1571 BC – 1451 BC: Moses – Jacob’s great-great-grandson, i.e. fourth generation from Israel
Key Precept: God granted a plot of land as an embassy from which his appointed ambassadors could minister the Kingdom of Heaven on earth to the nations scattered at Babel.
As this study reaches the point at which the nation of Israel takes center stage, don’t discard the foundational theme, plots and definitions already established.
Let’s begin with Melchizedek, God’s High Priest-King human representative to the whole world. As proven in the post Melchizedek, Joseph was Jacob’s / Israel’s successor to this position. In addition to becoming Pharaoh’s Prime Minster to the Egyptian World Empire at the age of 30, Melchizedek Joseph ministered the Kingdom of Heaven and Earth to the Hebrews at least from the age of 39. Keep that thought in a banner over the stage as the spotlight narrows its focus to Jacob’s family.
“and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. and came into Egypt,
- Jacob, and all his seed with him:
- His sons, and his daughters, 1st generation
- his sons’ sons and his sons’ daughters” 2nd generation
All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six; And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls [Ephraim and Manasseh]: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten (70).” (Genesis 46:5-7, 26-27)
The text makes a point that Jacob’s grandchildren, i.e. his 2nd generation, entered Egypt. It goes on to state that Joseph, from Jacob’s 1st generation, was still alive to see his own 3rd generation, i.e. Jacob’s 4th generation. Using 30 years as the age of reaching adulthood, therefore an approximate “generation“, we can calculate 60 years for these two generations born in Egypt after the 2nd generation entered Egypt.
I’ve rearranged the text slightly without changing the wording to create a database out of the narrative.
- “And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’s house: and Joseph lived 110 years. And Joseph saw
- Ephraim and Manasseh [born before Joseph was 37 yrs old]
- Ephraim’s children and Machir the son of Manasseh [born before Joseph was 67 yrs old
- Ephraim’s children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh [born before Joseph was 97 years old]. (Genesis 50:22-23)
We can extrapolate from this that, in his role as Melchizedek, Joseph ministered to all the children of Israel through the third generation of his brothers, i.e. the fourth generation of Jacob / Israel.
Another text lists the genealogies of the other sons of Israel, one of them being Levi.
- “the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years. And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations,
- Gershon, Merari and Kohath [entered Egypt]: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years. And the sons of Kohath;
- Izhar, Hebron, Uzziel and Amram: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bare him
- Aaron and Moses: [fourth generation of Jacob / Israel].
These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt…These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron. (Exodus 6)
By the way, can’t you hear the pride in God’s voice as he announces his sons’ achievements? Like the iconic Jewish mother’s invariable mention in any context of “My son, the doctor…”
Both Moses and Aaron messed up big time, but they DID something. So many “believers” take pride in their lack of doing things like smoking, drinking, sex. I think you’ll find that God can manage sin. It’s the rare PARTNERSHIP WITH HIM IN DOING that captures his attention.
Back to business.
Using our calculations, Moses would have been born when Joseph was about 97 years old, therefore about 13 years old when Joseph, like his father before him, gave his dying declaration:
“And Joseph said unto his brethren...God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.” (Genesis 50:24-25)
There is a good reason why Jacob’s body was taken shortly after his death for burial in the promised land but Joseph’s burial could wait until the entire group left for good. Joseph knew that he was relaying the promise of occupying the promised land to the very generation to whom this promise applied.
“And he said unto Abram,
- Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs,
- and shall serve them;
- and they shall afflict them four hundred years;
- And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge:
- and afterward shall they come out with great substance…
- in the fourth generation they shall come hither again” (Genesis 15:13-16)
But wait a minute! We calculated 60 years for the 3rd and 4th generations plus another 50 years for fourth generation Moses who was 80 years old when he led the children of Israel out of Egypt, to get about 110 years between entering and leaving Egypt, and this text give 400 years of affliction. What’s the deal?
The problem comes from speed reading through the Bible without fact checking.
Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt for 430 years. This number also appears in Galatians 3:17.
But when you add up the genealogical record [which?] you only come up with about 190-215 years.
How can we resolve this seeming contradiction?…
Let’s look closely at the texts provided in the above too-short answer to resolve a seeming contradiction.
- “Now the sojourning of the children of Israel,
- who dwelt in Egypt,
- was four hundred and thirty years.
- And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. ” (Exodus 12:40-41)
Note that this passage states two separate sets of circumstances, reported as phrases separated by commas, that are improperly combined into one set of circumstances by the short analysis. Read closely – the sojourning of the children of Israel was 430 years. So-journ includes the root of the word “journey” in our English translation, providing the sense of being on the move, temporary. Think gypsy lifestyle – traveler.
“By faith Abraham…sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:” (Hebrews 11:8-9)
They also dwelt in Egypt for an unspecified period of time. This word denotes the completely opposite condition, that of being settled in place. This was well expressed when the children of Israel moved to Egypt.
“Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan…They said morever unto Pharaoh, For to SOJOURN in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan:And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying.. [in essence, No! No! Don’t wander seeking pasture!] The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to DWELL; in the land of Goshen let them DWELL: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.“
More significantly than residing in tents or caravans vs houses, a sojourner is a resident alien without the rights of a citizen or member of society. No redress to law when “afflicted”. The children of Israel were not afflicted in Egypt when they first came in “to dwell”, they had the highest law of land looking out for their welfare. It was only later in Egypt, and in every other country where they “sojourned”, that they were afflicted.
“And Jacob sent messengers before him…unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau;
- I have sojourned with Laban [in Haran, where he and his children were afflicted for 20 years], and stayed there until now
- Thy servant Jacob saith…I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight…a present for Esau his brother; Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams, Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and ten bulls, twenty she asses, and ten foal…he delivered This passage them into the hand of his servants…thou shalt say, They be thy servant Jacob’s; it is a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he is behind us. ” (Genesis 32)
The extended passage makes it clear that, while sojourning in Haran, the children of Israel were totally under Laban’s authority, essentially serfs or slaves.
“And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian…he fled with all that he had… Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead. [This is battle formation.] And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast…carried away my daughters, as captives taken with the sword?…And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in so doing. It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt:” (Genesis 31:20-29)
The extended passage also makes it clear that Jacob had to ask permission, as a outsider, paying what amounts to a tariff to engage in his livelihood in Esau’s territory. Jacob had no right to live in the land of Canaan without Esau’s permission. As long as Isaac was alive, which he was at this time, Jacob had no claim to his inheritance. He was indeed a thief and by the law of the day just cited by Laban, Esau was entited to justice in his land through the power of his men. Isaac certainly wasn’t going to stop him.
The Book of Jasher, which if not accepted as 100% spiritually accurate, has at least historical cultural relevance, gives credible accounts of battles between the children of Israel and the inhabitants of the land of Canaan, supporting the prediction of years of affliction to Abraham. In reality, this was probably not so much a prophecy as it was a heads’ up that God was not going to surround his people with a magical screen of protection all the time. This is just normal greedy, self-centered human behavior which pushes God’s people closer to him.
Rather than substantiating the short analysis’ misreading of Exodus 12:41, the Galatians passage firmly places the start date of the 430 years back to Abram, not the entering of Jacob’s family into Egypt.
“Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made[one of which was to grant possession of the land inhabited by the Canaanites in Abraham’s day.] He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is The Promised One / Christ
Note, the promised seed of Abraham includes not only the ultimate descendant Jesus, but also in Abraham’s day the promised seed Isaac and the prophesied seed Jacob.
And this I say, that
- the covenant / commitment / promise, that was confirmed [to Abram] before of God in Christ,
- the law [to Moses], which was four hundred and thirty years after,
cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.” (Galatians 3:16-18)
You may think I’m just being obsessive about dates and data, but getting the timeline straight between the children of Israel entering and leaving Egypt is actually key to understanding the Exodus. Why is it so important?
Because the inheritance of God’s holy land is promised to Abram’s Hebrew nation ruled by Melchizedek, not Israel’s nation established under the Mosaic constitution. Read the post Father Abraham if this is news to you, but for a brief recap of that post, the proof for this proposition was written out by a much greater scholar than me, so I will simply quote it here.
“Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)…God is my witness…brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you…that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles…to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians…to you that are at Rome also.(Romans 1:1-15)
“What shall we say then that Abraham our [spiritual] father, as pertaining to the flesh [human representative of God our father], hath found?...what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him [i.e. anyone] that believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision [Israel] only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.” (Romans 4)
And Abram also became the father of many other nations, which occasioned his name change.
“And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said…
- thy name shall be Abraham; for
- a father of many nations have I made thee…
- And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
- And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
- Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.” (Genesis 17:1-9)
Abraham’s son Ishmael founded one of the “many nations”, also Abraham’s sons and grandsons by Keturah, and his grandson Esau. Since Lot was Abraham’s adopted son, we can include Moab and Ammon among Abraham’s nations as well. As the account continues, we will discover that all these nations were granted territory in the promised land as long as they kept the covenant made by God with Abraham.
Jacob was another ancient founder of a nation. His family was very small in his lifetime, consisting only 70 direct descendants by the time of his death. There was no political nation of Israel until about 160 years after Jacob died when it was constituted under Moses at Mount Sinai.
In the meantime, Jacob and his descendants continued to be identified with Abraham’s foundational Hebrew nation.
“And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar…an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites [who were not identified as Hebrews so we can deduce these descendants of Abraham chose not to live by Yahweh’s code of righteousness. And their behavior supports that deduction.] which had brought him down thither…And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand. [Obviously the LORD is known as the God of the Hebrews to this Egyptian.]…And it came to pass after these things, that his master’s wife…called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; ” (Gen 39:1-14)
“And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river [Moses’ mom probably put him in the river during the optimal time to catch the eye of a powerful maternal ally – during a religious ritual such as those in India]…she saw the ark among the flags…when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said,
- This is one of the Hebrews’ children.
- Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women…
- when Moses was grown…he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.” (Exodus 2:5-11)
We need to keep Jacob’s Hebrew national background in view as the story line narrows its focus from the whole world at the Tower of Babel in Genesis 11 to Abraham’s seed from Genesis 12 onward, without altering its theme and main plot which is to restore spiritual life and dominion over the earth to ALL nations of mankind.
I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing
Abraham’s Hebrew nation, like America, was a haven for the peoples seeking freedom from oppression and want. While Abraham and his small household lived out this promise on a small scale, it exploded on the world scene about 500 years later during the Exodus of the Hebrew people from the oppressive Egyptian Empire. “The Exodus has reverberated through world history”, and is such a significant biblical event, perhaps second only to creation, that it is as vehemently denied by Bible critics as creation itself. What do they substitute for the written record of the Exodus and the establishment of the constitution of the nation of Israel? Their imagination and groundless faith in a world without the God of the Bible.
Many theories have been advanced to explain the composition of the first five books of the Bible, but two have been especially influential. The first of these, Persian Imperial authorisation, advanced by Peter Frei in 1985, holds that the Persian authorities required the Jews of Jerusalem to present a single body of law as the price of local autonomy. Frei’s theory was demolished at an interdisciplinary symposium held in 2000, but the relationship between the Persian authorities and Jerusalem remains a crucial question. The second theory, associated with Joel P. Weinberg and called the “Citizen-Temple Community”, proposes that the Exodus story was composed to serve the needs of a post-exilic Jewish community organised around the Temple, which acted in effect as a bank for those who belonged to it. The books containing the Exodus story served as an “identity card” defining who belonged to this community (i.e., to Israel), thus reinforcing Israel’s unity through its new institutions.
Wow. And what reinforced Israel’s unity in the thousand years or so before this “myth” was invented? If you can accept this explanation by
- a person living about 3,500 years after the events he pretends to know more about than people who lived during the time in question, and
- whose purpose in proposing it is to discredit a faith in existence for at least 1,000 years prior to the supposed creation of a justification for their faith, and
- whose means of discrediting this faith is to call their religious leaders gross liars,
I suggest you are as biased as Joel Weinberg. It seems to me that Joel Weinberg should see a therapist for his own personal identity crisis.
There is no question that belief in the Exodus requires faith in the “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds…upholding all things by the word of his power.” (Letter to the Hebrews 1:1-3)
I put to you that it requires more faith in god-less speculations than the written record providing hermeneutical verification of the claims made. For the persons who are at the least willing to consider the biblical narrative, the point I would like to drive home in this post is that it occurred to Hebrews, NOT Jews or Israelites. Let’s all of us keep history in correct chronological order.
“Now Moses [the Hebrew] kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush…And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people [the Hebrews] which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt… (Exodus 3:1-10)
“Aha!” you shout. “The text clearly states bring forth ‘my people the children of Israel’ out of Egypt. So there you have it. It did occur to the Israelites.” Well yes, but the point is, it occurred to the children of Israel because they were Hebrews. On the basis of your limited rationale one could claim that the elders of Israel were the only persons the LORD God visited.
“Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them…I have surely visited you…” (Exodus 3:16)
Obviously the “elders” of Israel” represented the larger body of Israelites. Keep reading, and we will discover that likewise “the children of Israel” represent the larger body of Hebrews. Three times the LORD identifies himself as the “God of the Hebrews”.
“Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.” (Exodus 9:1, also verse 13, and 10:3)
The LORD God reiterates himself as the God of Abraham even as the nation of Israel was coming into existence. In fact, it is only as descendants of Abraham that the nation of Israel has any claim to possession of the land promised TO ABRAHAM.
“Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses…the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.” (Exodus 4:5, also verse 6, verse 15, verse16)
Recall from the prior post that people can be adopted into a different nation than the one they were born into. This happened during the exodus from the Tower of Babel, and also during the exodus from Egypt. In both cases many nationalities within an oppressive empire renounced their allegiance to their source of daily bread and joined the Hebrew nation.
Why did a multitude of people from other nations have the faith to do so? Because centuries after Abraham died, the marvelous exploits his God worked on behalf of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph were still remembered and recounted. Recall how many Babylonians joined the Hebrew nation in Abram’s exodus from the Mesopotamian empire after he survived unscathed from Nimrod’s fire – and preached “serve the God of the universe, as thy soul is in his hands, and then it will be well with thee.” Likewise a mixed multitude joined the Hebrew nation in Moses’ exodus from Egypt after he survived unscathed from confrontation after confrontation with Pharoah – and preached – and God proved through the plagues that he would protect the people who served him by obeying his word.
“Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die. He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field…(Exodus 9:19-23)
“And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether...the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people. And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die...Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house [-hold under the head of the house.]
It is vitally important that we sidebar here to ascertain understanding of an ancient cultural practice that is taken for granted in this passage. A man’s household included servants and guests unrelated by blood who came under the protection of the head of the house, including both concrete meaning of “safe house” and abstract meaning of people under the head man’s protection, therefore authority. Examples of this include
- “when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house” [indicative of others not born in his own house therefore not as trustworthy, good example being Theon Greyjoy] (Genesis 14:14)
- Abram said…I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus…one born in my house is mine heir.” (Genesis 15:2-3)
- God said unto Abraham…This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised…every man child
- in your generations / seed,
- he that is born in the house, or
- bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed…
- And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people / belonging to Abram’s nation;” (Genesis 17:9-14)
- “when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair…and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house…And Pharaoh called Abram and said…Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife [in his harem, but he didn’t, she was simply a guest]..” (Genesis 12:14-19)
- “Pharaoh said unto Joseph…Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou…I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:39-41)
- “And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh…and his servants.” (Genesis 45:16)
Lot – “And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and…Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and…he pressed upon them greatly; and they…entered into his house; and…the men of the city…called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, And said…unto these men do nothing; for therefore [for my protection] came they under the shadow of my roof.” (Genesis 19:1-8
- Abimelech – “Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah. But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man’s wife. But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, LORD, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation?…Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears…For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech.” (Genesis 20)
- Jacob –
- “And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother…saying…I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants…Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him…” (Genesis 32:, 35:2)
- “Esau cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him…And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house [a substantial number of servants required to herd all the animals], and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches [in cattle and consequently herdsmen] were more than that they might dwell together (Genesis 32:6, 36:6-7)
- “Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me…thou, and thy children, and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and thy household…And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house [two different groups], which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; And the men are shepherds [obviously lots of them, not just Jacob’s immediate family] (Genesis 45:9-11, 46:31-32)
Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob…And [making a distinction between servants] all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled [with their households including servants.] (Exodus 1:1-7)
- Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house[hold] of Jacob, and tell [a separate entity] the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself [both the genetic children of Israel and the larger group of unrelated household members].” (Exodus 19:3-4)
But the preponderance of evidence for the multinational genetics of the nation of Israel is that it increased from a total of just 70 direct descendants from Jacob to 603,550 warriors plus women, children and elderly in just two generations after entering Egypt. Now do you see why the numerical data is so important?
“And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai…in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: So were all those that were numbered…six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty…
And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers...These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel…And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers…(Numbers 1)
Remember, or read, the post on Abraham. Individuals who leave their nation of origin to join another ethnic nation are legally adopted into their new nation and become equal members with the genetic descendants of their now shared Father. This is what thousands of other enslaved victims of the Egyptian empire did when they joined the Hebrew nation in first the Passover then the Exodus.
Hundreds of years later the Apostle Paul would apply the model of the Exodus to his understanding of the New Covenant.
“…remember, that ye being in time past…aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world…are made nigh by the blood of Christ / “our passover…sacrificed for us“: For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us…Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;” (Ephesians 2:11-19)
King of the Mountain
Abram’s rescue of the cities of the plain provides one example of Abram living up to his responsibility to preserve, protect and defend, and leads us into the concept of the need for a geographical base of operations to do so. This is the concept central to 20th century AD and BC Zionism.
“And the king of Sodom went out to meet him [Abram], after his slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale [flat space able to accomodate large groups of men, such as armies]. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest-king of the most high God. (Gen 14:17-18)
The mention of Melchizedek bringing out bread and wine may seem superfluous, but certainly one major deduction that can be drawn is that in acting as the host, Melchizedek is identified as the lord of the manor.
The first mention of Urusalim can be traced to Egyptian Execration Texts [formal magical curses placed on their enemies]. The Early Execration Texts…date to the late 20th and 19th centuries B.C… with the Later Execration Texts dating to the late 19th century B.C. In the earlier texts only a few cities are mentioned in this region of Canaan. Jerusalem, Ashkelon and Rehobin are the chief ones in Palestine. In the later texts, the two principal cities of the region are Shechem and Jerusalem…Indeed this is proof that the cities in the patriarchal narrative were in fact occupied and in existence during the Middle Bronze Age (ca 2000-1550 BC)
This photo of an existing village in Yemen gives a good idea of how the “castle of Zion” / Jerusalem would have looked in the Bronze Age with a small population crowded together on the highest spot for protection.
In God’s typical sleight of hand way, the Egyptian curses benefit their enemies. These texts support the biblical account that the city was called Jerusalem, the religious center of the Hebrews, in the time frame in which Abram entered the land of Canaan.
It also validates Noah’s curse on his grandson Canaan, who would have personally been subordinate to Shem as he ruled as Melchizedek from Jerusalem.
“And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.” (Gen 9:24-26)
Put these Bible verses into historical perspective! These were real people who lived out their lives in dramatic circumstances. How sad that Sunday School has them dummed down to coloring book caricatures. Surely we expect Canaan to rebel against servitude!
And sure enough he did. And ever since there has been constant fighting over who will control Jerusalem and the promised land of Abraham.
Where exactly is the land of the Hebrews?
“the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.” (Gen 15:19-21)
Please don’t jump to the false conclusion that this biblical passage justifies the current Israeli nation’s treatment of modern Palestinians therefore the Bible is nothing but propaganda for a racist imperial people and therefore can and should be rejected. The primary rule for this posting – don’t take statements out of context.
The Hebrews and the Canaanites of the 2nd millenium B.C. are not the Israelis and the Palestinians of the 2nd millenium A.D. The biblical purpose for giving the land to Abraham was so that he and his heirs to God’s promise in Genesis 3:15 could be the four-dimensional humans through whom the hyper-dimensional Spirit God could interact in order to bless the rest of the world, not lord it over them. Can we keep an open mind as we gather data about peoples and circumstances we don’t yet know about?
For starters, the nations to be driven out or destroyed by Abraham’s heirs were not the only current inhabitants of the land when the Israelites marched in, so the order to wipe out certain people groups was not simply to clear the playing field for the Israelites. Because most people don’t even read the book against which they form deeply hostile opinions, they don’t realize that the nation of Israel was not the only nation to whom God granted land IN THIS SAME TERRITORY. He granted territory to other sons of Abraham.
“These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea…according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them…Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them…Command thou the people, saying...
- pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau /Isaac’s brother, which dwell in Seir; and they shall be afraid of you...Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, not so much as a foot breadth; because I have given mount Seir unto Esau for a possession. Ye shall buy meat of them for money, that ye may eat; and ye shall also buy water of them for money, that ye may drink.
- Distress not the Moabites…for I will not give thee of their land for a possession; because I have given Ar unto the children of Lot for a possession
- And when thou comest nigh over against the children of Ammon, distress them not, nor meddle with them: for I will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon any possession; because I have given it unto the children of Lot for a possession. (Deuteronomy 1:1-8, 2:1-19)
Just like the Israelites, these other nations won their lands by first clearing out hybrid giants. According to the LORD’s instructions to the incoming Israelites, these giant-killing wars occurred while the children of Israel were developing into a nation during their sojourn in the land of Egypt. Remember, Lot was Abram’s nephew.
- I have given Ar unto the children of Lot for a possession. The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites called them Emims.
- I will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon any possession; because I have given it unto the children of Lot for a possession. (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:
- The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed them from before them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the Lord gave unto them.
- And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
Secondly, like their father, Abraham’s descendants were “chosen / drafted” to go to war against wickedness in high places. The purpose for eliminating the specifically named nations was to protect ALL the inhabitants of this territory – the Israelite newcomers AND the existing residents – from the gross evil perpetrated by these particular people groups whose iniquity had “come to the full” after hundreds of years of opportunity to repent and change their ways.
Abram’s era was during the early stage of recovery from the flood apocalypse. This is evident from the sizes of the “kingdoms” during the Genesis 14 war, which are mere city-states ruled by petty lords. Like Greece in its early days following the flood, or England during the Dark Ages following the apocalyptic disintegration of the Roman Empire, these city-states are significant for providing a castle-fort with a high tower where the lord’s subjects can flee for safety during raids by the neighbors. Any advantage held by one group of combatants over another, such as hilltop fortification or giant warriors, made the difference between life and death for the typical nation.
- Amraphel king of Shinar. As established earlier, this is giant Nimrod, politically cut down to size after his failed bid for total power at Babel. The post on Nimrod explains how his union with his mother Semiramis produced sexually fertile offspring capable of unlimited reproduction of more hybrid giants. We should expect that giants were in his entourage at least, and quite possibly in his allies’ as well.
- Arioch king of Ellasar / Larsa, a Semite nation whose post-flood city was built on a known pre-flood site. We should therefore expect that they were pursuing the antediluvian way of life, including fallen angel empowerment by any means.
- Chedorlaomer king of Elam, a Semitic nation, suggesting that Sargon or his generals saw the chance to seize power back at Nimrod’s downturn in approval ratings
- Tidal king of nations. Sounds impressive but more likely a motley crew of small clans too insignificant to know or even care about their names, notice they don’t have named cities. This corresponds to American Indian wars, where only the name of the leader who rallied together the small Indian nations, powerless individually, is important enough to memorialize.
This confederation of nation-states smote the following nations, of which those marked with * are defined in scripture as giants.
- Rephaims* in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the
- Zuzims* in Ham, and the
- Emins* in Shaveh Kiriathaim, And the
- Horites* in their mount Seir…and…the
- Amalekites*, and also the
- Amorites,* that dwelt in Hazezontamar, “whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks;” (Amos 2:9)
- Bera king of Sodom, and
- Birsha king of Gomorrah, and
- Shinab king of Admah, and
- Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and
- the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;)
It is reasonable to deduce that the five city-states, confederate as they were with the mountain giants, also had inbred hybrid non-human traits. How else would the city-states at the Dead Sea calculate that they had a chance to win a battle after the named giants, even having the high ground advantage, had been defeated? This deduction is supported by the record that the Dead Sea Pentapolis was initially the only target of the Mesopotamian alliance against the giant stronghold, and that standard war strategy was implemented during the second phase wherein armies must eliminate the enemy’s peripheral defenses before concentrating its full forces on the enemy stronghold.
The Sodomites’ compulsion to consort with the angelic visitors infers knowledge of the antediluvian power-imputing sexual practices, worth giving up their eyesight.
“And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. [To see what happens.] And he pressed upon them greatly [he knows what is going to happen]; and they turned in unto him…But before they lay down, the men…of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them [unite in ways more than merely join together physically in sex – have part of them permanently left behind as with AIDS] …And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door. But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness [but that didn’t stop them] so that they wearied themselves to find the door. (Gen 20:1-11)
The drastic judgment levied against the Dead Sea Pentapolis is certainly consistent with the judgment imposed on the devil and his angels / messengers, including hybrids, by the flood. Contrast this with God’s longsuffering towards humanity described as “not willing that any should perish.”
