since ancient times. Permanent bondage of debt or servitude were not to be countenanced within the tribes of Israel, in covenant with the God they believed had delivered them from slavery in Egypt.

Compare the assurances of debt relief in the Mosaic Covenant with the Mesopotamian reactionary debt release practices during crises.

In Hammurabi’s timeThe peasantry was provided with land…tools, draught animals, livestock, and water for irrigation, so that they could grow food…they had to pay to the State as rent…When the harvest was poor, they accumulated debts. If peasants were unable to pay off their debts, they could also find themselves reduced to the condition of serfs or slaves…members of their family being made slaves. In order to ensure social peace and stability, and especially to prevent peasants’ living conditions from deteriorating, the authorities periodically cancelled all debt and restored peasants’ rights.”

“historians have identified with certainty about thirty general debt cancellations in Mesopotamia from 2400 to 1400 BC…

No further act of debt cancellation has been found for the period after 1400 BC; inequality increased and intensified. Land was taken over by big private land-owners and debt enslavement became commonplace. A large part of the population migrated north-west towards Canaan, with incursions into Egypt, which displeased the Pharaohs.

The ensuing centuries…have evidence of violent social struggles between creditors and debtors.”

The Mosaic Covenant provides greater benefits to its subjects than its contemporary rival, Hammurabi’s Laws.

the Covenant protects the disenfranchised members of society, regardless of their place or rank in society, while the Code of Hammurabi is interested only in the free men classand gives special protection to the middle and higher social classes of Babylon. This is seen in the laws of the Code as the awilu are given special status and protection but the lower classes, the wardu (slaves) and the mushkenu (free person of low estate) have no such protection. That makes the lowest classes of the Babylonian society significantly more liable. While biblical law sees human life as more valuable than material possession, the Code treated significant material loss as sometimes worthy of death (Code of Hammurabi, p 338). Conversely, God requires a life for a life, but the Laws of Hammurabi may only require financial compensation, and the life of a slave might only bring a fine…

The superiority of God’s Laws is that obedience (and holiness) is the desired outcome, so that a relationship with God is made possible, but the Law of Hammurabi’s goal is for longevity of the king and prosperity for the nation, regardless of who gets hurt. For example, the death penalty for theft (Hammurabi) seems extremely harsh as compared to the Covenant which required restitution. The death penalty for thievery in Babylon seems to indicate that the nation valued goods over human life, while the Covenant valued people over things, not requiring a thief to die. Another example was when anyone caused a pregnant woman’s child to die. The Book of the Covenant required a life for a life while the Code required they pay a fine. This Code clearly indicates a lesser value on human life Covenant. God sees the sanctity of life…the Code does not.

Leadership in the Kingdom of Heaven and Earth

By using the hermeneutical approach to studying Exodus, we find that Melchizedek Moses was tasked with establishing a government to oversee the welfare of all the nationals who trusted the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to save them from bondage, resulting in the formation of the nation of Israel as a governing body.

The highest authority in any form of government, ancient and modern, is the person or group that passes judgment, not just on guilt or innocence, but on what course of action out of available options is to be taken by the people within that sphere of influence. Why do you think the place where a king exercises his power is called his court? Why do you think a judge’s decision is called ruling? Even in the American system designed to distribute power as evenly as possible over three branches of government, it is the “Supreme Court’s power of judicial review, by which it determines the constitutionality of executive and legislative acts,” that maintains greatest power in the judge.

The exercise of power in the kingdom of heaven and earth is no different. God is the Supreme Judge of the whole earth, but he doesn’t act alone. The entire court system is in place, his divine council of spirit beings in heaven as well as humans on earth.

“God standeth in the congregation / assembly of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked…I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.” (Psalm 82)

The post on The King Is Dead reveals how the first (hu)man Adam took it upon himself to defend his partner who was caught red-handed breaking the law. By sharing guilt he reduced his partner’s death sentence – isolation from all living beings – to a life sentence with companionship and a family. By this demonstration of his love even to death he proved his likeness to his merciful father God and was honored with the assignment / anointing as Melchizedek: prophet-priest-king of the kingdom of heaven and earth. (Read post on Melchizedek if this isn’t making sense.)