“When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats…Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: (Matthew 25:31-41)
“There were giants in the earth in those days [before the flood]; and also after that…And God saw that the wickedness of man was great…and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually…and God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt [no longer pure genetically]; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth…the earth is filled with violence through them…” (Gen 6:5-13)
“And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me…Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his [Lot’s] wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. (Gen 19:18-26)
As a side note, becoming a pillar or pile of salt describes the moist body being instantly desiccated into nothing but the minerals in the body like sodium, potassium, calcium, etc. which, in combination with each other, are scientifically called “salts”. There is no reason to assume that Lot’s wife was singled out for the vaporization which occurred at the time of the fiery blast, just that she was the only one of Lot’s family who removed herself from the extra-dimensional shield provided by the angel escorts in order to “look back”. If the reader is a parent, surely you can understand her agony at the loss of her children left behind in Sodom, even deliberate suicide to join their fate.
This leads one to speculate on, at least some of, the origins of the heavy concentration of salts in and around the “Dead” Sea. Hmmm.
About 400 years after the Genesis 14 War the land was still filled with hybrid giants more deadly than a viral pandemic.
“And they returned from searching of the land after forty days…the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there...the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan…all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature. And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.” (Numbers 13:17-33)
After Jacob’s brother Esau had won his territory by conquering the giant Horites, his son Eliphaz named a son “Amalek”. Since names define significant attributes, we should conclude that this information is documented to alert us that Esau’s grandson manifested characteristics passed down from an Amalekite mother’s giant genes. Given the notoriety of the Amalekites at that time in history as vicious giant warriors, it is unthinkable that a child would be named Amalek for any other reason. Can you imagine anyone but a Neo-Nazi naming their child “Adolph Hitler”?
The Amalekites first appear in biblical history in the Genesis 14 War. After the Rephaims, the Zuzims, the Emims, the Horites and the Amorites were eliminated, the Amalekites managed to hold on to territory within the Promised Land and were implacable enemies of God’s people. Their prominence in the prophecy given by God through Balaam (who, by the way, was not an Israelite but an Hebrew) alerts us to their close association to Satan. Christians may skim over the name of an unfamiliar and assumedly insignicant since ancient nation, but at the time Balaam’s blessing and cursing was spoken into existence it was well understood to be a resounding challenge by the Creator’s Promised Seed to the claims of pagan sons of god / kings starting with Nimrod.
“And when Balaam saw that it pleased the LORD to bless Israel…he set his face toward the wilderness. And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the spirit of God came upon him.
And he took up his parable, and said: How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river’s side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD hath planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters.
- HE [the Son of God / King of Israel] shall pour the water out of his buckets [water sources that are vital to life], and
- HIS seed shall be in many waters, and
- HIS king shall be higher than Agag [king of the Amalekites], and HIS kingdom shall be exalted. God brought him forth out of Egypt;
- HE hath as it were the strength of an unicorn:
- HE shall eat up the nations his enemies, and shall break their bones, and pierce them through with his arrows.
- HE couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee. [Notice that he knows this Abrahamic prophecy]…I will advertise thee what this people shall do to thy people in the latter days…there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall:
- smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth. [They were given a chance to ally with Israel for protection but chose not to.]
- And Edom shall be a possession [of Israel, instead of the possessor of Israel],
- Seir / Hor also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly…
- And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, Amalek was the first of the nations [like the “first lady”, the most influential powerful and respected]; but his latter end shall be that he perish for ever.
- And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, Strong is thy dwellingplace, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock. Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry thee away captive.
- “And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim/Cyprus, and shall afflict Asshur/Assyria, and shall afflict Eber/Hebrews, and he [Chittim] also shall perish for ever.”
Don’t we always cheer on the hero who takes on the bad guys?
Superman Returns, X-Men, The Fantastic Four, Iron Man; it seems the list of superhero movies since the dawn of the 21st century goes on and on. The revival of the genre has surpassed all expectations…Since the 2002 beginning of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, American and much of the world have been enmeshed in the local and global repercussions of armed conflict. Superheroes are quite similar to military personnel in some ways; they are charged with bringing peace, fighting violently if necessary, and trying to maintain a normal life…Most superheroes serve as a hope-inspiring figure, an image of someone who can save us all from dark and difficult times…Some experts consider this message a necessary reassurance in difficult times.
We can consider the French and Indian War in America as an equivalent situation to that in the Levant, when the newcomer European settlers allied with friendly Indian nations to war against their common enemy Indian tribes. This was memorialized by James Fenimore Cooper, who is not accused of being a villain because he supported the settlers’ right to take over land that was under constant dispute by warring Indian nations.
James Fenimore Cooper is considered by many to be America’s first great novelist. His most popular work, The Last of the Mohicans, has remained one of the most widely read novels throughout the world, greatly influencing the way many cultures have viewed both the American Indians and the frontier period of U.S. history.
Cooper is most famous for his Leather-Stocking Tales (i.e. the Adventures of Natty Bumppo)…Natty Bumppo, the principle character in all five novels, is a wild, white frontiersman, brought up primarily by the Delaware Indians of present day up-state New York…Natty often acted as an interpreter or a go-between for the whites and the reds. [We can view him as an allegory for Israel acting as a go-between God and mankind.]
Cooper had the gall to create Indian characters with redeeming, human qualities, something that hadn’t been done by white authors. At the time, the majority of white Americans were not willing to recognize Indians as “civilized” or “human”, yet Cooper was truly an innovator in this respect. Unfairly, Cooper was criticized for creating the “noble red man.” But not all of Cooper’s Indian characters were “civilized”. In The Last of the Mohicans, a group of savage Indians kidnap two white sisters. These Indians become the antagonists of the story; we are led to hate not only their motive but their tribe as well. [We can view this as another allegory of certain vicious, but not all, Canaanite nations.]…
Throughout the Leather-Stocking Tales, Natty is constantly at struggle with the Iroquois Indians and rescues women like clockwork. [Yep, another allegory of what God’s nation was assigned to do – rescue the perishing.]
The Cambridge History of American Literature calls Natty Bumppo, “the most memorable character American fiction has given to the world.” – a great honor, indeed. To Cooper, Natty could have been an alter ego; a character that possessed qualities that he himself strived for — qualities such as courage, loyalty, or individualism.
The Canaanite nations are not the only nations being served notice of judgment. On the contrary, Israel is the first to suffer judgment and punishment, because this nation had more opportunity than the others to know and be supported in doing the right thing.
“And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly…he will not be slack to him that hateth him, he will repay him to his face.” (Deut 7:3-4,10)
“the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things…Who will render to every man according to his deeds…unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness – indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile…For there is no respect of persons with God.” (Romans 2:2-11)
“Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word, And say, Hear the word of the Lord, O king of Judah, that sittest upon the throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates: Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place. For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people.
But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation. For thus saith the LORD unto the king’s house of Judah; Thou art Gilead unto me, and the head of Lebanon: yet surely I will make thee a wilderness, and cities which are not inhabited. And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast them into the fire.
And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this great city? Then they shall answer, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them. Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour’s service without wages, and giveth him not for his work…did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him? He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know / identify in unity with me? saith the LORD.
But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it...I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them whose face thou fearest, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans. And I will cast thee out…O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD. (Jeremiah 22:1-29)
Enough information is documented about the judgment against Israel to allow us to induce the evil for which the Canaanite nations were condemned.
“Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: but he did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD, like David his father: For
- he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel – ruled with an arbitrary and absolute authority, and not as a theocratic sovereign subject to the authority of the Mosaic constitution
- and made also molten images [physical objects in which evil spirits are invited to reside as a focal point for worship, blessings and cursings] for Baal-im [plural of Baal / lord / one who a vassal pledges to serve in exchange for benefits.
An idol or an image is a living embodiment…not a lifeless form. Life is poured into [therefore out of someone else according to the physics law of Conservation of Energy] when it is reverentially worshipped with devotion. Devotion has such power…By overcoming the duality of the subject and the object…you can experience oneness with the divinity…In idol worship the true worshipper becomes God!… Idol worship is a transformative practice…before a devotee worships an idol…he has to ritually install it and breathe life (prana) into it…It is called establishing life breathe into the idol (prana pratishta)…It is your life energy which…at the end of the ritual…returns to you, purified and elevated. Inside your body, it purifies you further…when a devotee worships an idol, he also worships the deity who is present in him as his hidden Self…and attains immortal life through knowledge.”
Does this help understand why God repeatedly prohibits idol worship in the strongest terms?
“Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.” (Exodus 20:5)
“…The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire: thou shalt not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it unto thee, lest thou be snared therein: for it is an abomination [as studied earlier, an abomination is a means by which an evil spirit expresses itself thru a physical manifestation, which Hinduism acknowledges to be demonic possession] to the LORD thy God. Neither shalt thou bring an abomination into thine house, lest thou be a cursed thing like it: but thou shalt utterly detest it, and thou shalt utterly abhor it; for it is a cursed thing. (Deuteronomy 7:25-26)
- Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom,
The Purpose of Incense In meditation… consciousness turns its control over to the subconscious and provides an opportunity for Divine Spirit connection and communication. For this reason, incense can be a valuable tool for any spiritual practitoner. Incense is used to heighten an individual’s awareness, focus their thoughts, and bring about calm or healing energies during spiritual work. They are used for giving thanks and honoring spirits.
- and burnt his children in the fire, after the abominations of the heathen whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.
Warning: Subject matter may disturb
Historical revisionist theories regularly receive more traction among Bible critics than the facts would warrant. For example, consider the subject of polytheism verses monotheism. Most religious history books teach that cultures that were polytheistic (believers in many gods) naturally progressed towards becoming monotheistic (believers in one God). This is seen, even by agnostics as being a necessary step toward becoming a more mature society. Increasingly however, Bible critics challenge that idea. They see the move from polytheism to monotheism as a negative development. According to their version of history, gentle nature worshipping polytheistic societies such as Canaan were supplanted by aggressive monotheistic cultures like the Hebrews which were less tolerant, sexually repressed and war-like.
The answer to this charge is obvious to Bible students. For the Bible paints a picture of Canaanite society dominated by a religious system that was both licentious and cruel. Canaanite gods demanded human sacrifice and more specifically, the sacrifice of children. In the Bible book of Jeremiah, God states, “They built the high places of Baal in order to burn their sons in the fire as whole burnt offerings to Baal, something that I had not commanded or spoken of and that had never even come into my heart.” (Jeremiah 19:5) The Bible is clear that child sacrifice was a regular feature of the religion of the Canaanites and the surrounding nations. “…they do for their gods every detestable thing that Jehovah hates, even burning their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.” (Deuteronomy 12:31) Did the Canaanites really ritually burn their children? The revisionists say no. Any mention of Canaanite child sacrifice in the Bible is just propaganda to justify the subjection of Canaan. Recent scientific studies may have resolved the question.
According to the Bible, centers of worship for Canaanite gods such as Molech and the Baals were set up in Judah and Israel by apostate kings. Child sacrifice was even practiced in the Valley of Hinnom just outside of Jerusalem. Yet religious reformers such as King Josiah pulled down these places and rendered them unfit for use, “He also made unfit for worship Topheth, which is in the Valley of the Sons of Hinnom, so that no one could make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech.” (2 Kings 23:10) So it is no surprise that these sites which Josiah sought to erase have not been positively identified. Other Canaanite places of worship in Israel that have been identified have not yet yielded evidence of child sacrifice.*(see footnote) Yet absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. There is good reason to believe the Bible did not exaggerate Canaanite barbarism.
Although Canaanite civilization was largely driven out of the land of Israel, it emigrated elsewhere, founding colonies along the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, where it thrived for centuries. Most notable among these was the colony of Carthage in modern-day Tunisia. That city-state became so powerful it at one time rivaled the Roman republic. Carthaginians spoke the Canaanite language and importantly, practiced Canaanite religion. They also seemed to have brought with them their cruel predilection for child sacrifice.
Ancient Authorities Reported Child Sacrifice In Carthage
Writing in the 4th century B.C.E, the Greek historian Cleitarchus said of the Carthaginian practice, “There stands in their midst a bronze statue of Kronos, its hands extended over a bronze brazier, the flames of which engulf the child. When the flames fall upon the body, the limbs contract and the open mouth seems almost to be laughing until the contracted body slips quietly into the brazier. Thus it is that the ‘grin’ is known as ‘sardonic laughter,’ since they die laughing.” (trans. Paul G. Mosca) “Kronos” was a regional name for Baal Hammon, the chief of Carthage’s gods.
Another Greek historian named Diodorus Siculus writing less than a hundred years after the fall Carthage affirms his countryman’s account. “There was in their city a bronze image of Cronus extending its hands, palms up and sloping toward the ground, so that each of the children when placed thereon rolled down and fell into a sort of gaping pit filled with fire.”
Around the same time the famous Greek historian Plutarch charged, “with full knowledge and understanding they themselves offered up their own children, and those who had no children would buy little ones from poor people and cut their throats as if they were so many lambs or young birds; meanwhile the mother stood by without a tear or moan; but should she utter a single moan or let fall a single tear, she had to forfeit the money, and her child was sacrificed nevertheless; and the whole area before the statue was filled with a loud noise of flutes and drums took the cries of wailing should not reach the ears of the people.”
Archeological Evidence Of Infant Sacrifice
In 1921, French archeologists excavated some of the ancient Carthage. One site appeared to be an ancient graveyard. The site had hundreds of grave markers. Underneath each one was a clay urn containing the cremated remains of human infants and animals (sometimes as many as seven urns were found one on top of another under a single marker). The soil was rich with olive wood charcoal indicating fires had been kept burning here for long periods of time.
The archeologists dubbed this place a “Tophet” which is the Hebrew word for the place of child sacrifice near Jerusalem at Jeremiah 7:31. In time, many more Tophet cemeteries were discovered. The largest contained the remains of approximately 20,000 infants in urns as well as some animals.
The fact that animals were buried here along with human infants seemed to suggest that this was not a normal cemetery for children. One urn containing the remains of an animal had an inscription indicating that animal was a “substitute”. This supports the archeologists conclusion that the “Tophet” contained the remains of sacrificial victims who had been burned to death as the Bible as well as the Greek and Roman historians had all claimed. Yet some skeptics remained. Perhaps the children had been burned after they had died of natural causes?
The inscriptions on the urns are helpful in this regard. Some of them record that vows to Tanit and Baal Hammon had been met (Tanit was the consort of Baal Hammon. She is known as Ashtoreth in the Bible – 1 Kings 11:23). Many other inscriptions record dedications from the children’s parents to Baal Hammon or Tanit, ending with the explanation that the god concerned had “heard my voice and blessed me”.
Dr Josephine Quinn of the University of Oxford conducted extensive research on the burial urns. Regarding the dedication inscriptions, she concluded, “People have tried to argue that these archaeological sites are cemeteries for children who were stillborn or died young, but quite apart from the fact that a weak, sick or dead child would be a pretty poor offering to a god, and that animal remains are found in the same sites treated in exactly the same way, it’s hard to imagine how the death of a child could count as the answer to a prayer.”
The final line of evidence came from analysis of bones and teeth found in the urns. In the last few years, experts from a number of Academic institutions examined the contents of over 340 burial urns. Determining the exact age of the infants from the burnt bones is difficult because the heat of the fire degrades, shrinks and warps them. However in most cases, the teeth of the infants survived in better condition. As teeth grow in length, the enamel and dentine grow in thickness at a universal rate. Thus it is possible to determine the age of a baby from the thickness of the enamel and dentine.
What the researchers found is that 67% of the infants were between 1 and 2 months old and that the percentage of infant remains from babies who lived longer is very low. This does not come close to the expected pattern of mortality rates in ancient times. Rather it is strongly suggestive that a particular age group was deliberately selected and that these did not die of natural causes.
Put together the Biblical evidence, the evidence of multiple highly regarded ancient historians, the archeological evidence and the conclusion becomes overwhelming and inescapable. The Canaanites really did practice child sacrifice. Human sacrifice was widespread amongst many cultures in ancient times but infant sacrifice was relatively unknown outside of Canaanite civilization. The deliberate murder of infant children was a pronounced feature of Canaanite religion. The Bible does not exaggerate the crimes of the Canaanites.
What kind of heartless people kill their own infants? Oh. Right. Our own “enlightened” society. And for the exact same reason. The profit motive.
- And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, [Nimrod’s enduring world-wide effort to “reach unto heaven” to replace the God of creation and judgment with the false god Orion.
- and under every green tree.” (II Kings 16:2-4) [still practiced today, well illustrated by Norse mythology’s usurpation of the Promised Seed’s role in sacrificing himself.]
“Manasseh…did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel. For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. And he built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD said, In Jerusalem will I put my name. And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD. And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used en-chant-ments [reciting magic spells], and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:” (II Kings 21:1-7)
Additional information about the cruel practices of ancient pagans who were ruled by giants under the ubiquitous snake chief god and hybrid antropomorphic animal beasts can be induced from the Mesoamerican practices discovered by the conquering Spaniards in the middle of the first millennium AD.
What is truly shocking is the justification for these practices given by self-styled judges of culture. What is often glossed over in anthropological accounts bemoaning the destruction of grand buildings, works of art and elaborate societies of pagan cultures of every era is the cooperation in the destruction of their oppressors by the victims of those cultures . It is a simple matter of Income Statement. The cost of those grand buildings and lifestyle of the elite at the top of the social pyramid were paid in crushing taxes, sweat and blood of the masses of people.
While the Spaniard invaders in Mesoamerica were unquestionably cruel, the greatest death rate of American natives by butchery was by the local rulers in endless wars and blood sacrifices. The Spaniards were not different from the locals in enslaving masses of people. The uniquely appalling death rates by Spaniards were caused by infection. If the Conquistadores are going to be blamed for unwittingly introducing epidemics to infection-naïve peoples, than so should homosexuals be blamed for causing the deaths of AIDS victims. Or you have to admit that in the beginning neither group was aware they were spreading deadly diseases by contact, and when they did find out the key stakeholders in each group allowed it to continue in pursuit of their agenda.
My point is not to relieve the Conquistadors of responsibility or demonize promiscuous gays who individually have upwards of 1,000 sexual partners, but to justly spread the responsibility to all involved parties – the rulers of the indigenous population as well as the newcomers. Cortes and his four hundred Spaniards could not have destroyed the magnificent Aztec empire with all its infrastructure if it wasn’t thoroughly rotten from within, based on the worship of deceitful, lying gods who abandoned their faithful subjects at the first sign of defeat.
And likewise the Canaanite culture.
According to non-biblical scholars, the Bible is a major source of information about the Canaanites, whose existence, for at least a thousand years before the Exodus, is acknowledged to be a reality even if the Exodus isn’t. In science this is called “bias.” Anyway, let’s make the effort to gather collateral information about the Canaanite patterns of behavior so vile as to need wiping off the face of the earth.
Much of what scholars know about the Canaanites comes from records left by the people they came into contact with. Some of the most detailed surviving records come from the site of Amarna, in Egypt, and from the Hebrew Bible…”Canaan was not made up of a single ‘ethnic’ group but consisted of a population whose diversity may be hinted at by the great variety of burial customs and cultic structures” wrote Ann Killebrew, an archaeology professor at Penn State University.
“And the sons of Ham…Canaan. And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth, And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.”
The biblical account of Canaan’s claim stretching from coastal western Syria to the boarder of Egypt is well documented by archeologists.
Sidon, Canaan’s first born and crown jewel, is not named as such among the seven nations but as Canaan’s scion he is not only included in the broad category of “Canaanite”, but is the ultimate representative of a Canaanite. Sidon is considered the seat of the Phoenician, i.e. Canaanite, civilization in that most of the trading ships which spread Phoenician cedarwood, goods, culture, and colonies were launched from this city’s port. An artist’s rendition from historic descriptions and archeological finds gives us a sense of what Sidon’s heyday was probably like. This, as well as the Phoenician port colony of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa is reminiscent of the description of Atlantis. This is likely a deliberate identification with their glorious Old World civilization, just as Washington D.C. was intentionally designed to identify with our Roman heritage.
Artifacts manufactured at Sidon have been found throughout Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome and even Britain. Through its trade, Sidon was the most powerful city-state of ancient Phoenicia. One of its primary trade goods came from mollusks in that part of the Mediterranean from which were manufactured the purple dye which was so rare and expensive that the color purple became synonymous with royalty. In addition, glass manufacture was conducted on such a vast scale that the very invention of glass has often been attributed to Sidon.
An alternate view of history would be that Sidon re-introduced the production of glass from records carried through the flood by Ham. There is evidence that Sidon was inhabited as long ago as 4000 B.C., i.e. the dawn of biblical human history, with evidence of historical continuity from about the time of the flood. This suggests that Sidon was guided by his antediluvian grandfather Ham to settle at a pre-flood site to exploit a known source of self-empowerment. This emerges as a pattern with the rest of Canaan’s sons as well as many other nationalties.
The city flourished as part of a loose confederacy of city-states spread along the coast of the land of Canaan...with each city operating as a sovereign state ruled over by a king…This brought Sidon into competition with…the city of Tyre. In the 10th century BCE, the balance of power shifted to Tyre primarily due to the leadership of…Hiram. Tyre forged trade agreements with the newly minted kingdom of Israel-Judah and her king David. This agreement made Tyre wealthy and Sidon, trying to compete, entered into their own pacts with the kingdom of Israel [which split from David’s clan Judah after Solomon] including the marriage of the Sidonian princess Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal, to King Ahab (a story famous from the Bible). Jezebel’s insistence on maintaining her own religion was an affront [ahh, more like civil war, promoting serial murder as her religion did, see I Kings 18 and I Kings 21]..and Ahab’s rule was ended by a coup…and with it, Sidonian trade agreements with Israel. [To say the least…]
The Sidonian Jezebel is a portrait of why God said to destroy the Canaanites and their culture from among his people.
“And [Israel’s king] Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him. And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him. And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. And Ahab made a grove; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him…there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself [ahh! that profit motive from trade with Sidon!!] to work wickedness in the sight of the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up. And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all things as did the Amorites, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.” (I Kings 16:30-33, 21:24-26)
This woman was so notorious in Jewish culture, carried through the Bible into Christian culture, that “Jezebel” became a permanent synonym for a wicked, powerful-through-cunning woman.
“I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols [which incorporates the evil spirit into the eater]. And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works. But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden. But that which ye have already hold fast till I come. And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:” (Rev 2:20-26)
We can see the same name spelled “Isabella” in Spanish. She is the virtual reincarnation of the Sidonian Jezebel, who could very well have been her ancestor. Their bloody roads to power certainly match.
Isabella is famous, with her husband Ferdinand, for funding Christopher Columbus’ exploratory voyage to the new world in 1492. This single action motivated by trade and empowerment through religion, so characteristic of the Sidonian’s practices, shot Spain to stratospheric heights of wealth and power.
“Spain enjoyed a cultural golden age in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries when silver and gold from American mines increasingly financed a long series of European and North African wars.” Who paid for this siphoning of wealth? “The population of the Native American population in Mexico declined by an estimated 90% (reduced to 1–2.5 million people) by the early 17th century. In Peru, the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6.5 million declined to 1 million by the early 17th century. The overwhelming cause of the decline in both Mexico and Peru was infectious diseases, such as smallpox and measles, although the brutality of the Encomienda [forced labor like that in the Nazi concentration camps] also played a significant part in the population decline. And then there was the religious persecution.
Beginning in 1514 Spanish conquerors adopted “the Requirement,” an ultimatum in which Indians were forced to accept “the Church as the Ruler and Superior of the whole world” or face persecution. If Indians did not immediately comply, the Requirement warned them:
“We shall take you and your wives and your children, and shall make slaves of them, and as such shall sell and dispose of them as their Highnesses may command; and we shall take away your goods, and shall do all the harm and damage that we can.”
Since 1971 Columbus Day has been celebrated in the U.S. as federal holiday, and on October 9, 2002, President George W. Bush issued a presidential proclamation celebrating “Columbus’ bold expedition [and] pioneering achievements,” directing that “the flag of the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed day in honor of Christopher Columbus.” 
Missing from this proclamation was any mention of violence, slavery, religious persecution, or the pursuit of gold. Yet Columbus himself was more forthcoming about how he should be remembered. In a letter penned a few years before his death, Columbus wrote: “I ought to be judged as a captain who for such a long time up to this day has borne arms without laying them aside for an hour.” 
Isabella is also famous for being “Europe’s first great queen“. The similarities between the two Jezebels are striking
- Established the first strong European / Israelite nation-state through the creation of “the Holy Brotherhood”, used to keep Castilian nobles in check. This establishment of royal authority is known as the Pacification of Castile, and can be seen as one of the crucial steps toward the creation of one of Europe’s first strong nation-states.
“Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD …the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the groves four hundred…eat at Jezebel’s table.” (I Kings 18:13,19)
- With her husband expelled all Jews who would not convert to Christianity from their lands on pain of death in the most cataclysmic event for Jews prior to the holocaust under the goals of the infamous Inquisition under Torquemada to ferret out by torture and execute by cruel means any heretic non-Catholic – Moslems and Christian dissidents as well. While inquisitions swept all of “Christian” Europe, the Spanish Inquisition was the most infamous of all religious persecutions. “Put your feet to the fire” and “a slow death” were not figures of speech.