This hereditary ruler is a mediator advocating for truth and justice balanced with mercy, between humans and the ultimate Supreme Court Judge. We see individuals in this intercession role both before and after Judaism was in full swing.

Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God. Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.

I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinionMy words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly…If thou canst answer me, set thy words in order before me, stand up. Behold, I am according to thy wish in God’s stead: I also am formed out of the clay…


Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing, and I have heard the voice of thy words, saying, [hear the sarcasm!] I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me. Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy...

Behold, in this thou art not just: I will answer thee, that God is greater than man. Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters. For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction, That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man. He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword. He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain: So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat. His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out. Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.

If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his [God’s way of] up-rightness: Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom. His flesh shall be fresher than a child’s: he shall return to the days of his youth: He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render [give] unto man his [God’s] righteousness. He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not; He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man, To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.

Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will speak. If thou hast anything to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify thee. If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom…

For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment…[In answer] far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity. For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways. Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment….

Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee!” (Job 32:2-19, 33:2-33, 34:5-12, 38:1-3)

“My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yeshua’s Promised Savior / Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation [appeasement] for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” (I John 2:1-2)


In the following passage notice how Abraham acts as an advocate before a judge. Abraham truly put his own life on the line when he opposed God’s predetermined plan. To put this in perspective, compare to God’s thunderous response when Job questioned him. He is the prototype for his spin-off Zeus.

And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know…

  • but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?…Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.
  • And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous…
  • Peradventure there shall be forty…
  • Peradventure there shall thirty…
  • Peradventure there shall be twenty…
  • Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake. And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.” (Gen 18:20-33)

Moses was the consummate “Jewish” lawyer, advocating for the guilty parties time and again. He not only delivered his people from Egyptian tyranny, like the ultimate Savior Jesus Christ he willingly offered to deliver them from eternal damnation with his own life.

And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people. Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand. Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.

And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people..” (Exodus 32:9-12)

Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the Lord; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin – himself!

And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin–; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written. [Moses is offering to be eternally damned! “And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.” Revelation 20:15]

And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book…in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.” (Exodus 32:30-33)

The proof of Paul’s leadership in the New Covenant is his enduring care for his people, to the point of willingness, like Moses, to be eternally damned in exchange for eternal life for the people who betrayed and rejected him, and his utter devotion to ministry.

I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; ” (Roman 9:1-4)

“Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more;

  • in labours more abundant
  • in stripes above measure
  • in prisons more frequent
  • in deaths oft
  • Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one
  • Thrice was I beaten with rods
  • once was I stoned
  • thrice I suffered shipwreck
  • a night and a day I have been in the deep
  • In journeyings often
  • in perils of waters
  • in perils of robbers
  • in perils by mine own countrymen
  • in perils by the heathen
  • in perils in the city
    in perils in the wilderness
  • in perils in the sea
  • in perils among false brethren
  • In weariness and painfulness
  • in watchings often
  • in hunger and thirst
  • in fastings often
  • in cold and nakedness [inadequate protection from weather and danger].

    Beside those things that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches.” (II Corinthians 11:23-28)

I think we can all empathize with the unwillingness of Moses’ people to share the burden of government with him. How many of us are willing to serve a few hours a week on so much as a PTA committee, or a few days on a jury? Consider what Moses was asking them to do. Become full time priests! Consume all one’s waking hours in service to God! And if everyone in the kingdom were priests, who needed their intercession? Why, their competitors, adversaries, enemies. That would seriously cut into the quality of life.

But Moses – and Paul – forged on. When, as the text clearly states but has been glossed over in the various religions’ application of this passage to their paradigm, the Melchizedekian priests and their Hebrew nation rejected election to government in God’s kingdom, he simply gave it to another nation deserving of it. Follow the patterns of history. As on wallpaper they repeat and reveal what came before and what comes after.

“Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom [rulership] of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits [productivity] thereof.“ (Matthew 21:43)

And here, finally, the nation of Israel comes into its own, as God’s elect.  As a tight-knit family with a generations-long heritage of personal relationship and experience with YHVH and proven partnership with him in action, it’s just common sense that the Israelites would be elected to positions of responsibility in the new government. 

What advantage then hath the Jew?chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.” (Romans 3:1-2) 

What the law of Moses does is detail the functions of government leaders and requirements of citizenship in God’s concept of a holy nation.


We can understand this by comparison to the American founders’ constitution / charter / formation / organization / written law establishing the republican system of the United States of America.


The Constitution of the United States contains a preamble and seven articles that describe the way the government is structured and how it operates. The first three articles establish the three branches of government and their powers: Legislative (Congress), Executive (office of the President,) and Judicial (Federal court system). A system of checks and balances prevents any one of these separate powers from becoming dominant. Articles four through seven describe the relationship of the states to the Federal Government, establish the Constitution as the supreme law of the land, and define the amendment and ratification processes.

The Code of Hammurabi is a contemporaneous example of the constituting (verb) of one nation under god providing liberty and justice to all citizens through the rule of law publicly available therefore, therefore able to be appealed to for justice, in a written Constitution (noun). The laws are written in the same “if…then” format as the law of Moses, providing punishments for breaking the laws. It also declares, like the law of Moses, to have been given directly to the human ruler by the god.

When Anu the Sublime, King of the Anunaki, and Bel, the lord of Heaven and earth, who decreed the fate of the land, assigned to Marduk, the over-ruling son of Ea, God of righteousness, dominion over earthly man, and made him great among the Igigi…then Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak;


The United States Supreme Court building honors historic lawgivers in a frieze, where you can see Hammurabi preceding Moses in the lineup.

With this background in mind, take a fresh look at Leviticus and Deuteronomy. Or maybe a first look. We will find the exact same purpose of the law and even many of the same laws and principles, giving rise to claims that Moses never met God on Mount Sinai but simply plagiarized the earlier Code of Hammurabi. If we grant that all humans share the same needs for security, and that concrete idioms like “eye for an eye” are easier for uneducated citizens to understand that abstract terms like “equitable” so are generally useful for communication, we won’t jump to false conclusions about the source of the Mosaic code.

We can also see the same essential similarities between the American Constitution and the Israelite, but I don’t think anyone accuses the writers of that document of plagiarizing the Bible. Hmmm.

Legislative Branch

  • Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land [as a reposistory allowing interaction with hyperdimensionals], to bow down unto it: for I am the LORD your [protecting and providing] God [not them]

  • If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, and do them;
    • Then I will… give you rain in due season…and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely.
    • And I will give peace in the land…and none shall make you afraid: and
    • I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
    • I will…make you fruitful / productive, and
    • multiply you, and
    • establish / make permanent my covenant with you
    • set my tabernacle dwelling place among you…And
    • I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people
  • But if ye will not hearken unto me, andwill not do all these commandments; And if ye shall despise my statutes, orif your soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye break my covenant: I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague…and
    • ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you.
    • when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and
    • ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
  • And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary to me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins...
    • And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and…your daughters 
    • I will bring the land into desolationAnd
    • I will scatter you among the heathen, and
    • they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them.
  • If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto meif then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:
    • Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob,
    • and also my covenant with Isaac,
    • and also my covenant with Abraham…and
    • I will remember the land...when they be in the land of their enemies…
    • I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the LORD

These are the statutes and judgments and laws, which the LORD made between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses. (Leviticus 26)


  • Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.” (Exodus 18:25-26)
  • If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment…being matters of controversy within thy gates: then…thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment…and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee…thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall shew thee…And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.” (Deuteronomy 17:8-12)

 Executive Branch

  • Thou shalt…set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren…
    • thou mayest not set a stranger over thee
    • he shall not multiply horses [excessive military expenditures] to himself,
    • Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away:
    • neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold [burdensome taxation]
  • he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites…he shall read therein all the days of his life…to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren [true representative government]” (Deuteronomy 17:15-20)

Notice that the Constitution of the United States serves the general welfare of its constituents only.