“And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away…Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel [a pitifully small remnant of about 1.5% out of an estimated total population of 450,000], all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.” (I Kings 19:14-18)
Those familiar with the fictional Cercei Lannister on Game of Thrones. should recognize the same power-grabbing actions in her reign. Watching this program triggers a gut horror reaction that is more informing than simply reading words for which we have no visual or emotional context from our own limited experience.
Cercei was ranked No. 1 of “30 Best Game of Thrones Villains” by Rolling Stone and described as the “most dangerous human being in Westeros“. This is quite a tribute if you consider that Ramsey Bolton is only ranked No. 4, despite his characterization as “‘pure evil ‘…basically Ted Bundy with a rich politician for a dad and an army at his beck and call. Mutilating Theon, raping Sansa, murdering Osha, literally feeding his stepmom and her newborn to the dogs: He’s the sort of irredeemable monster you usually read about in books on serial killers. His brand of glibly unrepentant awfulness isn’t for everyone, but it stands out even amid GoT’s usual level of brutality — and that counts for a lot.”
If you still feel that a God who would order certain groups to be destroyed is a monster, watch Game of Thrones, or at least read about the characters on this top rated, historically based show, and consider whose side you want to be on – the defender or the destroyer of the living. Surely we’ve learned about enough monster politicians in our own recent history to realize there are real threats to humanity by cruel rulers with their devoted followers, and someone IS going to die. It’s just a question of who.
This is why the American men and women who fought World War II, “not for fame or recognition, but because it was the ‘right thing to do'” are labeled “The Greatest Generation” of Americans by journalist Tom Brokaw.
Sidon still exists today in Lebanon, but that doesn’t mean that the ancient Sidonians didn’t experience judgment.
Like other Phoenician [i..e. Canaanite] capitals, Sidon suffered the depredations of a succession of conquerors. At the end of the Persian era, unable to resist the superior forces of the emperor Artaxerxes lll, the desperate Sidonians locked their gates and immolated themselves in their homes rather than submit to the invader. More than 40,000 died the flames. Shortly after, in 333 B.C., the decimated city was too weak to oppose the triumphal march down the coast of Alexander the Great, and sued for peace. The city had the status of republic in the early days of Roman domination (64 B.C. – 330 A.D.) before passing into the hands of the Byzantines and, in 667, of the Arabs. In 1111, Sidon was besieged and stormed by the Crusader Baldwin, soon to become King of Jerusalem…In 1187, the city surrendered to Saladin, but was re-occupied by the Crusaders in 1287, later passing into the hands of the Saracens. The Templars recaptured it briefly before abandoning it for good in 1291 after the fall of Acre to the Mameluk forces. In the 15th Century, Sidon was one of the ports of Damascus. It flourished once more during the 17th Century when it was rebuilt by Fakhreddine lI, then ruler of Lebanon, although he was obliged to fill in Sidon’s harbor out of fear of the Turkish fleet. By the beginning of the 19th Century, Sidon had sunk into obscurity.
Heth For many years critics of the Bible treated the lack of archeological evidence of the Hittites as proof that the Bible was just another ancient book of myths. Archeological discoveries beginning in 1876 have since proved the existence of this group as a powerful people based in Turkey. If you look at the map you’ll see that this nation had plenty of space to retreat back to.
Like his brother Sidon, Heth also re-occupied a notable pre-flood site. Hattusha was a vast fortress-city with soaring citadels and elaborate temples, originally founded by the Hatti just before the flood ~ 2500 BCE.
The similiarities between Hattushan, Babylonian and Egyptian sphinxes unmistakably point to a recent and commonly shared ante-diluvian culture providing the basis for the earliest post-diluvian cultures.
Even more important is the timing of Hattusha’s construction, its primarily defensive form and function and its remote location high in the almost inaccessible mountains of Turkey.
When we recall that the flood was used to wipe out unparalleled evil such as genocidal hybrid angel-humans-animals capable of wiping out the entire human race, we should lock on to the explanation for the Hittite’s designation as a wicked people to be destroyed. The Hittites were going for Alien Resurrection.
Gobeklitepe, the most ancient and mysterious temple site so far discovered, is also in this region. Restoration of this massive antediluvian complex may have been on Heth’s to-do list in order to seize international religious control for the purpose of returning the world to the pre-flood state of alien desecration and destruction. Now that is scary.
The powerful Hittite Empire expanded south and challenged Egypt for world dominance. Excavations at Hattusha have unearthed international treaties with neighboring city-states, among which are some indicating that the Hittites were likely involved in a real, early Bronze Age Trojan War.
The clever strategy of getting through the walls via an image – get it? an idol – of a horse makes perfect sense once awareness of the practice of horse worship is added our accumulating data. The Trojans couldn’t refuse to host one of their gods.
Horse worship is a pagan practice that existed in Europe in the Iron Age and perhaps the Bronze Age. The horse was seen as divine, as a sacred animal associated with a particular deity, or as a totem animal impersonating the king or warrior.
Tacitus (Germania) mentions the use of white horses for divination by the Germanic tribes:
- But to this nation it is peculiar, to learn presages and admonitions divine from horses also. These are nourished by the State in the same sacred woods and groves, all milk-white and employed in no earthly labour. These yoked in the holy chariot, are accompanied by the Priest and the King, or the Chief of the Community, who both carefully observed his actions and neighing. Nor in any sort of augury is more faith and assurance reposed, not by the populace only, but even by the nobles, even by the Priests. These account themselves the ministers of the Gods, and the horses privy to his will.
There is some reason to believe that Poseidon, like other water [outer space is a sea, remember] gods, was originally conceived under the form of a horse… Demeter was, according to popular tradition, represented with the head and mane of a horse, possibly a relic of the time when a non-specialized corn-spirit bore this form. Her priests were called Poloi (Greek for “colts”) in Laconia.
This seems related to the archaic myth by which Poseidon once pursued Demeter; She spurned his advances, turning herself into a mare so that she could hide in a herd of horses; he saw through the deception and became a stallion and captured her. Their child was a horse, Arion, which was capable of human speech. [Myth, or account of the pre-flood hybridization program?]
This bears some resemblance to the Norse mythology reference to the gender-changing [consistent with what the Bible records about angels being hermaphrodite] Loki having turned himself into a mare and given birth to Sleipnir, “the greatest of all horses”.
The Jebusites are unknown outside the Bible, probably because they occupied such a small city-state on an seemingly unassuming hilltop. Nonetheless, we can assume that they followed the same guiding principle as their brothers in high-tailing it to a prized pre-flood location. And rather than being unassuming, it was the greatest prize of all.
The Jebusite’s claim was, in fact, nothing less than God’s heavenly embassy on earth.
“Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.” (I Kings 11:36)
Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world. Archaeological evidence places the lowest level of habitation during Adam’s lifetime, between 4500–3500 BCE. Historical evidence places the city about 2000 BC during Shem / Melchizedek’s reign. The Middle Kingdom Egyptian Execration Texts identifies the city, in the Egyptian language, as Rusalimum. The root S-L-M in the name applies to “peace” (Salam or Shalom in modern Arabic and Hebrew) and, twisted, to Shalim, the god of dusk [evening, works of darkness opposing the God of light] in the Canaanite religion.
Jerusalem has been fought over more than any other place. This makes sense since it has been continuously inhabited, unlike any other current nation’s capitol. Archaeological excavations indicate that by the 17th century BCE, following the death of Shem and during a lapse of any Hebrew force in the area, the Canaanites had taken control of “Rusalimum” and built massive walls (4 and 5 ton boulders, 26 feet high) on the eastern side of Jerusalem.
When King David reclaimed God’s city from the Jebusites he changed its name back to Jeru-salem, Place of Reconciliation (see above).
“And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. And…David took the castle of Zion / Tsiyyon, the stronghold…” (I Chronicles 11:3-67)
Zion is commonly used as a alternate name for Jerusalem, but inaccurately so. Zion is not the city but the mountain on which the city is built. Understanding the meaning of the word enlightens as to why. While Tsiyy-on is a proper noun designating a place, it is derived from the general noun tsiyy-un meaning “a signpost showing the way.”
The way to where? The Kingdom of Heaven. Not just for Israel, but for the pre-flood people and all the post-flood nations scattered under Nimrod.
“The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee…For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion / the signpost showing the way unto the LORD our God…
shout among the chief of the nations…Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off…
For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he. Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD…
I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God. Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed…
set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin [uncorrupted by union with demonic gods] of Israel, turn again to…mountain of holiness…
No, I’m not advocating Islam as the way to the LORD, simply showing how it’s done. Openly, very publicly.
While there is unquestionably a material aspect to the “way” to Zion, the safe haven from enemies, there is also the spiritual aspect to the “way” in which we are saved from destruction and death – the only superhuman being capable of doing so – the Creator and therefore Sustainer – or not, based on HIS parameters – of all life.
“I am he; I am the first, I also am the last [as in literal “last man standing” which includes all who are united in him after the fight to the death prophecied in Revelation]. Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together…
Come ye near unto me [the way!], hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath sent me. Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the WAY that thou shouldest go. O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river…There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.” (Isaiah 48)
“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God...And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass…The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass [doomed to die, surely a clue that Antichrist will promise immortality to his followers]…but the word of our God shall stand for ever…
Behold, the LORD God will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him…Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?
Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord, or being his counsellor hath taught him? With whom took he counsel, and who instructed him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of understanding? (Isaiah 40)
“[John the Baptist] said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.” (John 1:23)
“Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.
- In my Father’s house [it goes without saying that this is a palace, which always includes residential units for upwards of thousands of members of the court] are many mansions [glorious and permanent vs temporary residences...for our souls / personhood].
- I go to prepare a place for you.
- And…I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye
- may be also.
- And whither I go ye know [from scripture], and the way [of the cross] ye know [because I told you personally].
- Thomas [plaintively whining as he uses the coping mechanism of denial to deal with his anxiety] saith unto him, Lord…how can we know the way?
- Jesus [sighing deeply in his spirit] saith unto him,
no man cometh unto the Father, but by [identifying with, uniting with] me [the Promised Seed as in my tortuous death as I face off against my nemesis, the Seed of the Serpent, leader of all who oppose God.] (John 14;1-6)
If you’ve never experienced trauma from standing with God’s Son then you’ve probably never stood up for much. Unlike King Josiah, who models how a child of God responds to a wicked and corrupt generation.
“And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant…
- And the king commanded…bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes of them unto Bethel.
- And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense
- in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem;
- them also that burned incense unto Baal,
- to the sun,
- and to the moon,
- and to the planets,
- and to all the host of heaven.
- And he brought out the grove [wooden image representing Phoenician goddess Asherah in the form of a tree i.e. the tree of life as a twisted and perverse memory from ancient times] from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
- And he brake down the houses of the sodomites that were by the house of the LORD. [Gay bathhouses provide a contemporary parallel for these sodomite houses and public health reasonpublic health reasons to shut them down.]
- “Baths played a central role in the early spread of HIV,5 and some have suggested that the bathhouse environment is inherently unsafe.6,26,27…We know that baths are places where…a majority of the men [go] who have risky sex…HIV prevention in baths would reach…the men who report the most risky behavior…“
- And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba…[ecumenticalism]
- And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
- And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the Lord, by the chamber of Nathanmelech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
- And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the Lord, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
- And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile. And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men.
- Moreover the altar that was at Bethel, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, and stamped it small to powder, and burned the grove.
- And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Bethel.
- And he slew all the priests of the high places that were there upon the altars, and burned men’s bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem.
- And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant. Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah; But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was holden to the Lord in Jerusalem.
- Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
And like unto him was there no king before him [apparently even King David] , that turned to the Lord with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.
Now, before you jump on the bandwagon fer or ag’in’ this massive religious paradigm shift, can we finish this section and learn what we can about the Jebusites and the other Canaanite city-states that God ordered the new nation of Israel to completely destroy? After all, we live in a country that did exactly the same to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Let’s consider all sides of the conflict before jumping to a conclusion, OK? For starters, this list is obviously a broad overview covering many years. If Islam can fiercely defend its right to this plot of land on ancient religious grounds, why can’t Israel? And can we not recognize an underlying spiritual component to this unending territorial challenge? Moving on…
The Amorites are mentioned early in Mesopotamian records, around 2400 B.C., just before Sargon the Great/Arphaxad turned Akkad from a city-state into an empire. This corresponds to the earliest post-flood peoples comprising all the unnamed descendants of Noah’s three sons.
The Amorites are identified as Semitic from linguistics, but this could simply reflect their early pre-Babel appearance in history when everyone was still speaking the original antediluvian language, and that this was the language maintained by Shem. After the breakout of language families, they were known as the Martu in Sumerian, as Amar in Egyptian, and as the Amurru in Akkadian, all of which mean ‘westerners’. This is consistent with other indications that the Amorite nation consolidated in the area around Mount Hermon.