No caring about the rest of the world. 

Hammurabi’s and Moses’ constitutions have more in common with each other than with the American. They both explicitly claim that their purpose is “to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land.” The difference is – and this is huge – “The Law of Moses provided justice, but it also dealt with spiritual laws and personal and national holiness. As a result, the Mosaic Law dealt with the cause of crime, not just its effects.”

In his book Highlights of Archaeology in Bible Lands, Fred Wight writes, “The Mosaic Law gives strong emphasis to the recognition of sin as being the cause of the downfall of a nation. Such a thought is entirely lacking in Hammurabi’s Code. . . . The great fundamental principle of the laws of God in the Hebrew Bible may be summed up in the words: ‘Be ye holy, for I am holy’ [Leviticus 11:45]. Such a principle as this was utterly unknown to the Babylonians as seen in their law code.”

“For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal / flesh, controlled by physical desires for pleasure and comfort, sold under sin. For that which I do I allow /agree with not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. [think going on then breaking a diet, drinking, drugging, sexual immorality…] If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin [nature] that dwelleth in me.

For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.

I find then a law immutable condition of nature], that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man; But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.” (Romans 7:12-25)

Hammurabi or the Supreme Court of the United States or any other leader can’t simply declare that such and such action is right or wrong and it be so. Like defying laws of physics, breaking laws of human nature will inevitably lead to destruction.

“After nearly thirty years, the data suggest that abortion has been anything but good for the United States.” The economic consequences alone are that abortion (the modern clinically withdrawn manner of child sacrifice)

  • reduced the size of the economy,
  • undercut one main cause of the American economy’s current dynamism: innovation,
  • reduced the standard of living of the average America household
  • is single-handedly responsible for anticipated imbalances in the Social Security retirement system,
  • is perhaps the single largest American economic event of the past century, more significant than the Great Depression or the Second World War.

Had abortion remained illegal, the American population would

  • be significantly larger
  • contain a larger share of intact marriages and two-parent families
  • have higher average living standards.

“…the analysis warns that if it continues unchecked, legal abortion will progressively erode both America’s relative economic importance and her average absolute standard of living.”

Lebanon’s destruction at the hands of its power hungry government leaders is a prime example of the natural course of unchecked power.

The nation’s leaders mismanaged the economy for decades with a Ponzi-like scheme whisking away the hard-earned money of Lebanese people from banks to keep the government afloat, pay off public debts, and line the pockets of those in charge. The troubled policy screeched to a halt after the country’s banks simply ran out of money last year — meaning Lebanese workers lost savings they’d stored in accounts…

And the big explosion that rocked Beirut [August 4, 2020], likely set off by 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in a port warehouse for six years, showed how Lebanon’s leadership didn’t bother to remove a dangerous substance despite plenty of time and ample warning.

Decades of corruption and financial engineering that had led to stark inequality drove Lebanese into the streets in their hundreds of thousands in October. Life since then has gotten exponentially worse. The people have faced near economic collapse, a pandemic and the third-largest nonnuclear explosion in the world, which killed almost 160 people…Up to 300,000 were made homeless, and countless businesses are in ruins, in a country where so many already struggled to make ends meet…

Several thousand protesters marched through the destroyed areas of the city Saturday, with rubble piled on either side…By the time the security forces had forced all of the protesters off the streets in the early hours of Sunday, over 700 had been injured, according to figures from the Lebanese Red Cross and the Islamic Emergency and Relief Corps…A researcher for Human Rights Watch reported seeing government forces firing tear gas directly at people’s heads, firing rubber bullets at their upper bodies…an NBC News journalist witnessed men in army uniforms viciously beating protesters, journalists and human rights workers throughout the night…Live ammunition was fired into the air near Parliament, scattering young, unarmed and terrified protesters — it was unclear whether the army or the Internal Security Force fired the shots.

Those who felt they had nothing to lose stood their ground in resilience and continued to clash with the security forces.