This is a major clue, as the book of Enoch relates that Mount Hermon / Armon is the landing zone for the fallen angels. Supporting this consideration is the fact that the Amorites are best known for establishing the kingdom of Babylonia under the Amorite king Hammurabi, who we know from the previous post is Nimrod, the first named megalomaniacal post-flood giant. Like him, the Amorites were giants. The Israelites were terrified of the Amorites, for good reason. The Amorite leaders proudly carried on the tradition of arcane pre-flood knowledge brought to mankind by the fallen angels.
Several Amorite royal houses, including those of the old Babylonian [founded by Nimrod] kingdom, the old Assyrian kingdom, and the kings of Ugarit, traced their ancestry from Dedan, whose descendants were called the Didanu, Tidanum, and variations thereof… that’s the name from which the Greeks derived the word titanes—the Titans. Did Amorite royalty really believe they descended from the Titans, the old gods who planned their rebellion against God at Mount Hermon in the dim, distant past?”
The evidence strongly supports the conclusion that the Amorites possessed fallen angel DNA which was carefully bred in their descendants, like race horses or prize-winning dogs, to bring out the most desired traits. Maybe Dedan’s characterization in a video game has some actual basis in fact?
“And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan…And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. And they came unto the brook [that they named] of Eshcol and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs. The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.”
Let’s pause here for a moment to reflect on the single cluster of grapes worth recording for all posterity. Yes, it was so huge that it required two warriors to carry it on a pole between them, like a deer. This corresponds to 100-300 pounds of grapes – in a single cluster. We should recognize that naming the place where the grapes were found is not a random remark, it is loaded with meaning. The spies did not go to the brook “of Eschol”. Seriously, you were thinking they had a map with place names and everything? The spies left behind the name because of the cluster of grapes they discovered there.
Moses is using the literary device “flashback” to previous history to make an important point. For people who know the history, that is. What was it about Eschol that made the nation of Israel associate him with the huge bunch of grapes? Eschol was the Amorite made famous by his and his two brothers’ confederation with Abraham about 400 years previously. Putting all the clues together, we understand that the grapes’ huge size reminded them of Abraham’s huge Amorite friend. (Sidebar – another example of the inclusion of all nations into God’s kingdom.) This deduction is supported as the text continues.
“And they returned from searching of the land after forty days…and shewed them the fruit of the land…and said…this is the fruit of it. Nevertheless…we saw the children of Anak there..Amorites…all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature. And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.” (Numbers 13:17-33)
We can’t call Odysseus a hero for rescuing his people from the Cyclops and contrarily accuse Moses of genocide against the same monsters. The Israelites were by no means the only nation to battle giants and they did the neighboring tribes a huge favor (yes that’s a pun) when they destroyed them.
- The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall…Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites called them Emims.
- (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:
- As he did to the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed the Horims from before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead even unto this day:
- And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
- Caphtor apparently merged to some degree with his brother Cashlu to produce what became known in that land as the Philistines, from which was derived the modern designation Palestinian. Note that they were not among the tribes to be driven out of the land, and certainly benefitted the Israelites at this stage of history. They also had their own giant, but his solitary show on the field of battle indicates he was a rarity.
- Then Sihon [king of the Amorites, see below] came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz. And the LORD our God delivered him before us; and we smote him…and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the little ones, of every city, we left none to remain… (Deuteronomy 1:27-18, 2:10-37)
- Og the king of Bashan [Golan Heights, you can see from the photo above this is a major strategic location, so much so that it is currently occupied by UN forces to (attempt to) keep the peace] came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And the LORD said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon...And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan, from the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon…For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.” (Deuteronomy 1:27-30, 3:1-11)
The Girgasite. “The name of this people has been discovered in the Ugaritic inscriptions as grgs and bn-grgs, that is, Girgash and the sons or children of Girgash. They are also known to us in the Hittite documents as the karkm; and in Egyptian records as the Kirkash. [The same multitude of transliterations of the guttural pronunciation is found with Gaddafi / Kadafi / Qaddafi]. The Girgasites settled to the east of the river Jordan between Galilee and the Dead Sea…a tribe known as the Karkisa were mentioned in the Hittite Annals, as existing in Asia Minor. Another rendering of that tribe is Qarqisha. Perhaps they migrated to the steppes near the Caspian Sea which was known as the “Sea of the Girgashites” anciently and thence on to south-east Europe.” This proposition is substantiated by recent genetic findings of an Albanian people group called the Ghegs who are 72% MENA neolithic farmer and 28% I-E/WHG, where MENA is “Middle east/North Africa” in the genetic analysis of haplogroups.
It appears that the Girgasites were indeed run out of town, but why? The culture of the 20th century European Ghegs provides a window to their ancient culture in the Middle East.
The Ghegs of Northern Albania are one of only two tribal societies which survived in Europe until the middle of the 20th century. The other consists of the Serb highlanders in Montenegro and southern Serbia whose idealized tribal dentity of “a mountain renegade” and self-complimentary stereotype as one who, in a conflict with authority “reaches for the sword”, provoked “the bloodiest war in Europe since World War II”.
This does not bode well for neighbors of the Ghegs.
Like the Serbs, the Ghegs pride themselves on rejecting any authority other than themselves. One way this harms the society in which they live is the traditional livelihood of imposing protection rackets. The Gheg clan known as “Tigers of Dibra” had a reputation for intimidating landowners and peasants.
The Ghegs are the most faithful supporters of their own set of traditional laws (Kanun). These are based on ancient oral laws which anthropologists including Edith Durham have dated back to the Bronze Age, i.e. immediate post-flood era, linking the Ghegs with the Gergasites as we come full circle.
The most infamous clan laws are those regulating blood feuds.
In Albania blood feuding is a tradition, and has returned in rural areas after more than 40 years of suppression by Albanian communists. More than 3000 Albanian families are currently engaged in a blood feud, more than 1,600 families live under an ever-present death sentence because of them, and since 1992 at least 10,000 Albanians have been killed in them.
The Hivite. “Known to the ancient Greeks as the Ηευαιος, Heuaios, this people moved to the foothills of Lebanon during the Israelite conquest of Canaan.” This is evident in King David’s census tour of Lebanon.
“And Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the people of Israel…and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon/Sidon, And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba. So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.” (II Samuel 24:4-8)
The Hivites were driven out of the Middle East by the Philistines according to Peter Tompkins. Many readers would be familiar with Peter Tompkins’ stimulating work Mysteries of the Mexican Pyramids. In it, Tompkins uses Ordoez, Naez, and native Mexican sources. Part of the Hivite tribe fled Tyre from whence they set sail for America. (Hmmm, interesting, and not incredible.)
“…all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion. And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel, Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.” (I Kings 9:19-21)
But before you get all holier-than-thou against ancient Israel realize that all the other nations did the same, and, on the other hand, there were also treaties of friendship with Tyre and Egypt, all three governments valuing relations with each other enough to pay for it.
“(Now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee…And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold. And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon’s wife.” (II Samuel 24:11-16).
The Arkites begin the listing of lesser known, undoubtedly smaller Canaanite nations. They named their settlement of Arka / Arqa / Irqata a short distance due north of Damascus. The earliest level of the archeological site dates to the Neolithic, AKA pre-flood, period, another suggestion that Ham’s descendants were all rebuilding known pre-flood prosperous cities. It was powerful enough to be involved in international affairs, mentioned during the 14th Century B.C. in the Egyptian Annals, and specially in the Egyptian Tell al-Amarna Letters. Hushai the Arkite was a minister in King David’s government and a crucial ally during Absolom’s rebellion. This relationship gives another indication of the multinational character of God’s kingdom in the golden age of King David and early days of King Solomon. Hushai is characterized as a counsellor, he may well have specialized in commerce.
The Sinite, Most authorities consider that they settled at this early stage of history in the northern part of Lebanon where there are various localities with similar names, such as Sinna, Sinum or Sini, and Syn. They undoubtedly also migrated east following The Steppe Route, precursor to The Silk Road, to settle in Sino-, AKA China. This is certainly in keeping with the Canaanites’ commercial interests.
The Arvadite, AKA Arwad, a fishing and commercial city in the north of what is now Lebanon (see map of Lebanon above).
The Zemarites inhabited the town of Sumra, at the western base of the Lebanon range. In the Amarna tablets (B.C. 1400) Zemar, or Zumur, was one of the most important of the Phoenician cities, but it afterwards almost disappears from history.
The Hamathites settled on the Orontes River in northern Lebanon. “Sargon II of Assyria tells us how he conquered the city, and it was at Hamath that Nebuchadnezzar defeated the Egyptian armies. The Hamathites migrated to northern Greece and Macedonia, becoming known as the Emathians (in English). The territory they settled became known as Emathia.”
The Perizzites: The name means “villagers” and denotes rural dwellers in contrast to cityfolk. Think Texas ranchers. Abram and Lot herded cattle on Perizzite land.
The Kenizzites – never again named, even during the conquest of Canaan, so either moved out elsewhere or died out.
The Kadmonites – suggestions that they emigrated
An unbiased humanities review of the Canaanite lifestyle choices and religious practices brings us to a logical conclusion that they were the embassadors / evangelists / missionaries for the one-world pagan rival religion founded by Nimrod in Babylon to all humanity who were in process of scattering throughout the world from Babel.
“…and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.” (Genesis 10:18)
According to the pantheon…the creator was known as Elion, who was the father of the [lesser] divinities…in the Greek sources he was married to Beruth (the city spelled Beirut in English). This marriage of the divinity with the city would seem to have Biblical parallels too with the stories of the link between Melqart and Tyre; Chemosh and Moab; Tanit and Baal Hammon in Carthage, Yah and Jerusalem.
Canaanite religion was influenced by its peripheral position, intermediary between Egypt and Mesopotamia, whose religions had a growing impact upon Canaanite religion. For example, during the Hyksos period, Baal became associated with the Egyptian god Set, and was considered identical…Baal was shown wearing the crown of Lower Egypt [the lower Nile region, like the Mississippi, is where it flows into the sea] and shown in the Egyptian-like stance, one foot set before the other. Similarly Athirat (known by her later Hebrew name Asherah), Athtart (known by her later Greek name Astarte), and Anat henceforth were portrayed wearing Hathor-like Egyptian wigs.
From the other direction, Jean Bottéro has suggested that Yah of Ebla…was equated with the Mesopotamian god Ea during the Akkadian Empire…Canaanite divinities seem to have been almost identical in form and function to the neighboring Arameans to the east, and Baal Hadad and El can be distinguished amongst earlier Amorites…
Carried west by Phoenician sailors, Canaanite religious influences can be seen in Greek mythology, particularly in the tripartite division between the Olympians Zeus, Poseidon and Hades, mirroring the division between Baal, Yam and Mot, and in the story of the Labours of Hercules, mirroring the stories of the Tyrian Melqart.
There is one last Canaanite family.
The Kenites, who are associated with the Midianites to such an extent one must wonder if the Kenites in existence in Abram’s day merged with the Midianites, descendants of one of Abraham’s son’s by Keturah, so came to be a people group later in time. And with the Kenites we see the preeminence of free will over predestination. Despite the preponderance of evidence for judgment against the Canaanite nations, individuals within these nations demonstrate the international scope of God’s ideal kingdom, and the opportunity for anyone who sincerely repents of their sinful human nature to experience spiritual rebirth and eternal life.
When Moses fled for refuge from Egyptian law he must have chosen people with whom expected to find safe harbor. This expectation is supported by discovering that his protector Jethro was “the priest of Midian”. He is also called a Kenite, but was certainly a righteous priest in the Hebrew nation as he was also called Reu-el, which means “friend of God,” This is an honorary title only bestowed previously on Abraham, then later also on believers in the Son of God.
“Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings?…I the LORD, the first, and with the last…Abraham my friend. Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away. Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.” (Isa 41:2-10)
“Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit.” (John 15:14-16)
Jethro’s close relationship with God can be deduced by his
- authority over Moses despite Moses being “instead of God“,
- hosting of a sacrifice attended by Moses,
- superior wisdom accepted by Moses,
- his elevation of Moses to high social standing in Midian just like Joseph in Egypt, through marriage to a priest’s daughter.
Once we recognize that Reuel Jethro is an Hebrew, we should better understand his role in transforming Moses from an impetuous Egyptian prince into the world’s greatest religious leader apart from the Promised Seed himself. We also shouldn’t overlook his influence as the head of his entire household, like Abraham, in forming his grandsons’ character, his eternal legacy through the Levitical priesthood, and his influence over the many Kenites who chose to join Israel, and consequently experienced God’s blessing instead of cursing.