“They have started a war,” several protesters said in response to the government’s violent crackdown.

Contrast with the oversight and restrictions placed on leaders in God’s kingdom.

Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

And the priest’s custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice…the priest took for himself… unto all the Israelites that came thither. And if any man said unto him [objected to improper sacrifice] then he would answer him…give it me…and if not, I will take it by force. Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the Lord: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD

And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him… Wherefore…  honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?…them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm...all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age. And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.

And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.”(I Samuel 2:12-36)

Here we see the sharp contrast between cursing the  unrighteousness and blessing the righteous. As described in previous posts, the continuity of a man’s life through a dynasty of heirs is a form of eternal  life.  This applies to Melchizedek Jesus , “son of Melchizedek David, son of Melchizedek Abraham the Hebrew.” (Matthew 1:1).

“…say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee…to be ruler over my people, over IsraelAnd when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels…and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever…And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever. According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.“ (II Samuel 7:1-17)

Both Hammurabi’s and Moses’ codes also share the same claim to further the welfare, not just of one nation, but “for all of mankind”. By now we should recognize that Hammurabi’s Constitutional government is the Antichrist’s, competing with God’s Messiah / Christ rule over all creation. And to compete, his is so right-sounding that it disarms even people who claim to be Christ-ones.

The difference between the two codes – and this is a big one – lies in

  1. the proof provided in the past of the enduring power of Moses’ God to enforce his law, therefore
  2. certainty of future punishment for all mankind who abhor his judgments and
  3. certainty of future freedom for all mankind who follow his judgments.

Is it possible for us to wrap our minds around the concept that “doing right’, AKA “being right-eous / holy”, inevitably produces good results while doing wrong, AKA “being un-right-eous” invitably results in chaos and destruction? This concept is essential for a proper understanding of the place and purpose of the Constitution of the nation of Abraham’s grandson Israel in the biblical scheme of things. 

Many sincerely devout Jews were mistaken in thinking that following the law of Moses was the means of salvation. Tragically, many devout Christians also misunderstand the system of law that Moses established.

”What then? are we [Christians] better than they [Jews]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sinAs it is written, There is none righteous, no, not oneThere is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one…

Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.  Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. 

But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Yahweh’s Anointed Savior/Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; 

Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Yahweh’s Anointed Savior/Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Yahweh’s Savior/Jesus. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. 

Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” (Ro 3:9-31)

The law that we establish is not the means of salvation, which is by grace, through faith. The law that we establish is the means to achieve a good life, free from sin and its consequences of disease, destruction and death.

“I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days:” (Deu 30:19-20)

“And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of [Abraham, Isaac and] Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths:

  • for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
  • And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and
  • they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks:
  • nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Isaiah 2:2-5)

The law that comes out of Zion is not the means of salvation, which is by grace, through faith under the Melchizedekian priest-king.

This law is the means to achieve a good life, free from sin and its consequences of disease, destruction and death once we are empowered to overcome sin by becoming a son / citizen  in the nation of Melchizedek King of Righteousness. 

Notice how Jesus and Paul spoke with equal authority the same word of God exactly as Moses predicted would happen. This is because what is called “the Mosaic law ” and “the Jewish prophets” applies to all humanity from all time. It is the Melchizedekian way of salvation from sin to eternal life.

“I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days:” (Deuteronomy 30:19-20)

Jesus himself drew near, and…he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another…And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people…the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel...Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken…And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” (Luke 24:15-27)

walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God; Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and longsuffering with joyfulness; Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:” (Colossians 1:10-14)

“For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?…But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. For the wages of sin is death;(Romans 6:14-23)

There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death…That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be…But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, IF so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his…

  • For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die:
  • but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, THEY are the sons of God.” (Romans 8:1-14)

To claim salvation simply by asking Jesus to save us from the consequences after we die while rejecting his power to save us from the consequences while alive is not only illogical, it is false, not substantiated by God’s word, AKA deceptive, loving and making a lie, with all its consequences.

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth…And…the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven…And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie…And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it…And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie:(Revelation 22)

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