Jethro’s involvement in the formation of the Israelite government at Mount Sinai is a direct outgrowth of the calling and purpose of the Hebrew nation, which is to preserve and propagate the knowledge of the one true God to all the earth.
The Hebrew people are the source of a unique but vital contribution to our Western heritage…it is the treasure of sacred literature which constitutes the Hebrew legacy. The tradition of a monotheistic religion upon which Christianity would build and out of which the modern world would emerge, has arguably served as the wellspring of Western civilization.
Monotheism (the belief that God is one) set the Hebrews apart from the other ancient Near Eastern civilizations. Their monotheism contributed to their understanding of nature as a creation of the transcendent, sovereign, and just God, who made ethical demands of human beings based on His own moral rectitude…The Hebrew belief that each individual was equal before the law became a fundamental notion in Western culture, establishing for the first time the greater worth of the human person over physical property.
Scattered amongst the Canaanites as the Hebrews were, it was easy to become amalgamated into the pagan cultures. Abraham’s own son Ishmael rejected his father’s way of life, as did Isaac’s son Esau, and most of Jacob’s sons at first. Even heroes with strong faith in an all-powerful God found it extremely difficult to maintain a godly way of life under pressure, or simply isolation.
- Abram abandoned his wife to Pharoah’s harem for fear of his life.
- “Righteous Lot“, vexed though he was with the wickedness, succumbed to the riches in Sodom and lost his family, ability to influence anyone towards righteousness, and ultimately all his descendents.
- Abimelech I King of Philistines at Gerar, was nonetheless a righteous man we should consider a Hebrew, but his successor Abimelech II doesn’t measure up to his standards.
These are just a few examples. It should be self-evident that it is necessary for individuals to assemble together under a legal constitution that enforces law and order in order to build up and defend any institution from destruction by external and internal forces – from marriage between two persons to a family to a business to a nation.
And that was the point in setting apart – sanctifying – a subset of the Hebrew nation as the nation of Israel.
“Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made.” (Galatians 3:19)
Only people already saved can practice law AS GOD’S ADVOCATES
“And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;
NOTE – the “mixed multitude” of nationalities who chose to escape Egypt under Israel’s protection are not included with Israel. The corresponding census of male children of Israel at the Exodus with the Israelite census in Numbers 1 clinches this, for a good reason. People who are not already identified as God’s sons ergo representatives cannot practice law.
- if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant,
- then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
- And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel….
- And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. (Exodus 19:3-8)
Note that YHVH offered priesthood status to ALL the nation of Israel, who accepted the job. But but ALL the nation of Israel aren’t priests. Why? For the logical reason that they didn’t obey God’s voice and keep his covenant.
Some were outright destroyed.
“I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.” (Letter by Messianic Jewish believer Jude, verse 5)
“And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount [forty days without food like Jesus so normally would have died], the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man [belittling his status as being in God’s stead] that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. [They had no faith in the benevolence and life-giving power of his God. and the ability of YHVH to defeat the forces of evil unquestionably surrounding this war council. Not to say that they didn’t believe in the existence of YHVH, they just wanted to be on the winning side.]
And…after he had made it a [singular] molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods [plural, one idol packed with multiple spirit beings], O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD. [Attempting a peace treaty between the believers in the gods of Egypt and the believers in YHVH.]
And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play [orgiastic behavior].
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves / joined themselves with hyperdimensionals; [read Seed of the Serpent if you don’t get the diagnostic meaning of “corrupt”] They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt… [Put some life into God’s verbatim report! He is outraged and spitting it out! You can best believe Moses was mirroring God’s response when he stormed down the mountain.]
And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing…Moses’ anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. [Destroyed the covenant between these people and YHVH before they were completely wiped out.] And when Moses saw that the people were naked [unprotected from any source of danger]; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:) Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD‘s side? let him come unto me. ” (Exodus 32
Only the Levites – Moses’ tribe – stood up for their leader. Against 11 other tribes and who knows how many heathen taggers-on.
And all the sons of Levi [Moses’ tribe] gathered themselves together unto him. And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. For Moses had said, Consecrate / set apart yourselves today to the LORD.” (Exodus 32)
What the law of Moses does do is detail the requirements of citizens and functions of government leaders in God’s concept of a holy nation.
We can understand this by comparison to the American founders’ constitution / charter / formation / organization / written law establishing the republican system of the United States of America.
The Constitution of the United States contains a preamble and seven articles that describe the way the government is structured and how it operates. The first three articles establish the three branches of government and their powers: Legislative (Congress), Executive (office of the President,) and Judicial (Federal court system). A system of checks and balances prevents any one of these separate powers from becoming dominant. Articles four through seven describe the relationship of the states to the Federal Government, establish the Constitution as the supreme law of the land, and define the amendment and ratification processes.
The Code of Hammurabi is a contemporaneous example of the constituting (verb) of one nation under god providing liberty and justice to all citizens through the rule of law publicly available therefore, therefore able to be appealed to for justice, in a written Constitution (noun). The laws are written in the same “if…then” format as the law of Moses, providing punishments for breaking the laws. It also declares, like the law of Moses, to have been given directly to the human ruler by the god.
When Anu the Sublime, King of the Anunaki, and Bel, the lord of Heaven and earth, who decreed the fate of the land, assigned to Marduk, the over-ruling son of Ea, God of righteousness, dominion over earthly man, and made him great among the Igigi…then Anu and Bel called by name me, Hammurabi, the exalted prince, who feared God, to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil-doers; so that the strong should not harm the weak;
The United States Supreme Court building honors historic lawgivers in a frieze, where you can see Hammurabi preceding Moses in the lineup.
With this background in mind, take a fresh look at Leviticus and Deuteronomy. Or maybe a first look. We will find the exact same purpose of the law and even many of the same laws and principles, giving rise to claims that Moses never met God on Mount Sinai but simply plagiarized the earlier Code of Hammurabi. If we grant that all humans share the same needs for security, and that concrete idioms like “eye for an eye” are easier for uneducated citizens to understand that abstract terms like “equitable” so are generally useful for communication, we won’t jump to false conclusions about the source of the Mosaic code.
We can also see the same essential similarities between the American Constitution and the Israelite, but I don’t think anyone accuses the writers of that document of plagiarizing the Bible. Hmmm.
- Legislative Branch
Ye shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither rear you up a standing image, neither shall ye set up any image of stone in your land [as a reposistory allowing interaction with hyperdimensionals], to bow down unto it: for I am the LORD your [protecting and providing] God [not them]…
If ye walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, and do them;
Then I will… give you rain in due season…and ye shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely.
And I will give peace in the land…and none shall make you afraid: and
I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
I will…make you fruitful / productive, and
multiply you, and
establish / make permanent my covenant with you…
set my tabernacle dwelling place among you…And
I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people
- But if ye will not hearken unto me, and
- will not do all these commandments; And
- if ye shall despise my statutes, or
- if your soul abhor my judgments, so that
- ye will not do all my commandments, but that
- ye break my covenant:
I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague…and
ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you.
And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and
when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and
ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.
And if ye will not be reformed by me by these things, but will walk contrary unto me;
Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
- And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me,
- then I will punish you seven times more for your sins...
- And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary to me,
- Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.
- And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and…your daughters
- I will bring the land into desolation…And
- I will scatter you among the heathen, and
- will draw out a sword after you…And
- they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies’ lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them.
- If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me…if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity:
Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham…and
I will remember the land...when they be in the land of their enemies,
I will not cast them away,
neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God. But
I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the LORD.
- These are the statutes and judgments and laws, which the LORD made between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses. (Leviticus 26)
- “Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.” (Exodus 18:25-26)
- “If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment…being matters of controversy within thy gates: then…thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment…and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee…thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall shew thee…And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.” (Deuteronomy 17:8-12)
- “Aaron and his sons…minister unto me in the priest’s office….And thou shalt anoint them…their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.” (Exodus 40:13-15)
- “If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD…he shall…” (Leviticus 1: 2-4)
- Executive Branch
- “Thou shalt…set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren…
- thou mayest not set a stranger over thee…
- he shall not multiply horses to himself,
- nor cause the people to return to Egypt…
- Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away:
- neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold…
- he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites…
- he shall read therein all the days of his life…
- to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: That
- his heart be not lifted up above his brethren” (Deuteronomy 17:15-20)
- “Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel…From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel…
- Only thou shalt not number / draft the tribe of Levi…
- But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and…over all things that belong to it: they shall…minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle [to protect it]. (Numbers 1:2-3, 49-50)
- “I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee [Moses], and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him…But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.” (Deuteronomy 18:18-22)
- “Thou shalt…set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren…
Notice that the Constitution of the United States serves the general welfare of its constituents only.
No caring about the rest of the world. That comes later with the Statue of Liberty.
The New Colossus
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
“Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
Hammurabi’s and Moses’ constitutions have more in common with each other than with the American. They both explicitly claim that their purpose is “to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land.” The difference is – and this is huge – “The Law of Moses provided justice, but it also dealt with spiritual laws and personal and national holiness. As a result, the Mosaic Law dealt with the cause of crime, not just its effects.”
In his book Highlights of Archaeology in Bible Lands, Fred Wight writes, “The Mosaic Law gives strong emphasis to the recognition of sin as being the cause of the downfall of a nation. Such a thought is entirely lacking in Hammurabi’s Code. . . . The great fundamental principle of the laws of God in the Hebrew Bible may be summed up in the words: ‘Be ye holy, for I am holy’ [Leviticus 11:45]. Such a principle as this was utterly unknown to the Babylonians as seen in their law code.”
“For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal / flesh, controlled by physical desires for pleasure and comfort, sold under sin. For that which I do I allow /agree with not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. [think going on then breaking a diet, drinking, drugging, sexual immorality…] If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin [nature] that dwelleth in me. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find then a law immutable condition of nature], that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man; But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.” (Romans 7:12-25)
Is it possible for us to wrap our minds around the concept that “doing right’, AKA “being right-eous / holy”, inevitably produces good results while doing wrong, AKA “being un-right-eous” invitably results in chaos and destruction? This concept is essential for a proper understanding of the place and purpose of the Constitution of the nation of Abraham’s grandson Israel in the biblical scheme of things.
Hammurabi or the Supreme Court of the United States or any other leader can’t simply declare that such and such action is right or wrong and it be so. Until humans change their nature, their unrighteous actions will inevitably lead to destruction.
“After nearly thirty years, the data suggest that abortion has been anything but good for the United States.” The economic consequences alone are that abortion (the modern clinically withdrawn manner of child sacrifice)
- reduced the size of the economy,
- undercut one main cause of the American economy’s current dynamism: innovation,
- reduced the standard of living of the average America household
- is single-handedly responsible for anticipated imbalances in the Social Security retirement system,
- is perhaps the single largest American economic event of the past century, more significant than the Great Depression or the Second World War.
Had abortion remained illegal, the American population would
- be significantly larger
- contain a larger share of intact marriages and two-parent families
- have higher average living standards.
“…the analysis warns that if it continues unchecked, legal abortion will progressively erode both America’s relative economic importance and her average absolute standard of living.”
Both Hammurabi’s and Moses’ codes also share the same claim to further the welfare, not just of one nation, but “for all of mankind”. By now we should recognize that Hammurabi’s Constitutional government is the Antichrist’s, competing with God’s Messiah / Christ rule over all creation. And to compete, his is so right-sounding that it disarms even people who claim to be Christ-ones.
The difference between the two codes – and this is a big one – lies in
- the proof provided in the past of the enduring power of Moses’ God to enforce his law, therefore
- certainty of future punishment for all mankind who abhor his judgments and
- certainty of future freedom for all mankind who follow his judgments.
“And it shall come to pass in the last days [when the goal established in the beginning of history is achieved], that the mountain of the LORD‘s house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
- And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of [Abraham, Isaac and] Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths:
- for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
- And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and
- they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks:
- nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.” (Isaiah 2:2-5)
Leadership in the Kingdom of Heaven and Earth
The highest authority in any form of government, ancient and modern, is the person or group that passes judgment, not just on guilt or innocence, but on what course of action out of available options is to be taken by the people within that sphere of influence. Why do you think the place where a king exercises his power is called his court? Why do you think a judge’s decision is called ruling? Even in the American system designed to distribute power as evenly as possible over three branches of government, it is the “Supreme Court’s power of judicial review, by which it determines the constitutionality of executive and legislative acts,” that maintains the greatest power in the judge.
The exercise of power in the kingdom of heaven and earth is no different. God is the Supreme Judge of the whole earth, but he doesn’t act alone. The entire court system is in place, his divine council of spirit beings in heaven as well as humans on earth.
“God standeth in the congregation / assembly of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked…I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.” (Psalm 82)
The post on The King Is Dead reveals how the first (hu)man Adam took it upon himself to defend his partner who was caught red-handed breaking the law. By sharing guilt he reduced his partner’s death sentence – isolation from all living beings – to a life sentence with companionship and a family. By this demonstration of his love even to death he proved his likeness to his merciful father God and was honored with the assignment / anointing as Melchizedek: prophet-priest-king of the kingdom of heaven and earth. (Read post on Melchizedek if this isn’t making sense.) This hereditary ruler is a mediator advocating for truth and justice balanced with mercy, between humans and the ultimate Supreme Court Judge. We see individuals in this role both before and after Judaism was in full swing.
“Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God. Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.…
I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinion…My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly…If thou canst answer me, set thy words in order before me, stand up. Behold, I am according to thy wish in God’s stead: I also am formed out of the clay…
Surely thou hast spoken in mine hearing, and I have heard the voice of thy words, saying, [hear the sarcasm!] I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me. Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy...
Behold, in this thou art not just: I will answer thee, that God is greater than man. Why dost thou strive against him? for he giveth not account of any of his matters. For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction, That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man. He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword. He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain: So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat. His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out. Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his [God’s way of] up-rightness: Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom. His flesh shall be fresher than a child’s: he shall return to the days of his youth: He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render [give] unto man his [God’s] righteousness. He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not; He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man, To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.
Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will speak. If thou hast anything to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify thee. If not, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I shall teach thee wisdom…
For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment…[In answer] far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity. For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways. Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment….
Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee!” (Job 32:2-19, 33:2-33, 34:5-12, 38:1-3)
“My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yeshua’s Promised Savior / Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation [appeasement] for our sins: and not for ours [Jewish nation] only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” (I John 2:1-2)
In the following passage notice how Abraham acts as an advocate before a judge. Abraham truly put his own life on the line when he opposed God’s predetermined plan. To put this in perspective, compare to God’s thunderous response when Job questioned him. He is the prototype for his spin-off Zeus.
“And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know…
- but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?…Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes.
- And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous…
- Peradventure there shall be forty…
- Peradventure there shall thirty be found there…
- Peradventure there shall be twenty found there…
- Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for ten’s sake. And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.” (Gen 18:20-33)
Moses was the consummate Jewish lawyer, advocating for the people of Israel time and again.
“And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people. Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand. Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.
And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people..” (Exodus 32:9-12)
“Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the Lord; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin–; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written. [Moses is offering to be eternally damned! “And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.” Revelation 20:15]
And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book…in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.” (Exodus 32:30-33)
The proof of Paul’s leadership in the New Covenant is his enduring care for his people.
“I (Paul) have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, [just like Moses] my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came…” (Romans 9:3-5)
If, like me, you have experienced betrayal, abandonment, faithlessness, look around at the living, breathing, Jewish people who share the actual DNA of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Yeshua; and their Gentile converts Tamar, Rahab, Ruth and Bathsheba. They are descendents of God’s people who survived massacre after massacre over millennia. If nothing else, the secular Jewish nation provides flesh and blood proof of God’s faithfulness to keep His promises, and should rekindle your conviction, restore your courage, renew your commitment, and replenish your compassion. It is through the Jewish son of David that you will find life in all its manifestations. I am grateful for this nation that made that option possible.
“For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel…That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise [of spiritual regeneration] are counted for the seed.” (Romans 9:6-8)
“Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without The Promised Seed / Messiah / Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man [making himself head of a new nation in whom two different groups of people identify themselves as one], so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;” (Ephesians 2:11-20)
“What advantage then hath the Jew? …chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God…(Ro 3:1-2)
Recall that Moses authored the Pentatuch, the first five books of what would become the Bible, recording the first two and a half millenia of history from God’s perspective. Now that is indeed a “treasury of literature.”
“And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face.” (Deu 34:10)
And there were many, many more prophets, all Jewish including Jesus’ New Covenant apostles, to whom were committed the oracles of God, resulting in the entire Bible.
The instructions given to the new covenant believers are just as applicable to the ancient Hebrew sons of Abraham.
“…be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; Holding forth the word of life;” (Philip 2:15-16)
“…walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace…And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of the Promised Seed/Savior: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of the Promised Savior: that we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness. have been taught by him, as the truth is in Yahweh’s Savior: That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;…Neither give place to the devil.” (Eph 4)
“And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests / mediaries, and an holy nation.” (Ex 19:2-6)
The requirement for God’s priests to obey his voice and keep his covenant is the only way humans can represent God to mankind – by reflecting him accurately in their actions and words. There has always been a desperate need for missionaries for Yaheweh.
We can extrapolate Canaan’s lifespan by matching him up with his cousin Arphaxad, and discover that at this stage of history Canaan is still alive and the land “of Canaan” is literally where he has staked a claim, like William Penn’s “Penn-sylvania”. This is the western leg of the fertile crescent, coastline of the Mediterranean maritime territory, as much a geopolitical imperative as access to oceans are in our day. No wonder he snatched it up right away, quite likely as an early empire-expanding strategy under his nephew Nimrod when the whole world was under his control. You make recall, or discover shortly, that Nimrod, by his name Amraphel, did indeed have control of this territory, noted when its inhabitants tried to shake him off.
Look at the map. Like the land of Chaldea / Arphaxad, the land of Canaan is also filled with city-states. As we learned previously, that means bases for perpetual warfare, preparation for defensive siege or offensive sally forth. Abram just moved from one hot spot to another. What was the point in that? The answer is found in the record of events happening when he got there (Genesis 12:1-5).
Abram was sent into battle.
- Mosaic law –
- “Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn among you, that offereth a burnt offering or sacrifice, And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer it unto the Lord; even that man shall be cut off from among his people…
- For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul. Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood.” (Leviticus 17:9-12)
- There shall no stranger…sojourner / visitor of the priest, or an hired servant…eat of the holy thing. But if the priest buy any soul with his money [therefore becoming a permanent member of his household and his perpetual responsibility], he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat. If the priest’s daughter also be married unto a stranger [I.e. has become one with him], she may not eat of an offering of the holy things. But if the priest’s daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father’s house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father’s meat: buts there shall be no stranger eat thereof.” (Leviticus 22:10-13)
There are certainly restrictions on strangers’ / aliens of the nation of Israel engaging in certain priestly prerogatives, but the main evidence is that one does not have to be a member of the nation of Israel to worship the God of Israel.
“Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings… ” (Leviticus 22:18)
“Ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests / representatives, intercessors, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.” (Exodus 19:6)
“But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel…
- I have redeemed thee,
- I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine…
- For I am the LORD thy God… thy Saviour:
- I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee…
- I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life [obviously these humans are a treasure if they can be given as ransom]…
- I will bring thy seed…my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; Even every one that is called by my name: [accepted by God as a son of God]…
Let all the nations be gathered together [in one nation under God, undoing the scattering under Antichrist Nimrod]…
- that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he:
- before me there was no God formed [Creator and life-giver in all its dimensions], neither shall there be after me [Antichrist false life-giver].
- I, even I, am the LORD / YHVH;. and beside me there is no savior.
- I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed,
WHEN THERE WAS NO STRANGE GOD AMONG YOU [who could claim credit] THEREFORE YE ARE MY WITNESSES, saith the LORD, THAT I AM GOD.
Yea, before the day was I am he / Creator; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let / reverse it?
Thus saith the LORD, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel…This people have I formed for myself; THEY SHALL SHEW FORTH MY PRAISE.” (Isaiah 43)
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:
But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people…for they shall all know [be united spiritually in the same way as physically defined as sexual union] me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name: If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the Lord, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever. Thus saith the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the Lord.
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner. And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath. And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever. (Jeremiah 31)
“In that day will I raise up the tabernacle [temporary spirit dwelling, mortal dynasty, “they” in the next verse] of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the LORD that doeth this.” (Amos 9:11-12)
“Hear ye this…which swear by the name of the LORD and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness…
I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass…I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? [Purpose for the people of God – to witness of him.]
For my name’s sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off…For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another...(Isaiah 4__)
In the previous post we established that the children of Israel were not the only members of the Hebrew nation. Although treated as such thousands of years later, “Hebrew” is not the equivalent of “Israelite” or “Jew”. Israel became a subset of the Hebrew nation, just like the tribe of Judah / Jews and tribe of Levi / Levites are subsets of the nation of Israel.
Just like our modern individual states are subsets of the United States of America with laws applicable only to them but subject to federal regulations, tribes, like the Levites, can have laws that apply only to them while being primarily subject to the regulations governing all Israel.
Likewise, Israel can have laws applicable to Israelites while still being governed by and identified with the over-encompassing Hebrew nation.
It is essential that we understand that Melchizedek defines the way of salvation that has existed for all time for all the nations of the world.
“Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the Lord. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir? Behold, the eyes of the LORD God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth...In that day will I raise up the tabernacle [temporary housing, symbol or crest of dynastic line of mortal rulers, like that of the House of Windsor which ruled an empire spanning the entire earth] of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, saith the LORD that doeth this.” (Amos 9:7-12)
Many sincerely devout Jews were mistaken in thinking that following the law of Moses was the means of salvation. Tragically, many devout Christians also misunderstand the system of law that Moses established.“
”What then? are we [Christians] better than they [Jews]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one…Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets; Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Yahweh’s Anointed Savior/Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Yahweh’s Anointed Savior/Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Yahweh’s Savior/Jesus. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also: Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” (Ro 3:9-31)
The law that we establish is not the means of salvation, which is by grace, through faith. The law that we establish is the means to achieve a good life, free from sin and its consequences of disease, destruction and death.
“I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days:” (Deu 30:19-20)
In a previous post we studied how the noun identifying a person, place, or thing is the grammatical conversion of the verb describing the actions associated with that entity. An analysis of the name ‘Jerusalem’ (where the English J is a Y in Hebrew), enlightens our understanding of the function of this city.
The forms ירה (yrh) and ירא (yr’) …reflect an exchange of energy from a higher, dispensing level to a lower, receiving level. It appears that the form ירה (yrh) mostly describes the sending of the energy; either the exchange viewed from the perspective of the dispensing side, or else the shock-free absorption of the energy on the receiving side. The form ירא (yr’) appears to deal mostly with the receiving of the energy; the exchange viewed from the perspective of the receiving side, and that usually with the anticipation of intense alteration.
The general meaning of the graceful verb שלם (shalem) is that of wholeness, completeness or “unbrokenness” (and see for the opposite the verb רעע, ra’a)…
In the Hebrew language it’s quite simple to indicate not only a condition (like shalem), but also the means to get there (to “shalemize”). The usage of this shalemize form in Scriptures is quite revealing. Wholeness is achieved or restored most often by some kind of restitutory payment or covenant…shalem is used when vows are to be paid to the Most High, or when days of mourning are to be completed (Isaiah 60:20), and ties in directly to the Messiah and his salvific work (Joel 2:25).
The derivatives of this verb are:
- The famous masculine noun שלום (shalom), meaning peace (Isaiah 32:17). Peace in the Bible doesn’t just indicate a warless state, but rather a state of completeness and harmony or rather un-dividedness. It also covers completeness (Jeremiah 13:19), prosperity (Genesis 43:27), health and safety (Psalm 38:4).
- The masculine noun שלם (shelem) peace offering or a sacrifice for alliance or friendship (Amos 5:22, Exodus 24:5).
- The denominative verb שלם (shalam), meaning to be in a covenant of peace (Job 22:21, Isaiah 42:19).
Peace and how to make it..
Peace — defined as the absence of conflict or discord — may be achieved in…such a level of understanding of irreconcilable elements that these can be…joined, in…a unified theory or system of definition. This process requires no censoring and demonstrates all elements to be most intimately related to the identity of the whole. The key-word of this process is relationship. That’s what this root means.
In Hebrew, peace-making means whole-making, and not warm-fuzzy-deny-your-concerns-and-stop-being-difficult-making. Hebrew peace-making requires the effortful acquisition of intimate knowledge of one’s opponent, and since in Hebrew love-making is pretty much the same as knowing someone (the verb ידע, yada’, means both to know and to have sex…the command to “love your enemy” (Matthew 5:44) has not a lick to do with placidly suffering abuse and trying to conjure up lofty feelings for the brute who’s mistreating you, and everything with studying your enemy until you know enough about him to either appreciate his motives (and behave in such a compatible way that he stops assaulting you) or else blow him out of the water by being superior.
When Jesus says, “blessed are the peace-makers” (Matthew 5:9), he does not refer to those people who insist we should all assume a state of blissful indifference, but rather those people who grab the bull by the horns and stare deep into his eyes and pick his brain with an axe. Making peace starts with making a relationship with your enemy, and it results in getting to know your enemy (which in turn makes the chance excellent that at some point your enemy will stop being your enemy).